November 28, 2022


Martin Luther King


Brave, Confident, Bold

Dad of Bernice, Dexter, Yolanda, and MLK III,

Son of MLK Sr. and Alberta Williams

Freedom for all, 

Happiness, inequality


No change, Violence

Led the Montgomery Bus Boycott,

first president of the SCLC,

led the Birmingham campaign

Freedom, equality, no racism

Chicago, Montgomery, Atlanta, Pennsylvania


By Jake Baker

In this assignment, we were asked to write about someone important in history and describe them.

I chose Martin Luther King.

When other people read this poem, I hope they will understand and remember him.

Shadow Box

My Truths

By: Yadira Bugambilia
I don’t have many objects in my shadow box, just images of my family and friends. It might seem plain to others but not to me. Friends and family are all I really care about. I don’t have many hobbies; I just go on my phone and play video games. There are many Dominant narratives of me that people have. Some may be that I’m a drug dealer, have bad grades, or that my hair is fake, that I am mean or nice. There are so many dominant narratives for me that I am not aware of because everyone has different narratives for people by how they perceive that certain person and their race. Some may be true and some false but my Counter narratives show who I really am. I am Black and Mexican, nice, and funny, there are so many assumptions of me but I am the person who chooses who I want to be. People may not see that because of the dominant narratives people say about me and how I should act. Not many objects are shown in my shadow box, and that’s because I don’t have many objects with sentimental value and I’m not a crafty person.


Black lives Matter is a political and social movement originating among African Americans, emphasizing basic human rights and racial equality for black people and campaigning against various forms of racism.During this period, people rallied for social, legal, political and cultural changes to prohibit discrimination and end segregation. Even my principal Tabari Bomani gave us multiple speeches about #BlacklivesMatter and that the goal of the black lives matter movement was to end segregation and secure equal rights for all Americans, no matter what their race or color.

Black Lives Matter has always been more of a human rights movement rather than a civil rights movement. Black lives Matter focus has been less about changing specific laws and more about fighting for a fundamental reordering of society wherein Black lives where blacks are being treated dehumanize. Black lives Matter because blacks black people are persons. From the founding of this country, throughout slavery, Reconstruction, the eugenics movement, and the civil rights movement, black Americans fought to establish themselves, first and foremost, as persons.

There are many of our black innocent people dying over stupidity. Losing their lives over racist cops that deserve to be locked up behind bars. Not thinking that these innocent people have their families to go home to that loves them. This is a problem to the community. Its starting riots between blacks and cops. People are protesting all over the city.

There have been many reactions to the Black Lives Matter movement. The U.S population’s perception of Black Lives Matter varies considerably by race. “All Lives Matter” has been criticized for dismissing or misunderstanding the message of “Black Lives Matter”.

Photo by Fibonacci Blue

Police Brutality Reflection

In this project I learned many things. I learned that I have a voice. I learned that I am more than capable of standing up for what I believe in. But most importantly, I learned how to be an upstander and what being an upstander means. The project that was assigned to me was police brutality. Although this topic was assigned to me I don’t consider it as assigned. The reason why is because this is a topic that I am truly passionate about and I believe that it’s a topic that needs to be talked about and taught about. I feel like talking about this topic is more of an opportunity than an assignment. Police brutality is an issue that impacts many people especially people of color. Being an upstander means not consenting to people’s oppressive actions and standing up for what’s right. Police brutality is something that we need to fight against and for that reason I am choosing to fight against police brutality. Police brutality can mean many things most of the time it can mean force and physical violence but, it can also mean verbal abuse and judgement. Me and my group chose to specifically teach youth about this issue because we felt like they have the right to know about what happens in their communities. Me and my group decided that the first step to becoming an upstander is to raise awareness and educate youth on this issue. My advice to you all is to fight for what you believe in and to use the voices that you have because words have power.

Raise Awareness on Police Brutality!

