Central Idea

The <first/second/third… twenty-third…> chapter in <Title of The Book> is a very important chapter because it gives the reader <finish this sentence by identifying an important literary element found in this chapter>. The main character, <Name or description of the main character> <summarize what he/she does in this chapter and with whom>. These things are told through <add the literary technique used> and show the reader <explain the meaning behind the story. Say what the big idea or theme is in this chapter>. In chapter <put a number here> of <The Title> by <Author’s Name>, the author shows the reader the central idea: <State the theme of this chapter in one clear sentence.>


In Chapter <put a number here> <Name or description of the main character> <Retell or summarize in your own words every important thing that the main character does ant things that happen to him/her.>


There <are many different/only one/ just a few> settings in Chapter <put a number here> of <Title of the Book>. The setting of Chapter <put a number here> <changes/doesn’t change>, showing the reader <different times and places/the same time and place/only a few different times and places>. The <Name or description of the main character> <describe what he/she does ain one of the settings>. <Describe that setting: the people, buildings, environment and more>. <Write another sentence describing more details of the setting(s) of this chapter of the book>. <Describe one important item in this setting> remind(s) the reader <explain what this one item from the setting might help the reader to understand or appreciate>.

In <identify another part in this chapter>, the author shows the reader <describe the details of this second setting, showing how it might make a reader feel>. <Explain details from this setting to show why a reader might feel this way>. Again <describe something that is similar in both the first and second settings>. This tells the reader that <connect the setting to the theme or big idea of this chapter>.

After <identify another part in this chapter>, the reader is shown a very <different/similar> kind of setting. This setting appears to be <describe the details of this third setting and what it makes a reader feel>. <Give more details about the setting>. This setting is much <use an adjective to compare this setting with the first two> than the setting of <identify the setting your are comparing it to>.  It is here that the <Name or description of the main character> <explain something important that the main character does in this setting, and say why it is significant>.


The author of <Title of the Book>, <Author’s Name>, grew up in <City/State/Country>. <She/He> studied <subject(s)> in school, and became <say more about how he/she became a writer>.  <She/He> has <written/created> many <add the genre or kinds of books he/she writes> books and won awards like <name any awards he/she may have won> for <his/her> <writing/art>. <Author’s Last Name> is well-known for <his/her> <Add a quote here from a source you use in our research about the author>.” (<Name of Source Writer, page where you quoted from>). <Author’s Last Name> used his own experiences of <add two or three sentences about how the author’s life is reflected in his/her writing/art>. <Author’s Last Name> wanted to “<Add another quote about what the author’s purpose was in creating the book you have been reading>” (< Name of Source Writer, page where you quoted from>), instead of <make clear how this is something unusual>.

Literary Elements

The <images/dialogue/point-of-view/description/language/details…> on page <add specific page number>, offer the reader another example of <identify a theme or big idea that you wrote about in an earlier section of this essay>. While <Name or description of the main character> in this chapter, <describe something that he/she does>, <Name or description fo another character in this chapter> <describe something different that happens to this character> This chapter clearly shows <him/her> <describe what happens to this character and why this is important>.

There are many symbols in this chapter that help support the central idea that <state the big idea or theme again>.  While <Name or description of the main character> <describe the main thing he/she does in this chapter> because of <explain his/her reasons for his/his actions>. <Name of another character in the book> <describe what he/she does and why>.

<Describe something connected to the second character that symbolizes something important> can represent <state what this symbol represents> because <explain why you interpret this symbol the way you do>. The fact that <describe something else that happens with this character and the symbolic object> symbolizes <explain more about the big idea behind this symbol>. <Give more details about the object you have identified in this paragraph>. This shows <explain more about this symbol and why it is important>.

<Describe another detail or object form the chapter> looks similar to <compare that object to another important detail in this chapter> the reader will see later in this chapter, when <explain why this is important to any of the characters in this chapter>.

Wrap Up

Chapter <put a number here> is a very <important/exciting/revealing… think of an adjective that fits here> part of <Title of the Book>. The author begins to show the reader <state the big idea or theme here>. <Author’s First and Last Name> uses the symbols in this chapter to show that <explain the main idea more and what the author opinion seems to be>. <Finish this with three or four sentences explaining what you learned about the big idea or theme of this chapter>.

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