November 26, 2022


Discrimination In LGBTQ+

 In the article, “Discrimination Against The LGBTQ+ Community” I was able to learn that many people who come out tend to get harassed and mistreated, and some of them have to deal with this all the time within this society. This is an absolutely horrible situation that has been going on for a while now because this can lead to depression especially amongst young people. Just because people express themselves they get treated very unfairly and can even be led to either verbal or physical abuse. 

How do you think the LGBTQ+ community should be treated? What would you do if you were in their situation?

I think this is a very big problem even now that people are starting to get comfortable with expressing themselves. It can lead to dangerous situations. Some people do get good , positive reactions for coming out but for others it must be really tough to not get that acceptance. 

The Presence Of Discrimination and Racism In Society…

Discrimination and racism have a presence in modern society, not just in the people but in the systems that make up our functioning society. Some people may not experience it but that does not invalidate others’ experiences and we must listen and acknowledge them. It corrupts our system when people who discriminate against certain groups fill power positions and work against those groups. The person in a position of power reveals their true self when they feel like they hold power. In this case, it is a person who discriminates against colored people so that makes it harder for people of color to move up through the ranks in their job and move in society. 

One way you can see it present and affecting our society is through sexism. Sexism is a form of discrimination where it’s against all women but can be harsher if you are a woman of color. It is seen very clearly through the U.S government when we were celebrating the first women vice president. It’s also seen in the very few women in positions of power but the most prevalent one is earnings. “The federal poverty level for a family of four in 2013 was $453 per week. Hispanic women fall below that line in several occupational categories! You can also see that more Hispanic women are in “low status” or low-earning jobs, while almost 50% of White women have “high status” occupations.” Employers take advantage of people who will work for anything and will give them less for the same amount of work another person is doing. 

Another disappointing reason is the fact that “not surprisingly, men without a prison record were 2 to 3 times more likely to receive a callback from the job. However, there was also a significant racial difference—white men with a prison record were more likely to be offered a job than African American men who had a clean record!” This fact gives substantial evidence that discrimination/racism plagues the systems that we use in society and it is something that needs to be rooted out. It shows how society views African Americans and their implicit bias towards people who have faced time. Some people can not see past a person’s physical appearance and judge by the color of their skin instead of character but that is something that needs to be acknowledged as wrong since they were taught the opposite. Society has become better at being anti-racist but that is not sufficient since racism is still present and preventing society from reaching its full potential. 

Discrimination: Elizabeth Peratrovich

In the article, “Profiles in Women’s History: Elizabeth Peratrovich” (McGraw Hill) I learned that Elizabeth Peratrovich was an Alaskan, daughter of a native American who fought for equal rights with her husband Roy Peratrovich. In 1941, Native Americans were prohibited from entering a hilding. Together, they contacted Alaska’s governor and the three began an anti-discrimination bill. The bill was later passed in 1945 by a vote of 11-5. This was the first anti-discrimination law in the US. Elizabeth Peratrovich passed away about 13 years after the bill was passed. In Alaska, February 16 is known as “Elizabeth Peratrovich Day”.

What can we do to prevent discrimination in our schools?

I think that people think of discrimination as something that happened a long time ago. Discrimination is still present. It’s hard to imagine discrimination happening now when people seem to be accepting some topics that were an issue before. I think more people should know about Elizabeth Peratrovich and find the motivation to do something about discrimination today.

I’m Not Where I Am From

I am from music and laughter
Where I am from we get discriminated and killed
where I am from we work and don’t get credit
Where I am from I’m expected to stay home and clean
I am from a family that believes in me 
But where I am from I’m taught to not believe
Where I am from I do not have power
Where I am from I’m too young to know
I am from strong-willed people.
Where I am from I do not have a voice
Where I am from I witness death
Where I am from we don’t belong
but I am not from where I am.

Abuse of power

Police brutality is a real issue in America. Did you know In an article “Law Enforcement Killed 90 Oakland Residents Since 2000, And 74 Percent Were Black” by Alex Barreira and Arielle Swedback, it explains “The most alarming discovery: 74 percent of Oakland residents killed by law enforcement between 2000 and 2016 were Black men and women” (Barreira, Swedback). This event  is startling because the officers decide to pull over black men more often than white men. Based on the research, Police Brutality is an issue in Oakland because the police began to target the black men rather than the white men. This will then lead on to other black people not having any trust in police officers because of what they have seen people experience an encounter with a black man and a police officer.

Race is playing too large of a role in policing in the country. After reading the article “Police Brutality Against Black Kansas City Man Caught on Video” by Gillian Wilcox it showed that black people get pulled over more often than white people. The percent of black men getting pulled over is 85% higher than white men because the cops hide behind their badge. “hide behind their badge”,  means they feel like they have all the power in the world and the cops also think they can get a free pass with doing such terrible things to people just because of their badge.