Dear Anne E. Kirkpatrick:

We are choosing to write to you about the actions of your police department. Since you are the chief of police you are known as the leader of the OPD. Therefore, you lead and check over your department to enforce the law that makes the city safe (“Police”). The harm that OPD has caused to innocent black people is tragic because young black folks are getting the wrong idea about police. The actions that your crew of police has inflicted on our community is causing a negative impact on people. Police brutality is now being seen as a cycle that keeps going on and on because police are killing black people for irrelevant reasons. Police should stop hurting people but instead they revert back to their old negative ways and keep causing more harm. When your police department takes away the lives of black folks it only makes matters worse. We are scared to get pulled over by the cops because we fear of getting shot if we reach for our license. Also, we fear the people who are supposed to be protecting us because of all the accounts of black people being killed. Our community doesn’t think police are bad my people just feel misunderstood in the eyes of your police. For this reason we are writing this letter  because as a leader you can make a change.

The issue that we are trying to address is police brutality in Oakland. Police brutality has been an issue for many many years that has caused a lot of harm. Usually lower class people or people of color are the ones  that face the most police misconduct which is extremely absurd because people of higher class never face any type of brutality. Could it be due to class or wealth or can it be a racial issue? If we consider the fact that people of color are always targeted than the most common reason why people face police brutality is due racism and its effects on people. To begin, since police brutality has been an issue for many years, one example that is extremely shocking and horrendous is the case of George Stinney Jr. George Stinney was the youngest person to have ever been executed by the electric chair. George was wrongfully convicted for the killing of two white girls and had to face the death penalty at the age of 14. Lindsey Bever stated, “[The police] were looking for someone to blame it on, so they used my brother as a scapegoat,On June 16, 1944, he was executed, becoming the youngest person in modern times to be put to death”(Bever). George Stinney was a person of color who was wrongfully convicted for a crime that he did not do. He died at the age of 14 because he was blamed by police. This is an example that can be known as the root of police brutality because it shows the way that police have been careless towards people’s lives. The root of police brutality has grown throughout the years and has gotten worse and worse especially towards people of color. Furthermore, Oscar Grant was a young black man who was shot and killed in Fruitvale Bart in the city of Oakland California. Braimah states, “Grant’s death at the hands of police was part of a pattern of highly controversial police shootings across the United States involving black women and men and various police departments”(Braimah).Police brutality has become an issue that is intentionally hurting people of color. Innocent lives are being lost and each of these deaths has been in the hands of police. Innocent people who aren’t supposed to die, die everyday but what happens to the people who are supposed to keep us safe but kill instead? Do we stay quiet or do we fight towards a more equitable world? Equality and justice is what we need for these people not more lives lost.

 Over the past couple of years in the United States there have been many ways that we can address the issue of police brutality. Some ways being,  social media, marches and rallies, and civil disobedience. The Black Lives Matter Movement has tried everything they can to bring up the issue of police brutality with the use of social media whether some activists going on to the news and bring up the fact that police officers kill innocent people or they go on Facebook or instagram to talk about another innocent killing that another police officer has done. On July 10th 2016 A Large crowd of Black Lives Matter supporters March through Memphis, in which they shut down 1-40 bridge. This was a response to a deadly officer involved in the shooting of two black men one Minnesota and another in Louisiana “It started as a peaceful rally at FedExForum at 6 p.m. with hundreds of people. Things heated up when protesters interrupted Interim Police Director Michael Rallings”(Ott). Another way that the Black Lives Matter community has tried to bring the issue of police brutality is in a sit-in which this sit in was more at a recent time period.

 On March 11 2019 Black Lives Matter Sacramento organized three days of sit-ins at the Sacramento Police Department. This was a response to the death of Stephon Clark and for the imprisonment of two officers that were involved with his death. The name of the two officers are Terrence Mercadal and Jared Robinet. Tuesday, Wednesday and Thursday beginning at 3 p.m., protesters stood in front of the Sacramento Police Department with signs showing support of Stephon Clark and calling for the imprisonment of the two officers who shot and killed him, Terrence Mercadal and Jared Robinet”(Silva-Benham, Pierce,Vitiello, Simmons, Bobo, Byers).

