December 2, 2022


This is My Body

Ismael. what am I, am I  the anime kid or am I  the oldest why not both. Yes I  can be both an anime kid and the oldest of 4 brothers. Am I Popular kid or a loser? Well if i’m being honest I’m a loser but that’s ok I can still have a good life and have fun. What am I  someone who gives up  on work but not people yes, yes I am nothing I  can do  about that and is there anything wrong with that the answer is no and I think because most people care more about work because they are trying to achieve a goal in life but I think there should always be someone to  care about the people. Who am I? Lastly I’m a runner who runs from everything and I know that’s not good but i’m working on it. So who am I? I’m an anime kid and the oldest of 4 brothers but I’m also the loser. I’m the one who gives up on work but not  people and we can’t forget i’m a runner that’s my poem on well me bye! 


This is my Body.

 My body will always be my body. I will continue to own it loud and proud .

  And I won’t let anyone break me down .

  My body isn’t big or tall but I still can’t let myself fall at all . 

  I dont play ball but the way I handle my feelings is like Iverson in 06 .

  I will continue to do my best and not let these bad people make me sick like the rest.  Because I know that deep down inside I’m always doing my best 100%.

 I am a proud Puerto Rican i have so much Boricua in my veins and no my family aint from Spain. When they got here from P.R my family was broke and in pain. Now that I’m here I will do my best to make sure everyone knows my last name .

 I will forever care about the Boricua in my veins and to my family the same no matter the fame I obtain .

People can say whatever they want about me because i will never let the things they say get to my brain I eradicate everything they throw my way damn the way they think of me i’m the best in every way.

Who is the infamous 42?

In the article, “Courage on and off the Field” (Upfront, Bubar,2022)  I learned more about a hero who wears the number 42. His name was Jackie Robinson. Jackie Robinson was a baseball player but no ordinary baseball player, Back in the 1940s and 50s baseball was known as a white man’s Sports Jackie however Change this he was a black American who was the first person to shatter the color line in baseball. Jackie had joined the Brooklyn Dodgers and was loved and was mostly hated in baseball and as a person. Many black Americans were inspired and believed they could do anything he was an important part of the Civil Rights Movement. Though Baseball was not only segregated, America was, where schools,  restaurants,  and stores were separated by color. Jackie Robinson Wanted to inform Everyone that equality should be made.  During his baseball years, he was a fantastic player who was a second baseman. Many were worried about Jackie getting into conflicts causing Jackie to get arrested or worse but Jackie Robinson kept his cool instead of retaliating with violence he let his game do the talking for him. Jackie Robinson had to deal with racial problems on field and off the field, off the field he had to face some problems he couldn’t go to the same hotel as his teammates due to segregation laws He was always on high alert due to the many death threats to him for breaking the color line in baseball,  he continued on with his team no matter what challenges faced him. Because of Jackie Robinson’s reputation, many others were inspired soon allowing other sports to have dark men play professional Athletics including football,  baseball, Basketball, And even hockey. Jackie Robinson Wanted equality, he fought for black Americans’ rights In Sports & Beyond He helped outlaw segregation in some places and continued on even in newspapers To help the Civil Rights Movement at this time Jackie Robinson was a very known person. He was soon introduced to the Baseball Hall of Fame His number 42 jersey was retired for the Dodgers But not only for the Dodgers but for all teams the number 42 shows resilience, determination,  and equality for all. He soon suffered a heart attack at the age of 53 years old His name and number will move on and always will be remembered. Still today the number 42 is honored on April 15th baseball and other sports like to acknowledge his efforts, this day is Jackie Robinson’s day every baseball player in the MLB wears the infamous 42 to show what he has brought to the civil rights movement and the game even stars like LeBron James And Colin Kaepernick have worn his jersey to represent his name. Jackie Robinson is a stance against discrimination even though he believes his baseball efforts are far Less than the efforts he made across the nation, he believes he would be nothing if he didn’t do anything about the Civil Rights Movement if, he kept quiet, but he was the opposite and stood up for all this is the number 42. 

I think his efforts not only affected the people on the field at his time but affected a generation whose name will always be remembered there should not be one point in time where no one knows the name and number of Jackie Robinson. I still believe his efforts have come to unite all and I wish I was there to experience his influence because I not only was influenced by him but many other people were as well. Jackie to me was a hero maybe others can agree.

What would you think would have happened if he didn’t do anything? How would sports be?

Mental Health of Athletes

In the article “Raising Their Voices: Sports stars are speaking out about their mental health. Will their advocacy help younger athletes?” (Upfront, Grise, 2021) I learned that athletes are now speaking up about their mental health. Athletes have recently opened up about their mental struggles and the stresses of competing and living in front of the cameras. People assume that they are strong in every way because they are athletes. But they are human too and they have feelings and emotions. Most of them are under so much pressure and they are stressed out.

I think what is happening is very important to acknowledge. Mental health is very important. It is hard to express your feelings if people believe that athletes are not supposed to show signs of anything that would impact their physical or mental health, because we expect them to perform with such great strength and skill. The good thing is that athletes are increasingly speaking up.

What do you think? Should athletes keep speaking up?

Should the U.S. Women’s Soccer Team Be Paid Equally?

In the article, “Stuff You Should Know: Women’s History Month: Equal Pay for U.S. Women’s Soccer Team”(McGraw Hill) I learned that the women’s national soccer team had won two consecutive World Cup championships but they are still getting paid less than men. The men’s team did not qualify for the 2018 championships. Members of the women’s soccer team filed a lawsuit against the U.S. Soccer Federation to demand equal pay. They went to court against the U.S. Soccer Federation and they responded in such a horrible way. “ Male players deserved to be paid more because of the superior speed and strength required to play men’s soccer.” At the end of February 2022, the lawsuit was finalized, and is now receiving over 22 million dollars in back pay. 

I believe that women should be paid equally. They are doing the same job as men and deserve equal pay. At times they have been far more successful than men in soccer. Women can be just as strong and competitive as men are.

Do you believe the U.S. Should the Women’s Soccer Team should be paid equally? 

Fake Snow at the Winter Olympics

The Games relied almost entirely on artificial snow, which is harder and denser than its natural counterpart. Most ski and snowboarding events at the Games, including freestyle, cross-country and ski jumping, are being staged at venues in Zhangjiakou, a mountainous area about 110 miles northwest of Beijing. Artificial snow was first used at the Winter Olympics in Lake Placid, New York, in 1980 to supplement the area’s natural snow.

Artificial snow was first used in winter sports in the 1980s. Vancouver 2010, Sochi 2014 and Pyeongchang 2018 all relied to some extension. If you’re watching the Olympics, you’ve likely seen big brown mountains covered in veins of artificial snow trails.

How come they’re cant real snow at the winter olympics instead of fake snow?

How Afterschool Activities Affects Mental Health.

Under the mental health section of a webmd article, we see the results to a study that asks the titular question. Its findings show that activities, such as sports or the arts, are connected not only with better a outlook on life and less intense depressive symptons, but also that their screen time also decreases. Many people believe that higher levels of screen time leads to increased levels of stress and less overall satisfaction in life. Whilst short, it still lays out the general positive affects of afterschool activities have on students.

Mix It Up

This article speaks about how cross-training benefits the teenage athlete, giving specific examples and quotes from professionals. This article is also the first to define cross-training with more technical terms. According to the author, cross-training involves alternating your main physical activity with different activities that complement it. A counterargument is given in this article, which is quickly rebutted and can be easily used in my essay.

Five Benefits of Cross-Training

I read “Five Benefits of Cross-Training.”

This article is about how crosstraining actually improves your ability to perform in your main sport. While it seems counterproductive to spend time on other activities, crosstraining helps develop one into a better all-around athlete. By doing other things, your body gets the chance to rest as well as develop other muscle groups that then better support and strengthen the common actions of the main sport. It is also beneficial to do more than one thing because it is common for one to become bored of an activity if that is all one does. Especially during times of injury, cross training gives you a chance to get your heart rate up without stressing the same body systems over and over again.

College Athletes: To Pay or Not to Pay?

In the article, “College Athletes: To Pay or Not to Pay” I learned that people are 50/50 on whether or not athletes should get paid for their work. This has caused a lot of conflict within the athletes, their coaches, and their parents. It has also caused a lot of conflict within other school. Because some schools do not have that amount of money to pay all their athletes. An example to illustrate the situation, is that my school would be paying their athletes for their work meanwhile another school would not pay their athletes for their work.

I think this is happening because a lot of people are indecisive on whether or not athletes should be paid or not. It must be overwhelming how unfair the situation is. Because some schools might not have enough money to pay their athletes.

Do you believe schools should pay their athletes?

Athletes Mental Health

In the article “Raising Their Voices: Sports stars are speaking out about their mental health. Will their advocacy help younger athletes?” I learned that athletes are now speaking up about their mental health. Athletes have recently opened up about their mental struggles and the stresses of competing and living in front of the cameras. People assume that they are strong in every way because they are athletes. But they are human too and they have feelings and emotions. Most of them are under so much pressure and they are stressed out.

I think what is happening is very important to acknowledge. Mental health is very important. It is hard to express your feelings if people believe that athletes are not supposed to show signs of anything that would impact their physical or mental health, because we expect them to perform with such great strength and skill. The good thing is that athletes are increasingly speaking up.

What do you think? Should athletes keep speaking up?

Does Being Involved in Sports Help You be a Better Student?

Sports aren’t only a great way to get exercise but teach discipline, responsibility, self-confidence, and teamwork. As teens, we need to learn responsibility and discipline at this age. Sports in school provide a great opportunity to meet new people and help you deal with your stress. People might say that being involved in sports and activities is distracting from schoolwork, but it gives your mind a mental break. Going to school all day and then going to practice lets your mind breathe.

There are a lot of different benefits of being involved in a sport or activity. In the article Benefits of Sports to Students, Amir Ianis KHELIL states “From a social standpoint, sports are a powerful tool that brings people together and creates a sense of community”. Developing connections that bring together people from all different backgrounds is such an important part of being a part of a team. 

Paige Maslen wrote the article The Social and Academic Benefits of Team Sport; in the article, she states “It might not be as obvious but team sports take a lot of communication — both spoken and unspoken”. Communication skills are important in keeping a functioning sports team. Listening to locker room pep talk, picking up on nonverbal cues given by other players, or expressing a thought during a post-game debrief. Sports provide Physical, Mental, and communication skills, and learning this can be applied to schoolwork.

Why aren’t College Athletes being paid?

In the article, “Should College Athletes be Paid?” I learned that college athletes get paid absolutely nothing. College athletes help the sports programs become multibillion dollar businesses and they don’t get a share of the profits. The NCAA and the college sports establishment argue that the players are “students first”. But in the end, players end up having to put in 50 hours a week on their sports and their coach is essentially their boss. Colleges get rich off their players by taking advantage of them.

I think what is happening in college sports needs to be shown and taught to the country how student athletes are being taken advantage of and not given an opportunity to support themselves. The question is why students are not allowed to make money off branding and advertising. The only probable answer is that it takes away money from the association.

Does a Positive Outlook have an Effect on Performance?

