In a society with various people, intelligence is based on nature because, research has proven that “a person’s IQ is highly influenced by genetic factors” (Williams).
In a study conducted at King’s College London, “turned to a cohort of more than 11,000 pairs of both identical and non identical twins” to analyze different traits (Williams). In the study, “the team found nine general groups of traits that were all highly hereditary”, that shows that some parts of intelligence is nature instead of nurture (Williams). Of course, nurture also plays a role in intelligence, like when a student studies for a test or quiz, they are more likely to succeed on the test or quiz than other students. There are students out there who do not need to study as much compared to other students because intelligence is hereditary.
Albert Einstein was “a famous physicist. His research spanned from quantum mechanics to theories about gravity and motion” (Byrd). Something about Einstein that makes him different from everyone else is that his “brain actually looks different from yours or mine” (Byrd). After Einstein died, research was done on his brain to see how he was so smart compared to everyone around him. In 1985, “a study revealed that two parts of Einstein’s brain contained an unusually large number of non-neuronal cells – called glia – for every neuron” (Byrd). Could that mean that the number of non-neuronal cells could have made Einstein significantly smarter than everyone else?
There are many things that can make someone “intelligent”, like the person’s genes, or the way someone’s brain is shaped, or how much someone studies. No matter what the circumstances are, everyone is special in their own way, and everyone has their own talents and things they are good at.
Williams, Sarah C. P. “Genes Don’t Just Influence Your IQ-They Determine How Well You Do in School.” Science, https://www.science.org/content/article/genes-dont-just-influence-your-iq-they-determine-how-well-you-do-school.
Byrd, Deborah. “Einstein’s Brain Was Different: Human World.” EarthSky, 11 Jan. 2018, https://earthsky.org/human-world/einsteins-brain-was-different-from-other-peoples/.
Note on the Featured image:
This is an actual photo of Einstein’s brain, which was preserved in formalin by pathologist Thomas Harvey after Einstein’s death in 1955. A new study of this photo and others of Einstein’s brain reveal an unusually complex pattern of convolutions in the prefrontal cortex, which is important for abstract thinking. Photo via the National Museum of Health and Medicine in Silver Spring, Maryland. (Byrd)