The problem with current day police officers is abuse of power, which is why policing has become racist. Abuse of power is police officers thinking since they have a badge, they can get away with racism. But not always, have you ever heard about Oscar Grant? He was a victim of police brutality here in an Oakland bart station. It was after New Years, he was “involved” in a fight. The article “The Shooting Death of Oscar Grant”  stated “On New Year’s Day 2009, an Oakland police officer shot and killed an unarmed, pinned suspect.”(Head). The “suspect” was Oscar Grant he was shot by a police officer which left him dead but the officer was actually tried in court and charged with  manslaughter “The former California transit officer who shot and killed Oscar Grant on a train platform in 2009 said he disagreed with a jury’s verdict convicting him of involuntary manslaughter.”(Fernandez) This quote represents the proper way officers should be “handled”  with which is a proper court case and a removal of their badge.`

On the contrary, some feel police are getting led into using excessive force. For example a comment on an article titled “Police brutality or doing their job?” , A commenter had talked about how it was the girls fault for “resisting” arrest and how she didnt give the police officer her I.D so she got what she deserved. The comment by L. Kelly stated “She did not follow the policy/law that COD put in place. If she is that stupid to think she is above any “law” put in place, then refusing to give her ID to an officer, then she is the one resisting.” 

To conclude, police brutality is majorly associated with racism and something has to be done about it. What has to be done is the officer should be tried in court and punished for whatever acts they commited. Something I recommend to anyone who reads this is if you have a negative encounter with a police officer, take out your phone and begin to record the situation. By law, the police officers can not stop you from recording. So if you are a person of color reading this, please be careful whenever you have any type of encounter with a police officer.

Annotated Bibliography

Barreira, Alex, and Arielle Swedback. “Law Enforcement Killed 90 Oakland Residents Since 2000, And 74 Percent Were Black.” East Bay Express, East Bay Express, 19 Dec. 2019,

“Law Enforcement Killed 90 Oakland Residents Since 2000, And 74 Percent Were Black.” is an article from the website “East Bay Express”, the article is about  how in the year 2000, police officers killed 90 Oakland residents and 74 percent of them were black.

Institutionalized discrimination harms the equality of opportunity

Discrimination gives people unequal opportunities to success in eduaction, work place, etc. Moreover, it also hurt institution or people that discriminate against others, when access to education and jobs is not based on performance but race, gender, age,etc, which means they have to admit people with less ability. However, institutionalized discrimination happens more frequently in our life. 

The government constituted laws to reinforce equality, however, they are sometimes far from perfect and has negative impacts. Take Affirmative Action as an example. Vijah Chokal-Ingam, an Indian American, pretended himself as African American to get into the medical school. He explained:” Indian-American with my grades (3.1 GPA) and test scores (31 MCAT) was unlikely to gain admission to medical school, but an African-American with the same grades and test scores had a high probability of admission.” Vijah Chokal-Ingam suggests that “medical schools were discriminating against their Asian-American and white students and in favor of their black and Hispanic applicants”.

Affirmative Action somewhat defeats the purpose of insuring the opportunities of disadvantaged groups since it already promised access to opportunities to certain groups. Is it really fair? A question has been raised:” I assume you’re all on board in making sure people can’t be fired because of their sexual orientation or gender identity? Or is just up to an employer if they want to fire people simply for being lesbian, gay, bisexual, or transgender?” Things like this indeed happen in our life. Certain people would be admitted or won’t be fired just because of their identity. Therefore, laws should be bettered to change this situation.  

How many, How much, It all depends on Us

How many children will die in school shootings?
Depends on if we try to stop them.
How many teens will commit suicide?
Depends on if we try to understand.
How many kids will go to college?
Depends on if we try to help them. 
How many people will overdose on drugs?
Depends on if we start to limit them.
How many families will be separated?
Depends on if we start to care.
How many women will get raped?
Depends on if we start to listen.
How many ice caps will melt?
Depends on if we make a change.
How many black people will be shot and killed?
Depends on if we take a stand.

How much stronger will the hatred grow?
How much longer will the people suffer?

How much more will it take
To make the people see
That the world is full of problems
And the solution starts with “We”

Written in the style of “How many, How much” by Shel Silverstein

Discrimination and Capital Punishment

Recently, Washington State abolished the death penalty under the pretense that it is unconstitutional due to racial bias. With the case State v. Gregory, “the state court held that the death penalty, as imposed in the state of Washington, was unconstitutional because it was racially biased.”  The Washington State Supreme Court looked at statistics surrounding the death penalties, focusing on two studies in particular. The first study found that counties that had a higher black population had more death penalties conviction. The second study shows that in Washington a black man was 4.5 times more likely to be given the death penalty than a white man in the same situation. Using these statistics, it was concluded that the death penalty was influenced by racial bias and therefore is unconstitutional.

The issue of racial bias and the death penalty is found in states other than Washington, including Ohio. According to, there’s a concentration of of death penalty convictions from two counties, with over 56% of all death sentencing coming from Cuyahoga and Franklin counties. This could imply racial bias, depending on the crime rate in the counties. There are also issues surrounding false convictions. 1 person is released for every 6 people executed, higher than the National average of 1 in 10. There’s also issues surrounding the costs. If there was an investigation, “they would find that the roughly 330 death sentences since 1981 have likely cost Ohio taxpayers over $1 billion.” When taking all of these issues into account, it is difficult to say we need to keep the Death Penalty. 

