December 3, 2022


MLB: Hispanic Heritage Month

In the article, “Hispanic Heritage Month: Major League Baseball” (btwadmin, Sep 29, 2022) many Major League baseball teams have celebrated Hispanic heritage month in a variety of ways. For example, the Atlanta Braves have a day commemorated to recognize special Latino players and coaches. This special event is named “Los Bravos Night”, the day focused on the impact of the Hispanic and Latino community. Latinos have been increasingly participating in the MLB, roughly around 250 players out of 1,200 are of Latino descent. Great MLB players that originated from Hispanic/Latino communities are Roberto Clemente, Pedro Martinez, Mariano Rivera, Albert Pujols, and many more.

I am honestly proud of Latino MLB players for representing our Hispanic and Latino communities. New rising star players, like Juan Soto, Fernando Tatis, and Ronald Acuna, are changing the face of baseball. Baseball is America’s pastime’s greatest sport, and to see it come a long way, it has one of the most important legacies in all of the sports. 

Now that you understand a little more about Hispanic Heritage Month’s celebration around MLB, what has your favorite MLB team done to honor Hispanic Heritage Month?

Hispanic Culture

In the article, “Celebrating Hispanic Culture,” (btw, 2022) I learned that the United States celebrates Hispanic Heritage Month, from September 15 to October 15, to highlight the culture of more than 60 million people who come from a Hispanic origin. Here in the U.S, the word Hispanic began to be used after ethnicity statistics were standardized by the U.S. Office of Management and Budget. The celebration started only as a week-long celebration, but, after the impact of Hispanics in the nation and the number of them, a law was passed that declared a Hispanic celebration for a whole month. This month was specifically chosen because September 15 is independence day for 5-Latin American countries: Guatemala, Costa Rica, Nicaragua, Honduras, and El Salvador. The next day, September 16, is also independence day for Chile and Mexico. 

I believe this was an amazing celebration to bring out to the whole nation because we are given the freedom to express ourselves through our culture and highlight our backgrounds. I am a proud Hispanic and having a month that is solely focused on Hispanic culture, means I can be part of those who participate in events to demonstrate how much our culture means to us and how we want to show others that this nation is full of diversity. I also think it is important to see how other people celebrate and express their culture so we can expand our understanding and knowledge about the world and the people around us. It is good to know that our experiences, culture, and backgrounds are shared with others and together, we can represent where we come from.  

Do you come from a Hispanic background or know someone that does? What events do you think we should create to celebrate the Hispanic culture during this month? 

The Mendez Family

In the article “Hispanic Heritage Month: Sylvia Mendez” (BTW, Admin 2021), I learned how Sylvia Mendez’s parents helped to end segregation in a school located in Orange County alongside four other families. This story is not learned about often or heard about because it was one of the small battles to end segregation before the big supreme court case of Brown v.s Board. The Mendez parents tried to enter their children into a school but were turned away because of the children’s skin tone. They had to go to a school that did not care about giving them a good education but instead taught the girls how to housekeep and the boys labor jobs. The parents together helped stop the segregation when the court ruled in their favor but the transition of the schools merging was not an easy transition, especially with the Anglo parents being very upset about their children all being in the same school.

I believe that this is a very interesting story that should be brought up more because of how there are many more like it that started in a small area but are not heard of often. It is also very interesting in my opinion because the school did not try to hide how they were discriminating based on skin color the Mendez children had cousins who were a bit lighter skin than them and the school was willing to accept the cousins to the school but not the Mendez children. It is upsetting how the schools did not think that Mexican children were worth teaching and did not encourage them but instead made them feel less of a person and like they could not do something big in life. I am very glad the parents decided to fight the school on it to get their children a fair education.

Do you think this is a part of history that should be taught more?

Who Was Nominated To The California Supreme Court?

In the article, “First Latina Justice Nominated To California Supreme Court” (McGraw Hill) I learned that Governor Gavin Newsom announced the nomination of Patricia Guerrero to the California Supreme Court. This would make her the first Latina to serve in this position. Patricia Guerrero is fifty years old and is the daughter of Mexican immigrants. She attended the University of California, Berkeley, as an undergraduate and later received her law degree from Stanford Law School. The state of California has about 7.7 million women of Latin American descent. Even with such a high amount women have received no representation in their state’s Supreme Court. Having a Latina woman for the first time would give all of these women a voice and opinion. With topics and arguments relating to immigration and discrimination, this is something to which some if not all Latinas could relate.