Sometimes in more individually oriented sports like tennis and golf, players often find themselves spiralling down a negative mindset which in return affects their playing and performance. They find themselves hitting a bad shot and then throughout the whole round they’re stuck on that shot which distracts them and takes away their focus. I was interested in this question since I play both tennis and golf, and find myself spiralling down that negative mindset. I waste my time struggling to come back from the negative mindset and searching for the reason behind what I’m doing wrong rather than enjoying the sports I love.

In my research, I found yes, thinking positively opens your mind and helps it function at the capacity of 31% more than it does with a poor mindset or with a mindset at a relaxed state. Having a better outlook on life can open up your opportunities and train yourself to have better reaction times to your gut feeling with flight or fight since it’s not always ready to fight or flight but rather trains your instincts better and more prepared. It shows that your brain can function more properly and will think better and even with doctors it helps them function 19% better to make a better diagnosis. With a better outlook, your body can relax and perform the things it was trained to do rather than trying to hurry and get it over with your body thinks more clearly and is more open to more opportunities and new experiences, and working better in a team setting. 

Is Video Gaming Considered a Sport?

Video Games have seen a drastic rise in popularity since the late 1970s. With Esport’s development of competitive gaming and competitive competitions that promise millions in cash prizes, many are debating if they should be considered a sport.

What do you think? Are video games a sport, or not? Why? Why not?

Many think that they are just for entertainment but they improve the way we think and our ability to multitask. Video games can teach children to work together. Many of these skills are used to play in any professional sport. Video games also help with our reflexes, strategic thinking, and attention spans.

After reading an article about this, I was surprised because I didn’t know that video games can actually be beneficial for our brains. My parents always told me that video games kill your brain and that they are not good for you.

Have adults said things like this to you too?

I think video games should be considered a sport even though they don’t have any physical contact or movement because they are seen as competition and anything that has to do with competition is considered a sport.

Pro at 13

Olivia Moultrie is only 13, but she’s already changing the rules of women’s soccer. 

In February, she formally turned pro, signing a contract with a sports agency and endorsement with Nike. 

Have you heard of her?

Though it has long been common for boys in the U.S. to skip college to pursue soccer careers, only a few girls have tried it so far. But Olivia has been on an unconventional path for years. She began training at 7, started homeschooling in fifth grade to free her schedule for soccer, and became the first girl to play for a boys’ club team in the U.S. Soccer Development Academy system. 

Now she might join the National Women’s Soccer League as a developmental player if the league lowers the minimum age from 18.

 While some question Olivia’s decision to forgo college, many expect other young girls to follow her path. “It’s just a shift in women’s sports,” says Olivia’s agent, Spencer Wadsworth.

“Women’s soccer is catching up to the men’s side, and there’s more opportunities for them.”

Do you agree?

College Athletes During the Pandemic.

With the commonly known collegiate sports term “March Madness” coming up, I read an article by Dace Zirin called “College Athletes in the Petri Dish“. Despite its very hooking title, the article brought up points about college athletes during this pandemic.

Early on in the article it talks about a study conducted at Ohio State University. As a student-athlete myself hearing about this study shocks me that I was not aware about it. Those student-athletes who had tested positive for COVID-19, the study showed that 30 percent had cellular hear damage and 15 percent showed signs of heart inflammation which is caused by a condition formally known as myocarditis. This is shocking that this study was not brought into light and even shocked the author of the article exclaiming that it stirred little to no reaction when it came out. More recently the study is being picked up by major and minor news outlets after the NCAA football season which is interesting. The author has his suspicions on almost keeping the study quiet until the football season was over.

The author then goes to talk about how these athletes are treated. He talks about how so many of these kids are trying and almost forcing to play their sport in hopes of keeping a scholarship or getting looked at in the professional side of their sport. He mentions some good points about how they risk their lives playing because of the pandemic and the pressure of those things. With no salary these college students play in what he describes as a giant Petri dish with no kind of PPE and a lack of social distancing and safety measures on the court, field, and or even locker rooms.

Towards the end of the article Zirin talks about Keyontae Johnson. Johnson was a start basketball player for Florida State University, even winning prison Southeaster Conference basketball player of the year. Johnson was in great shape, as a young, athletic person. In December Johnson almost died to a heart inflammation cause by “acute myocarditis” changing his life forever. Johnson’s story shows that we do not know the long term affects of this virus and that people as healthy as Johnson could be significantly affected and that safety should be the number one priority.

Link to NowComment article and annotations.

Sports During a Pandemic

As we all know many things are far from normal during these times. From wearing masks to social distancing, many guidelines and precautions have been put in to keep us safe. At the same time this has been hard to continue with sports. As we’ve seen in the professional level returning to play is not as easy. Without the resources of the professional and college level, high school sports is not nearly as easy to return to for some states.

In the state of California, where the article focused on, athletics seasons were pushed back tremendously. The typical high school football season starts in the fall, but in California the pandemic has forced their season during to start during the winter/ spring season. For sports like basketball, they have no indication yet of when it could start back up.

The article from the LA Times, Ask Sondheimer: You have high school sports questions, he has answers, Eric Sondheimer asnswers a few commonly asked question giving some potential solutions to returning to high school athletics in California, and maybe in other states that have similar problems. Like other states, California is following the same testing protocols and guidelines. This will be implemented with sports like football and water polo which is starting back up. But, for basketball and volleyball, and idea of playing outdoors is in the conversation. When asked if there will be outdoor basketball and football, Sondheimer answered “Probably. Several schools have created outdoor courts for basketball and volleyball while waiting to see when indoor sports might be approved.” which is something we have never seen before.

NowComment Link

How to Play Live Sports During a Pandemic

The article “How to Play Live Sports During a Pandemic? Taiwan, South Korea offer lessons” by Grady McGregor was published May 5, 2020. This was around when we had our first shutdown and when COVID-19 really started to spread in our country. A year has almost passed since this article came out, but the pandemic still has this a sort of new feel to it. It seems like so much time has passed since our first lockdown but it also seem so far from going back to normal. One of these ‘pre-pandemic’ luxuries we used to be able to experience was attending live sporting event. The problem addressed in the article is how, due to the pandemic (and the time of this article), sporting events has had a major change in how sports are conducted, fans’ attendance, and in some cases a complete shutdown.

The article then goes to talk about other countries and how they have been able to slowly return back to live sports. At the time sports here in the states were on a complete shutdown. McGregor mentions how sports in Europe seem to slightly ahead with a return in some soccer league in a few days. Then he talks about how NBA was shutdown indefinitely and how the SBL or the Taiwan professional basketball league was able to resume play after creating a “bubble” environment. Then McGregor proceeds to talk about baseball in Taiwan and how they had to ban common practices like high-fiving and spitting and kept social distancing as much as possible to ensure safety for their league to continue. McGregor continue to talk about different sports in other countries like South Korea and China on how they have been able to resume play. But what does that mean for fans who have been eager to watch live sports. For baseball fans, you didn’t need to fly across the world to watch baseball. In fact ESPN was able to land a deal with South Korea’s baseball league for English-language rights to games and highlights. Meaning people here in the states were able to watch live baseball from South Korea.

Although, some of these plans worked in other countries there are some possible objections to the solutions. One might argue that our league such as the NBA and MLB are more expensive and finding a way to pay some players could but hard with their extremely high salaries since the teams are eliminating the revenue brought in by fans and tickets. Another objection is that sports itself isn’t a main focus right now with everything that is going on. We don’t really NEED sports one could argue.

With all that being said, the solutions presented are not far from what actually happened to bring back sports. With a year almost passing the NBA was able to resume following the “bubble” idea to finish the 2020 season and with handling COVID-19 a little better some sports have resumed with some fans. So I think the solutions presented in the article were good solutions and, as we saw, achievable.

Now Comment:

A Sports Dilemma: Controversial Team-names and the Indigenous Community

I have chosen my research topic on the controversy about the use of the terms “Indians” and “Redskins” as mascots and team names in sports. Major teams in sports have been using racial slur names as the team name which is not appropriate for audiences especially since this controversy affects Native Americans and Indigenous people. Native Americans and other organizations for a team name change have spoken out about this problem that’s been going on for a long time and that there needs to be changes. I chose this topic because I know that American Football and other sports leagues have a big impact on social media and that those impacts can affect the audience watching the games. There had been other scenarios about use of terms within other teams and it is one of the problems we still have today. 

FedEx Field, home of the Washington Redskins, is located in Landover in Prince George’s County. (Doug Pensinger)

There have been many things that have attempted to address the issues such as, banning team mascots and names in high schools, organizations and court action, and lastly the removal of big team names. I think that these rules and laws need to be put into effect for the big sports teams. In California Governor Bans Redskins Name at Public Schools, Governor Jerry Brown signed legislation on the ban of public high schools making the state the first to bar public schools from using the Redskins name for sports teams. He also signed a measure that bans players and coaches from using smokeless tobacco at professional baseball parks. The mascot legislation signed will prevent public schools from using a term that American Indians regard as offensive, which went into effect in 2017. In Trademark Rules Against Redskins Name, the Washington Football team (used to be formally known as Washington Redskins) had the trademark board ruled that the Washington Redskins nickname is “disparaging of Native Americans” and that the team’s trademark protections should be canceled. This makes it so that their decision applies pressure into the team name change. This step taking into account the name change is putting the effect on the Washington Football team and organizations that are complaining about this issue about the NFL team. 

Recently, in an article Washington Football Team to Drop Name explained that the NFL team will finally remove the name “Redskins” from their team and logo. There has been a movement to address George Preston Marshall, the founder of its N.F.L. team, by removing the monument and his name from team facilities. The team has a long history with attention because of its racial past. The decision came after the franchise said it would review the 87-year-old team name under pressure from major corporate partners including FedEx, which had threatened to end its naming rights sponsorship of the team’s stadium. Daniel Snyder (current owner) said the new name, when chosen, would “take into account not only the proud tradition and history of the franchise but also input from our alumni, the organization, sponsors, the National Football League and the local community it is proud to represent on and off the field”. Now that the team has let go of its current name, it will have to find a replacement, a process that requires navigating trademarks and the league’s licensing deals with partners, which can often take years. After conducting this research I would like to spread more awareness on this topic because more than 2,200 high schools still use Native American imagery in their names/ mascots, according to a database of mascot names. This makes it offensive taking into account on the Native Americans and indigenous people. Once the Washington Football team has chosen a new name, it will have influence on other schools and teams in the N.F.L to do the same.

LANDOVER, MARYLAND – OCTOBER 04: The Washington Football Team takes the field before playing against the Baltimore Ravens at FedExField on October 4, 2020 in Landover, Maryland. Due to the coronavirus pandemic, the Washington Football Team did not host fans during the game. (Photo by Patrick Smith)

Words of Oppression

 I am choosing to address the topic of Indian related things on sports teams mascots and flags. The NFL team, Washington RedHawks,  used to be named the Washington Redskins. And there is a lot of controversy surrounding the team’s name and flag. I chose this topic because I like sports and I wanted to research more about this particular NFL team.

Throughout US history native Americans have been constantly harassed and disrespected. The term redskin is disrespectful towards Indians because of the history of the word. The Indian head symbolizes a bad period of history for the native Americans, but the Washington team decided to use the head as their flag.

This issue does not affect people who are not native American. Because people outside the native American community don’t have that connection to native American history. A study in UC Berkeley showed that 48 % of students found the term redskin offensive, 38 % said that it wasn’t offensive. And the remaining students couldn’t decide whether it is offensive or not.

