by

December 1, 2022

 

Celebrities and Public Standards

Nearly everyday, celebrities appear in the news, whether it be to bring them down or hype them up, but more often than not, these stars struggle with the constant pressure of their peers, fans, and managers to look and act a certain way.  They either conform or go against the pushed labels. However, it isn’t such an easy decision to make, and many factors need to be considered.  Although not all have been able to stray away from the molds created for them, several celebrities strike down conformity by following their own values and interests instead of trying to please the public.  

Public image has long since played a major part in a celebrity’s success.  However, the pressure to maintain their reputation often ends in poor mental and physical health.  For instance, “an estimated 20 million women and 10 million men in the United States suffer from an eating disorder” and a portion of that number are the celebs who constantly receive criticism from the public (Firman).  The numbers are terribly high due to the unhealthy beauty standards that for so long have been drilled into this society.  Fortunately, body positivity has become a popular topic and works towards reform, but the idea that being thin was the only way to be beautiful was a parasite for too long and lingers to this day.  Not only did these stars struggle with their figure, but also they had to worry about their words and actions.  Specifically, women have had to face the dilemma of being “respectable” or being “indecent”.  To elaborate, in the past the expected portrayal of female stars, especially those in the music industry, meant being “pure” and “innocent”.  They were simply “expected to set an example to kids” to be polite and modest (Snapes).  This kept them from voicing their opinions and being true to their own values in fear of upsetting the public, putting them under immense pressure which is harmful to their mental health.  For a long time, they suffered and endured the constant criticism, but several women grew tired of being kept in a box and decided to finally express themselves.  

One way in which they chose to do so was through clothing.  This garnered immense criticism due to several women choosing to wear more revealing clothing.  However, one pop star of today, Billie Eillish, did not participate in the trend.  She decided to wear quite the opposite, oversized and baggy clothing.  Several “editorials praised Eilish’s ‘total lack of sexualisation’, [but] she denounced them for [degrading] her peers” (Snapes).  She appropriately reminded the press of the offense of their actions and comments and that the other artists shouldn’t be shamed for simply not wanting to dress like her.  Her behavior was baffling to most, but is completely reasonable in the sense that how one decides to dress should be based on their own preference and comfort and not on others’ opinions.  Sharing in Eillish’s beliefs yet not in clothing style, fellow singer, Lizzo, has stated that “‘people [should be able to] wear whatever…they wanna wear’” and that “she’s exhausted by the cruelty that permeates online culture” (Elizabeth).  With valid input, Lizzo fittingly fights the shaming culture and encourages others to live for themselves as she does.  Thankfully, there are others with these same values and, hopefully, one day people will no longer judge but simply encourage one another to be true to themselves and not worry so much about others’ opinions.

In sum, celebrities have faced many challenges with public standards and, fortunately, many have rejected the unrealistic expectations and, instead, lived by their own principles.  This step is only the beginning and should allow others to follow suit.  Not only should other leading figures speak up, but the common people should do so as well.  Society needs improvements, and, hopefully these values of self-expression and self-confidence will continue to spread and foster positive growth.

Works Cited

Elizabeth, De. “Lizzo Has a Message for Trolls Criticizing Her See-through Dress.” Teen Vogue, Teen Vogue, 16 Oct. 2021, www.teenvogue.com/story/lizzo-responds-negative-comments-see-through-dress.

Firman, Tehrene. “Celebrities Get Real about Eating Disorders.” Prevention, Prevention, 19 Feb. 2021, https://www.prevention.com/health/health-conditions/g30996694/celebrities-with-eating-disorders/.

Snapes, Laura. “New Rules: The Destruction of the Female Pop Role Model.” The Guardian, Guardian News and Media, 25 Nov. 2019, https://www.theguardian.com/music/2019/nov/25/destruction-of-female-pop-role-model-decade-in-music


Fighting Body Standards

April 26, 2019

Dear Monique Pillard. CEO of Elite Model Management, and Ivan Bart. CEO of IMG Models,

Did you know that society has set beauty standards that are harmful to youth? YOU have created the beauty and body expectations that so many people seem to obsess over.

