May 16, 2022


NFL to Hire More Diverse Coaches

This article regarding NFL coaches titled, “NFL to Hire More Diverse Coaches” states plenty of information individuals need to know about the lack of diverse coaches. Have you ever noticed that in the NFL we usually see male coaches who are usually of the race white? This has been a major issue in the NFL because there is little few to no coaches who are of color. The main issue is that coaches being hired are usually of higher level and have more to offer. However, we need to start seeing a change in the coaches because women are barely coaches and do not have a chance as much as a male.

What do you think about the diversity of coaches in the NFL?

In my opinion, it should be explained more about the diversity of coaches in the NFL. I feel there are fewer chances for females and people of color to get NFL coach jobs. I think there should definitely be changes made in the next years.

High School Stress

I discovered in the article “The Coming Break” that high school students should not be concerned about their final exams. This is true since stress can cause you to operate less efficiently and have an impact on how you handle other things. Stress may also cause the body (brain) to perform poorly during the finals. They gave some suggestions of how to lessen stress, such as drinking less caffeine and resting more to prepare for the finals.

What do you think about finals?

More stress-relieving options, in my opinion, is a good thing. It must be excruciating to be under such duress. A 5-minute stroll is an example of a stress-relieving activity. It’s also a good idea to get enough sleep before the finals. Now that winter break is approaching, students may want some stress-reduction strategies in order to do well on tests and finals.

Driverless Cars?

Amitai Bin-Nun favors the idea of driverless cars being a good idea in the essay “Are Driverless Cars A Good Idea,” whereas Ashley Nunes opposes it. According to Bin-Nun, self-driving cars will benefit the environment by reducing traffic congestion, driving more efficiently, and lowering pollutants. Persons who are disabled or older people who are unable to drive safely may benefit from self-driving automobiles. Others who do not know how to drive may benefit from it as well. Bin-Nun claims that it can make roads safer, claiming that more than 36,500 people died on them in 2018. Nunes opposes the concept of self-driving automobiles because machines are imperfect and have weaknesses. They, like people, are capable of making mistakes.She detailed how a 40-year-old man was murdered by a self-driving car after colliding with a truck. She argues that we should not put our reliance in our automobiles to drive themselves throughout our lives.

Do you believe that self-driving cars will become a reality?

I believe that having a driverless automobile would be beneficial since I am familiar with numerous scenarios where individuals are driving home late at night and become weary, and they can sleep behind the wheel. It has the potential to make roadways safer and prevent accidents. However, I am aware that machines are flawed and that we should not rely on them for control. I believe that driverless cars are a fantastic concept if they can develop automobiles that are safe and make no mistakes.

Rise of A.I.

In the article, “The Rise of A.I.” (Upfront login required) I learned that we interact with A.I. regularly. A.I. has both benefits and detriments. Although A.I. can provide informations or solutions faster than humans which has the potential to help improve the world, it has faced intense criticism. People are beginning to wonder if A.I. will do more harm than good. A.I. tracks and collects massive amounts of data on consumers. Anyone that has a cellphone has already had data consumed by A.I.. This is because A.I. tries to learn patterns of human behavior. Many people see this as an issue and it explains why many people are worried about the future of A.I.

What is your perspective on A.I.?

Personally, I think A.I. is both a good thing and bad thing. The future of A.I. must make many people nervous when thinking about it. The topic of A.I. can stress people out which is a reasonable feeling. I hope that A.I. is only used for positive things and not for immoral purposes.

Actor Makes History at Oscars

In the article it proves how one actor can make a difference. Troy Kotsur is the second deaf actor to receive an Oscar for acting. He wanted to prove that anyone can be anything disregarding the challenges they face. He wanted to inspire future deaf actors and actresses in the future. In a movie he starred in, it’s on an entire family who is deaf… except for one daughter. What he likes about this movie is that the family is not portrayed as limited or as victims. He likes that it shows the family just like any other hearing family.

Do you like what they are doing with this method?

In my opinion, I find it amazing that he was given that opportunity. Taking into consideration how many people with disabilities are “limited” they’re opportunities. I like the fact that they are showing how people with disabilities are not any less or different than people who don’t have any.

Bidens Response to Ukraine wanting the U.S. help

In the article, “Ukraine Asks for More Help and Biden Responds” I learned that Ukraine President Volodymyr Zelensky is asking for help from the whole world as they face dangerous missiles of which thousands have been fired at them by Russia already. He also asks for help from the U.S. but bidens response was that they would not send troops but continue to support them with food and military equipment. Biden also stated that he would also continue to apply harsh economic sanctions against Russia.

Do you agree with Biden’s decision in his effort to help Ukraine?