      Another form that people have tried to address the issue of police brutality is in a form of a movie.The Movie is called The Hate U Give which shows an innocent killing that a police officer has done and the main character is a girl named Starr who is the only witness to the scene of the crime and whatever she says will change the way that her community will see of her. You can see this movie here on the link “Starr Carter, who lives in two worlds: the poor, black neighborhood where she resides and the mostly white prep school she attends. This uneasy balance is shattered when she witnesses the fatal shooting of her childhood friend by a policeman”(Thomas).  One last form that is believed has been shown multiple times and is a way to get attention and to get the media’s attention. On July 9th 2016 protesters in St. Paul Minnesota protesters went onto 94 interstate in which police met with the protesters. Something that started peacefully then was turned into a clash out with police on the interstate. Over 200 protesters have passed Minnesota state patrol troopers. “While many were peaceful, events turned ugly in St. Paul, Minnesota, where protesters clashed with police on Interstate 94.

At least two officers were injured by protesters — one hit with a glass bottle and the other by fireworks, according to St. Paul police.Police used crowd control measures including smoke, police spokesman Steve Linders said.Parts of the freeway are closed after as many as 200 people forced their way past Minnesota state patrol troopers who were trying to block them from getting on the road”(CNN).

              There is many different ways that the Black Lives Matter Movement or people that are against police brutality and these are the least of what they are trying to do to address the problem of police brutality.Whether it is doing 20 marches and trying real hard to get the attention of police officers and the police departments. Most officers in cases that involves innocent deaths some officers get released from there charges and are let free to roam the streets. It is our job to address these issues and to get the attention of everyone in the country and to get the attention of everyone in the world. We have to announce the injustice that officers are doing to people of color and killing them innocently.

Our plan is to enlighten young folks on the issue of police brutality because it’s important to raise awareness about a topic that can hurt many people and has created such a negative impact in our communities. One way that we plan on educating young folks is by screening the movie The Hate You Give because its a film that shows the reality of our world and its impact on people. Also, it allows us to show folks in what ways they can create change by empowering them to get more involved in their communities. Another idea that we had was to create a survey to give to middle school students 6th, 7th, and 8th grade to see if they’ve ever been educated or even know about the topic. We asked about their knowledge on police brutality and what they have heard in the news or through their parents. We have already gotten reponses in which many of these young folks stated that they don’t know what police brutality is or what they have done to people of color around the country. We feel that it’s important that our youth know about this topic because we need people to fight against such an oppressive issue. By gathering people together we can create a positive change.

As you see, Anne E. Kirkpatrick, we are writing to you because you are one of the leaders that can help us make a change in the world. Whether we address the issue or not  police officers, deputies, and even sherif’s from all the country don’t realise the issue that this country going through. You will be a great help to addressing police brutality, you a high ranking chief will get the attention of everyone single person in the world to realise the injustice that policemen are doing to people that don’t deserve to die. In this letter we have stated the reason why we are contacting you and shown every tactic people have done to get your attention and the government’s attention. We can start little by little getting the attention of everyone and then getting the support we need from all the citizens in the country.

Sincerely, Kenya Sanchez, Adrian Terriquez, Costello White

Annotated Bibliography

“Police.” City of Oakland, 18 Jan. 2019,

This website shows all about the oakland police and news, background information about the OPD and they work . some of this background information includes when the OPD shootings have happened and how the people of oakland where all over it. this source is credible because it is published by the OPS and is updated every day and the demain is gov.