While it may be difficult, some people still do. Many people say that those who get the Death Penalty are those who have committed the worse crimes. In California, Death Row inmates have killed over 1,000 people. The claim is made that not only do we need capital punishment to protect us from the worst of the worst, but it brings closure to victims family. The issue surrounding this is that while over 1,000 people have been killed by those on death row, it’s highly unlikely that everyone on death row committed a crime, which false convictions being an issue. With a glaring issue like this, it’s hard to justify continuing the Death Penalty, even though it might bring closure to families.

Who was the first to discriminate against women?


As far as I know discrimination against women began in the beginning; I’m going to say in Biblical times, although I know there was a time before the Bible was written.  In the creation story, Eve lead her husband Adam astray with a forbidden fruit and was then punished or cursed by God. That was the last time man and woman was considered equal; although I feel that Eve’s punishment was cruel and inhuman to say the least.  The order or directives about the forbidden fruit was given to Adam first and foremost. Up until the punishment, I didn’t read or know of a time that God even spoke to Eve to give her directions. So I believe the onus falls on Adam for disobeying.


Secondly, societies evolved from nomadic existence to  agrarian societies thanks to the Neolithic Revolution so the roles of man and women were distinguished by what they were physically able to do.  Discrimination became apparent when men could lift more than women

Or they could run faster or kill better than women.


I want to know who was actually the first person to discriminate? Was it a caveman? Or Some intelligent society?  Or just like some believe the Great Pyramids and ancient monuments were built by aliens from outer space, maybe an alien told men that they should treat women inferior.


According to Dan Holliday, “before the Industrial Revolution the male endurance value and physical strength translated directly to political power.

In addition, News Wise writes, “throughout history, women have faced intense discrimination—from a lack of legal rights and very little independence from their husbands, to being thought to have inferior brains. In many societies, women have long been viewed as less than fully human.”


It’s amazing how distortions can occur just to satisfy someone’s selfishness or personal opinions.

Racial Stereotyping and Profiling

Unit 3 Project 

Well, I focused on racial stereotyping and profiling for my project. Although the issue doesn’t directly affect me, I feel very passionately about it. It is when people are judged by the color of their skin, ethnicity, social status, economic status, identity etc, or because of those aspects they are thought to have committed criminal offences. And it is an issue or problem that should no longer exist today. In today’s society, while we judge people with the quick glances we give them, their personality and what they can do shouldn’t be judged on their race, or ethnicity. When you look back at American history didn’t people come here to escape judgement? Then how come, today, people are still judged maybe not publicly, for what they look like, their race, identity, ethnicity, social status and others? I feel like this shouldn’t be the case, people of a different skin color than yourself should not be thought of as less or as a possible criminal because of their skin color, but because of their past actions. The same applies to other physical, or spiritual differences.

Before starting the research about the project I knew fairly little when it came to statistics about the issue directly. I knew what the topic was and who, for the most part, was affected by the issue, but I wanted to delve deeper into it. And what I know now, is that it’s much bigger than I thought. So many people of color are affected, and they shouldn’t be. So here’s a video about some of the statistics I learned, and how we can potentially stop this issue from existing.

Increased Discrimination Against Hispanics


The issue I decided to focus on was the increased discrimination against hispanics. I am passionate about this issue because my entire family is hispanic (my parents are both Colombian immigrants), and we have experienced discrimination from ignorant people. I have seen is first hand since I was a child, we would be a Target and some crazy old man would see us and immediately get angered and start sputtering insults towards my entire race. I have always been aware of the gap between my family, and white families. In a way, sometimes we are treated like we are inferior or less “civilized”. It is completely untrue, people aren’t aware of how rich hispanics are in diversity, culture, and history. It makes me especially upset that Donald Trump, this country’s president, is basically using social media and his influence to encourage this behavior towards hispanics/hispanic immigrants. He uses his power position to persuade other people to believe that we deserve to be discriminated against. Everything about it makes me angry, it is my people and my family. And sometimes I feel like there’s nothing I can do about it. I focused on this project to see actual evidence of the discrimination.

I know that the issue has escalated since Trump was elected president because he exhibits racist behavior. I knew there were political actions being taken against immigrants. The president favors white people, that’s something everyone is aware of. Now I have seen actual surveys that show there are high percentages of Hispanics who feel the same way. I have also been able to learn about actual laws that have taken away the human rights and benefits of the Hispanic people.

The Problem of Islamophobia

The issue that I will be discussing in this video is that of Islamophobia. There has been a rise in those against Muslims in recent years due to the attack on the twin towers in 2001. However, most of the crimes committed in the U.S. that qualify as terrorist attacks, have been committed by white men. This is one of the reasons I am so passionate about this issue. I have friends who are Muslim and they are some of the nicest people I know. I don’t know if they’ve ever been discriminated against, but if they have, it’s because the perpetrator knew nothing about my friends. There’s this prejudice surrounding Muslims due to the actions of others, and that’s due to a lack of misinformation, and the spread of the idea through media, that Muslims are generally not good people.

Before I really researched this topic, the one thing that I remember about it was the fact that Muslims are not the ones who have been harming the U.S. in the past couple years. In 2016, when Trump got elected, my history teacher printed out a handout detailing the most violent terrorist attacks that had been committed in recent years. What my classmates and I realized was that these terrorist attacks were committed by white men born in the U.S., with no ties to Islam. After doing more research, I realized just how widespread this issue is, with hundreds of crimes committed against Muslims in the year of 2016. I also discovered that Islam takes up the second largest percentage of the world’s population, at 24.1% in 2015, according to Pew Research. This made me realize just how important it was to make sure that people know how many innocent Muslims that are out there, and how many of them need our help, and that people must learn to stop discriminating against Muslims.