I think what is happening right now in Ukraine is very unfortunate. There have been many people that are innocent and have lost their lives because of the damages that the war has done. Although Russia thought they’d takeover easily Ukraine has been showing resistance.

Ukraine Asks for More Help and Biden Responds

This article, “Ukraine Asks for More Help and Biden Responds” explains the horrific events that are occurring in Ukraine involving the war between Russia and Ukraine. Russia has already fired more than a thousand missiles at Ukraine and has also used bombs and drones to murder Ukrainians. This issue is being compared to Pearl Harbor. Zelensky is not only asking for help from the United States but from the whole world.

Do you think that Biden should get involved?

I think that it is sad what is going on in Ukraine. However, it is important to keep in communication with each other since people are having to flee their homes and leave Ukraine. I also feel it is important for the United States to help Ukraine with this issue. Many innocent lives are being stripped from individuals due to this conflict occurring.


In the article, “Mental Health” (Youth voices, Nyalok) I learned that mental health is one of the most important aspects of living. If you have low mental health, everything else around you starts to feel like it’s falling apart. For many, they start having a decline in how well they’re doing at school or maybe at their job. This is why it is important to keep your mental health at a good stage. An important part of your mental health is valuing yourself as a person and being able to make mistakes and gain accomplishments.

I can agree keeping your mental health at a good point is one of the most crucial parts of living your life. At some point, everyone has hit rock bottom. But there is always a way to be back on top and to continue striving as long as you get the help you need to encourage you to keep striving.

How do you get yourself back in a good mood?

Inspiring Women: Frida Kahlo and Malala Yousafzai

Today I would like to introduce Frida Kahlo and Malala Yosuafzai, and I would like to give you some information about both of them. To start, Frida Kahlo was a Mexican woman who  had a Tranvia accident at the age of 18. Tranvia was the bus company in her city. At the age 6 she had a disease, poliomyelitis. Another important detail is that she started doing self portraits about the pain she was having in her body. Now I would like to talk about Malala Yosuafzai, a young woman who was born in Mingora, Pakistan. She is a woman who was fighting for women’s rights and for their education. However, Malala was shot by a soldier of the age 15, and she survived.

When we compare Frida Kahlo to Malala Yosuafzai, it becomes clear that both of them want to be independent, and have rights for womens. Frida and Malala are similar in that they are really intense. While Frida and Malala are both unique, there are several differences between them, including Frida had two big accidents and Malala was attacked by a soldier. One difference is that Frida Kahlo is more known in the whole world, and Malala became famous more recently. By comparing Frida Kahlo to Malala Yosuatzai, I learn that both of them want the similarity to get women right and also by women having their voice.

Biden will travel to Europe next week for an extraordinary NATO meeting.

This article talked about Biden’s trip to Europe next week, including meetings with NATO and the European Union. Biden is visiting to reaffirm his firm support of Ukraine. Zelensky will also request that Congress send additional aid in a virtual address on Wednesday morning. The European Union and NATO should also discuss viable peace options at their meeting.

See my comments on this article:

A guide to what Russia and Ukraine want from talks- and where the red lines are

This article talked about the demands of both sides in Ukraine-Russia negotiations. Russia demands a guarantee that Ukraine will never join NATO, and also would like Ukraine to recognize the independence of the Donetsk and Luhansk Peoples’ Republics as well as Crimea. Ukraine would like an immediate cease-fire and retreat of troops, and says it would take a long-term pause on future NATO membership if they got security guarantees from the United States and other countries. The establishment of humanitarian evacuation corridors still remains a contentious issue, as Russia promised to respect them but their soldiers still continue to shell and shoot, killing refugees in this area. Zelensky believes that the negotiations recently have gone well, signaling that an end to the war may come soon.

See my comments on this article:

To protect Black women and save America from itself, elect Black women

America has given women the right to vote through the 19th Amendment, yet there are still many obstacles that women of color face, specifically Black women. There has been a lack of representation in America’s political system, which does more harm than good for the future. In recent years, Black women have been rising to the top. But with these actions, comes inequity, racism, harassment, and many more devastating factors. Any given situation, Black women have to bear the most burdens and have the hardest lives to live.

Even though the odds are against them, Black women are tuning into their Blackness and chasing after their dreams, even with all the limitations. Nowadays, we see a lot more Black women holding political office and it’s inspiring. Racial inequality was measured to be more of a pressing issue than the economy; the economy combined with the wealth gap would have tied racial inequality at the top of issues in America (voted by Black women/other officials).

Take a look at the comments on my research:

What Does Too Much Screen Time Do to Children’s Brains?

At a young age exposing your child to screen can cause numerous harmful effects such as: behavioral, social, sleep, vision, physical, and weight problems.