I think that the nomination of Patricia Guerrero is essential not just to the state of California but also for the country as a whole as it demonstrates how diversity is being implemented in the Supreme Court either through race or gender. This also relates to how Ketanji Brown Jackson was nominated by President Biden to the United States Supreme Court as he promised more diversity in the judicial branch. This is a step in the right direction as it will allow different opinions and perspectives to be heard from other races and genders.

How important would this be in creating diversity in the judicial branch?

Hispanic Month

In the article, “Hispanic Heritage Month: Sylvia Mendez” (BTW) I learned that black heritage month is recognized for the history of Mexicans. This situation lets people know more about their cultures and contributions. Mexicans sometimes have hard lives and come to America hoping for a better one. Sylvia Mendez was segregated to California when it was at the lowest, they didn´t allow them to speak their own languages or separate them from the rest.

I think what is happening during this time with Hispanics is not acceptable. It must be horrible to come to a new state just to be treated the same or worst than before. Sylvia is just an example but there are many more Hispanics with the same story or even worst that’s why she met with president bush to create this month where national Hispanics were celebrated for the events they overcame and just, in general, take appreciation of their culture.

Do think Sylvia made a good decision going to bush about her idea of Hispanic heritage month?

The Bodega Dreams

Bodega Dreams by Author: Ernesto Quiñonez might leave a reader feeling terrible. Cause right after chino got home he was hearing the news on tv about a reporter being killed by someone he knows or is close to him. An example of this is on page “So I finished my drink and switched to channel 47, hoping they would give one of their own more news time. I wasn’t disappointed.’’ 

The book is about a protagonist who is caught between two worlds.The problem driving the plot seems to be Person vs society. Chino comes from a poor neighborhood. His parents were immigrants.Chino is doing what he loves to do which is going to college, working, married,family,as well being successful in his life but society wants him to think he might do drugs, crime, violence, be a delinquent, because of where he grew up. 

The issues that keep coming up are Sapo always comes to Chino because Bodega wants to see him. You can see this on page 343  where it says: ““Yo, Chino, bro, like Bodega, wants to meet you at El Museo del Barrio..”  The theme here is perseverance. I mean, what’s at stake in this story is chino is a hard working man who trying to get what he loved to do which he never give up on the things he always wanted to do in his life and he try and try just to be there a hard smart working man.

Hispanic Heritage

In the article, “Hispanic Heritage Month: Frank Torres” I learned how Frank Torres followed his father’s footsteps and served as an assistant direct attorney in New York City. Torres fought for a greater Hispanic population. Torres wanted civil rights and equal opportunity. He fought against voting laws and his main goal was for students to apply for judgeships. 

Do you think Frank Torres was helpful to society?

I think that fighting for fairness is really important. I think it was meaningful for Frank Torres since he wanted to be like his father. Even though he lost elections he did not give up on trying to fight for fairness.

The importance of Celebrating Culture

In the article, “Celebrating Hispanic Heritage Month” I learned about Hispanic Heritage Month, the history behind it, why it’s an important celebration, and how to celebrate it. Hispanic heritage month starts on September 15 to October 15; September 15 being an independence day for many Latin American countries. This month is a time to recognize and celebrate the many contributions, diverse cultures, and extensive histories of the American Latino community. Celebrating this month should be about not only appreciating the Hispanic culture but also supporting the community, either by supporting hispanic-owned businesses or educating yourself about their history and all their contributions.

I think that bringing awareness to the Hispanic culture as well as facilitating a time for hispanic peoples to connect and celebrate their culture is important as it encourages inclusivity. I think it has become normalized for people to mistake culture appreciation with culture appropriation so making sure that this month can be used as an opportunity to highlight discrimination against Hispanics as well as a time for others celebrate their ancestors is important! Personally I feel like living in America has definitely made me feel disconnected with my culture at times so it just makes me wonder about how much Hispanic culture and history we’re ignorant to. Do you feel a disconnect to your culture? What do you think is the best way to reconnect and celebrate your culture?

Beyond Machismo Review

For my next read I chose Beyond Machismo by Aida Hurtado and Mrinal Sinha, as I wanted to learn more about the gender roles present within my household and family. I would most definitely recommend this book as I like how the authors are two Chicana Feminists. This book expands the concept of intersectional latino masculinities, both south and north of the US border. Using an informative and persuasive tone, the authors define Machismo as, “a hyper masculinity that obliterates any other possible influences on men’s attitudes and behavior.” This book theorizes social identities and the construction of privilege and oppression while guiding towards analysis of Latino’s definitions of manhoods. They also delve into the Latino and gender education pipeline. While simultaneously relating all this information to feminism and oppression. Machismo is still used to define Latino men and boys in the later social narrative however they reveal that through a closer look young, educated Latino men can g beyond machismo to ending gender oppression. Beyond Machismo explains how the influences of race, class, ethnicity, sexuality, and gender shape Latino’s views of manhood, masculinity, and gender issues in Latino communities and their acceptance of Feminism. There’s no better way to further your education on this subject than to delve into Aida Hurtado’s and Mrinal Sinha’s work of Regression, redemption, and reconciliation.

