In <Author’s First and Last Name>’s <opinion piece | op-ed | editorial | news analysis | essay…>, <add url to the text> <“Complete Title,” > from <The New York Times | Austin News | or another publication…> (<Month, Day, Year>), the author <is trying to tell us that… | seems to be making the argument that… | explains how… | explains that… | explains why… | talks about why… and how… | summarizes the idea that… | is trying to get the point across that… | discusses how… | states that…> <In two or three sentences, summarize in your own words exactly what the author says is happening and why this is either a problem or something to celebrate.>

<Author’s Last Name> uses ethos to support <his | her> claim in paragraph <specific number> when <he |she> states, “<Transcribe a sentence or two from the article your are analyzing.><This sentence establishes | These sentences establish> <his | her> credibility <as | because | in that…> <she | he> <shows | explains |suggests…> that <In one or two sentences specifically explain how this author’s experience or position makes him or her a reliable source for this information.>

<Author’s Last Name> uses pathos in paragraph <specific number> when <he | she> says, “<Transcribe a sentence or two from the article you are analyzing.>” This is basically saying <In one or two sentences, re-state the quotation in your own words.> This uses pathos <for it seems… | because… | in that… | as…> most readers would feel <adjective expressing a strong emotion>, thinking about <Summarize what the author describes that would probably bring out this feeling in a reader.> This makes readers  <adjective to describe a feeling>. and it might make them want to <Describe a response most readers would have.>

<Author’s Last Name> uses logos to support <his | her> claim in paragraph <specific number> when <she | he> says, “<Transcribe a sentence or two from the article you are analyzing.>” This is basically saying that <In one or two sentences, re-state the quotation in your own words.> <Add a sentence or two more saying exactly what these facts are intended to make the reader understand.>

Most readers would <completely | mostly | only half | partially> <agree | disagree> with <Author>‘s point of view.  If you’ve ever <Describe an experience or position — an ethos reason — that would make most people agree or disagree with the author.> The fact that the author addresses <Re-state the author’s experience that provides his or her ethos reason.> This helped show <Explain exactly why this experience demonstrates what it does to most readers.>

<Author’s Last Name> is convincing when <he | she> says that <Re-state the author’s main claim in his/her article.> However, <his | her> argument would have been stronger if <he | she> had <Describe what else the author might have included — either logos-facts or pathos-emotional appeal — that seem to be missing.> Overall, <Author’s First and Last Name>s argument is <mostly | barely | completely | not at all> effective.


CC BY-SA 4.0 Ethos, Pathos, and Logos by Paul is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike 4.0 International License.

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CC BY-SA 4.0All work on Youth Voices is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike 4.0 International License


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