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November 30, 2022

 

Understanding Addiction Research

Abuse, National Institute on Drug. “Principles of Effective Treatment.” NIDA, www.drugabuse.gov/publications/principles-drug-addiction-treatment-research-based-guide-third-edition/principles-effective-treatment.

This article deals mainly with the prescription used to treat opioid addiction. The top drugs used to treat addiction all have low overdose risk and work to prevent withdrawal symptoms. The article addresses the criticism some make that using prescription drugs to treat addiction is substitution not treatment. However the top ranked drugs do not mimic the effect of opioids and some are meant to prevent the euphoria and sedation caused by opiods in hoped that it will reduce dependence on the drug. Cognitive behavioral therapy (CBT) allows addicts to anticipate and learn to respond to the many possible situation that would likely result in them relapsing. CBT is found to be effective when combined with medications described in the previous article. It was also found that individuals who had gone through CBT are more likely to retain what they have learned and maintain a healthy, drug free lifestyle.

“Here’s What LSD and Psychedelic Drugs Do To Your Brain.” Time, Time, time.com/4292298/lsd-acid-trip-drugs-brain/.

This Time article centers around a study on LSD effect on the brain lead by Enzo Tagliazucchi, who is neuroscientist at the Royal Netherlands Academy of Arts and Sciences in Amsterdam. The study tested fifteen users and examined the ways in which LSD changed there perceptions and thinking processes using MRI. Though the study primarily focuses on the analysis of MRIs on a small portion of LSD users Tagliazucchi considers the potential of LSD as a treatment for mental disorders saying.

Instead of taking a pill every day to change brain chemistry, he says, it’s possible that psychedelics could provide a few hours to break out of constricted thought patterns. “If you combine this with psychotherapy during that window, you have this chance to reflect on things that your depression normally wouldn’t allow you to focus on,””                                                    

My interpretation of the study revealed the extent to which drugs can change the function of your brain. Tagliazucchi believes that this psychoactive drug could be a solution to serious mental illnesses be shifting your brain’s perception and processes. Though LSD is not considered a highly addictive drug and is seen is a positive solution to mental illness in this article is serve a purpose in illustrating the ways in which drugs can seriously and literally affect an addicts brain and why is it so difficult to stop.

 

Abuse, National Institute on Drug. “Why Do Drug Use Disorders Often Co-Occur with Other Mental Illnesses?” NIDA, www.drugabuse.gov/publications/research-reports/comorbidity-addiction-other-mental-illnesses/why-do-drug-use-disorders-often-co-occur-other-men.

It seems the mental illness and drug addiction often come hand in hand, from opioids to cigarettes people with a mental illness are more likely to participate in using than those without a mental illness. There are a series of factors that overlap to contribute to both mental illness and drug use. In fact the National Institute on Drug Addiction found that “Some areas of the brain are affected by both drug use disorders and other mental illnesses”. Addiction also often leads to or causes certain mental illnesses while those suffering from mental illness seek out highs as a way to deal and self-treat their disorders. The similar way in which drugs and mental illness affect the brain combined with their mutual cause and effect relationship results in a high risk for drug addiction from those who suffer from mental illness or trapping those who use in a cycle of addictive behaviors.

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