When children are glued to a screen in their early development they aren’t aware of those around them and their surroundings, and because they’re not watching social cues they’re aren’t able to process no-verbal cues. As well as using these devices for them are an addiction and they feed off of these screens when they don’t have them they suffer from withdrawal and have aggression and angry outburst when they are not using these devices. Also, studies have shown that children who use these at a young age also have attention issues because they’re not receiving the same stimulation from physical interaction as they are from the screens. In addition, they also don’t know how to interact with others in person because of their screen time and they don’t like interacting with others because of the awkwardness and uncomfortable that it brings and would rather be on a screen and limit their interactions with others dramatically.

Screens emit blue light which is the equivalent to daylight when a child looks at a screen before bed it stimulates and wakes up their brain which causes troubles sleeping because their minds and their brain activity are running at peak speed which is not optimal for sleep. So even though when they turn off their screen their brains are still working and it doesn’t allow them to sleep. “Sleep is essential for the healthy development of a child’s brain, affecting learning, memory, emotions, behaviors, and overall mental health.” So when these screens mess up their sleep patterns it also takes a toll on their mental health as the brain is still so vulnerable and susceptible to change. Along with sleep issues having a screen inches away from a child’s face strains their eyesight some of these symptoms include: burning, itchy and tired eyes. Blue light is also very damaging to the retinal cells which can cause macular degeneration which is not curable and will last for the rest of the child’s life, causing severe blurry vision.

The small devices for children cause children to hunch over a screen and it can hurt their postures. A spine stops developing at the age of 18 so from 18 years of a child’s life hunching over it can cause a weak spine and can cause back problems for the rest of their lifetime. As well as the lighting of the screens can cause headaches and even migraine problems later in their life as well. In addition to spinal issues screens promote a sedentary lifestyle and can cause weight problems like childhood obesity. Childhood obesity can lead to other health problems later in life such as joint problems, diabetes, and heart disease. When children are focused on a screen and snack watching or playing on a screen they are not conscious of what they’re eating and don’t have control over how much they eat which can lead to weight gain over a long period of time.

What’s Next?

Executive Director
Atlantic Ventures
The Atlantic
ATTN: Hayley Romer
60 Madison Avenue
6th Floor: The Atlantic
New York, NY 10010

Dear Brad Girson:

I’m writing to you about The Massacre of Black Wall Street: Graphic Novel. I am a student at the U School and we have been learning about the history of Black Wall Street. I learned about how white mobs destroyed Black Wall Street and also killed and imprisoned most of the residents there over 19-year-old Dick Rowland who supposedly assaulted Sarah Page, A 17-year-old white elevator operator.

First, I would like to share my reactions after reading and annotating the HBO Watchmen Sponsored partnership production, The Massacre of  Black Wall Street: Graphic Novel (The Atlantic) Something that stood out to me was how the police were kinda being sexist and didn’t really care for what the woman was saying but in your graphic novel it said, “No one knows what Page told the police”. Which I think hinted that she said a black man ( 19-year-old Dick Rowland ) which got the police attention.

In addition, from our reading and research, I learned some important social and economic conditions that existed in 1921 that connect to our present-day, 2021. In History.comEntrepreneurs Who Helped Build  Tulsa’s ‘Black Wall Street’,  Entrepreneurs Who Helped Build Tulsa’s ‘Black Wall Street I learned about O.W. Gurley the founder of Greenwood. He was born to freed slaves in Alabama, And became the owner of a general store in Perry, Oklahoma, And moved to Tusla where he became rich with oil and decided to sell residential and commercial plots to African Americans becoming a historical figure as the founder of Greenwood and inspiration to black entrepreneurs.

Lastly, I would like to ask a question about The Massacre of Black Wall Street: Graphic Novel. If Dick Rowland was never in the elevator with Sarah Page do you think The Massacre of Black Wall Street would still happen with a different scenario?


Jaylen CR

P.S. you should write back to me because I’m interested in what’s next… 

What if Dick Rowland Could Tell His Side of the Story?

Executive Director
Atlantic Ventures
The Atlantic
ATTN: Hayley Romer
60 Madison Avenue
6th Floor: The Atlantic
New York, NY 10010

Dear Brad Girson:

I’m writing to you about the Massacre of the black wall street  Graphic Novel . I am representing the voice of Dick Rowland . 

I , Dick Rowland, was accused of assaulting a white woman. I am here to inform you this ruined my reputation because I am a black male and the information was only one sided .  

First I would like to say I was detained and beaten. I was scared and devastated ,  in the state of Oklahoma police wanted to silence me and thought I should not be heard because I am a black male. And my version of the story  should be believed. I have a voice to use . 

