June 25, 2022


Historic Preservation

What is Historic Preservation you must ask? A Historic Preservation is someone who identifies, evaluates, preserves, and interprets sites that are historically or culturally significant. If you’re into any of this then I would highly recommend you do this job. There are many different types of positions in this field. Some of the positions in the field focus on protecting the nation’s important historical and cultural resources so that anyone in the future is able to enjoy them. A bachelor’s degree in this field is or in history is required to do this job.

I believe that this is a very eye-opening job. I believe that it is very eye-opening because many people learn about other histories and don’t really pay attention but going into this field you are aware of everything and it becomes more interesting. I love reading about how different things have changed the way people have viewed things and how life has evolved over time.

Should Controversial Monuments be Removed.

Many people think yes, they should be removed,and others disagree. So much so that in 2017 in Charlottesville, Virginia an anti racism protest was killed by a white supesmissest, over the removal of a statue of Confederate General Robert E. Lee. I believe that this should have never happened and no one should have died that day over a statue. I feel deeply for this lost life and their family. 

However I do not think that all of these statues should be destroyed like this. I think that these monuments show a part in our history that we should acknowledge and learn from. . “These memorials recognize critical figures and events in our nation’s history. Removing them would be like ignoring or hiding a chapter of the past.” ( you decide BTW). Some people think that people who do not like them should not have to look at them everyday as they go about their daily lives. To this I say that rather than being destroyed we should move the ones that can be seen as offensive into museums so that those who still wish to learn about our history can go and study them. “Offensive memorials would not have to be destroyed; rather, they can be relocated to private places such as museums, where people can choose to go and see them–and possibly learn more about the history of the events being presented”( you decide BTW).

I agree parts of our Country’s past are dark and should not have happened but we need to keep these reminders around not to cause trauma but to remember and learn from  our past so that nothing like that’ll ever happen again in our country’s future. We must learn and grow from our past, not hide  it and act like it never happened. What do you think would you like to see these statues be removed or would you visit them in a museum? 

What A Discovery

In the article, “Ancient Canoe Found in Wisconsin”, (McGraw Hill) I learned that a recreational scuba diver in southern Wisconsin’s Lake Mendota made an interesting discovery. She had found a wooden dugout canoe that is thought to be 1,200 years old. The canoe is made out of basswood or walnut which makes the canoe really fragile. It is said to be created by Effigy Mound Builders who are ancestors of the Ho-Chunk Nation. It will be preserved for about two years and then it will make its way into a museum by the Wisconsin Historical Society. 

I think that this is an amazing discovery since it is something that is very old or maybe can be very ancient. It’s amazing how going on a scuba diving trip you find something that is 1,200 years old. I wonder if Temora Thomson received anything for her discovery or if she’s just happy with discovering something everybody will then be able to see in museums. It’s crazy how you see something that looked like a log but turned out to be something that is worth a lot. 

Do you think there are more old things under our oceans or any type of bodies of water?

Tattoos: A History, Culture, and Expression

It may be difficult to wrap your head around why someone would want to endure the painful and expensive procedures to inject ink underneath the skin to last a lifetime. However, modifying one’s body with ink markings has been present since ancient times, even dating back 5,200 years ago. The artistic designs of tattoos range through numerous cultures, the history behind them and how they are generalized with a certain group of people. The practice of tattooing has been around for centuries and the reasons that prompt people to get a tattoo have varied from expressions of individuality, religion, idealization, or even therapeutic reasons.

For thousands of years humans have been marking their bodies with tattoos. Joann Fletcher, a research member of archaeology at the University of York, recalls the history of tattoos “from the famous ‘Iceman’ a 5,200-year-old frozen mummy, to today’s Maori” and describes their cultural significance (Lineberry). Although the Iceman provides earlier data, the Egyptian female population are accredited as some of the earliest known tattooed humans and even known to found the art of tattooing. Using instruments such as “sharp points set in wood handles”, these women were thought to receive tattoos for therapeutic means- the Iceman is considered to have received his for the same reason (Lineberry). The pattern of distribution was regularly found around the abdomen, thighs, and breasts in the form of darkly pigmented dots on the bodies, leading researchers to believe the tattooing alleviated the pain of pregnancy and birth. Similarly, the Iceman’s tattoos dotted formation were found in comparable places such as the lower spine, knee, and ankle joints where he would experience joint pain. Overall, the seemingly random distribution to areas not easily related to one another could be tied back to the person’s specific areas of bodily strain. 

Aside from the Egyptians, numerous ancient cultures have appeared to have participated in the art of tattooing: the Scythian Pazyryk of the Altai Mountain region, Britons, Greeks, Romans, and Pre-Columbian cultures to name a few. An ancient Siberian man and woman, thought to be a part of the Scythian Pazyryk, were found separately preserved in ice both with their limbs and torso covered in tattoos.  Surprisingly, both sets of markings resemble similar mythical creatures, later to be discovered that were associated with “nobility and not to have them was a testimony of low birth” (Lineberry). Likewise, the ancient Britons are thought to have borne tattoos primarily to mark high social status and aristocracy while tattoos amongst the Greeks and Romans were still taken as marks of identification, marking religious affiliates, slaves, or criminals. Although, a culture following the ancient Egyptians’ use of tattooing as a therapeutic instrument were the Pre-Columbian cultures of Peru and Chile. For example, a female from the Nazca had been found with tattoos lining her abdomen and surrounding lower area, once again alluding to use during childbirth. Alone by this evidence, it is reasonable to come to the conclusion that tattooing is an ancient practice supported by many cultures.