Everyday, more and more people, specifically teenagers suffer because their bodies don’t seem to match the ones that are exalted. Here is how it goes, if you are skinny and tall, great, now show that body off. If you are fat and short there is stigma placed on you so you should hide yourself because nobody wants to see your disgusting body. Don’t you want to help teenagers feel confident and change their pessimistic mindset? Well you actually have the power to create change.

We are writing to you because you can change the set beauty standards and stop excluding different body types. By including different bodies, youth won’t feel like their bodies are not accepted. You are our target because you have caused many people to feel worthless when they can’t achieve your beauty expectations. Even your own models end up getting hurt because of all the pressure they are put through. Model Madeline Hill shares her experience in one agency. Hill explains, “Well, when I worked in Japan, my agency suggested that I eat rice balls and walk around the block to lose two inches from my hips. In fact, all of the agencies I was signed with constantly pressured me to lose weight, in subtle ways. I felt like there was always a set of eyes watching what I ate and how much I worked out” (Hill). Nobody should feel judged and pressured to lose weight just because they aren’t “skinny”. It’s these ideas that you have put into people’s minds that are still being followed and hurting individuals. This is why you need to promote a more diverse range of models that people can relate to. People’s overall confidence can increase when they are being celebrated. To conclude, body image expectations need to decrease or disappear in general because no one is benefiting from them. The people in power who can help change the ideal body standards are modeling corporations. They can work with models who have different body shapes, or who are people of color and who have not gotten attention in the modeling industry. By changing body image expectations the stigma on different body types will decrease. Not only that, but it will also end the ideology of the perfect body and will expose the true meaning of beauty. Help us be a step closer to reaching our goals  

Most youth have asked themselves, how do you determine beauty? Based on certain influencers, beauty is determined by looks, specifically body image. Most young people obsess about their body, merely because of what they see on magazines, social media, or on their favorite shows.

Monique Pillard and Ivan Bart, YOU are responsible for all of the eating disorders, depression, even suicides caused by dissatisfaction with oneselves body image our youth are going through. Did you know that “Over fifty percent of teen girls and thirty percent of teen boys use unhealthy weight control behaviors such as skipping meals, fasting, smoking cigarettes, vomiting, and taking laxatives” (Nicollet Melrose Center). This is very unhealthy behavior for people who are barely starting their life. If youth are our future, forty percent or more of this generation will be sick or even worse dead for taking drastic measures to achieve a “magazine-worthy” body. This issue is also a form of ideological, institutional, interpersonal, and internalized oppression. Firstly because of the fact that YOU reinforce the ideology that society set on body image. True beauty and perfection can only be achieved when one is skinny, and when one has a clear complexion with no imperfections. This is just the beginning of all of the ideologies you have incorporated into human standards.

The reason why it is implied that the topic of the perfect body image also includes institutional oppression is because Modeling Agencies, YOU have certain criteria for your models. Based on research, the ideal body image for modeling is the following, “Height is generally between 5’8″ and 5’11”…Bust 32″-35″, hips 33″-35″, and waist 22″-26″.” (Taylor & Francis). These are the requirements for most modeling agencies, so people who don’t fit these measurements may have a hard time being okay with themselves once again because of YOU. Getting to the sizes you require is hard which can put stress on individuals. Furthermore, the modeling requirements embody the ideal body image of oneself which could potentially lead to bullying if your body often doesn’t stick to these specifications.

Besides from the ideological and institutional oppression one could go through, there are more types of oppression. For example another way of oppression like mentioned before is bullying, the following quote reveals the main reason behind bullying for both children and adolescents, “Overweight and underweight children tend to be at higher risk for bullying. Targets of verbal bullying based on weight, sometimes referred to as  “weight teasing,” can experience a number of negative consequences, including a change in body perception” (Perugini). Society has embodied the ideal figure as being tall, skinny, and thick in all the right places, because of this people’s views and opinions commence to turn defective which leads to individuals verbally abusing each other. At first the victim might not be insecure about their body but because of the bullying, they start to see flaws in their image.  

All the pressure by society to appear attractive can eventually become too much to handle and can lead to emotional harm. “Adolescents report greater body image dissatisfaction than younger children. In addition, dissatisfaction with one’s body image and the desire for thinness increases as youth approach puberty” (Gilliland). As teens approach puberty the internalized oppression experienced increases, but what does this mean exactly? This is because during puberty one’s body is undergoing physical changes. If the end results are not desired, self confidence will be affected. If youth are internally oppressing themselves eventually the consequences, one being suicide would be devastating.