The Presence Of Discrimination and Racism In Society…

Discrimination and racism have a presence in modern society, not just in the people but in the systems that make up our functioning society. Some people may not experience it but that does not invalidate others’ experiences and we must listen and acknowledge them. It corrupts our system when people who discriminate against certain groups fill power positions and work against those groups. The person in a position of power reveals their true self when they feel like they hold power. In this case, it is a person who discriminates against colored people so that makes it harder for people of color to move up through the ranks in their job and move in society. 

One way you can see it present and affecting our society is through sexism. Sexism is a form of discrimination where it’s against all women but can be harsher if you are a woman of color. It is seen very clearly through the U.S government when we were celebrating the first women vice president. It’s also seen in the very few women in positions of power but the most prevalent one is earnings. “The federal poverty level for a family of four in 2013 was $453 per week. Hispanic women fall below that line in several occupational categories! You can also see that more Hispanic women are in “low status” or low-earning jobs, while almost 50% of White women have “high status” occupations.” Employers take advantage of people who will work for anything and will give them less for the same amount of work another person is doing. 

Another disappointing reason is the fact that “not surprisingly, men without a prison record were 2 to 3 times more likely to receive a callback from the job. However, there was also a significant racial difference—white men with a prison record were more likely to be offered a job than African American men who had a clean record!” This fact gives substantial evidence that discrimination/racism plagues the systems that we use in society and it is something that needs to be rooted out. It shows how society views African Americans and their implicit bias towards people who have faced time. Some people can not see past a person’s physical appearance and judge by the color of their skin instead of character but that is something that needs to be acknowledged as wrong since they were taught the opposite. Society has become better at being anti-racist but that is not sufficient since racism is still present and preventing society from reaching its full potential. 

Who is Jovita Idar?

On Hispanic heritage month, we celebrate the histories, contributions, and accomplishments of Hispanics and Latin Americans. In this post, we will remember the achievements and participation of Jovita Idar. Jovita’s professions involved journalist, teacher, activist, and nurse. Idar wanted to make an impact. Her main focuses were to encourage women to be independent, better education for Mexican-American students, and schools to teach Mexican-American history as well as English and Spanish. Most of her efforts were inspired by the type of environment she grew up in. In 1913 she worked for a newspaper company called “El Progreso” but some of her work offended government officials, so then the government shut down the company and Jovita left and started writing once again about social justice and kept fighting for Mexican Americans to receive a better education.

I support the idea that Jovita Idar should be recognized during Hispanic Heritage month since she advocated for Mexican-Americans and Mexican immigrants. Something that I found fascinating about Idar was that she mainly focused on Mexican-Americans to receive a greater education.

If it wasn’t for her father and siblings to be interested in social justice work and journalism do think this would’ve impacted Jovita’s life?

The Legacy of Sylvia Mendez – Hispanic Heritage Month

In the article “Hispanic Heritage Month: Sylvia Mendez” (McGraw Hill) it explains how the Westminster v. Mendez case desegregated schools all over the state of California. Mexican Americans and white Americans were sent to different schools. While white Americans were taught basic life skills such as reading and writing, Mexican Americans were taught domestic housekeeping skills and labor jobs. Sylvia Mendez’s parents fought for the integration of Mexican American children in schools. Sylvia later on made it her mission in life to tell her parents story. She has travelled around the country to tell her parents story including receiivng recognition from the President Barack Obama.

I think what Sylvia has done to reach a farther audience is very admirable. I also think it’s such a great way for her to honor not only her paretns but their dedication and harwork. I’m sure both her parents would be very proud of what she has done to tell their story to others. I had already knew about the Westminster v. Mendez case because we learned about it in our chicano history class but beforehand I had no idea that the segregation of Mexican Americans was a thing back then and I figured if I didn’t know until I was taught it then maybe someone out there doesn’t know about it either which is why I thought it was important to share this.

What would you have done if you were the parent of a Mexican American child who was being segregated from normal schools?