In 2009 a group of native Americans took the redskins to court in an attempt to define the term redskin as an offensive slur. They lost but their efforts were carried on by other people. It took many years, many protests and petitions. Lots of people spoke up and tried to get the name changed. Finally during the protests for George Floyd in 2020, the Washington team was pressured into changing their name by multiple sponsors and investors.

The thing about this issue is that people who don’t get affected by it won’t truly understand how it feels. For example, if an Indian who finds the term redskin offensive talks with someone who belongs to a racial group that doesn’t get disrespected or oppressed in any way, no matter how much the native tells the person he is talking to about how bad it feels to be called a red skin, the person will not understand. But on the other hand, if that same native American talked with an African American person, who finds the n-word offensive and has been called the n-word by people.

African Americans will be able to understand how it feels because they have been through the same thing. That is why it is important for people who haven’t been oppressed to really keep an open mind and try to put themselves in other people’s shoes. How would you feel if there was a word used to oppress your people throughout history?

Insensitive Sports Names and Mascots

Indians, Redskins, Braves, Chiefs, Blackhawks. A history of racially insensitive team names and mascots in professional sports has persisted far beyond the time when it was acceptable, so why are they still in use? Many sports organizations that compete at the highest level have team branding that is very insensitive to Native Americans. They perpetuate native stereotypes and have them alongside traditional mascots, animals. Dehumanization, is a phrase that I think a lot of people ignore nowadays. They say that we got past it a long time ago, but we haven’t. And mascots like these are some of the things that are pulling it forwards. This issue is really hurtful for native people, but for almost all of the people who watch and support these teams it’s nothing. They wouldn’t look twice. This is why it’s taken so long to get rid of some of these mascots.

I am happy to say that things are starting to change. As of this week two of the big offenders have decided to rebrand their team. The formerly redskins are now known as the Washington football team, and the Indians have made a statement that they will change their branding but have not done anything as of 12-17-20. These are tremendous steps forwards and I am hoping that there will be more to come. These decisions came as a result of “significant pressure from major corporate sponsors” (White) but really it was the people who were and still are speaking out and protesting. Those that use their voice to fight injustice. It’s because of those people that big companies don’t want to be associated with controversial organizations. There is a long way to go but the ball is rolling, and now is a better time than ever to tell someone. Spread the word. Speak the truth about these names and mascots and get more people to understand why they need to go. 

White, Joseph. “NFL’s Redskins May Lose Trademark Protection.” Newsela, 2014, 

Waldstein, David, and Michael S. Schmidt. “Cleveland’s Baseball Team Will Drop Its Indians Team Name.” The New York Times, The New York Times, 14 Dec. 2020,

Not Your Mascot

In this artifact I put an image of a football field with the Washington Redskins mascot symbol (before they changed their name). This is saying that Native people shouldn’t be used as mascots because it is dehumanizing and blatantly disrespectful.  When you see hundreds if not thousands of other sports teams with animals and objects as their mascots, it makes it seem as if they are saying that Native people aren’t human.  

This artifact has a photo by photographer Sings In The Timber, and it is depicting an Indigenous person in regalia walking by a more than likely Caucasian person with redskins merchandise.  This is eye opening because you can really see how wrong and uncomfortable it is.  Indigenous people aren’t characters, they are human people.  Many people have come forth and have tried speaking out against this and have said how wrong it is.  People can learn more about this by searching up the photographers name, and looking at other similar pictures and information.

This artifact has an image of an Indigenous person holding up two middle fingers with images of different redskins logos on them as the main focus.  This is implying that Native people are not on the side of the teams with these names, and are actually very against it.  In the person’s face, you can see that they don’t look too happy, and this explores the point further that they do not support the use of the terms.  Below the image is a hashtag in the middle of a half-circle with the words “Notyourmascot”  which is a hashtag used to speak out about this issue.  To learn more about this, you can just type in the hashtag on Instagram.

BLM and the Representation of Kneeling During the National Anthem

The action of kneeling during the national anthem began back in 2016 when Colin Kaepernick refused to stand during the star spangled banner in order to protest racial injustice and police brutality. “I am not looking for approval. I have to stand up for people that are oppressed.” He was later fired because of choosing to exercise his rights. Following this on October 2nd, 2016 the NFL decided to impose fines on players who kneeled. This put the issue of racial injustice behind closed doors and silenced the players more from expressing their rights. It led to only a few players kneeling during the national anthem but the coverage of racial injustice had finally been put out there more. 

The commotion of the cause died down, and got silenced more as time went on and was pushed into the background. However, on the 25th of May in 2020 an African American man by the name of George Floyd was murdered by a police officer who had knelt on his neck for 8 minutes and 46 seconds. The policemen had come to arrest George Floyd for allegedly using a counterfeit bill and it ended with him dead on the street. After this, protests arose for Black Lives Matter and seeking justice for George Floyd and all those who had been killed by police brutality. In a way, it seemed as if the country had finally realized how big of a problem racism still is. Protests arose within 24 hours of the murder all around America, and the globe. People from every single state protested in the United States, along with places in Europe, Canada, Australia and even some in South America, Africa, the Middle East and Asia. 

Many groups throughout all of America began to support Black Lives Matter too. One of the bigger examples are sports teams. Not only the professional level sports teams, but college-level and even high school level sports teams. This then circles back to the choice of kneeling during the national anthem. So many sports teams have supported this cause. Either kneeling as a team during the national anthem, or not going out of the locker room as the national anthem plays. This has been the action of so many to not only show their support to Black Lives Matter but promote and enforce change for racial injustices.

The Impact of Physical Activity During the Development Stage

Growing up, I was always very active and involved in as many sports as I could possibly play. I played hockey, softball, golf, soccer, basketball, and even football. In more recent years, I have seen the significant impact playing those sports during my development has made on me. I have always believed that being active not only has a physical effect but can have a positive impact on cognitive performance. Recent studies have shown that physical activity can help prevent cognitive decline later in life. Although the benefits of playing sports outweigh the adverse side effects, if not coached or supported correctly, playing a sport can lead a child to become burnt out. This will eventually lead the child to drop that sport in the future. Being a golfer has taught me how to deal with mental and emotional stress. Stress can be useful in some instances, but too much of it at a young age is not beneficial. 

Sports, whether team-based or individually based, are a great way to provide a variety of benefits for children in their development phase. According to the article” The Impact of Sports in Young Children,” some proven benefits are “Participation in sports can help build self-esteem and confidence, can motivate children to excel academically and can help build social skills.”(Lawrence). All of these aspects described above are all components of the stability of one’s mental health. It has been proven that physical activity or the playing of sports can help treat depression. Being a part of a team can give someone a sense of belonging and importance. Being a part of a group can help teach a child how to grow with others and ultimately be a leader. “Team sports teach your child about why teamwork is important, which can be helpful when he’s an adult and may have to work as part of a team to get his job done.” (Sutton). Learning how to be a leader at a young age will eventually help children in their adult years when being a leader is an essential factor for everyday life. 

In the world  we live in today; confidence is often a vast problem in young lives, particularly in young girls. Getting a head start on overcoming mental health issues can have a massive effect on kids “Kids who participate in sports are less likely to be depressed, have anxiety and exhibit bad behavior, according to the New York University Child Study Center.” (Sutton). Children are taught the importance of work ethic because, in sports, you are often praised for hard work. This encourages kids to work towards a set goal and ultimately build self-esteem. Overall, Sports and physical activity has many benefits, especially for young, developing children. 

Marijuana in Professional Sports

Marijuana for a long time has been the best friend of professional athletes. Endless amounts come out after their career and admit to smoking after a game to relieve pain and stress, or even being high during games. Even with the high usage among players it has continued to be a banned substance in most if not all major leagues. Josh Gordon was a up and coming receiver in the NFL, In 2013 he posted 1,600+ yards and nine touchdowns in just 14 games. Then it was revealed he failed a drug test for marijuana and was drunk and high every game. While still being the best receiver in the league that very same season. Now josh gordon has been suspended so many times it could be permanent.

   Ricky Williams is the perfect example of this, he is one of the most egregious examples of how this policy was wrong. Unlike Josh Gordon, Ricky only smoked weed and had no off the field issues. He was a heisman trophy winner for the University of Miami in 1998, He started smoking his heisman season. He said “ I really used it as an aid to recovery,” he said. “After busting my ass at practice, I’d come home and smoke a little bit, and I felt good. It helped me get up the next day, ready to go back to work.” But then he was busted and the NFL sent him to rehab with three counselors and made him lose the love of the game as a hall of fame potential running back. But now that the drug is legal and more acceptable these stigmas and punishments are corroding along with the stigma in everyday life.

  But just yesterday, The NBA was the final professional sports league to stop testing for marijuana, a trend set by the MLB and shortly followed by the NFL. I completely agree with these decisions. The physical trauma these athletes endure, day-in, day out is inhuman, especially football. In a sport where your main goal is take someone out every play, many times with your head, you are going to need some type of medicine to help yourself, so why not a universal, safe, naturally occurring drug instead of opiods?  

   Then there are the athletes that don’t get caught during their time in sports. There are countless examples of athletes like Harrison Barnes, Kevin Durant, Donovan Mitchell, etc, etc most of your favorite athletes smoke weed to relax. Calvin Johnson, or megatron, a first ballot hall of famer, who set tons of records in the NFL, revealed in an interview after he retired “ I can get Vicodin, I can get Oxy[contin]. It was too available. I used Percocet and stuff like that. And I did not like the way that made me feel. I had my preferred choice of medicine. Cannabis.” The Opioid epidemic is a whole other problem that kills millions of people every year. Cannabis has never killed anyone just by getting high. If these athletes are choosing a safer substance to keep themselves going to perform for the fans then they should be left to do their own thing and people should just mind their own business.



In the article, “Should Everyone Get A Trophy?” I learned that people have mixed feelings about giving participation trophies to the youth. Many sport programs have been rewarding trophies to athletes despite their performance. The positive of giving trophies to young athletes, is that it can help them celebrate for learning a new skill, having fun with their teammates, and as well as belonging to something bigger than themselves. Trophies can also reward those athletes that aren’t as talented as others. The negative of these participation trophies can be because it can build arrogance amongst the youth. They will tend to expect something now everytime they do something. Fun fact, Americans tend to spend $3 billion on trophies each year.

Personally, I believe that not everybody should get a trophy. Trophies should just be given to the best because it can build character and motivation for the rest. Many athletes can thank losing for their motivation to do better the next time they play. Overall, without getting a trophy for everything you do, it can make you value the time and hard work you put in when achieving that trophy.

Should Everyone Get a Trophy?

High School Athletes Impacted by COVID

I was remarkably fortunate enough to experience an entire football season during my senior year of high school with summer workouts, practices, and Friday night games. However, this wasn’t the case for the majority of high school athletes across the nation devastated about an end to their season due to the Coronavirus.

Moreover, families are struggling financially to support and fund programs for their athletes to even participate in sports due to exceedingly high unemployment rates during the Pandemic. Ap News states “the most significant impacts will be felt in low-income communities” trying to provide opportunities for their child. This is especially devastating for those that were trying to proceed to the next level in college or even the professionals. To have this year ripped away from them and hindering their ability to showcase their talents in a particular sport becomes a struggle for them to acquire. 