How can we erase oppression? Many people have created movements to try and change body image expectations. From hashtags to campaigns, there is a variety of people trying to improve body diversity. Firstly, one example of people trying to create change is Dove. Dove created their own campaign called “Real Beauty” that counters Victoria Secrets “Love My Body” campaign (Dove). Victoria Secret used tall, fit, and skinny models to promote their campaign while Dove used plus size models.Dove’s campaign brought awareness to the fact that beauty comes in all shapes and sizes. There is not one body type you have to be to seem beautiful in the eyes of others. Dove’s campaign got a lot of media attention which helped get ideas about beauty standards spread. Even though beauty and body standards were not completely changed, the “Real Beauty” campaign continued the fight to someday change beauty standards. Additionally, another movement created to fight beauty expectations is JC Penney’s “Here I am” campaign (JCPenney). JCPenney organized and created a video to promote them expanding their sizes for plus size women. This act was very effective in trying to raise body positivity and trying to erase negativity towards plus size women. Just like Dove’s campaign, JCPenney brought attention to the fact that there is more body types that should be included in the media. Creating a video to go along with their campaign was a great way to promote their campaign because this way even more people would become educated on this important issue. Lastly, there have also been petitions created to fight body image expectations. Erin Treloar created the hashtag #LessisMore to go along with a petition she created to try and reduce the amount of photoshop used in magazines and media (McKelle). This petition was a great way to bring the community together by supporting one cause. Awareness was raised to show that what youth see in magazines is not reality. Photos that have been drastically photoshopped still negatively affect teenagers and makes them feel miserable when they look in the mirror. Youth feel worse because they don’t look like the figures that are made to seem achievable. #Lessismore and other hashtags would help change that and create a inclusive society. All these movements helped in some way to continue the body image fight.

As upstanders and organizers, we have come up with a plan that will raise awareness to body image issues. Our plan is to rely on our instagram @b0dyimage by posting photos of inclusive body types. This will help youth and people in general feel supported and feel confident in their own skin. When we post images on our instagram we will also use hashtags to bring a larger audience. For example, hashtags like #honormycurves, #celebratemysize, #effbodystandards, #goldenconfidence, and more. Additionally, we will create posters and paint symbols that promote all body features and body positivity. We will paint and add posters in the girls bathroom to encourage girls to feel beautiful when they look in the mirror. This will not only bring awareness at school, but this action will also teach students that there is no ideal body type. Students shouldn’t be embarrassed but instead confident with their body. Since the posters and paintings are forms of public art, everyone will be drawn to the appealing art and anyone who is struggling with confidence or low self esteem regarding their body image will see the posters and feel included and motivated to embrace their body just as it is. Lastly, we will DM both magazine companies and modeling agencies on instagram and demand them to promote different body types by including plus sizes to certain clothings, or hiring plus size models. Not only that, but we demand all natural models who don’t wear makeup, don’t cover their stretch marks, or aren’t forced on a diet or mandatory exercise  This will reduce the amount of people who are hurt by the messages that are advertised by magazine or modeling companies. As mentioned before, this is a serious issue because of the fact that there are many ways to oppression, it could be internalized, interpersonal, institutional, or ideological. All of these actions will hopefully raise awareness and reduce the ideologies people have about a stereotypical “perfect” body. These actions are not limited to just plus size people, but also to petite, skinny, darker complexion/people of color, or people with physical disadvantages, we want this movement to go big, and be open to everyone who gets oppressed because of their body image.

If you want to keep up with our actions and be supportive, don’t forget to follow us @b0dyimage. Also, try and use our hashtags #honormycurves, #celebratemysize, #effbodystandards, and  #goldenconfidence.

Thank you for reading all the way through.

Sincerely,

Kelly Iraheta and Ivy Delgadillo

     Annotated Bibliography

“Body Image Dissatisfaction: Gender Differences in Eating Attitudes, Self-Esteem, and Reasons for Exercise.” Taylor & Francis, 2010 www.tandfonline.com/doi/abs/10.1080/00223980209604820.