As for today, modern tattoos exist all over the world but prominently keep their place in cultural identification outside the western world both in African and Maori traditions. Various African cultures employ tattoos, including the fine facial markings of Berber women in Algeria, the male Wodaabe’s intricate facial tattoos in Niger, and body markings of Egypt’s Christian Copts (Lineberry). The Maori, the indigenous people of New Zealand, have very strict guidelines for tattoos especially when it comes to tā moko, or facial tattooing, that holds the most significance in their culture so much so that only true tā moko can only be done by and on Maori. Tā moko is a unique rite of passage expression of tattooing where specialized designs are created for each person depending on their heritage and personal specification like status, rank, and abilities. Altogether, each cultural tradition keeps a very sacred meaning to their tattooing and receiving of specialized marks to enrich their personal identity.

Outside of specialized practices, today the westernization of tattooing is contained significantly in pop culture and fashion. While tattooing had once been associated with non-mainstream groups, it has recently become “a booming aspect of modern consumer culture” demonstrating the drastic changes in perspectives when it comes to individual expression (Das). People today may obtain tattoos as a connection to spirituality, fashion, gender identity, relationships, or purely for the popularity of the art form, but overall keep the sense of individuality as the anchoring motivation just as ancient cultures had.

Works Cited

Dey, Archita, and Kaustav Das. Why We Tattoo: Exploring the Motivation and Meaning. 6 January 2017,

Lineberry, Cate. “Tattoos.” Smithsonian, Smithsonian Magazine, 1 January 2007,

Book Review on the 9/11 Report

I read the 9/11 report by Sid Jacobson and Ernie Colon and I chose the book because I have never really learned about 9/11 as they do not really go over it in school. I highly recommend this book as they provide immense detail into what really happened that day. With it being a graphic novel, you can attach a name to face which is very helpful when learning about historical events. The book tells you time slots in which the hijackers did what they did on 9/11 but they also provide a backstory to how they got to the U.S as well as what Al Queda has been doing in the Middle East to recruit their members since in 1990’s. It also talks about what the governmental response was and how they were going to fix what happened that day to be sure it didn’t happen again. It is a graphic novel so it provides pictures of what people felt as you can see it in on their face. It is so much better reading historical books this way as you can really empathize with how the people are feeling. All in all, I would highly recommend reading this book if you really want to find out what happened on 9/11.

Remembering September 11

In the article “Remembering 9/11, Twenty Years Later” I learned that on September 11, 2001, three thousand people lost their lives due to a terrorist attack. Four passenger planes were hijacked by fourteen members of the terrorist group al-Qaeda. Two of those planes crashed into the Twin Towers in New York City, which caused the towers to collapse. The third plane crashed into the Pentagon in Washington D.C. which is the headquarters of the U.S. Military. The fourth plane people believed that it was heading to the White House but the passengers fought back and that plane crashed into a field in Pennsylvania. This led to the War of Terror in Iraq and Afghanistan. 

I think what happened on September 11, 2001, had a huge impact on this country. It must have been very horrible and traumatizing to the people that went through this experience. It’s hard to imagine the pain that all those 3,000 people that lost their lives went through. Also the pain that their family or loved ones went through after finding out how they lost someone they cared about. September 11 will always be remembered and was a wake up call for this country to be more aware. After this day things changed. 

A Trip to the Past?

In the article, “A Titanic Do-Over” I learned that mistakes during the build of the ship were made as well as they tested God by saying that “God himself could not sink this ship”; which the Titanic went down in history as sinkable. Thus making such a memorable impact on the world, engineers strived to rebuild the Titanic and began the Titanic 2. In making the Titanic 2, they will build it identical to the original from bottom of the ship up and give their guest a cruise into the past.  As the identical ship will set sail onto the same trail that the original took and where it hit the iceberg in 1912. 

I think it will be a very interesting voyage for those aboard as it was many years that the Titanic set sail and ended in the bottom of the Atlantic Ocean. It is intriguing to think that you will be on a lookalike ship that carried 2,240 passengers and only 706 people survived that tragic night. Only imagining the type of trauma they would have been under to know that they had to survive and let only help their family out of the sinking ship. Previously to the ship’s errors in the build and it’s inside support, in building the lookalike they are putting more support and a more modern twist to the new ship. 

Do you think that the new model of the Titanic will meet the same ending as the original Titanic? 

The Atomic Bomb

If you didn’t remember, 75 years ago, 2 atom bombs were dropped on Japan by the United States. The world has changed and has not been itself ever since this incident. One of these bombs was so devastating that it boiled over the Japanese city of Hiroshima, 45,000 feet high. Because of this, 90% of the city was wiped out in the blink of an eye. But it wasn’t three days later that there was a second Nagasaki bomb. And after that, Japan surrendered 75 years ago and World War 2 was over.

All this began with a letter from Albert Einstein, who was a man who had fled from the Nazis. Other individuals were trying to alert Franklin D Roosevelt about the disruptive energy emitted during the atom splitting process. So a few years had passed and World War 2 had begun, so Roosevelt was shocked that Pearl Harbor had been invaded by Japan, so this was the opportunity for the US to test out their new toy. “And Einstein said, “If I had realized that the Germans were not going to succeed in producing an atomic bomb,” he said in 1947, “I would not have succeeded in producing an atomic bomb.

In my opinion, It was controversial to use A-bombs, also at the end of World War II, and Truman defended his actions forever. He later wrote in a letter to his sister, “I made the only decision that I knew how to make.” I did what I felt was right.’ But others thought it was an unethical, immoral act to bomb civilian populations with nuclear weapons.