This article consists of Hispanic American households and Machismo. Machismo is this idea of being manly and having this strong masculine pride. A more common term, behind the use of the word “macho.” This article consists of studies performed at california colleges on hispanic households. It shows the problem behind certain outdated gender norms and the youth’s understanding of parent legitimacy. It speaks on the complicated relationship between males and females in hispanic households. This article also touches on marianismo, more of the women’s role, and other traditional concepts in Latin American culture.


In the article, “Daca”(McGraw Hill) I learned that Daca is a program that lets undocumented children stay in the United States. I think this is a great decision that the Obama administration made because those kids have a future like other kids that live in the United States. I also believe that it’s a good idea because they also pay income taxes like the US citizens.

In my opinion, people that are against Daca is wrong because they have right just like the people that live here in the US. They have the same rights because they pay taxes also. They also go to school thanks to the Daca program they have the same rights as the American people.

Why do people think negatively against Daca people?

Bidens immigration plan

The article I read about is ¨Biden introduces immigration plan¨ what I learned was that congressional Democrats have released a bill that very closely aligns with that plan. It’s called the U.S. Citizenship Act of 2021, and it provides a “fast track” to citizenship for roughly 11 million undocumented people living in the United States. This includes undocumented farmworkers, refugees, and “Dreamers” If the bill passes Congress, how will this new path to citizenship work? Undocumented individuals will need to apply for temporary legal status. This temporary status lasts for five years. During that time, if they pass criminal background checks and pay their taxes, they will be able to apply for a green card. Then, after three additional years and more background checks, they can apply to become U.S. citizens.

What I learned was that the bill will prioritize keeping families together by making reunification easier.  But the new bill addresses that by eliminating several barriers, such as long wait times and caps on the number of visas by country. It also broadens the definition of family by including same-sex partnerships. The bill also provides funding for advanced technology to be used at the border, such as high-tech scanners to identify narcotics. It will also provide funding to strengthen and improve the border patrol’s ability to identify illegal activity. Many argue that the undocumented residents will be bad for the economy, others believe the opposite, what do you think?. 


My name is Rafael Delgadillo most known as “OT RAFI “ which is my artist name. I’m not just any song maker. What I do is very special to me. I don’t really take it as just a music. I see it as my day by day life. 

“TRAP” is a type of music that’s not taken too seriously in the Spanish-speaking community because of the explicit lyrics in it. Trap makes me think of life put into a song, no matter if it was a bad experience or a good one. I feel so good every time I write a song because that’s just what I really want to do for the rest of my life. 

I started making trap when I was 12. Well, not really trap, but I was making music. At the time my voice was really not a good voice for a singer, but I got inspired by an artist, who is one of my favorite artists. He was one of the first who started making trap music. His name is LITO KIRINO. He traps in both languages, English and Spanish. 

I do music to get out of this world for a couple of hours. It makes me happy. It takes away any bad vibes from me. My dream is to make songs with my favorite English artists, who is Chris Brown, the best ever.


I have chosen to write about deportation because it has been an ongoing issue for a long time and it’s currently worst nowadays with our current president. It is an important issue for me because it may affect the families of people i know  and is affecting tons of families every day. It is a big issue that separates children from their parents and ends up destroying families by also not getting a chance to stay here in the U.S. for a better life. This issue impacts people because it separates immigrants from their families when they get deported and may ruin their lives. It is problematic because it is also a racial thing because immigration targets mostly hispanic people because they are seen as the people with no papers and illegal. When someone ends up getting deported they are forced to leave behind loved ones. Also in many cases the person that gets deported have to return to dangerous environments they were trying to get away from and most cases it results in rape, kidnapping, torture, or them getting murdered.It is necessary to take action because each year too many people get deported back to their country they were trying to get away from to seek a better future and not be in danger.


Our current president is trying to build a border wall to not let immigrants come in.A solution would not be to build a wall because everything is racism towards the hispanic people and they deserve to also be in this country. They should not be getting deported for just being in this country doing nothing wrong. My blog post is to set awareness of how deportation is a serious issue and the large amount of people that get deported every year causing family separations and sending them back to a dangerous life. There is a big amount of immigrants in this country and they are all looking for a better life and they don’t deserve getting deported for no reason.  It connects to the immigration things we have learned in class and all the political things that can relate to this.

A Serious Matter: Deportation in Oakland

According to The Washington Post, a great amount of people get deported from the US every year. To be exact, 256,000 people were deported in 2018. Many families get separated because of deportation and they often lose contact with their families. A reasonable motive to get deported is if the immigrant  has been convicted of a crime before, but what about those who aren’t criminals? This blog, contains articles and quotes from many sources that prove that immigrants from Oakland (and in general) come searching for a better future, and get deported unfairly as law-abiding citizens.

