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As Jacky Rosen said, “Human trafficking is a communitywide problem, and as such, it requires communitywide solutions.” Human trafficking involves using force, fraud, or coercion “‘to make someone (usually a woman or child), engage in sexual activity without consent (UNDOC, 2015)’” (Kaylor 1).
Force is “physical or sexual abuse or restrictions of one’s movement” and fraud is “false promises of a different job in the host country or misrepresentation of the working conditions.” Coercion is “threats of harm to the victim or victim’s family or friends” (Kaylor 1). The lives of the people who fall victim to human trafficking are in danger because “traffickers use physical violence to dominate and control their victims.” Traffickers scare their victims into doing what they want, which in turn makes it more difficult for them to escape their situation.
People who have survived being trafficked psychologically experience, “Post-Traumatic Stress Disorder (PTSD), Depression, Anxiety, Panic disorder, Suicidal ideation, Stockholm Syndrome, Substance abuse.” They may also physically experience “sexually transmitted diseases, menstrual pain and irregularities, miscarriages, and forced abortions, among other problems” that are produced from being trafficked (Kaylor 3). Having these after-effects from going through a traumatizing situation is something many people have to deal with.
Since, “the majority of sexually exploited human trafficking victims are women and children,” this means that most of the population, if not the whole population, is in danger of facing this very real and uncomfortable problem that needs to be solved (Kaylor 2). Human trafficking was first around in 1700 by the name of white slavery, which was defined as, “obtaining a white woman or girl- by the use of force, drugs, or by dishonesty- for sex which is unwanted by the woman or girl.”
Human trafficking today is seen as a problem, just as it was noticed to be in the late 1800s and early 1900s with worldwide conferences being held in 1899 and 1902 to discuss white slavery (Kangaspunta 1). Later on, in 1910, 13 countries went on to sign the International Convention for the Suppression of White Slave Trade, which made human trafficking illegal (Kangaspunta 2).
Even though human trafficking is a crime in most places, if not everywhere, it still occurs in our society. The trafficking is just hidden, so it is hard to discover and put a stop to. Normally trafficking begins in a country that is developing, like South Asia, where the victims are then taken to wealthier countries (Kaylor 2). Although anyone of any age, ethnicity, or origin can fall victim to human trafficking there are groups of people targeted more than others: “undocumented immigrants, runaway and homeless youth, victims of trauma and abuse, refugees, impoverished individuals” (Kaylor 2). This shows that those who deal with worse living conditions are more easily human trafficked.
If nothing is done to stop human trafficking, many more people will be hurt physically, as well as psychologically. The number of human trafficking victims will increase and our society will continue to morally decline. The traffickers will think that no one notices the damage they are causing to society so “human trafficking will continue to flourish in environments where traffickers can reap substantial monetary gains with relatively low risk of getting caught or losing profits” (Human Trafficking 3). The innocence of our society will be taken advantage of and eventually be gone.
“Human Trafficking.” National Human Trafficking Hotline, Polaris, humantraffickinghotline.org/type-trafficking/human-trafficking.
Kangaspunta, Kristina. “History of Human Trafficking.” Sexualexploitatio, Weebly, sexualexploitatio.weebly.com/history-of-human-trafficking.html.
Kaylor, Leah. “Psychological impact of human trafficking and sex slavery worldwide: Empowerment and intervention.” Intern from John Jay College of Criminal Justice New York, NY (2015). https://www.apa.org/international/pi/2015/09/leah-kaylor.pdf