Bever, Lindsey. “It Took 10 Minutes to Convict 14-Year-Old George Stinney Jr. It Took 70 Years after His Execution to Exonerate Him.” The Washington Post, WP Company, 18 Dec. 2014,

This article is based on the story of a 14 year old black boy who was the youngest person ever to be put to death by the electric chair. The Washington Post is a very good source because it gave me clear information about what happened in the time of the event. The strengths of this source is that there are examples of what happened at the tie of the event and how people acted towards it. A weakness of this source is that it hasn’t been updated since 2016. This source is relevant to my field o research because it helps me give examples of ow police brutality first started and how it has grown through time time.Lindsey Bever is a very credible author because she talks about national and breaking news.

Braimah, Ayodale. “Oscar Juliuss III Grant (1986–2009) • BlackPast.” BlackPast, Black Past, 29 Jan. 2019,

This Article is based on the story of Oscar Grant and how he was killed by Police in Oakland California. The Black Post is a very important source because it provides stories about people like Oscar Grant who was unfairly killed by police. Some strengths of this source is that they describe what happened in the event but when we are talking about a human being like Oscar Grant they give a really good summary of who he was. A weakness that this source has is That it hasn’t been updated since 2017. This Source is relevant to my research because it provides information on police brutality and how it affects people. Ayodale Braimah is a very credible author because he allows hi readers to get a sense of the cause and effect from his topics.

Ott, Kelsey. “Huge Crowd of Black Lives Matter Supporters Marches through Memphis, Shuts down I-40 Bridge.”, News Channel 3, 11 July 2016, .

News Channel 3 is a credible source because this news channel is showing pictures of the events that happened in Memphis Tennessee. Some strengths of this website it shows the reasoning and background information of what the Black Lives Matter supporters were rallying for on the 1-40 bridge. This source is relevant because this post was from 3 years ago and shows what response Memphis had on the Deaths of two Black men.

Park, Madison, et al. “Black Lives Matter Protesters Return to Streets.” CNN, Cable News Network, 10 July 2016,

               CNN is a credible source because they are known throughout

the world and has been seen by nearly everyone in the country.Some Strengths that CNN has is talking and giving context on what is happening in the march.Some weaknesses is they don’t get the point of view protesters and they don’t get the point of view of policemen guarding.

Staff, The State Hornet. “Black Lives Matter Organizes 3 Days of Sit-Ins.” The State Hornet, The State Hornet, 12 Mar. 2019,

This is credible source because they interview someone that is a part of the sit-in. Some strengths is that they give a picture of the victim that has passed away and they show where they are going to do the sit-in

20thcenturyfox, Angie Thomas. “The Hate U Give | Fox Movies.” 20th Century Fox, Wyck Godfrey, P.g.a., 19 Oct. 2018,

Fox Movies is a credible source because these are high-quality producers that took a book and then turn it into a movie that is showing police brutality in a realistic film. Some Strengths are they get the point of view of everyone that is involved in the main characters life whether it is the main characters father or the siblings. Some weaknesses are they don’t show the point of view of the victim and don’t show the point of view or the thoughts of the police officer that was involved with the shooting.

Growing the movement

Black Lives matter is considered a leaderless movement, but it doesn’t stop us from promoting it and trying to get equality for our kind. We care about the movement “BlackLivesMatter” because it’s happening to innocent black people and justice isn’t being served. This movement isn’t just to bring us all together to stand for each other, but it’s here to try to help make a change. To try to make a big impact on the world and change the way some people think about black people. We care because we want equality for black people!
Sources say that Black Lives Matter has earned a lot of criticism and that tactics are too “heavy-handed” and relies too much on social media. Due to these two sources, law enforcement blames it for inciting violence with no evidence to back it up. More sources such as many Whites say the movement is not inclusive and tries to fire back with the slogan “AllLivesMatter”. Other sources say black lives matter protesters does not focus enough on street violence in black neighborhoods, comparing it to being worse or equal to police misconduct. The last source says the black lives matter movement will fall apart due to the option of not having a central leader.
From the “BlackLivesMatter” movement, I learned that even though people see the way black people are getting mistreated, they still do not try to help. People still criticize us and does not treat us equally. I learned that the movement has taken a big step nationally, but still hasn’t made the impact that we are waiting on. I hope the movement continues to grow and start to actually put a vision in others eyes to help and not judge.