Racial Discrimination and Gender Inequality

Too many people are being treated poorly and unfairly because of their skin color or because of their gender. White people are being paid much more than black people and it is easier for males to be more successful in the workplace than females. I am passionate about this issue because everyone has the same rights but some people are being treated like they have less rights than others and this needs to be stopped. Before, I only knew about people being treated differently. However, after doing this project, I understood a lot more about how different people were being treated and this is not okay.
Unit 3 Project Submission (Mar 26, 2018 at 10_14 PM)

Workplace Discrimination for the LGBTQ+ Community

The issue I discussed about was the LGBTQ Workplace Discrimination. I am passionate about this issue because I believe that all people should be able to have the right to have and keep a job and to work for money. Having a job is an essential part of life that will help you to survive. I think that it is wrong that some people are being discriminated against and held to a different standard just because they are lesbian, gay, bisecual, transgender, etc. Before starting the project, I didn’t know much specific information about this topic, but I knew that there was a large group of people around the country that are affected by this issue. I also knew that the LGBTQ+ people were being discriminated against by their co-workers or bosses in their workplace and that they could be fired or even be paid less than the heterosexual employees. I wanted to learn more about the topic and I wanted to raise awareness for the issue. THis project was the perfect chance to do this.


After researching for the project, I came across a lot of facts that surprised me. For instance, one of the facts was that in 30 states, you could be fired for being transgender and in 28 states, you can be fired for being lesbian, gay, or bisexual. I just didn’t realize that such a huge amount of our country didn’t have laws protecting LGBTQ people. I was surprised at how many states have the huge disadvantage for the LGBT to get jobs. I also learned that a large amount of the people from the LGBTQ+ community that did not feel comfortable with sharing their sexuality because they would automatically be judged and held to a different standard. I learned a lot of information about this topic.

Putting an end to Sexism

I am passionate about sexism because I have seen so many women put through so many horrible things. There is so much that women go through that most men don’t have to worry about and so many things that women aren’t included in that men are. This is why I’m passionate about the issue.

I knew the fundamentals of the issue like how sexism was the discrimination based on a person’s gender and how it could really affect anyone, but the victims were usually the women and girls. I also knew that there was unfair treatment between the males and females in today’s society. This is what I knew about the issue before starting the project.

I now understand more about the unfair treatment between the males and females like how the females earn a salary that is about $10,000 dollars less than what the average man makes and how sports channel cover only approximately 2% of women’s sports while covering about 98% of mens sports. I also know that the possible allies of the issue are feminists and politicians. This is what I now know about the issue.

Photo by michael pollak

History passed, but discrimination hasn’t

Recently, I have noticed that certain parts of society still have a hesitancy to accept people that are “different” from them, or don’t align with how they want society to look, or act. People of different races, cultures, and those from the LGBT community are facing a discrimination that should not be a part of society any longer. If we don’t understand them, or their situation, how are we to empathize with them, and learn from them, as well as the mistakes of our past.  This country was built in the knowledge that “We hold these truths to be self-evident, that all men are created equal, that they are endowed by their Creator with certain unalienable Rights, that among these are Life, Liberty and the pursuit of Happiness”. All people have these rights, The Declaration Of Independence,  itself claims that people are equal, and in that it says nothing of race. It seems that even our founding fathers were more up to date on certain things than we are now, or at least had an understanding of them. For example,  Alexander Hamilton , said that “Experience is the oracle of truth; and where its responses are unequivocal, they ought to be conclusive and sacred”. What he is saying is that if we don’t experience something, then we won’t be able to truly understand it. Or even “Born in other countries, yet believing you could be happy in this, our laws acknowledge, as they should do, your right to join us in society, conforming, as I doubt not you will do, to our established rules. That these rules shall be as equal as prudential considerations will admit, will certainly be the aim of our legislatures, general and particular.” in which Thomas Jefferson welcomes immigrants, as long as they abide by the set laws.

We claim to study History so we can learn from our mistakes and try to correct them in the future, but are we? America was built on prejudice and slavery, and we need to have learned our lesson. Ignorance is the parent of fear. America was built on the backs of slaves, yet we still haven’t fully recognized and learned from the tragedy of the past. Racism is not distinguished. White supremacy is still at large, but why? Are we too ashamed of our past? Are we so comfortable in this racism that we dare not try anything else? Are we still hoping to live like our ancestors did, by hurting and using others? What action can we take to make changes? Well that last one can be simple, we can strive to make changes, even if they are small. If we were to open up to these people, and try to understand them, then we could give everyone the love and support that they deserve. If society were to be open to these people, and treat them as such, then opinions might change, or their discrimination might lessen.

An easy way to take a first step towards this is to do what we can in our own community. I think that if we were to start on a smaller scale, then moving up would be easier. Such as finding small ways to show support for people you maybe don’t understand. If there is a Pride Festival, maybe try to go, and ask questions (in a polite way) and experience a celebration of who these people are.