The whole state accused me of assaulting a white woman and when i tried using my only weapon i had to use was my mouth i was silenced by the police they didn’t bother to hear me or even  question . The police just tried to bring the white woman to light . While the police brought the news to light nobody believed me except one person whose name was Dr .  Alicia Odewale. Dr. Odewale was an Assistant professor at the University of Tulsa . She was African American so she knew the struggle and how it was to be labeled as a victim without proof and justice ! Dr. Odewale wanted  to make a change and I continued to help her . 

I would like to question the state of Oklahoma,because even though I am colored I have a voice to use. I want to ask should I be able to speak up for what I believe in?


Dick Rowland

P.S. I know I’m dead, but I would still appreciate it if you write me back.

Career in Retail

In the article, “CAREERS: Retail” (btw) I learned that if you like to hang out and shop a career that would stand out is retail. If you choose to go into retail there is no formal experience needed all you need is to land your first retail job. The retail industry has a very wide range of jobs that can make it easy but confusing. Some examples to illustrate their situation are 4.8 million of these jobs in 2016, with predicted job growth of 2 percent per year between 2016 and 2026 which is slower than average. The median 2018 pay for a retail sales position was $24,340 per year.

I think retailing for a career can be a good experience and opportunity for people. It won’t be hard to get into and the job can involve interaction with people so your social skills will continue to grow. However, you have to keep in mind that with these jobs you may not be permitted to travel or take time off during holidays.

Would you consider Retail for your future career?

Tensions Rising between Russia and Ukraine

Ukraine has tried establishing alliances with Western nations. Russia on the other hand has tried to maintain a relationship with Ukraine. In 2014, Russian forces occupied Dubas, a southeastern Ukrainian region that borders Russia. Ukraine’s independent government has resisted Russian annexations. With this being known, there has been a rise in the death of civilians resulting from the conflict between Russia and Ukraine. In 2021, Russia has sent 100,000 troops to the Russian-Ukraine border.

Russian tanks and guns have set their training ground 186 miles close to the border, it says in the text that they can invade Ukraine in the next few months. But according to Ukrainian President “Volodymyr Zelensky,” there was a plot to overthrow his government. Russia says they have done anything but wrong. The tensions rose because NATO gave weapons to Ukraine which threatens Russia’s security. Ukraine has built up its own military in a show of aggression against Russia. President Biden warned Russia if they invade Ukraine, the White House is prepared to retaliate with harsh economic consequences.

What do you think Biden should do?

How to steal an Election legally

From a video that I saw was, “What is Gerrymandering?” (Upfront Log in required), it explains of what the process of Gerrymandering is and how does it work in voting. Gerrymandering is a process of which a political party manipulates the electoral district boundaries by changing the boundaries to give themselves an advantage by more representatives while giving the opponents a disadvantage before the voting. This has been going on since 1812 where Gerrymandering was named after a politician named Elbridge Gerry. He redrew the district lines in Massachusetts to gain benefits for his own party, and it was so complicated and complex that a satire cartoon was made to ridicule Gerry’s actions resembling his redrawn district lines as a salamander. In the modern days, Gerrymandering has developed to be more precise and more complex information thanks to technology. It’s has been a very long controversy as may people argue that it is unfair.

<meta charset=”utf-8″>Is it really that unfair to the point that it damages the political system and Democracy?

Well, if we are going to talk about morality, then yes, it is considered unfair because it gives them more power against the opponent by redrawing the district lines to have more representatives in their political party. But it has been an ongoing loophole during the nineteenth century as redistricting is a part of a political system. So that means that Gerrymandering is considered legal and both parties could do it. I’m genuinely curious of what are your thoughts about this.

bodega dreams

This story is about a boy named Julio and he didn’t  want to be called his real name any more, so he went to school and fought to get a nickname and also he looked a little Chinese so he got the nickname “Chino”.

The first section of Bodega Dreams by Ernesto Quinonez might leave a reader feeling surprised because all Julio wanted to get a nickname and didn’t want to be called his real name any more. An example of this is on paragraph 16.  “to have a name other than the one your parents had given you meant you had status in school, had status on your block. You were somebody. If anyone called you by your real name you were un mamao, a useless, meaningless thing. It meant that you hadn’t proved yourself, it was open season for anybody who wanted to kick your ass. It was Sapo who taught me that it didn’t matter if you lost the fight, only that you never backed down. The more guys that saw you lose fights without ever backing down, the better. This didn’t mean you were home free, it simply meant bigger guys would think twice before starting something with you.” This is very crazy because… Julio thinks that you can only get a nickname by fighting and being a thug. So far, the themes in Bodega Dreams might remind a reader of another story. In “On the Sidewalk Bleeding” by Evan Hunter Andy was in a gang and someone stabbed him and he was left in an alley alone and he finally realized that being in a gang is not too cool.