The impact, psychology, on teens during this pandemic with extracurricular activities is substantial towards social interactions and to build essential camaraderies with other students. According to the Sentinel COVID-19 Impact, athletes not being able to participate in their sport causes psychological effects to their ambition in school, confidence in who they are, and can become considerably stressful. However, as a Dickinson psychology professor mentions the importance of “resilience can be something an athlete leans on during the pandemic.” The idea of having resilience in the time we’re in is crucial to have and is a precious trait to have as we embark on our life journey after high school. In other words, stay safe by following safety protocols to expedite the process coming out of this pandemic and strive to remain resilient during these hectic times.

The next round – Boxing vs. Covid-19 (part 2)

When will boxing return to the fighting business, and will there be consequences?

This question is very hard to answer since gyms were closed down for a long period of time and boxers could not keep up with their daily routines or fight, amateurs and professionals.

Now, the only ones who are starting to take action are professional fighters who are on their way to win important titles and want to keep their legacy alive.

An article from Forbes mentioned that the MGM Grand in Las Vegas, Nevada, is planning on opening its doors to the competitive world of boxing once again. Although serious precautions are going to be taken, they will test all fighters and make them stay in assigned rooms until they receive the results. 

It will be hard to accomplish. The article even mentioned a case where one of the fighters got tested positive. “Boxer Mikaela Mayer, who was a 2016 U.S. Olympian and scheduled to fight Tuesday, announced Sunday on social media that she tested positive for coronavirus and was off the card. She was asymptomatic”, said Badenhausen (the article writer). It will be hard to detect the virus as not all people show direct signs of having the symptoms such as Mayer. 

man standing and walking going on boxing ring surrounded with people

There will be limited audience in order to prevent contamination or spread which will make the fight seem more than a sparring session in the eyes of the fighters. 

Badenhausen mentions that the only ones who will have paper-view fights will be prestigious boxers. “But he doesn’t see any big pay-per-view events, featuring stars like Canelo Alvarez or Anthony Joshua, until at least the end of 2020. ” 

This link will take you to the article and my comments and thoughts about the subject:

Boxing vs. Covid-19

The world of boxing has been paired up against a very challenging contender, Covid-19. This is a sport that requires enormous amounts of dedication, discipline, practice, skill, technique, and strength. Every fighter, whether amateur or professional, is facing a very difficult time maintaining their athletic lifestyle due to many restrictions that were put in place in order to prevent further spread and keep everyone healthy. 

Of course, since boxing is a contact sport, it can get a little messy because of how much exercise people do and how sweaty they can get. Furthermore, when it comes to sparing or fights, someone is bound to get a bloody nose or busted lip. Gyms were closed down for a long period of time and boxers could not keep up with their daily routines. They have lost some of their technique and speed, therefore, catching up to where they used to be is going to be rough. 

Furthermore, all sanctioned fights, regional, state, or national, were either cancelled or postponed (with no definite dates), including the most recognized one of all, the 2020 Olympics.  Amatuer fighters are missing their chance to step up in the competitive environment and to be recognized for their hard work. As for professional boxers, their fights have been hard to comeby due to the safety precautions and concern for their audiences’ health. Not to mention the effects on the economic side of the sport. With people staying at home and practicing social distance, it will be hard for boxers, promoters, managers, etc, to get paid with the lack of audience. 

As of today, gyms are slowly opening up with precautions. Only a certain amount of people can come in at a time, some drills are not being practiced anymore, sparring has been limited if not temporarily cancelled, and all equipment is being washed down and sanitized more than it normally was. Amatuer fights are still postponed and waiting for Covid to minimize. Lastly, professional fights are supposedly going to take place soon with a limited audience and the required safety measurements. 

Boxing has faced tough times, but it will find a way to come back even stronger than before, with its athletes ready for more. Covid might have won this round, but the fight is not over yet. 


Why Aren’t We Speaking About Concussions in Oakland?

Dear Oakland Principals,

I am writing to you because students play a variety of sports at school without gear and can possibly end up with a concussion. Are you okay with your students getting a concussion? It is possible that if a student sustains a concussion it can affect their learning.

According to the research, concussions are a public health issue because they can affect the brains of people and sometimes take a long time to heal and possibly not heal entirely and this affects many student athletes.

 Firstly, concussion can affect the brain which can cause memory loss to the person who had the concussion. On a website titled Cognitive Fx who published an article titled “Concussion Memory Loss: Recovery Stories From 6 m TBI Patients” by Olivia Seitz, Who was a figure skater who had a concussion. she stated, “Concussions can cause memory loss. Head injuries can cause loss of memory surrounding the event itself or recurring memory loss after the injury”(Seitz). Concussions cause a lot of damage in the brain and one of the main damages is that it causes memory loss. This can preclude  many people from remembering and can make it harder for them to do activities  that they forgot. It is harder for students who lose their memory from a concussion because it is likely that they have no clue what they’re doing in school and it will take a longer amount of time relearning what they’ve already learned. This is really important because this can affect students’ lives of remembering work that they did. The fact that some Oakland schools are less likely to think about their students ever sustaining a concussion is wrong because schools can never know what can happen and they should be prepared for anything and they should be more careful in watching their students so they are less likely to ever come close to sustaining a concussion.

 Not only do concussion affect the brain, they also take a long time to heal or not heal fully, which may put students in a place where it is hard to learn. In the “ Northport Wellness Center” article is states, “Someone with an acute concussion, may see an improvement in his or her condition anywhere from a day to two to three months,” whereas someone with a chronic concussion may not see improvement until “ two to three weeks” after their injury or longer”(Northport Wellness Center). With concussions taking a longer time to heal it puts students who had a concussion at risk of their learning. This will impact students’  grades and possibly have students fall behind in class. This can also affect the students who got a concussion to not know what they are doing in or outside of school and make them have a hard time doing any homework which can possibly have some students to start going against  doing any homework at all which comes back to where the students start getting bad grades in class. This is why principals should keep a closer eye on their students to make sure they don’t sustain a concussion so that they students don’t have to relearn anything that they already learned.

 Finally concussion can affect student athletes which may affect student athletes from playing sports for a couple of days or even not playing ever again. In the article titled “ Stat news” by Patrick Skerret the author stated,“Some schools and sports clubs disqualify an athlete from continuing in a contact sport after a set number of concussions”(Skerret).Student athletes who get a concussion are more likely to have to stop playing the game or likely to end up getting disqualified from the game. This could be a hard time for student athletes because student athletes are in love with their sport and it’s important to them and they want to keep playing. When students athletes get a concussion from them playing a sport they have to sit out for a couple of days maybe even weeks or months which can make them feel desperate sometimes. Student athletes should be able to play the sports they love without getting a concussion and getting disqualified from their game just because of a concussion. The fact that students who get a concussion from sports and will probably not play again means that principals should keep a close eye on their student athletes. This should happen because no one wants to see a hard working student athlete from playing the sport that he or she loves because of a concussion. 

I hypothesized that 25% of people in Oakland I surveyed would have gotten a concussion. My partner and I designed a 12 question survey and received a total of 19 respondents.

Figure 1. This Bar Graph is showing the age ranges of survey participants. The largest number of participants were between the ages of 20-35 years old. There were no participants over the age of 50 years old. This is significant because the age of the respondents matter when it comes to concussions so that if many children 15 and under were to get a concussion principals would know what they are dealing with.

Figure 2. This Graph is showing the age range of participants who had and have not had a concussion. More people said that they never had a concussion. Participants younger and between the age of 15-20 have the same amount of people who had concussions. This is interesting data because there have been a lot of kids 15 and under who have gotten a concussion thus proving it to be an important issue.

Figure 3. This Graph is showing the percentages of respondents who agree or disagree if concussions should be a problem. Most people were neutral. This is interesting because many of the respondents thought that concussions should be a problem,

Based on the survey and research, it is clear that as an Upstander we need to educate people on the importance of concussions and find more resources for the schools.

Aim #1 Virtual: Sharing on Social Media to get more people to see why this is important

My first aim will be to make an Instagram account based on concussions so that people can learn more about concussion and have the same perspective as me about concussions and also envision a better future where there are less people getting concussions. This will be effective because instagram has people all around the world on its platform and there is a chance that people will come across the instagram account I will have made. Firstly, I will make an Instagram account on concussions. Secondly, I will create posts of information on concussions using info that I find on the internet. Lastly, I will add the posts to instagram and add different posts once a week. Supplies I will be using is a computer and phone to add posts to the Instagram account. Gladly there is no budget for adding these posts to the instagram platform. Some obstacles I will expect is that not as many people will come across the instagram account and it wont get as much attention I’d like it to get.

Aim #2 Shelter in Place: Hanging up flier so more people will know about my topic 

If I were at school normally my second aim would be to add fliers all around the school so that parents and children would be able to see them and get to know more or know about concussions and could see how important concussions are and why it is important for schools to be more protective over student athletes. This would be effective because there are many students at my school and many people will have a chance to read them. Firstly I would choose what design and what information would be on the fliers. Secondly, I would print out the fliers. Lastly, I will tape the fliers all around the school so they can get noticed. Supplies that I would need would be a computer and a printer. I would need information from the internet and there wouldn’t be a budget. Obstacles I will expect would be that people wouldn’t read the fliers or that people would read the fliers but just not care about them and ignore them.

Aim #3 Unlimited Resources: Helping schools get resources that they need.

If I were to have unlimited resources my third aim would be to buy as many Oakland schools the resources they need to prevent student athletes from getting a concussion. This would be effective because this is a macro problem and student athletes could wear gear that they need so they wouldn’t get hurt and would less likely be able to sustain a concussion and be able to learn normally and keep playing the sports that they like. Firstly, I would buy the resources that I need from stores. Secondly, I would find schools that are close to me. Lastly, I would drive around to give the resources to the schools. Supplies that I would need would be money and car and bags. The budget that I would have would be at least $30,000. I would need information from teachers and google maps. Obstacles that I would expect are that the resources that I would buy for schools would help as much that I think that they would or that I wouldnt find enough schools to give resources to.

So Principals, what do you think? Do you think this will make a big impact if you supervise your students more? Do you think that they will be safer that way? If not I hope you have a better idea to make sure your students don’t end up getting a concussion at school. I hope this helped you think about concussions. Thank you for your time.


Work Cited 

FX, Cognitive. “Post-Concussion Treatment Center: Cognitive FX.” Post-Concussion Treatment Center | Cognitive FX,

Northport Wellness Center. “Home – Northport Wellness Center.” Home – Northport Wellness Center,

Skerret, Patrick. “STAT.” STAT,

Sports Injuries in Minors

Dear Athletes who practice five or more times per week,

We are writing to you because we want to give you information about sports injuries. Did you know that “In the U.S., about 30 million children and teens participate in some form of organized sports, and more than 3.5 million injuries each year?”( As people who practice a lot, it is important to know the risks involved and how to preclude  injuries. 

Based on your research, sports injuries are important to talk about because many injuries happen during practice and athletes who are injured may experience side effects emotionally. 