Or ask close friends or neighbors of a different race or ethnicity to talk to you, the worst they can say is no, and the best that could happen is a greater understanding. I believe wholeheartedly that one of the first steps to end discrimination and fear of others is to try to understand them. If you live in misunderstanding, how can you properly judge someone, and how can you learn that there is much more to a person than some defining physical qualities.

Does Religion Do More Harm Than Good?

Christians make up for 33% of the world’s population. Muslims 20%, Hindus 13%, Buddhists 6%, others 13%, and atheists 14%. Religion is to blame for the crusades and Al-Qaeda so it’s obvious that such radical beliefs should be watched closely. But how can we still be respectful towards people’s beliefs. People have a right to religion but where can we draw the line? Of course there is a law of separation between church and state. However on a smaller scale, religion can still do harm to people, psychologically and socially.

Religion can be highly exclusive. I experienced this first hand growing up in a mormon neighborhood. Even teachers would mention church stories or songs in class. People were still nice to me but I felt a large barrier between myself and my peers. Secondly, many people take rules and the bible all too seriously which can turn into religious OCD known as “scrupulosity”. “In societies where religiosity is more stringent…:50% of OCD patients in Saudi Arabia and 60% in Egypt said they had religious obsessions, according to studies from the early 1990’s.

On the whole however, most people are content living a religious life. “Regular participation in communal religious worship appears to be associated with greater likelihood of healthy social relationships and stable marriages; and increased sense of meaning in life; higher life satisfaction; an expansion of one’s social network; and more charitable giving.”So in conclusion, I think that people need to be mindful of how they are letting religion contribute towards their life.

Learning From the Past

As a society, we have failed to learn from our past mistakes. We are still repeating the past, in the worst ways, and if we do not take preventative measures, the worst parts of history will repeat themselves. We aren’t thinking about the past, why do we even bother with learning history, if we as a society do not learn from it? “We aren’t making clear statements on how we feel about the past, we are acknowledging it, but not doing anything to stop it, or apologize for it. We are making it seen okay that history is repeating itself.” (Friedman)

Events such as Charlottesville, destroying of Holocaust Memorials, and discrimination against other races are removing any possible amends that we might make. We can’t be truly remorseful for something if we do not learn from it, and do our best to avoid it. No actions are being taken to change our society, and its subconscious views of other people. We need to fundamentally change how we interact and see other people, if we want to live peacefully.

White supremacy is so indelibly ingrained within the very fabric of the United States, and the privileges associated with whiteness are so foundational, that real change—uncomfortable change—will only come from true effort by those willing to see the holes in our national narratives of inclusion.”  (Schroeder)White supremacy is one issue that should not exist anymore. It should be a thing of the past, but it is very much a thing of the present. There are about 930 white supremacist groups in the US today. The lack of equality is earth shattering, and not much is being done to stop it.

Why there’s so much discrimination around the world?

In many cases racism and discrimination are predicted by the problem of not knowing English, some of the places where the discrimination is greater are in schools, and public places without translators. Some people probably don’t Realise  the harm they cause by making fun of a person that’s in the process of learning a new language. When I first came to the United States I was 9 years old, at first  I was shy to talk , after 2 years of being in school I began to understand everything but still  it was a hard process to speak the language, I  was afraid to say something wrong so I always speak spanish, a year later I entered High School, there i began to speak english more often but even though I know my classmates for 4 years now, I’m still afraid of talking in front of the class, afraid of saying things the wrong way.


The discrimination has been increasing even more since november 8th, 2016 where one of the two candidates choose to discriminate other for support. One of the things that this candidate said was “Mexican immigrants carried “drugs, crime and rapists to the United States” which it’s unfair because not all the people are the same, he can’t blame all the country for a few people that bring drugs or ect. to  the United States. However, another racist case that has occur after the election of November 8th, 2016 “They are all predominantly Muslim nations and since Friday afternoon, when Trump signed the executive order, its citizens are barred from entering the United States. For 90 days” he has a point by doing this because the he want To protect his Nation/Country but he didn’t realise that he was separating families and that once again not all the people are the same.


Racism- prejudice, discrimination, or antagonism directed against someone of a different race based on the belief that one’s own race is superior.


Discrimination-the unjust or prejudicial treatment of different categories of people or things, especially on the grounds of race, age, or sex.

Immigrants get unfair discrimination

I am researching the question of bias in immigration policies. I found a lot of useful research studies on pioneer that directly address the issue of bias and immigration. The first study was about California’s Proposition 187 which deprives immigrants from many benefits included with U.S. Citizenship. A person in the study was asked for their opinion, and the results showed that ethnicity and opinion were dependent on one another. While their responses were independent of reasoned economics and legal considerations. The second article I found was about ethnocentric enforcement was most closely related to
people who favored a culture based society where people had citizenship and spoke english. This shows signs of racism against immigrants. The last article I found was about how prejudice and discrimination occurs because of a restricted view of justice. This shows that in order to get a healthier, unbiased country we need to educate our people about immigrations and the people it involves. Pioneer gave me a lot of real time, hard facts that really help support my conjecture that there is a bias in immigration policies.

This Kind of Discrimination Is Okay?