After this part of the book, most readers probably will be looking forward to reading the rest of this book because this book is very interesting and it has a big message for the youth. What’s probably going to happen next is that Bodega will try to take over and have everyone in the barrio selling drugs for him.

The Eulogy of Malcolm X

The funeral of Malcolm X took place in Faith Temple Church Of God in Harlem. Ossie Davis delivered the eulogy. Ossie Davis was an actor. There were thousands of people at the funeral. They came because he supported black nationalism. 

“Malcolm had become an Afro-American and he wanted-so desperately-that we, that all his people,would become Afro-Americans too.”

Hearing this quote just made me realize that he was so important to people because he wanted people to call themselves as Afro-Americans instead of all the bad words they keep calling the black people over the past decade. 

Another quote that stuck out to me from Malcolm X’s eulogy was “it is not in the memory of man that this beleaguered unfortunate but nonetheless proud community has found a braver, more gallant young champion than this Afro- American who lies before us – unconquered still, Malcolm had stopped being a Negro years ago.”  

Seeing this quote again, I see how It opens my eyes because this quote is saying that Malcom didn’t want to be Negro or be called that anymore. He wanted bigger than that since that word was too weak for him so he wanted people to call themselves Afro-American, something they are.  Now keeping this in mind, the speaker agree with me because many black people were tired of hearing this word “Negro” over and over again which was rude , something they are telling people to see them as african american not just a slur word. 

Another quote that surprised me was something Ossie Davis said “Malcolm was our manhood, our living black manhood, this was his meaning to his people.” This surprised me because at one point, Malcom wanted his people to have the complete separation of African Americans from whites .It really shows he proposed that African Americans should be returned to Africa. “However we may have differed with him- or with each other about him and his value as  a man – let his going from us serve only to bring us together now.’’ Basically even if some of the blacks don’t agree with him or them with him it brings them all together to fight back for the black community. 

I think this speech brings a lot of people together to know that racism must be stopped once and for all and be equally right, for people not to see us for the color of our skin or where we come from. We want more than that.


I believe that teachers have a negative impact on student lives such as bad teachers and toxic environments such as school and or parish. We all know that kids will always remember their favorite teacher or administrator but we all remember that one teacher and or administrator that completely ruined school and had such a negative impact. Now these teachers shouldn’t be teachers and I will explain why I think so.

The reason I say these words is because these teachers in a way made us feel as if we were stuipd as if we felt targeted in a way or were flat out not to usel. We have these teachers that we could never go up to because they made us feel this type of fear of going up to them or such as asking a question and the teachers not really even explaining the sleeves instead of helping they just blow them off. But on top of that teachers don’t care about mental or physical health. Evey teacher as always said that they were a teenager once which is true but i feel like as if being a teenager in there time was different and the way we dealt with things were different we were taught differently 

A statement I found that can help prove that bad teachers affect lives. according to this article about how math teacher shows’ that lack willing to teach and and try showed adults in their 30’s and 40’s, were still convinced that they were bad at math due to experiences they had in their formative years. It was too late to change their minds”. This shows the impact I had on students 20- to 30 years out of school that they still don’t believe is good.

Why Leadership Skills Are Important

Ever since I was very young I hated people telling me what to do which is why I have always wanted to be my own person and boss. I think that learning leadership skills are very beneficial for people because it shows them how to act on their own and build communities. According to the article I read called “The Importance Of Learning Leadership at a Young Age” some benefits of learning how to be a leader are that it gives you better problem-solving skills “They must look at all the variables, opportunities, and resources available and find a creative solution”. If we focus on developing these skills from a young age then I think that it would greatly benefit our younger generation to have a better mindset of what they can and can not do.

Just by listening to what they have to say I can improve their trust in me and build a better relationship. I also think that learning to handle my failure better will help me become more confident and will allow me to make mistakes. One of the main benefits that come from learning how to be a leader in the team-building skills and communication skills you get because in order to be a leader you have to be able to communicate with everyone. I also believe that learning how to be a leader is important because it takes discipline, listening, and you have to be able to learn from your mistakes. According to the University of The People, it is important to be there for your people “good leaders are open to hearing feedback, criticism, and suggestions from their team members. This helps them to learn from their past errors”.

Are leadership skills important for you? Do you work on developing them?

In conclusion, I believe that learning leadership is a very important thing that we all should be at least somewhat familiar with. If you learn how to become a leader then you learn how to listen better, how to empower people, how to learn from your mistakes, and how to be okay with your imperfections. Being a leader isn’t only about showing people what to do, it is also about learning how to be there for others when they need someone. 