Sports Injuries in practice are important because the sports injuries in practice are 62% of all sports injuries in youth( Injuries in practice might seem unforeseen but are very common because athletes do not take the same seriousness in practice as they do in games. They may not warm up as if they would in games. Or they may not use the same equipment. For a fact ⅓ of 62% of people who get injured in practice could be prevented if they used the same gear to protect themselves( There is a lot of youth in Oakland that play many sports. Many of them may not have the adequate gear to play the sport and be safe while playing the sport. Therefore, athletes have to wear the right equipment during practice and in games or else they have a higher chance of getting a sports injury during practice because they are not as safe. Wearing the right gear can benefit their health and benefit their success as an athlete.

 Secondary, sports Injuries in practice or games can cause any type of side effects because the injury can degrade them in a certain way. Some examples of side effects are sadness, anger, lack of motivation etc.Athletes  might feel that they let themselves down  or their team.  That causes them to feel down because they aren’t playing their sport and they are just in their house and when they come back to play it won’t feel the same. In the article it’s giving me information about the side effects of an injury. So in the article titled “Mind, Body and Sport: How being injured affects mental health” by Margot Putukian and published by NCAA it says “How student-athletes respond to injury may differ, and there is no predictable sequence or reaction”(Putukian). Different responses are important to know about because we get to learn something because not all of them are going to act the same compared to the other ones the side effects are going to be different. 

We surveyed 28 people from the Oakland community of both genders and we asked them certain questions about sport injuries. We got responses from different types of races ,ages etc. And it was very interesting responses that we got from the people who took the survey from people that play sports or don’t or who got injured or who didn’t.

Figure 1 is titled: Number Of Injuries By Gender

The graph shows the number of injuries experienced by both genders. This argues that both genders get injured and they are not that  far apart from each other but males still have more injuries than females. 4 males and 3  females had more than 7 injuries but only three females had more more injuries compared to males 4 males had more injuries than 7 so males are more active and have a higher risk to get injured.

Figure 2 is titled: Do You Play Sports Per Week By Gender

 What this graph is showing is the days you play sports per week by gender.

This argues that males are more physically active than females. 7 males play sports 7 days per week, compared to females where 0 females play sports 7 days per week. 4 females play 0 days of sports per week, compared to males where only 3 males play 0 days of sports per week.

Figure 3 is titled: Whether People Play Sports By Age

What this graph is showing  if people play sports or not by their age. The age groups are 13-18, 19-25, 25-35. And 36+. This argues that people from ages 13-18 are more active then any other age group because 9 of 15 of the 13-18 year olds play sports. Compared to 25-35 where only 6 of 6 of them play sports. 36+ are the least active of the bunch because only 4 of 6 of them play sports which makes them the least of all age groups that we surveyed.

Based on the survey we saw a lot of gaps. For example the race we saw a lot of gaps like more Latinos play a sport compared to Asian and African Americans. We also saw another gap that males are more active in sports than females. What people should know about sports is that all the sports are the same; they are no harder sports or easy sports they all need commitment or sense on the sport.

A need that this community has not related to sports injuries is that more people need to play sports or do exercise during the week because there are a lot of people who do not exercise at all which is not healthy for your body. Some needs that this community also has also has related to sports injuries are, more education about  why athletes need to use proper gear to practice and games to prevent injuries. Also, coaches need to be stricter on their athletes because if the coach makes it mandatory to bring proper gear to practices it will reduce the number of injuries in practice. Another need is that athletes need to be educated on what to do when they see someone get injured or what to do when they themselves get injured because it is crucial to know what to do exactly in the moment and how to identify a serious injury. 

Based on the research and the survey, as Upstanders for Sports Injuries we will educate our community and raise money to support athletes.

Our first aim is to post about sports injuries on social media, we will post statistics about sports injuries and what things athletes could do to prevent sports injuries. This will be effective because everybody is on their phone right now because of the quarantine which makes it more likely for people to see it.

Steps we will take are, Create a new instagram page just for sports injuries. The next step will be, we will shout out the page in our personal instagrams so that more people will see it and ask friends to repost so as many people can see it. Our target audience is athletes because if they listen to our tips it can prevent injuries. Supplies we need are our own cell phones. There is no budget because we already have our phones. We can get information from our research tracker and we can draw our own images or we can get images on google. 

An obstacle we expect is, the account wont get a lot of attention and it won’t get seen by our targeted audience. We expect this because people might not be interested in the topic because they might think it’s irrelevant.

Our second aim is to talk to our principal because he is the athletic director so he can talk to all the athletes at  our school and talk about how to prevent an injury and how to prevent it. This will be effective because it will be helpful for the students and this will probably make them play safer and also it will teach them to always warm up before doing any sports.

The steps that we are going to take are to tell the athletic director to talk to the athletes and tell them what to do to play safe or to prevent it. The supplies we need are that the students come to the meeting to hear the principle. The budget is 25 dollars to buy sum pizza so the students can enjoy it

The obstacles that we expect are that the students learn to play safely and to always stretch. 

If we had unlimited resources we would raise money to buy the adequate gear for athletes who do not have the money to buy it for themselves. This would prevent future injuries because athletes are properly equipped. Another thing we would do is make a national petition where it is mandatory for athletes to wear the proper gear even in practice.

Steps we would take to accomplish our goal are: we will need to start a petition in order to get people’s attention and to spread the word to new people. People will sign our petition and it will start to get attention and it will start to get advertised on the internet and in billboards and it will get shown on the news. Then it will start to get state attention and eventually it will get national attention and eventually sports leagues will start to make it mandatory to have the right equipment and for athletes and coaches to get educated about sports injuries. The budget could be around $100,000-200,000, This will cover advertisements and workers who give out the survey. We would need information from the survey takers, we need their responses to see what further actions we need to take.

Obstacles we can expect is that we might not have enough money to pay for advertisements and for workers to have people sign the petition. Also, another obstacle we expect is that it might not get the attention we want it to have. People might not be interested in sports injuries because they don’t think it’s an important topic right now. They might not have kids so they can’t relate to the sports injuries in minors.

We will know our actions are successful when we see the injury rate go down in our Oakland community and when we also see when our instagram gets a lot of views or likes and it is shared to a lot of people.

We will measure success by showing people our community because the rates have gone down for the injuries and kids or adults are more safe with their actions that they do in games or warmups and we have new followers and they keep on spreading out the word.

We will know we helped people in our community because our numbers from the likes and comments are very high in our posts and other people have a word for the information that we have given them.

Thank you for listening to our information and hope it keeps on spreading out and it gets new followers and comments and hope it makes a change in our community and in sports. What if it was YOU who got injured?


Omar Cox Diaz & Jose Cordova Martinez

Work Cited

“Default – Stanford Children’s Health.” Stanford Children’s Health – Lucile Packard Children’s Hospital Stanford,

Mangan, Dr. Douglas. “Majority of Youth Sports Injuries Can Be Prevented, Here’s How to Keep Kids Safe.” USA Today, Gannett Satellite Information Network, 5 Sept. 2018,

Rpowell. “Mind, Body and Sport: How Being Injured Affects Mental Health.” – The Official Site of the NCAA, 11 July 2017,

Risk vs Reward when returning to sports after COVID-19

 At the moment we are in a pandemic with Coronavirus and with coming into summer the virus is supposed to die down and people can start returning to the regular activities and one of them is sports. economically Sports is a very big financial gain because it generates lots of revenue by selling merchandise, tickets, and other things. But many people are skeptical to return to sports because it travels from person to person very quickly and if you get the players sick then another quarantine will happen and there will have to be another breakthrough sports for a little bit. So the real question is do we risk people possibly getting COVID-19 while practicing and playing games or do we wait for COVID-19 to decrease tremendously and wait for a vaccine to come out so we can see people return to sports and ourselves not harming other people while watching them.

 There are many questions surrounding this such as many people depend on the revenue generated by sporting events such as managers players and other assets to the team that aren’t major rules but need revenue to keep afloat. An article by Reuters states that since the athletes are working so hard and taking in so much air that if one player possibly has corona they would spread it to many people because their lungs are taking in so much air and spreading it with many droplets on surfaces. But they said also that we need to start immersing people into sport slowly so that they built up an immunity to the virus and have some antibodies to fight against it. many NBA teams are contemplating going back to playing in practicing due to this. So they have a limit on four individual players per practice facility so they can start getting back into the groove of playing. But some other teams are waiting for more research to come out surrounding COVID so that they can ensure the health of their players and other staff. 

There are many issues surrounding this economically and with our Health crisis going around affects people physically. so everybody’s best interest that’s what people need to decide if they want to go through with this and want can get back into normal life but I need to weigh the risks to the rewards so that people can understand what will happen if this does go through.

Is Being Transgender An issue within Athletics?

The main question that is being asked is should Transgender athletes be able to participate in sports even if they say that they are transgender? Many people are not agreeing with this because of the fact that there are people that are stronger in different fields on athleticism that are affecting the sport. Would It be fair for a transgender man to go throw a javelin in the Olympics if that person was considered to be a female?  Many people are confuzzled as this topic has made its way to the stage. Some people don’t even know how to react, that’s how effective this is changing the way that people look at other people. 

Now a District attorney may bring civil action among a person if they choose so to get this changed so that the following person may not be able to participate. There are also very many factors to this there are the people that are taking others away and making it so that they have the choice to play and then there are the attorneys that are making it so that this won’t be a problem in some places of the world.  Many people are baffled by the fact that this is even an issue. There are so many other issues that happen in sports that should never have been to effect this issue. 

This bill that they are thinking of using would also use the ban of sports and teams of the use of public places to get rid of the controversies with this topic. There is one person, in particular, that was named born as a male but is a female riding in the men’s cycling industry and has won the major cycling race just by using techniques that others may not have thought of.  How Would this change games go from basketball to football or any really big sport? this bill is there to stop this from happening even if a male that identifies as a female will still not be able to participate even if they identify as a female, they will be shut down by this bill.

Traitor Forever?

Nothing is forever, this includes sports teams. Does this mean sports teams such as Oakland’s should leave their hometown? Oakland’s sports teams include the Athletics who play baseball, the Raiders who play football, and the Warriors that play basketball. Two of the teams stated will no longer play in the Oakland sports complex and will relocate to larger areas with new arenas. The Warriors will move to the Chase Center, after playing in Oakland since 1971 (Spears) The Raiders on the other hand will go to Allegiant Stadium (  Both arenas are located outside of Oakland. Based on research and interviews conducted, it is crucial that Oaklands sports teams such as the Oakland Raiders and Golden States Warriors return to Oakland because of their big reputation on the hometown and the financial benefits they bring to the table.

Oakland sports teams such as the Raiders and Warriors should not have abandoned Oakland because of the different appearance the residents and others have associated with the city. To begin, in an interview on November 25, 2019 with Christopher Jones, a resident of Oakland who immensely admires basketball and participates in the sport. Christopher explains, “ The teams do a really good job in giving Oakland a positive look … it is going to suck having them leave” (Jones). Jones brings up that since the Warriors have history in Oakland and have thrived it is unethical for them to just leave because without them in Oakland, fans will despise them. The idea of “a positive look” acknowledges that having the Warriors leave will influence people to have negative stereotypes about Oakland and overshadow it. On the contrary, if the team returns, so will the positive look. Furthermore, in another interview that took place on November 24, 2019 with Jose Martinez, a dedicated Raiders fan who has been to their games since 2012 he states, “They [Raiders leaving] are going to make me move, I have lived in Oakland for a while but I think it is the best for me to stick with them” (Martinez). The fact that there are some fans that are as dedicated as Martinez shows how the Raiders are exalted, however not everyone is as passionate or able to move because the Raiders left, that is a big commitment that is just not worth it and would be illogical. This comes back to ethics, would the Raiders and Warriors leaving be justified only because it benefits them financially?  