Photos by Johnny Silvercloud,

Put The Guns Down


It’s time to put the guns down
But if you must have a showdown
Don’t be a coward just raise up your fist
Y’all must’ve forgotten that they even exist
Just don’t run, just don’t miss

No more laying out loved ones to rest
Not our fault you aimed east but the bullet went West
Bullets have no name nor location on them
But because you had to pull that trigger now my heart is numb
Because you did something dumb

Pulling a trigger don’t make you hard
Not retaliating doesn’t make you soft
But remember these words I’m about to say
If you pull that trigger be my guest, because karma is a Bitch and them tables always turn
So don’t be scared when the role is switched
When you stare down that barrel to that gun you can only blame yourself because you caused that shit

By: Destiny Davis

black lives matter

Black lives matter is an international activist movement, originating in the African American culture. this movement stands up for our rights, police brutality and speaks out on everything else that isn’t right in the world and goes unannounced. when i say unannounced, i mean not getting the recognition that it deserves. This movement has been so successful because a lot of people agree with champagne and just want to stand up for what you believe in. this movement is so incredible because many people wish they could speak on how african americans are done but they can’t do it alone and this is the right champagne if you are looking for support from people who has the same beliefs as you. The champagne also gives you the courage to speak out and act on an issue with or without somebody you never know what or who will be supporting you.

African Americans were getting mistreated terribly since slavery but on July 28, 1868 the fourteenth amendment was ratified a little after the civil war was over the slaves were let free. the amendment outlaws all slavery and demands that everyone is treated like a human. the african american race was overjoyed with this amendment and the choice to let blacks be free. African Americans thought this would finally be the chance to get equal rights but they were wrong.

Law or not, our world will never be racism free. the times have changed a lot from 1868 to 2018 but they have some of the same traits. the citizens are stuck in their ways and parents are teaching kids the difference from two races. everyone should know about the difference between races and who they are but if you teach kids to love everyone and skin color doesn’t matter at a young age the world would be a better place. believe that people are treated so differently just because the color of your skin. some days i wish we were all blind and could only meet people with our brains and heart. no eyes, no descriptions so you can see how you get along with a person before you physically see what they look like.

police have killed 265 people in 2018 already and it’s only march. It’s sad because not all of these people are black but a handful are. all lives should matter not just black. I understand black lives because we are the main race targeted. we have never had the same rights as anyone else. it’s just so depressing that the world is so divided like this. we need to all come together and love our people because we are all children of god. brothers and sisters terminating one another. It’s hard to put an end to racism and segregation when the president of our country even does it. He banned a certain race from coming into the USA. It’s just sad that the same issue has been occurring since slavery and it’s never going to end. Let’s just do our part and continue to stand up for what we believe in.

Why does one movement get more support than another?

Black Lives Matter will never receive the recognition nor support that other modern protest have gotten. The movement is against violence and systematic racism towards African- Americans. When the movement first came to surface, as a child, I believed it was doing something and actually getting the publicity it deserved. I was wrong.

After the 2018 Parkland school shooting, I realized that lives that are lost matter, but not if they are black. Seeing the ‘Times’ magazine cover, celebrities marching with #MarchForOurLives and all other supporters that are behind this rally, it really broke my heart. I am not here to bring light to the situation. However, Black Lives Matter has been a movement for over 5 years, and hasn’t had nearly as much support nor change than a situation that didn’t even happen 5 months ago did. In the year 2017, police had already killed 500 unarmed African-Americans in the first 7 months. Some celebrities that have even stood up for this movement have been shamed and are even unemployed!