Source Cited

“The Importance of Learning Leadership at a Young Age – Communities in Schools.” Communities In Schools – Jacksonville, 29 Oct. 2020,

“Why Is Leadership Important for a Great Life.” University of the People, 16 Feb. 2020,

Zoos do more harm than good

Humans have been displaying animals for entertainment for thousands of years. Zoos are overall great for people; being up close with creatures from all over the world that you’d normally never get to see. But when it comes to the animals, more harm is caused to them than good. These establishments should be eradicated or have different standards set for the wellbeing of the animals. 

The general goal of zoos is to educate people about the animals living there, but they are inhuman and bad for the animals. An article on KQED discusses the pros and cons of zoos, saying that not all zoos are equal. Some are clean, well kept, and humane, whereas others are unsanitary and cruel. Though some zoos work on animal conservation, rehabilitation, and education, they are few and far between. 

There is more bad than good in zoos all over the world. And there are many downsides to zoos which is reflected in the animals’ health. Captivity can be both physically and psychologically damaging for animals. Another article by PETAUK discusses the fact that “UK zoos and safari parks are on average 100 times smaller than the minimum home range for animals in their natural habitats” and along with this the stress and under-stimulation that animals have been put under causes “self-destructive behavior” such as pacing, walking in tight circles, rocking, swaying, or self-mutilation. And well, trying to conceal their distressed zookeepers will give the animals antidepressants, tranquilizers, or antipsychotic drugs. This issue is just one of the countless faced by zoo animals, other large issues deal with animals being taken from their homes, cages not stopping extension, failure to meet a minimum standard of care, and animals being trained to perform tricks. Zoos are not meant for the safety and care of animals but they are rather prisons denying freedom and fair treatment to these animals. 

In the long run zoos are more harmful than helpful to animals and there must be something larger done to stop the inhumane treatment of these amazing creatures in zoos worldwide. 


Lartaud, Derek. “Are Zoos Good or Bad for Animals?: KQED Education.” KQED, 1 Oct. 2019,

“9 Reasons Not to Visit Zoos.” PETA UK, 26 Apr. 2021,

“Ethics – Animal Ethics: Animals for Entertainment.” BBC, BBC,

Medical Marijuanas

There is an epidemic running rampant throughout our country. This disease and crisis have claimed the lives of at least 400,000 people since 1999. This epidemic is the disease of opioid addiction and abuse. The opioid epidemic has taken over American’s of all ages, backgrounds, and races, and it is our job to get in front of the problem and control it. The debate over the effects of opioids has fluctuated in the medical world for decades. On one hand, many medical professionals and alternative medicine advocates believe there are other effective pain management treatments.

According to the U.S. National Library of Medicine opioid addiction is defined as “a long-lasting (chronic) disease that can cause major health, social, and economic problems. Opioids are a class of drugs that act on the nervous system to produce feelings of pleasure and pain relief.” When an opioid is ingested, the drug latches on to the brain receptors thus providing pain relief. However, opioids can also be used in positive ways. These drugs have been commonly used to treat postoperative pain, cancer pain, and burns. 

Now the tricky questions begin to arise. Should we ban it? How can we regulate the prescription rates? How do we define “chronic pain”?

Dr. Peter Abaci, one of the world’s leading experts on pain management and integrative medicine, states that “There is a lot more to pain management than just medication, even when it comes to treating postoperative pain.”  He claims that there are many other alternative pain management methods such as meditation, massage, and acupuncture. Since the beginning of time humans have been seeking ways to manage their chronic pain. According to the Johns Hopkins School of Medicine, there is a happy medium between synthetic drug treatment and alternative treatment. Combining the use of synthetic drugs mixed with alternative treatments can reduce the risk of addiction due to prescription drugs. They have found that successful forms of alternative medicine include meditation, acupuncture, massage, homeopathy, naturopathy, herbal supplements, Ayurveda, and chiropractic therapy. 

Another alternative medicine treatment is medical marijuana. According to The National Institute on Drug Abuse, medical marijuana has been shown to treat medical conditions such as epilepsy, cancer pain, anorexia, anxiety, depression, HIV/AIDS, substance abuse, and multiple sclerosis. They also note that “The U.S. Food and Drug Administration (FDA) has not recognized or approved the marijuana plant as medicine.” However, as research into this topic is being conducted the NIDA states that “the scientific study of the chemicals in marijuana called cannabinoids has led to two FDA-approved medications in pill form, dronabinol, and nabilone, used to treat nausea and boost appetite.” Aside from the NIDA, there are many medical marijuana activists and advocates who believe that medical marijuana is a safe, natural alternative to prescribed opioid medication.