Therefore, the antithesis would argue that Oakland sports teams, for instance the Warriors and Raiders decision to leave is  justified because in the long run, being in more populated areas will attract more people and be the better financial option. For example, the Chase Center is the arena located in San Francisco where the Warriors are going to be relocated to. The United States Census Bureau points out that in 2017 San Francisco has a population of 884,363 while Oakland had 425,192 (United States Census Bureau). From the statistics it can be seen that San Francisco has more than double the population of Oakland. This means there would be more people for the Warriors to attract and more people to pay money to come see them play. 

The Raiders and Warriors should not have abandoned Oakland because the city will face negative effects by not growing as fast. This is proven because in the list, “50 largest cities without major sports teams” published on October 13, 2017 by Nick Selbe, a person with over 5 years of experience in sports media and tech, even having his work appear on San Bernardino is ranked as number fifty on the list with a population of 216,234 in 2016 (Selbe). Compare this to Oaklands 421,566 population in 2016 (United States Census Bureau) proves that cities with sports teams have more people because the sports teams bring recognition to the city. And again, if a place has high population it tends to do better because it means more people are paying taxes to help improve the place. So since the teams left, Oakland will not get as much publicity as it did when it was the home of legends such as Stephan Curry. The teams should care because staying would be the right choice that benefits Oakland and continues to benefit the teams instead of just the teams and San Francisco. Furthermore why move arenas when in the article, “Oracle Arena: Five Fast Facts You Need to Know” published on June 5, 2019 by Sam Dodge who is a huge sports contributor and has published work in the LA Times, the article Dodge points out that, “During the 2017 Finals between the Warriors and the Cleveland Cavaliers, somebody paid $133,000 total for two seats for Game 5 at Oracle Arena.” (Dodge). Why would the Warriors want to leave if people are willing to pay absurd prices to watch them play?

In conclusion, Oakland sports teams, more specifically the Raiders and Warriors should not have departed Oakland because it will hurt the city financially and the reputation they have acquired will just be thrown away. People in Oakland have become connected to the teams and other successful cities do not need the sports teams. In the end, the Raiders and Warriors actions where irrevocable and devastating for dedicated fans in Oakland, but it will not be the end of Oakland because they still have the Athletics and, who knows, replacements could exceed the ones that left. And to reiterate, the teams should not have left and should return because it will impede progress and degarde the esteme for the players and teams.

Annotated Bibliography 

“Census Glossary.” Census,

This is government glossary that keeps track of estimates of city populations through time. Since this is a government website it has some established credibility. The glossary just states facts and no argument so it cannot be bias. The cite is relevant to sports teams leaving because it is used as a fact that gives the reader perspective

Dodge, Sam. “Oracle Arena: 5 Fast Facts You Need to Know.”, 6 June 2019,

The article talks about how Oakland is getting closer and closer to losing the Warriors, they are going to The Chase Center in San Francisco. It talks about Oracles history. And the community’s response to having another of their best teams leave them. However, through all this the warriors still have some games left in the arena and because of big events the prices of tickets are extremely expensive. The article was published in 2019 making it up to date, it also talks about current and future events. The author Sam Dodge was also written for multiple other news and sharing site such as, LA Times, Big Ten Network, and IHeartMedia. He is also a heavy contributor in covering sports.

Gonzalez, Xavier, and Christopher Jones. “Warriors Interview.” 25 Nov. 2019.

In the interview Jones was asked about their age and background then they were asked them if they have a favorite sports team, followed up by how they think sports teams represent Oakland. Next, conversation began about players in that team and lastly they were questioned about what they think the future holds for Oakland sports teams. Christopher Jones is a sports enthusiast and fan that is athletic and support the Warriors. This makes him a credible person to interview because of all of his knowledge and experience with sports. He also resides in Oakland making his opinion on sports related topics trustworthy to some extent. The interview was conducted on November 25, 2019 making it relevant and not outdated.

Gonzalez, Xavier, and Jose Martinez. “Raiders Interview.” 24 Nov. 2019.

This interview started with me getting to know how long the person has lived in Oakland, they were questioned about what they thought about the Raiders, it was followed up with how they feel knowing that their team is leaving in the 2020 season to Las Vegas. They were asked how they think the Raiders leaving will affect Oakland and its people. Lastly they were asked how this would affect him. The interview is credible because Jose Martinez is a dedicated Raiders fan that has been to games since 2012. He was also at Oracle Arena which signals that he is emphatic about sports and will go out of his way to support his team in person. Furthermore they are an Oakland resident making their opinion on whether the Raiders are traitors especially strong. This interview was conducted 

November 24, 2019 which makes the ideas talked about up to date. 

Relations, Raiders Media, et al. “Raiders, Allegiant Agree on Naming Rights Deal for Las Vegas Stadium.” Raiders, 26 Aug. 2019,

On the official Raiders website, they talked about naming getting the rights to naming the Las Vegas Stadium that is being constructed to become their future home. They are going to name the stadium, Allegiant Stadium. The article also talks about how the partnership with Allegiant will greatly benefit and bring them pride. Since the article comes from the official Raiders website, the news presented is not fake and is indeed what they are going to do. The article was also published recently making it relevant.

Selbe, Nick. “50 Largest Cities without a Major Sports Team: Stacker.” The Stacker, 13 Oct. 2017,

This is an informational list that shows as the name states, “50 large cities without major sports teams”. This informational list was published in 2017 making it relevant. Furthermore the author Nick Selbe has 5 years of experience in sports media and has even written for The list is relevant because it was used to compare the effects of a sports team being present in cities.

Spears, Mark J. “Warriors to Show Oakland Some Love with Debut of ‘The Town’ Jerseys.” The Undefeated, The Undefeated, 24 Nov. 2017,
This article talks about how the Warriors decided to pay homage to Oakland by making jerseys with The Town on them. The article also talks about the team players positive thoughts about the new jerseys. The information presented is credible because the person who presented it, Marc Spears is heavily involved in sports and previously wrote for the NBA and knows so much about sports since he used to participate in them. He writes articles about sports weekly and talks about news, not opinions.

National Anthem at Sporting Events

Why do people think that the teams or athletes should be out during the national anthem? I think that this is an ongoing problem with professional sports and even just sports in general.  Why do people think that there are going to be issues when the teams are out on the field during this time. People struggle with the fact that the players or teams are getting prepared for their match or what they have. Athletes all over the world are concerned that the National anthem is a political spectrum to their own teams and all of the other views that the public will give them. 

Why do the athletes think that that the National anthem is a big political view on them? What does the anthem have to do do with political issues? athletes have a very strong opinion about these issues. I had a family member that was in the forces and they don’t even like to participate in the anthem before sporting events because of the racial aspects to these people, and the person running the Country.  People think that we need to pause and thank the people that have sacrificed their lives for us before a sporting event. 

Why do people just assume that we need to thank those who have served for us before the events to get things started? People need to realize that even if the teams are going through things with kneeling during the anthem and not soluting that there are going to be controversies about these issues. It is interesting to see that not all sports do this before they begin. For instance, golfers don’t do any of this before they start. Why do they just do this for specific sports teams, and specific activities?

Oscar’s Life

Hello my name is Oscar. I was born on January 20, 2000. My nationality is Honduran but I currently live in New York. Something important that characterizes me is that I always try to help the people who need it most. Something important that happened in my life was when I got the news that my mother had defeated cancer. But my life took a very sad turn. Months later the cancer came back and my mother died. But mom always left us something to learn and the lesson she left me was always to fight for your dreams and always want to live.

What I like most about coming to school is always learning something new and spending time with my girlfriend and friends. Sometimes I am very good at math because there are some issues that are very easy for me. But I am better at gym classes because I like sports a lot. I am very good in sports such as soccer and running. Practicing a lot I get to love these sports a lot.

I think that graffiti must be legal in schools and communities because graffiti is an art of personal expression. Graffiti is an illegal art. There are a lot of artists with a good future in the streets painting in any part of the world with great talent. Graffiti helps them to express themselves. To imagine them graffiti makes you feel free of expression and every graffiti has something to teach. Graffiti although it is an illegal art does not necessarily have to be considered as vandalism. GRAFFITI IS ART, NOT VANDALISM!!!

The effect of sports on the mental health of student-athletes

A majority of online resources claim that sports do improve one’s mental wellbeing. A lot of these websites provide links to outside resources backing up their claims, there is a surprising amount of data on the subject. Playing a sport at a high school or college level can raise dopamine levels as well as other ‘happy chemical’ levels. There are studies inferring that playing a sport can make you happy and ‘cure’ depression and anxiety.

These websites don’t take a lot of factors into consideration, only the facts that the person is a student and they play a sport. Student-athletes encounter many other factors in their day to day lives. Playing a sport as a student can put a lot of pressure on the individual, and it takes a lot of time and commitment with the possibility of being injured. If an athlete gets injured, it could be a huge blow to their mental and emotional health, not only their physical health. It’s as much as a mental battle as it is a physical one.

Many of the symptoms reported when and after an athlete is injured actually align with multiple depression and anxiety identifying symptoms. Being injured in a sport can open the gateway to multiple mental illnesses that have been dormant in an individual, can worsen current mental illnesses, and one can even develop PTSD depending on the severity of the injury and the context surrounding that injury. If the individual was dependent on the sport for fostering a sense of happiness or supplying the chemicals needed to maintain mental stability and can no longer play due to an injury, what do they do then? It’s a difficult transition for many student-athletes, especially if they put all their time and effort into the sport.

While injuries are a major concern in the sports industry, it’s still important to recognize the data that does say that playing a sport as a student can improve mental health. These sports can foster long-term feelings of happiness and other positive feelings, as can encourage further exercise habits or encourage students to continue playing or participating in a sport as an adult. The environment and culture can push one to work their hardest and ultimately feel a sense of satisfaction from what they have accomplished in a sport.

Overall, there are multiple different factors that can affect a student-athlete, and a majority of websites linked to studies say that student-athletes are overall affected positively by sports without mentioning the outside sources a person encounters. The consequences of playing a sport can be lifelong in both the mental and physical sense. It can be difficult for these former student-athletes to transition after an injury. It’s difficult to avoid situations like those, it’s best to focus on how these sports help these individuals rather than how they harm them.

The differences in studies: mental health and sports

The correlation between sports and mental health is a complicated one. There’s no clear answer on whether on not sports helps or worsens mental health, and an even more blurred line in relation to student-athletes at the high school and college levels. While there are multiple studies out there saying whether sports help or damage mental wellness, these reports differ in both methods, questions, and outside factors.

Studies that say playing a sport improves or doesn’t affect one’s mental health observe changes in a controlled environment in groups of a smaller representation of the population, such as psychiatric hospital inmates or those in low-income areas. A lot of these studies also look at the chemical side of things or only one outcome of the experiment. Play to the Whistle: A Pilot Investigation of a Sports-Based Intervention for Traumatized Girls in Residential Treatment is a very specific study that’s looking at very specific results, and ultimately doesn’t answer the overarching question, “How do sports affect mental health?”.