This article is reliable because the authors have all experienced some sort of account based solely on the fact that they assisted college, on psychology. Not only that, but they are international academic publishers whose goal is to educate people with new information about certain topics. Also this source is relatable to the topic of body image because it is about a recent study conducted and published on 2010 that analyzed the difference of self esteem between male and female adolescents. Not only that but this study is based on a novel, The Study of Psychology by Taylor & Francis again

Dove. “Real Beauty Campaign .” Dove, Dove, 2014 www.dove.com/us/en/stories/campaigns.html.

This image showed women from sizes 6 through 12 being accepted as beautiful. Dove was being inclusive by not just portraying skinny bodies. This campaign is relatable to topic because we are trying to figure out ways to be upstanders and this campaign inspired ideas. The campaign was very effective in bringing awareness since it caused a lot of talk in the media.  Dove is a credible source because they have created many campaign in the past and are still fighting for body inclusivity in media. They have created campaigns as far back as 2004 which means they have had experience promoting their campaigns. Dove is a well known successful brand which means they were not created out of nowhere.

Gallivan, Heather R. “Teens, Social Media And Body Image.” Park Nicollet Melrose Center, Park Nicollet Melrose Center, 2014, www.macmh.org/wp-content/uploads/2014/05/18_Gallivan_Teens-social-media-body-image-presentation-H-Gallivan-Spring-2014.pdf.

This source talks about what body image is, and contains statistics regarding both female and male image perception due to social media. This file also includes how social media takes a part in adolescent body image. This source is credible because the author is an expert in the field of eating disorders which is relevant to body image. Besides, the publisher of this extensive source of information is Park Nicollet a Health Services Company. The company would know how to stay healthy and what would cause damage to people’s health.

Gilliland, et al. “Body Image and Children’s Mental Health Related Behaviors: Results from the Healthy Passages Study.” OUP Academic, Oxford University Press, 14 June 2006, doi.org/10.1093/jpepsy/jsl008.

This article is a study based on body image and the impact that puberty has on teenagers. The article is connected to our topic because we would know what time in someone’s life they can struggle the most.  This source is reliable because two of the authors works with adolescents so she should know firsthand, what the recent struggle is. Also, because some authors have knowledge about psychology they know the behaviors that are signs of distress.

“Height, Age, and Measurement Requirements of Modeling.” How to Become a Model by Fitness Model Jonah Taylor, modelingwisdom.com/height-age-and-measurement-requirements-of-modeling.

This article shows the requirements for most modeling agencies, so people who may be insecure of their body image and aspire to become a public figure may have a hard time being okay with themselves and their body. The author is credible because Jonah Taylor is a model himself which means he has firsthand experience on what it’s like to be a model. Jonah Taylor has published many articles on the topic of modeling so this means that he is an expert in the topic.

JCPenney. YouTube, YouTube, 18 June 2016, www.youtube.com/watch?v=fJlvtCzJPaQ.

This video was about encouraging people to feel confident in their own bodies no matter what size they are. JC Penney was promoting body positivity by using plus size women who are successful in their careers. This source is relevant because it is a form of action since the video will bring awareness to body image. The source is credible because JC Penney is a well known clothing store and they used real life people to support their ideas.

McKelle, Erin “9 Social Media Campaigns That Are Changing Fashion.” Bustle, Bustle, 17 Dec. 2018, www.bustle.com/articles/75539-9-body-positive-social-media-campaigns-that-are-changing-how-we-perceive-beauty-both-in-and.  

This article explains the different movements people have created to fight beauty standards. The movements ranged from hashtags to campaigns. The article is relevant because we were trying to find different movements created around our topic. The author is credible because Erin McKelle she is an activist and writer who has worked with a variety of nonprofits.

Ziff, Sara. “How Eating Disorders in the Fashion Industry Are a Labor Issue.” The Model Alliance,  modelalliance.org/2017/how-eating-disorders-in-the-fashion-industry-are-a-labor-issue/how-eating-disorders-in-the-fashion-industry-are-a-labor-issue.  

This article was an interview with different models on their own personal experiences in the modeling industry. This source is relevant because it gave us real experiences from real models that actually prove our thesis.The author is credible because Sara Ziff worked as a model for nearly two decades which means she knows the modeling industry well.

https://www.youthvoices.live/tag/fightingbeautystandards/