According to NBC News the “National Popular Vote Interstate Compact” is an agreement that 15 states and the District of Columbia have joined so far. These states have agreed to give their electoral college votes to whichever presidential candidate wins the popular vote. The states that have joined makeup 196 electoral college votes.
The agreement will not go into effect until the states that have joined make up 270 or more electoral votes. This way the states will vote normally until the compact would have the voting power to decide the president based on the popular vote. The compact is supported mostly by democrats but some republicans also support it most notably former RNC chair Michael Steele.
According to the American Bar, the electoral college is mandated in the constitution which makes abolishing it directly very difficult and unlikely. “The National Archives reports that over the past 200 years more than 700 proposals have been introduced in Congress to reform or eliminate the Electoral College – without any becoming law.” However there is some room to work with outside of amending the constitution. It is possible that states could change how their electors vote (this is what makes what the article above discusses possible).
The supreme court could rule who gets to decide on how electors vote. Any path to change the electoral college will be a long and difficult process but it is possible. The National Popular Vote Interstate Compact seems to be the most feasible option for reform to the electoral college currently.
It is very realistic that enough states will join the compact so that eventually the compact will have 270 electoral votes. The biggest obstacle is having the compact approved. According to Vox, “There is a real risk, in other words, that a Supreme Court dominated by Republicans would strike down the National Popular Vote Compact even if it receives congressional approval.”Tags: electoral college Judge Memorial Catholic High School popular vote voting