According to an article, “Hurricanes and Global Warming,”the authors express great concern about the effect that climate change is having on hurricanes and tropical cyclones. The authors say that “changes in tropical cyclone activity are among the more potentially consequential results of global climate change, and it is therefore of considerable interest to understand how anthropogenic climate change may affect such storms.” Currently, we are using very advanced systems to predict the future effects of climate change, but unfortunately, these current models lack the horizontal resolution needed to predict the intense core of tropical cyclones.
Scientists are currently discussing a new technique for predicting these hurricanes. Rather than relying on historical patterns of hurricanes and tropical cyclones, they will take the information being outputted from the global models and “apply it to current and future climate states simulated by a suite of global models developed in support of the most recent Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change report.” In other words, they will be simulating hurricane conditions and will use models to try and predict these simulated hurricanes. This new technique will solve the horizontal resolution issue because we will be using a new model called a “coupled ocean-atmosphere hurricane model” that provides high resolution at a very low cost.
Through these simulations, scientists will try to prove that this large change in tropical cyclones is triggered by the increasing differences between the boundary layer of hurricanes and the middle troposphere as the climate warms. In other words, they are hoping that the simulations demonstrate patterns that link the increasing intensity of hurricanes with the warming climate due to climate change. This ability to predict hurricanes better will benefit the world in many ways. Being able to predict their behaviors could help us take precautions to protect the coasts and the people living on or near the coast. It could potentially save us a lot of money and many lives.