Over the last decade or so, America and many other countries in the Atlantic have been ravaged by monster hurricanes. These storms have caused billions of dollars of damage and have displaced millions of people. Scientists are beginning to question whether or not these hurricanes are a natural phenomenon or if these storms are another negative affect of global warming. In an article by Jerry Kluger, “Global Warming: The Culprit? Evidence Mounts That Human Activity is Helping Fuel These Monster Hurricanes” he says that the amount of category 4 and 5 storms has increase significantly and the amount of category 1 and 2 storms have decreased. In annotations, Scientists say that climate change can be said to intensify the power of a hurricane, but there is no evidence pointing to climate change increasing the number of hurricanes. While many believe that climate change has nothing to do with hurricanes, climate change is providing the prime conditions for hurricanes to gain intensity and power.
In his article, Kluger says that “It is believed that warmer sea-surface temperatures cause the increase in hurricane intensity.” The intensifying cycle begins with heat provided by the sun. The sea and the atmosphere begin to warm and absorbs this heat energy from the sun. This moisture makes it’s way into the upper atmosphere and condenses as it comes into contact with the cooler temperatures. Global warming has intensified this process by heating the surface temperatures of the ocean and providing more fuel for these hurricanes. If you think about it, global warming provides prime conditions for these hurricanes to pick up strength and intensity. Hurricanes run off of warm water and condensation that they pick up from ocean surfaces and eventually dump this water out. Our oceans are warming at alarming rates due to climate change. This warming pattern provides more warm water for hurricanes to run on.
Many people say that climate change has very little effect on the intensity of storms in the Atlantic. Some scientists say that Hurricane Katrina gained intensity over a patch of deep warm water in the Gulf of Mexico, which was not representative of an overall change in temperature of the sea. In Kluger’s article he says that “this is supported by saying that global warming only impacts the surface waters, something that hurricanes likely displace. If only the surface is warm, hurricanes would decrease in intensity by coming in contact with cool deeper waters. These scientists suggest Katrina found deeper warm water by chance.”
Despite these claims, there is enough evidence to say that global warming is having a major impact on the intensity of hurricanes. 2005 was the first year that we could actually rank hurricanes with the alphabet because we had so many category 4 and 5 hurricanes. In 2017 alone, three category four hurricanes made landfall in the USA. This can’t just be a coincidence. We must use our technology to better predict the causes and effects these hurricanes may have and take major precautions in protecting against the monster storms, considering that they are one of the most common natural disasters in America.Tags: Climate Change environment Global Warming Hurricanes