The studies that say playing a sport negatively affects mental health are on a more broad, societal scope. They do say that it affects student-athletes negatively, but there is much quantitative research done to support this, mainly qualitative comments or quotes from student-athletes and a look at recent rises in stress and expectations within the American school system. Even though it’s more qualitative data and research, it could apply better to the question asking if sports affect student-athletes’ mental health, because that in itself is more of an individual subject that looks at how student-athletes feel and think rather than what is physically going on in their brains. Looking at these results instead of quantitive data can provide more well-rounded results because everyone’s brains work differently and body makeup is different, so what’s a chart that tells you how much seritonin was produced during a workout going to do in the long run compared to an in-depth analysis on why student-athletes feel the way they do and what sports do for them.

So what does this all mean? It means that the context behind the individual plays a large role in whether or not sports improve or worsen their mental health. For most high school and college students, they cope with high pressure, high stress, high expectations, family life, financial issues, and possibly more every day. Sports would just be another stressor on top of everything they are already dealing with. An inmate at a psychiatric hospital might benefit from playing a sport because they don’t have much else to worry about other than their own wellbeing and future wellness. Sports is great for community building and self-confidence, but can further seclude a student with the right context.

Sports are meant for those who have the time to cope and keep up with the high expectations, rigor, and time-commitments. Students can benefit from playing a sport, and they have in the past, but in the present, it’s incredibly difficult to balance that with the rest of your life at those ages. Especially with how competitive it can be and the ideals of perfection are ingrained into the community.

Mental Health and Sports

It is a common misconception that playing sports as a student can improve your mental health and boost your confidence. Student-athletes are just as likely as the rest of their peers and possibly more at risk of developing mental illness and unhealthy coping mechanisms. They face stressors that most students wouldn’t encounter, such as extensive time requirements, pressure to perform at a level near perfect, conflicts with other student-athletes and coaches, and are more likely to sustain an injury.

All of these factors can help foster severe mental illnesses like depression, anxiety, and a variety of eating disorders. Also due to the high pressure and the perfection mentality, student-athletes are less likely to reach out for help, only allowing these illnesses to get worse over time. These students are also not provided with the resources to get the help they need, mental illness is heavily stigmatized and the perfection mentality prevents coaches and sports administrators from finding or creating these resources.

One way to decrease the stigma surrounding mental illness and health is to educate coaches and administrators about mental health and wellness. Providing courses to go along with initial training and confirming that coaches have gotten mental health training is the first step to helping student-athletes and the sports community. The coaches also play a role as educators to their athletes, and making sure that the students are educated themselves and willing to pass on that knowledge is an important factor in destigmatizing. Along with mental health education, there should also be an increase in mental health awareness. This comes in the form of advertisement of mental health services along with a more open and supportive school community willing to foster wellness.

Services such as trainers, counselors, health professionals, overall health education, physical and mental therapy, and crisis workers should be more widely available to student-athletes. Tracking the health of students is also beneficial, as one can track mental illness and wellbeing over time and can use that data to reach out to individual students and provide services to them. These services need to be made available but they also need to be maintained and kept accountable. Bad services aren’t helpful to anyone, so they need to be well-executed and evaluated over time, as well as available to a majority of the students. That means making sure these services are affordable or grant financial assistance to those who need the help.

Taking care of the wellbeing of student-athletes is difficult but it needs to be done and handled in a constructive way. It starts with destigmatizing and then educating both coaches and students. The process moves on to incorporate services to students, both reliable and affordable. Student-athletes are just as much at risk to mental illness as the general population is, possibly more so. It’s important to make sure that they are taken care of so they can enjoy the sport they are playing and do it without long-term repercussions.

Competition in sports

For my topic, I picked competition in sports. I want to know what drives people to be competitive, and how it helps them accomplish the goals that they need to. This topic interests me because I have been a competitive athlete for most of my life, and I am also very interested in psychology, so therefore I am extremely interested in the mentality behind athletic competition.

From my annotated source ( linked below) I learned a lot about competition. I was originally going to write my paper on all competition, but I decided to narrow it down to mostly sports, because I feel like having a more narrow focused topic is better for a 1000-1500 word research paper. However, this source will still be impactful because it is a good overview of competition, and I think that it would give me some good information, especially for starting off my essay.

I have other sources that are more closely related with athletics, but this source is important because it talks about the psychology behind competition in general. From it I learned that competition is an extrensic motivation, and although it may seem at times like the evil twin of collaboration, often times, especially on sports teams, both are needed to have a successful advantage in the competitive field. An extrinsic motivation means that one is motivated by an outside source, contrary to intrinsic motivation, which means that the person wants to get something out of the goal regardless of outside factors.

Dangers of Hockey

Although it garners less media attention and scientific inquisition, hockey is well known to be one of the most dangerous sports. Concussions, one of the most prominent injuries in the sport, have caught the attention of many scientists and players, mainly stemming from findings based around Chronic Traumatic Encephalopathy (CTE), a disease that affects the patient’s behavior and moods, which occurs after repeated head trauma. Found traditionally in football players, more discovery has allowed scientists to see its effects in hockey players as well. A sport that not only encourages hitting, but also allows for fist fights at many levels, makes for many instances where concussions can be obtained, even at lower levels of the sport. The sheer speed at which the sport is played, makes for many hard collision, even if by accident. Furthermore, studies have shown that CTE may not be the only result from these concussions, and that there are more consequences, albeit less significant, to concussions that may be even more common in players. Although a slightly less known phenomenon, head trauma induced by hockey is a serious consequence to the game, and many of the effects are still unknown.  

Soccer is Life!

So far, the character in Keeper by Mal Peet reminds me of something I saw. I don’t play soccer, but I know a lot of people  who do, and a lot of people who love soccer and don’t play it.  When I watch soccer, it seems boring and simple, but I notice that people who know about soccer, know that it is difficult and takes a lot of skill.  They practice, talk about it, and get excited about it.  In this book, El Gato, goes from being a terrible soccer player, to being one of the best.  He talks about how his coach taught him to study the person who has the ball to know where he is going to kick it.  This reminded me of all the thought and skill that soccer lovers around me have.

Father’s Wish

Armaan S.

Here are the characters in my story:
George:An eighteen year old trying to complete his father’s wish for him which is to become the best soccer player in the world. Bob Junior: Another eighteen year old trying to complete his father’s wish which is to make sure Thomas, who is his dad’s mortal enemy, doesn’t get his wish fulfilled. Thomas (George’s Father):A forty year old who was scammed out of millions of dollars from his best friend, Bob Senior, when he was younger. Since then, the ex-best friends became mortal enemies. Bob Senior (Bob Junior’s Father): Another forty year old who scammed his best friend, Thomas, for over millions of dollars when he was twenty four years old.

In my project I will have a protagonist and an antagonist. The protagonist is a boy named George who wants to achieve his father’s wish for him which is to become the world’s best soccer player. However, there George’s father has an enemy. His enemy’s son is named Bob. Bob’s father has one wish too. It’s to make sure his enemy’s wish is never completed so Bob has one goal right now. To make sure George never becomes the world’s best soccer player. In Act I, George’s father tells his wish to George. Then, in a different background, Bob’s father reveals his wish to Bob. Then Act II will begin. George is on a soccer team and there are scouts coming to watch his team play. Bob however is on the other team. Once the game starts Bob tries to injure George so he can’t have a chance of being scouted and even becoming a professional player. Bob succeeds in doing so. But George still played, to everyone’s doubt, and scored. The scouts had left and Bob thought he succeeded. However in Act III, George receives and email. It says he’s a good player and he was accepted to a team in London named Chelsea. Then he became the best.

First I created the concept, then I started on the script, once I finished the skit, I started working on the storyboards. Once all that was done, I started doing my actual animation.

Gender Inequality

In the world of professional sports the inequality between male and female is astonishing especially when you take a look at the difference in salaries. Since the beginning of time males have always been the one who were depended. The Kings and Monarchs position of different societies filled by men.

In all sports across the board male athletes are paid significantly more than women. In an attempt to close the major gap many female athletes play in overseas leagues during their offseason in order to earn more money. They can typically earn 15 times more overseas than playing in the US.

Not only is this a huge issue regarding money however the attention that is put on Women’s sports are significantly less than their male counterparts. Young girls like me can be discouraged by the lack of equality leading to young promising athletes to give up on their dreams at one day becoming a professional athlete.


Professional Athletes are Underpaid

Contrary to popular belief, professional athletes are actually underpaid. We all know that professional athletes make millions and millions of dollars to play a sport in front of the whole country, but when you compare how much athletes make to other entertainers in the business like singers or actors, they are widely underpaid, especially when you take into consideration the likeliness of them getting hurt while playing. Should professional athletes get paid more because they get hurt more?

Sports Illustrated compares what Lebron James makes to what David Letterman made before he retired. The article said, “Letterman is a skilled performer who was reportedly paid some $28M per year by CBS before he retired from late night TV. (Just about the average of James’ NBA salaries this season and last.)” However, that is just Letterman. World touring artists can make nearly 100 millions dollars on a high end and about 70 million dollars on a low end. Again, if you compare that to what Lebron, the highest paid athlete in the NBA, makes, they are highly underpaid.

Also, if you take into consideration how much impact an athlete has on a team, it is way more than how much impact a talk show host has on the television network. If Letterman were to be sick, or when James Corden had his baby, anyone can fill in for them for the time being. But if Lebron were to get hurt mid season, his loss would be detrimental to the team. Professional athletes should get paid more than singers or actors due to the physical stress they are under for their jobs. When an athlete gets hurt, they also have to pay their medical bills out of pocket. A high majority of athletes do not have insurance because of their likeliness of getting hurt. The medical bills take a sizable chunk out of their salaries also.