Millions of people travel through U.S. international airports each year for tourism, visiting relatives, business, and other reasons.  Yet, when traveling, many of these people experience trouble or hostility when entering America.  A high percentage of these people are foreigners — some of them tourists, others immigrants.  Foreigners are often treated differently and with suspicion when going through airport customs and immigration.  This issue is called Discriminatory Immigration, and many people, such as those interviewed in this article, have come forward to share their experience. I have a unique, personal perspective on this because one of my parents is a U.S. citizen, but the other is a legal resident (green card holder).  My experience through customs and immigration varies tremendously depending on which parent I go through immigration with (I have the option to go through either line because I currently have dual citizenship).  But why should this be the case?

Image Citation: Wikimedia Commons

At customs, there are two lines: one for U.S. citizens, and another for aliens, or those who do not have American citizenship.  At the head of the “alien” line is a cold, demeaning officer.  The official often asks harsh questions, assumes that everyone can speak English fluently, and never smiles.  But at the head of the American line, the officer will most likely address you with a ‘ma’am’ or ‘sir’, ask how you are doing, and let you pass without any trouble.  The officers for those lines are not  necessarily warm, but they are certainly more friendly than the officers for the “alien” line.  Those entering or re-entering without American citizenship are more likely to be held up for extra questioning or inspection as well.   Of course, sometimes there are safety and security reasons why officials legitimately stop people to check them over more thoroughly, but there is also the assumption that foreigners pose a threat to America, as cited in this article.  I realize that all countries probably show more respect to their own citizens than to non-citizens, but the difference should not be as drastic as I have experienced it to be.

Institutional Racism

Dear Madame/Mr, President,

In this letter, I would like to address institutional racism, one of the largest problems facing America today. While anyone can turn the other cheek when someone makes a rude comment based on their race, or they can “sticks and stones” it, institutional racism is not so easily ignored. Whether it be found in trivial things, (such as that fact that there are fewer Pokemon Go locations in black neighborhoods) or in matter of life and death things (black people wait longer in emergency rooms) it’s there. I would like to know what you plan to do about it. Although you can’t change people’s hearts, you can change policies. In this letter I would like to address three major instances of institutional racism; medicine, public education and our law enforcement system.

Our healthcare system is not what people are usually reminded of when they hear the term “racism”, however it should be. Racial minorities are no longer denied entry to hospitals due to the color of their skin, nor are they used for medical experiments anymore, however they still do not receive the same standard of care as their white counterparts. We see this in the fewer treatment options available for blacks. Physicians who exhibit bias in medicine tend to manage the pain of minority patients inadequately. Many studies have shown that physicians are more reluctant to give narcotics (strong pain medication) to black patients. A study released to 2012, by University of Washington showed that pediatricians with a pro-white bias were inclined to give black children who’d had surgery, ibuprofen (not a narcotic), as opposed to the stronger oxycodone (narcotic). Other studies showed that the pain of black children with sickle cell anemia or men with chest complaints were less monitored.  A University of Michigan study from 2010, found that black patients who were referred to pain clinics received around 1/2 of the medication the white patients got. Together, these studies show us the presence of, racism in our healthcare communities.

Another instance of Institutional racism is our public education system. We see that minority students have less access to experienced or even  fully certified teachers than their white counterparts, according to studies done by the U.S. Education Department. According to the U.S. Education Department’s Civil Rights data collections, five percent of white students were suspended yearly, compared with 16 percent of black students. Black girls were suspended at a rate of 12 percent — much higher than girls of other ethnicities. This type of clear discrimination and blatant inequality, makes for lower academic performance of minority students and a greater risk of dropping out of school.

The last instance I will cite in this letter is institutional racism in our law enforcement. I would like to preface this with, I understand what a=our police offices face on a day to day basis to truly dangerous people they come in contact with (or could potentially come in contact with). However the facts show that black people (mainly men) are disproportionately shot, than white men. The history of the American police system is especially torrid. In the South, the beginning of the modern police system was the “slave Patrol”. Slave patrols had 3 main jobs, 1) to chase runaway slaves and return them to their owners, 2) to be a institutional-racismtype of organized terror in order to deter slave revolts, and 3) to maintain discipline amongst slave who may have broken plantation laws. After the Civil War groups  like this did not go away, they instead evolved into modern Southern police departments by enforcing “Jim Crow” segregation laws.

Today, the statistics are astounding. Black people are 3 times more likely to be killed by police than white people, 30 percent of the black people killed were unarmed as opposed to the 19 percent of whites in 2015, and it’s not about crime. Fewer than 1 in every 3 black people killed by police in America in 2015 were suspected to a violent crime, or allegedly armed.

I hope you take this letter to heart, acknowledge the deep rooted problems we face in this country and work to fix them.

Respectfully, Ariel S.

Gun Control In America

There are many problems facing America today, and many threaten the lives of citizens. I believe that one of the most pressing issues is gun control. In many states, it is easy to obtain guns, easier than it is to obtain an abortion or kinder eggs. It seems like every time I look at my phone, another person has been shot and killed.