Hispanic Heritage Month

In the article “Hispanic Heritage Month” (btw) I learned that Hispanic heritage month is from September 15 to October 15 and it’s a day where Hispanics could celebrate and recognize the contributions, cultures, and traditions of Hispanic Americans. We could recognize Hispanic heroes. The date begins on the 15 because it is Independence Day for Costa Rica, El Salvador, Guatemala, Honduras, and Nicaragua. September 16 is Mexican Independence Day, and Chile celebrates its independence on September 18. So as you can see all the days are very close showing us the importance of this month. Hispanics are a big majority of people now living in America and because we have contributed a lot to this country may it be financed through taxes or even through our culture or food America wouldn’t be where it is today without Hispanics.

Do you believe Hispanic Heritage Month should be celebrated?

I believe Hispanic Heritage Month is a month that should be celebrated with pride amongst our communities because it’s a month where we could be recognized for the greatness of our people.

Moral Development: A Social Domain Theory

Moral development has changed the way that people have interpreted certain things. An example of this development would be logical reasoning and understanding in dealing with circumstances, whether that be physically, mentally, or emotionally and how that has affected your development. As the role of parents in moral development has become more known, there is a social domain theory analysis including morality as different from other social ideas. Throughout adolescence, nurture drives people’s moral foundations through parental interaction and experiences. 

There are many factors that influence the role of parents in moral development. The main topic discussed in this article is the social domain theory analysis of the role of parents in moral development, which describes morality as distinct from other social concepts. Despite the fact that profound quality is built from equal social communications, both emotional and intellectual parts of parents’ interactions with their children may work with their moral development. One important aspect revealed by parents through this process is that they provide “specific feedback about the nature of children’s moral interactions and are proposed to provide a cognitive mechanism for facilitating moral development” (Smetana). Parents providing specific feedback is a very important aspect in the nature of children’s proper interconnections for our upbringing. 

Parents are the foundation from which we learn and grow in our moral developments through our interactions and experiences. An example would be parents guiding and sharing their knowledge with us as we navigate the process of college. Similarly, moral development has caused parents to encourage moral understanding of children by imparting descriptions and practical reasoning about the kid’s social world, “which may stimulate the development of more mature moral thought” (Smetana). In our social world, moral development plays a role in how we reason our way through things and encourages parents to convey these descriptions and critical reasoning through their children’s lives. Further, the conversations we have with our parents may impact how we emotionally act towards them. This is revealed by how “the affective context of the relationship may influence children’s motivation to listen to and respond to parents (Smetana). Children may feel overlooked by their parents if they feel ignored or not understood, so they change their whole attitude towards them. 

Moral development has played a significant role in forming our nuture through parental interactions and shaping the lives of many adolescents through personal experiences. The social domain theory analyzes morality as different from other social concepts. Throughout our youth, parental care drives individuals’ ethical establishments through parental association and encounters. 


Smetana, Judith. (1999). The Role of Parents in Moral Development: A Social Domain Analysis. Journal of Moral Education. 28. 311-321. 10.1080/030572499103106. (link)

Perfect is Overrated

In recent years, tech companies that run popular social media platforms have found ways to manipulate and control what people think by brainwashing their mostly teenage users through misinformation, peer pressure tactics, and harmful academic pressures. Society is like your toxic ex boyfriend. They won’t leave you alone no matter how many times you ask them to leave and they hover over you like a bee attracted to your perfume. Teenagers and Society go hand in hand. If you are a teenager in our world today there is a huge amount of societal pressure that is put on your shoulders. This feeling tends to make teenagers feel that they have “grown up” even though their brain is still developing (Scripps).

Social Media is partly to thank for this, it has a huge impact on its users, especially its young audience who are easier to manipulate. On social media there is this stigma where everything you post has to look perfect and you have to fit the mold that society wants you in. “We see perfection as a goal to strive towards, however many doctors and psychologists see it as a disease” (“Pressure to be Perfect”). Social Media has the ability to create a false reality which can lead to a toxic mindset.

Perfectionism radiates off of social media and academic pressures. This is a rapidly growing concern in today’s society. A perfectionist is “anyone who sets excessively high unrealistic goals” (“Pressure to be Perfect”). In school, there is pressure to do good and get acceptable grades. Some students push themselves to get only 100% on everything which is usually very hard to do. When those perfectionists do not meet their goal they feel as if their life is ruined and they have failed at everything. This can create severe anxiety and depression for many. Especially when applying to college, high school students think that they have to have the perfect resume to apply: Outstanding Grades and impressive extracurricular activities. This anxiety causing mindset continues while in college. There is a stereotype that you need to get all A’s in order to enter the real-world and experience a true job in your major. This is a circle that just keeps going around and around until the person is extremely worn out and doesn’t have the energy or motivation to complete school.