Alcohol and Sports

Throughout media you see advertisements everywhere: games, food, travel, shows, and alcohol. I’ve noticed alchohol commercials are prevelant throughout media. There’s so many of them. Recently, in alcohol ads, I’ve been seeing the company Micalob Ultra target athletes. The commercials of Micalob Ultra are probably the most commercials shown out of beer ads on the stations I watch, and being from a family with alcoholics it bugs me. Just the fact there are so many alcohol ads bugs me, but then to see them targeting athletes, and be overly advertised in sporting events; I don’t think it’s right. Alcohol companies should not be allowed to advertise to athletes, and alcohol should not sponsor sports. I’m going to go into how alcohol affects an athletes body to show that alcohol companies, no matter how low calorie, should not go after athletes.
Alcohol can effect your muscle growth, and recovery. “Long-term alcohol diminishes protein synthesis, resulting in decrease in muscle growth.” (Insidetracker) It can lower protein synthesis by 20%. It does this by dehydrating your cells, and it blocks important nutrients that are key to what your muscles do. There was even a study done by the University of North Texas. “The study followed 10 men and nine women, all physically active. All of the participants did six sets of 10 squats with heavy weight twice a week. Before the workout, the team took a muscle biopsy. After, the participants were given a tray of drinks – half had water, half had water-diluted vodka. The alcohol-drinking group consumed about six glasses of diluted vodka in 10 minutes. As they drank, the team took more muscle biopsies, one three hours post-workout, then again two hours later. The results showed the alcohol-drinking group experienced a dramatic drop in muscle growth – particularly in men.” (Daily Mail)
Alcohol also interupts your sleep, but there’s something important that happens during sleep! Alcohol messes with your sleep cycle, which in turn messes with Human Growth Hormone. This hormone helps with building and repairing muscle. Alcohol can decrease this by 70%! Something else I found interesting is our bodies can’t use the calories in alcohol. It can’t turn it into glycogen, but is treated like fat. It converts “the sugar from alcohol into fatty acids. As a result, alcohol consumption increases fat storage and can adversely affect your percentage of body fat.” (Insidetracker) Alcohol is loaded with calories. Drink aware states. “Because alcohol is made from sugar or starch, it contains lots of calories – seven calories a gram in fact, almost as many as pure fat!” There’s also a lot on the alcohol break after working out. It’s very common for someone to have a drink after a workout, but what does that do to you?
Alcohol reduces testosterone which is important for men and muscle building and this is also where we hit dehydration. Alcohol makes your trips to the bathroom more frequent. “This is because it acts as a diuretic, which can suck the water you have in your body. As you keep urinating, you will eventually feel more tired.” (1mhealthtips)
This is already a lot of damaging info, yet sports is advertised greatly at sporting events, almost religiously. Katherine Brown, director of the Institute of Alcohol Studies brings up a good point in an article from The Guardian. “It’s obvious that children growing up idolising sporting heroes with beer brands blazoned across their chests will develop deep-rooted positive attitudes towards drinking. It’s also obvious that high profile alcohol advertising via sponsorship deals work to normalise what is in fact an unnatural association between drinking and sport.” Alcohol advertisting is not a necessity in sports. It doesn’t affect how well sports do. “France has had a complete ban on alcohol advertising and sponsorship since 1991. Sport has not suffered and alcohol consumption has decreased in the past 20-odd years. Indeed, France even hosted the 1998 FIFA World Cup with this ban in place and enforced.” (The Conversation)

Are professional athletes overpaid?

The average professional basketball player in the NBA makes around $5.15 million a year while the average professional baseball player in the MLB makes about $3.2 million a year. Is this an excessive amount for anyone to make, no matter their profession?

The highest paid doctor will average a little over $500,000 a year, and the median household only makes an average of $54,000. A Major League Baseball player will make more swinging a bat in one game than an average family will see in one decade. How is it that a grown man can get paid so much for doing something that toddlers do for fun?

When professional sports first started, players needed a side job to make ends meet. Players were not being paid nearly as much as they are today. Salaries have only gone up from there however. This is only possible because of the fans and the supporters of teams. When people are paying the big bucks to see live games, buy official merchandise, and stand in line for overpriced food, they are only upping the salaries for player the next year.

But, consider the flip side. An insurance company is not going to cover a professional athlete, but pro athletes get injured more than someone working a 9-5 job. So, professional athletes have to pay out of pocket for knee surgery, rehabilitation, medications, etc. Another reason for the extreme salaries is their short career. Athletes make money for a much shorter time than any other profession, so they need to make as much money as they can in that short time.

Even though professional athletes are being paid an outrageous amount of money, they is some rhyme and reason for it, although maybe not to the extent to which it is.  

Taking The Knee For What you Believe In

Protesting by taking a knee is necessary. Some players feel like they aren’t being heard , so they decided to take the knee during the National Anthem . You should be able to protest how you want to without anybody judging you . Not standing for the National Anthem is a peaceful protest & it’s not harming anyone. I know some people feel disrespected but the football players really don’t mean any disrespect , they just want to be heard.

Our president makes things no better , he honestly doesn’t think before he speaks. For him to be the president he says a lot of things that the president should not say. A lot of people are making to much out of this situation , I honestly think this is a distraction from the government . So we won’t pay attention to the serious things that is happening in our country.

Why Should Expressing Your Beliefs Come At A Cost?

Rather people should kneel during the national anthem or not should not be the question. The question should be, “Should people who are standing up for their believes be penalized for it?” Yes, people should be able to see you and kneel during the national anthem. And yes, it is necessary.
In the United States we are supposed to be the land of the free. Free to speak out, and free to assemble. We are eve free to protest, peacefully of course. But if we are allowed to believe in what we want why are the football players being criticized for it?
In 2016 Colin Kaepernick sat during the national anthem to protest against racial behavior towards African Americans, and also police brutality. Every since then it’s been a wave of protest but now it seems as if people are being about more involved, a bit more critical, and now the football teams are saying enough is enough.
“Wouldn’t you love to see one of these NFL owners, when somebody disrespects our flag, to say, ‘Get that son of a B…. off the field right now. Out he’s fired! He’s fired!’ (ESPN 2017) Trump said at a political rally in Huntsville Alabama. One of the biggest debates has been if the football players are disrespecting our flag and veterans, or is Trump just trying to use that as an excuse to be disrespectful.
The article on ThinkProgress “Trump says he speaks for veterans on NFL protests. We let them speak for themselves.” Written by Luke Barnes has 4 different veterans speak out about how they feel about the protests and the president’s comments.
A former U.S. army member and Tennessee National Guard, Amanda Blount, feels as if the protests are justified. Amanda thinks activism is important and that African Americans have been through centuries of slavery and discrimination. So I’m now way or form are they disrespecting the flag. Trump should be finding a way to make the country safe for everyone.
Being able to stand up for what you believe in in important because that’s what America is based on. And if that isn’t true we are false advertising “The Land of the Free”.
Veterans put on the uniform to exercise the democratic right to practice what you wish. A marine veteran, Manson Shams doesn’t take offense “because the parties in the NFL have clearly said this is about inequality and racism not about the troops.” But why does trump insist on making it about the flag?
Moral of the story is no, the football team owners should not be able to tell the players how to exercise their rights or tell them to stand up or lose their jobs. But yes the players should follow standard procedure. Yet the players should still be able to express their beliefs however they feel in appropriate and no they should not be penalized for it because eventually every voice will be heard and change will come about.


How would youth be different without sports?

Sports are a very important part of our society, especially for youth. Many life lessons are taught in sports, and lifelong friendships are made. However, youth sports participation has declined in the past decade. In 2208, about 45% of kids were involved in team sports, but in 2016, that number was down to 40%. This statistic begs the question, how would youth be different without sports?
Participation in sports encourages many beneficial activities and brings awareness to physical health. All sports involve some kind of exercise, which can help keep kids healthy. Also, sports encourage participants to watch what they put into their body. Kids will be more aware of the amount and type of foods they eat, which is a good habit to build.
Regular physical activity helps build and maintain healthy bones, muscles and joints, as well as reduce fat and prevent high blood pressure, according to the Aspen Institute.
Sports also make an impact off the field. BY joining teams, kids can meet new friends from a wide variety of backgrounds. Also, their decision making and mental health can improve. According to Livestrong, youth athletes are less likely to use illegal drugs or drink alcohol. Also, they are less likely to be depressed or have anxiety.

Photo by USAG-Humphreys

Daily practice for Lacrosse player

Lacrosse player

  • Beginning of practice

Get your pads on, get your cleats on, huddle up. OK I say rushing to not be the last one to get my pads on.

  • In huddle

We have a game on the weekend, today we will walk through Raven(defense), run a mile and then bring it up on me. Stop walking. Ok I say sweat dripping down my face and the steam coming out my mouth as I talk.

  • Back in huddle

Make sure to hit and run as hard as you can all the time, pass the ball straight to the stick, run threw the ball, call for the ball, talk on defense. Come here Alejandro, go hard in every drill, yes coach; just because some kids are not as good as you doesn’t mean you go easy on them. There is no way you will get better if you do not go hard, They have to catch up to you and get better on their own time. Ok, I just don’t want to go to hard to the point that they quite.

  • Playing 6 on 6

Slide to him, hit him, talk more on defense, tell him where to go, be a leader. Hit him in his hit and hands. You are backside, you are 2, I got 2! Go! Go! Go! Im hot! Im hot! I’m sliding! Huddle up.

  • In huddle

Good practice we need all the balls picked up and the goals put away. Good practice go hard every time the new kids and freshman will get better on their own time. Ok coach, thank you see you tomorrow.


One major change I would like for you to make is to raise the pay for teachers, doctors, and veterans. Like why do all these football player and basketball players get paid all this money just for entertaining people, the money should go to the real people with real jobs. Yes playing football can create jobs for people but why do players get paid so much money in that case, why can’t a doctor get paid a lot of money for saving somebody life?

What would happen if we didn’t have sports?

Most of us are involved in some type of sport or activity that takes up most of our time. Well, if we didn’t have activities such as football or in my case cheer, what would happen?

Many argued that our exercise levels would decrease because sports are sometimes the main source of exercise for most of us. Not only would our health be affected but also our economy. In some cities in the United States a big factor of income comes from big sporting events that profit the city.

Some cities have pointed out that without the money that is produced from the local sports events, the would be in debt. Also, relating to America, America already has an obesity rating so imagine how big the problem would be if we didn’t have the biggest source that most people exercise.

Overall, not having sports in our life would result in a very negative outcome for our society. We are constantly obsessing over our favorite sports teams & putting most of our time into playing our favorite sport.


Is girls golf growing?

Golf has always been a sport dominated by males. Being a girl who loves the game, I was curious to see if times might be changing and if more women have decided to pick up the sport. According to The Times , since 2014 “women golfers make up 19 percent (5.1 million) of the U.S. golfer population”. That’s 11 percent more than the amount in 1986. It seems that more and more each year, women are accepted to play. More private golf courses are beginning to allow women to play on their courses, and women are becoming bigger competitors in the game than ever before.


Photo by BAndersen23

Paying College Athletes

Dear Next President,

When Theodore Roosevelt founded the NCAA on March 31, 1906, he had a vision in sight to “encourage reforms” in college sports. He did that because college football in the early 20th century had a high number of repeated injuries and deaths and “prompted many college and universities to discontinue the sport.” The definition of reforms is “make changes in order to improve it.” President Roosevelt did just that when he came in and made reforms to the rules in 1906. The NCAA is thriving right now and could use some more reforms. Because a president created the NCAA, I feel our next President could also encourage a reform.

I feel as if the student-athletes are being exploited for the benefit of the schools they attend and the NCAA. Which is, in fact, a “non-profit organization”. ”It maintains its nonprofit status because it is an association of colleges and universities sharing a common academic mission. Every year, the NCAA and its members equip more than 460,000 student-athletes with skills to succeed on the playing field, in the classroom, and throughout life.”

The NCAA says that it is a nonprofit, but the NCAA racks in around $10.8 billion a year, just off of a media contract with CBS Sports and Turner Broadcasting. The president of the NCAA makes a comfortable one million dollars a year while the student-athletes that produce all that revenue get their school paid and nothing else. Most of them are in debt once they get out of college because they do not have time to work and make money since they are spending 40+ hours a week doing their sport.

I think that the best thing to do to solve this situation is to pay the athletes based on the revenue that they personally bring in themselves. If the star football player is getting his jersey sold out in sporting good stores he should be able to capitalize off of his popularity. To the sports that do not produce as much revenue for the school they will still get paid but not as much as the sports that are bringing in the majority of the money like football and basketball.

So, Future President, don’t you think that it is time to “encourage some reforms” and give some money to the student-athletes that bring all of the revenue in? If you decide to do that I believe that the student-athletes will start to feel like they are being more appreciated for all of their hard work that they do for the school.

Grade 12
Columbus, MT