According to the Brady Campaign to Prevent Gun Violence, every day 90 Americans are shot and killed, 8,813 every year. The National Observer reports seven times less firearm related homicide annually in Canada. These statistics make the argument that there is no way to prevent gun violence seem invalid. In countries like Canada where it is difficult to obtain firearms, gun violence takes fewer lives.

What do I recommend to keep guns under control? We could mimic the systems of other countries, Canada clearly has a better handle on the issue. The safest thing to do, though, is to get rid of almost every gun. Even police officers wrongly shoot people more often than most are comfortable with.

Guns are nothing but a danger and should be reserved for only when the most extreme protection is needed (war zones, etc.) Without guns in America, people won’t have to go about their daily lives wondering if they will be the next victim of many to get their face on the news and their own twitter hashtag.


Letter to POTUS: Undocumented Students


You have now been designated to represent our country; to pridefully lead and protect all of the citizens’ rights. We all are in different situations which cause us to have different concerns and worries.  We are now in your hands and have many expectations for you to make decisions according to these different situations and concerns.

I am a Dreamer and on my way to my first year in college. One issue that personally affects and concerns me is undocumented students. I believe that it is disrespectful for someone who desires to further their education to be deprived from it just because of their ethnicity or nationality. Going to college is already challenging as it is so, why stack up on the students stress with the fear  of financial instability, deportation, and isolation? I believe that we deserve to have the same privileges as legal citizens. We work just as hard and more to obtain what others are born with which sometimes they take for granted.

As a certified DACA (Deferred Action for Childhood Arrivals)  student, like many, I didn’t have a choice in moving from a foreign country to the U.S. at the age of five. Most people don’t realize that being here wasn’t a decision we made. They also don’t take in consideration our resiliency; all the years and hard work it takes to be where we are at, like getting used to new customs, languages, and people.  

DACA has definitely brought benefits for us. Some of these benefits include a job permit and deportation exception which expires every two years and is renewable. However, I believe that the government (YOU) can do much more than just these benefits. For example, ever since I considered attending college, I wanted to study abroad, but due to my immigration status, at that point I wouldn’t be allowed. With DACA, it is said that we are allowed to be part of study abroad through Advance Parole. However, this doesn’t assure us re-entry. I personally think it’s unfair how many different ways we can be denied re-entry.  So, if I ever decide to take study abroad through Advance Parole I would be in risk of deportation. It’s like playing a game without rules and then making them as you (the gov’t) go and desire-it’s just unfair

Another problem of DACA is that every renewal request cost the same as the initial request which is a total of $465. DACA students already receive little to no financial aid, so why not reduce the cost or make it free after the initial request?

As the President of the U.S. I think your job is to improve our country. One way you can do this is by helping and supporting us, undocumented students. As I move on to college I will be facing many disadvantages and I feel like you have the power to help me and other Dreamers. We are only trying to better ourselves and participate to make our nation better at the same time. We need a change – something that is permanent; that will embrace and protect our rights, and I know you can do it. Thank you for your time and I really hope you take in consideration our situation.



Diana Alcala

How an Adolescent Thinks

Dear President

I know that you are never going to read this letter, but I will do my best of my ability to explain you how I think and what is my opinion and my issues. Maybe you can said “ I don’t care what this adolescent think, said, or you don’t care about  my issues that  I have”. Maybe when you look this letter that  said from Jesus Madrigal you throw it away, because how I am to write a letter for a president  the most important person in the world. But believe me  I am not just a adolescent. Behind this letter are a lot of adolescents that think in the same way as me.

My first issue is discrimination. I believe that one day we are all going to be equal. Why Africans Americans can’t get married with a Latino or other race without looking it as something bad or thinking how their children are going to look like. It just a color. They have two eyes, two legs, two hands. Why you think that they are different?. I don’t like when I am walking in the street and I look a sign that said “NO BLACK PEOPLE”, “NO LATINOS”, “NO CHINESE”. Do you can imagine how we feel. We feel angry, sad, frustrated because we can’t do nothing about it. I think that you maybe have the power to stop discrimination. I think everyone has the rights and freedoms set forth in this world, without distinction of race, color, sex, language, religion, political or other opinion, national or social origin, property, birth or other status.  

My second issue is immigration. Yes immigration of course that we need to discuss this. Immigration is one of the biggest problems in the United States of America and you know it. But is a too big problem that you will decide to ignore it. I can tell you that in this country are more than 11.7 millions of people that are immigrants. I have meet a lot of friends that are immigrants but they speak perfectly English. They live in this country since they were 3 or 5 years old. They love this country. So why are they different? just because they were not born in the United States. Why they don’t have the right to study? How we are to stop the dreams of young immigrants? Just because they don’t have a paper that said “Born in The United States”. Do you think that this is right? One day they will be doctors, Teachers, Police, Chemists, Surgeons, etc. And they can make our country a better place. Why is so difficult that an immigrant came to a university? If they want to do something good. Why we make it so difficult for them? I want to make you think about it and that we all have the power to change the world and not be ignorant for the rest of our lives. “Thinking that immigration will never going to change”.

You maybe think that is illogical to think “that one day we are all going to be equal” or “ that immigrants one day will be doctors, Teachers, Police, Chemists, Surgeons, etc.” But this is how I think, I believe and I dream. You think that we are like little kids that you just give them a candy and they stop screaming. But we don’t want just a candy. We want the whole bag and we are never going to stop screaming until you give us the whole bag.       