Teachers/Administrators, imagine being in a meeting and making a valid point, then being ignored or maybe even disgraced or even called a thug. To later realize that a colleague of yours, rather a privileged one, stole that idea of yours but changed the name. Maybe they even guided the light of your point on to an entirely different discussion, which is okay. But then they receive more recognition than you. Their idea blows everyone away and next thing you know their idea is being viewed by the country. It’s being publicized and praised. When yours was barely heard. Even though you spoke loud and clear, you held rallies, you held a protest, you brought issues to the surface.

“I am here to acknowledge and represent the African- American girls whose stories don’t make the front page of every national newspaper, whose stories don’t lead in the evening news. I represent the African American women who are victims of gun violence, who are simply statistics instead of vibrant, beautiful girls full of potential.”
-Naomi Walder, age 11

Stephon Clark, a 22-year-old black man with 2 sons. Sitting in his OWN backyard with a cellphone in his hand that was mistaken for a gun, and was shot 20 times. You read that correctly. There was no communication whatsoever. Which means Stephon was unable to explain himself. The students at parkland were unable to explain themselves. Both caused by ruthless acts of gun violence. Both victims are innocent. Both the #MarchForOurLives and #BlackLivesMatter movements are necessary. They both narrow down to the same problem. Gun violence.

So why is it that one movement gains more support than the other? No one should pick one to be behind. I am not saying that the March for our lives shouldn’t be getting as much praise as they are. But I am saying there is no way that Black Lives Matter shouldn’t be getting the same.

What Rights Do We Have As Americans?

What rights should people living in the US have? Here is a question that many non-citizens have while living and working in the United States (U.S.). I believe that if you live in the U.S., you’re entitled to all the rights provided by the United States Constitution.  During the Reconstruction, this idea of “equal rights” was demonstrated when they passed the right of the 13th Amendment, “Neither slavery nor involuntary servitude, except as a punishment for crime whereof the party shall have been duly convicted, shall exist within the United States, or any place subject to their jurisdiction.”

The 13th amendment shows that during the Reconstruction Era slavery wasn’t allowed unless it was punishment for a crime because it was considered inhumane. This example shows that if you live in the US then you are was entitled to all the rights that the Constitution states that citizen will have. Similarly, events in modern times illustrate that people living in the US should be treated equally. However, we run into some walls as being equal in the US.

For example, the freedom to worship as you wish has caused much conflict in the US such as accusing many Muslims as terrorists. In recent history, as I just stated many Muslims were accused of being terrorist. This event shows that people are being judged by who they worship but anyone living in the US should be able to do as they please when it comes to religion. Also, anyone living in the Us citizen or not should also have the right to freedom of speech.

During the Reconstruction, there were laws that stated that no matter what race you are and what role you played in the Civil War you would be allowed the right to vote. The right to vote was very important during that time because it allowed you to make sure your voice was heard and also for your opinion to be included on how you think the government should operate. Even though, slaves weren’t required to vote until they were actually considered citizens they still had a mind of their own and that’s one of the main reasons why the law was passed for African-Americans to vote.

These events share many commonalities because they show that the rights of most people living in the US weren’t fully honored as much as the Constitution said it would. One right that is not fully honored is the right of having equality in this country. Till this day many African-Americans still suffer from racism. Even though in the 14th Amendment ” it forbids states from denying any person “life, liberty or property, without due process of law” or to “deny to any person within its jurisdiction the equal protection of the laws.” Meaning that no one living in the US citizen or not should be restricted the basic rights of US citizens or other persons.

In conclusion, the basic rights of people living in the US are the Amendments but most of the rights are not fully reached by our government. We as a nation need to come up with a plan to change that!


 “Primary Documents in American History.” 14th Amendment to the U.S. Constitution: Primary Documents of American History (Virtual Programs & Services, Library of Congress),                         

  “13th Amendment to the U.S. Constitution: Abolition of Slavery.” National Archives and Records Administration, National Archives and Records Administration,