Peer Pressure also relates to perfectionism and the social pressure to fit in. As a teen, you experience peer pressure all the time. Teens’ brains are still developing and one of the imitate functions of this is judgement (Scripps). There is positive and negative peer pressure. Positive Peer pressure can help teens develop skills that can help them cope while going into adulthood. It could also encourage teens to participate in sports and avoid harmful behavior. On the flip side, negative peer pressure can lead teens into harmful behavior that can ruin their life especially going into college. It could introduce them to drugs, alcohol and skipping school. Just because you see all of your friends doing it does not necessarily mean that you should too.

In conclusion, the social pressure to be perfect is growing everyday. We as a population need to come together and change this toxic environment that is growing in our own heads. We can do so by staying off of social media more than we already do and being there for each other when someone is having a bad day. Societal pressures have a way of manipulating us and the people around us but we can be the ones to put a stop to this trap that society has us in.

Works Cited

“Truth about Perfectionism.” Pressure To Be Perfect,

Pediatrics. “How Peer Pressure Affects Teenagers.” Scripps Health, 10 Sept. 2021,

Space Travel Is Useless!

In the article, “YOU DECIDE Civilian Space Travel” (BTW) I learned that space travel is becoming more commercialized than ever before; the targeted group is civilians. Almost any civilian can travel to space. Space travel was only limited to astronauts; astronauts are highly educated individuals who are specially trained to travel into outer space. Only a few people are fortunate enough to become astronauts. Nowadays, a civilian with wealth & power can purchase a two-way ticket to space. The money spent on space travel could be used to solve lots of problems that are occurring here on earth, for example, starvation & helping countries adapt to climate change. Space travel can also provide an incomparable human experience; space is mesmerizing, it could change your life for the better, making you more appreciative of what you have. 

If you had the opportunity to travel to space, meaning you are wealthy, would you funnel your money (you have lots of money) toward space travel and adventure, or to being a decent human being and helping the earth by putting money toward it’s ongoing issues that we created?

I think that space travel is useless. There are many problems occurring here on earth that must be solved. It seems that we are giving up on earth. We are shifting our focus to space and the other planets when in reality, we didn’t come from space, we came from the earth; we are specifically designed to live on earth. Our earth needs help, and instead of funding space travel, or even allowing this to happen, we must fund or put this money toward these ongoing issues. We as the human race must stop being ignorant or we will pay for it, if not us, the posterity. 

Should College Athletes Be Paid?

College athletes are very talented in what they do, that is why they are in the position they are in. They train their entire lives to do what they love to do, they work incredibly hard. Because of this I believe that all college athletes should be paid a reasonable amount of money.

The first reason why I think college athletes should be paid is because of how dedicated they are to doing that. They have to work incredibly hard every day in practice in order to maintain their quality of athletic performance. The sport they play isn’t just a game to them like a lot of people think it is for them. It is their lives, for a lot of them, they don’t have anything without their athleticism and willpower.

The second reason for paying college athletes is because of the amount of popularity these athletes are getting because of how good they are. All of this attention they are getting, they even have jersey merch of themselves. They should get a part of that money for each of those jerseys sold. This is because the colleges get that money instead of the athlete, this is not right because they are the ones working for that attention from the media.

I find it kind of sad that they don’t get paid because it is hard to practice, do school work, and have a job all at the same time every day. So they should be getting paid by the game to clear up their schedule with everything that is going on in their lives.

Dance Is My Passion

I am Kerly. I am 15 years old and I am from Ecuador. The most important thing you should know about me is that I like to dance. It has been my passion since I was two years old. My whole family is from Ecuador. I grew up in La Troncal, I lived most of my life there but then two years ago, I had to move to the United States. I was born in Ecuador and I have one sister and one brother. I live with my dad because my mom is in Ecuador and part of my family is in Ecuador so for that reason, I try to travel every year on vacation to be able to see my mom and the rest of my family.

At school, I am good at Spanish and History classes. I enjoy a lot of time with my family and communicating with them and my friends. I am a particularly good dancer. I have practiced a lot since I was two years old. I think my biggest struggle in life is communicating with other people because I am too shy and I have a hard time making friends.

My family is from Ecuador but part of my family is here in New York. It’s very difficult for me to have part of my family in another country. Sometimes I feel bad about that. My whole family is very important to me and I am fortunate to have the absolute support of them and friends. My family and friends are the most important people I have and I am very happy to have them in my life. I am very grateful to God for the people I have in my life.