Jesus Madrigal

Letter to the President

June 26.2016

Dear President,


If you are reading this, then congratulation you have won the election. Now that you are the President it is your duty to listen to and come to a solution for the concerns that are presented to you by your people.


Today I am here to let you know about the discrimination that LGBTs face on a daily basis, especially in the workplace. Here is only one of the many stories that breaks my heart. Margie Winters, the educational  director of the Catholic elementary school Waldron Mercy Academy, was fired after parents complained about her being in a same sex marriage. Now, this was not a problem when she was hired, but after a few complaints the school decided to let Winters go.


She is not the only one that has been effected. Many more are denied a job, harassed at work, or fired just because they can not help who they love. This is wrong. Wrong that only 21 states offer employment nondiscrimination laws to LGBT workers.  Fewer than a third of all U.S. states have laws protecting people from discrimination based on sexual orientation, and only a handful prohibit discrimination based on a person’s gender identity or expression. There are no federal protections for LGBT civil rights. Those who are different are usually the minority.


The first time I ever in my life heard of LGBT was on Youtube. I came upon a transgender youtuber by the name of Gigi Gorgeous. Not only was she transgender, but she inspires and motivates me to do whatever it is my heart desire. This shows that she is so much more than a label. She opened my eyes up to a world that many people cower back form. Youtube introduced me to so many more people, like Shane Dawson, Joey Graceffa, and so many more. These amazing people have as much rights and deserves as much respect if not more than everyone else. Not only them, but I believe all LGBTs should have the same.


Many people think being gay is “a sickness, and it needs to be treated,” I think being close minded is a sickness and it needs to be cured.  Take the Orlando shooting for example. A lot of precious lives were lost forever because of a sick man. This was the both the deadliest mass shooting by a single gunman and the deadliest incident of violence against LGBT people in U.S. history. He is not the only one, according to Pastor Roger Jimenez of the Verity Baptist Church, “We don’t need to do anything to help. As far as I’m concerned, Orlando is a little bit safer tonight. If we lived in a righteous government, they should round them all up and put them up against a firing wall, and blow their brains out.” The world is still and probably will never be a perfect place, but we can try to make it as close to perfect as we can and I believe it all starts with equality for all.


The Christian Coalition states “Many of those people involved with Adolf Hitler were Satanists, many of them were homosexuals. The two things seem to go together.” Personally, I believe that those who are opposed to same sex marriage or the idea of LGBT are the biggest most ridiculous ignorant bigots. It takes a lot to close yourself in than to open up and I pray that sooner than later these people will come to an understanding.


Until then, it is the responsibility of the President to protect the LGBT community because right now there has not been much done for these citizens of the United states of America.


The Contributing Privilege

In modern times, people are used to certain situations that it seems justifiable for people to live under the circumstances. In today’s society, many people may come across an instance in which we witness discrimination and don’t do anything about it. In the United States people have been subject to bias due to a characteristic that they can’t control. This characteristic is the color of their skin. Knowing that this occurs and having experienced discrimination myself it has caused me to gain more insight on the issue. Which leaves me with one question. Does racial privilege contribute to discrimination?

In my research so far, I’ve had the opportunity to interview James E. Ford. During the interview, he stated that “Racism is as American as apple pie”. I had no other option but to agree. I agreed because there has been racial discrimination in the U.S. for hundreds of years and there still hasn’t been a change. I also came across an article by Brent Staples, a writer for the New York Times, in which he tells about one of the many times that he has been a victim of discrimination due to his race and gender. He states that in the 1970’s he was walking behind a white woman at night-time. She noticed he was behind her and began to walk faster which then turned into her running. He says that he was angry because he couldn’t just simply walk without being feared. This shows how African-American men are forced to live with myths in which the discrimination towards them stems from.

Racism towards African-Americans is due to the stereotypes placed upon us. And have been reinforced through many years of oppression and forced segregation. Although it seems that segregation is over, there are still areas where there are only blacks living in a community that consists of run-down homes. Also, as shown in the media plenty of times in the past few years, blacks have experienced discrimination from police officers. In fact, police mostly focus on poor communities of color when it comes down to the war on drugs although people of all races sell and use drugs. There are more African-Americans in jail today than there were slaves in 1850. Also, studies show that white youth is more likely to be involved in the dealing of illegal drugs rather than black youth.

According to a 2012 Supplementary Homicide Report by the FBI, blacks are 13% of the U.S. population but yet they are 42% of the victims that did not attack when they were killed by police who were not using a rifle or a shotgun. Therefore although there aren’t that many black people in the U.S., they seem to have been the second largest group killed by police. The first largest group were white people but white people are 63% of the U.S. population and 44% of the people who did not attack when killed by an officer that did not use a rifle or shotgun. Am I the only one that sees the problem here? Why is it that African-Americans are one of the smallest groups of people in the U.S., yet so largely murdered by police?

So far, according to my research racial privilege does contribute to discrimination. Next, I’ll find out about other areas outside of crime and housing. Maybe discrimination in employment or even the discrimination when someone of color tries to buy certain items. I want to know about these subjects so that I can bring much awareness to them and help stop them from occurring.