Firstly, usually Oakland has ICE raids with the purpose of finding criminals. This time Rebecca Kaplan,  an Oakland City Council Member mentioned an incident that occured in West Oakland. In an article called “Oakland: Why We’re a Sanctuary City“ by USA Today. This is a credible source because it is written by Rebecca Kaplan because she is an American Politician and a democrat who has knowledge about this topic.She said, “Last August, ICE officers conducted a raid on a West Oakland family, claiming they were targeting child trafficking. ICE took one young man for deportation proceedings, but filed no human-trafficking criminal charges. Child trafficking is a real problem, which should be taken seriously, not misused as a false claim. After ICE disrupted and slandered this family, it turned out there was no evidence of human trafficking” (Kaplan). According to the words of Councilwoman Rebecca Kaplan, this family was accused for commiting a very serious crime. Even after ICE deported a member of the family, he wasn’t charged with the crime he was accused for which means that this claim was false. This kind of behavior coming from a government service is completely unexpected. ICE clearly used their dominant, institutional power, to oppress a family of color.The outcome was obviously negative since this family got separated for unfair reasons.So the question left to answer is, if an immigrant hasn’t done anything else than follow the law, why are they being deported if they are doing the right thing?

Because of these unfair deportations, Oakland is standing up and is a Sanctuary city to support immigrants who are working hard for their families. In the article, ”Widespread Panic as Oakland Mayor Warns Sanctuary City of an ICE Sweep” published by The Washington Post  a famous newspaper who addresses political dilemmas, wrote about the Mayor of Oakland and posted it on February 26,2018. Libby Schaaf supports Oakland as a Sanctuary City as she defends the rights of people of color under the hand of institutional oppression. Libby Schaaf said, “I know that Oakland is a city of law-abiding immigrants and families who deserve to live free from the constant threat of arrest and deportation,” Schaaf wrote. “I believe it is my duty and moral obligation as Mayor to give those families fair warning when that threat appears imminent” (Schaff). This quote shows that Schaff understands immigrants are being detained as innocent, not like it should be. This piece of evidence shows how immigrants in Oakland are ¨law-abiding¨ or someone who always obeys the law and is a good citizen, and these are the people who are often being targeted.  Libby Schaaf even refers to immigrant citizens as being law-abidingwhich gives a stance towards immigrants not being as bad and violent like society marks them. Which is important because regularly, families get separated or deported even if they haven’t committed a crime.  The rest of this country should follow the great example of Libby Schaaf when she shows that she understands that this is an act of injustice towards immigrants so she celebrates and protects the diversity of Oakland.

Also, has a section titled ”ICE Removal Statistics“ which shows statistics of Removals. ICE has enforced immigration laws by taking action an deporting immigrants.

According to the statistics, although ICE has deported many people who are criminal. This government service has also destroyed innocent families.Since over 120,000 immigrants who got deported weren’t criminals. This graph shows the significant quantities of family members being separated just last year. Isn’t that crazy? Along with separation, comes risks because you are alone, and afraid of what might happen.

Also, an Oakland resident, deported immigrant and family member who chose to stay anonymous shared her story of how she got deported unfairly and what risks she had to overcome to meet up with her family. Doing an interview she said,  “ I kept praying because I was scared and I wanted to cry. I was very nervous at the thought of never seeing my husband and daughter ever again” (anonymous). When she crossed the border she wanted to feel safe and happy again with her family. And when she said, “I kept praying” those words signified more than a religious ritual, and it gave her faith that soon she would reunite with her family even when she felt scared and nervous. This innocent immigrant suffered a great amount unfairness by ICE when she knew those who should’ve been detained and deported in her place were criminals who still might be free of justice.

In conclusion,  immigrants from Oakland (and in general) risk their lives for a better future for their family and usually get deported even if they haven’t been convicted of any crimes. This is true because as said prior, statistics show how a great percentage of deportations are for innocent people and, Oakland has experienced a great deed of these.


Work Cited:

The Washington Post is a very credible source because it is a daily newspaper. That means that they share new information every day, and this newspaper analyses issues around the globe.

USA Today is also a newspaper and it updates the audience about the most latest US and world reports. is a government service website that is credible because the government would update it regularly since it is a website for a citizens use.





Oakland is a sanctuary city which means it helps protect immigrants from deportation. This is good because it helps make people feel safe. Feeling safe is important because when a person doesn’t feel safe they feel like they always have to be prepared for something harmful to happen to them.

Since Oakland is a sanctuary city, the city basically can’t expose undocumented immigrants living as residents in the city to enforcement’s like I.C.E, which helps undocumented people feel safer. This is true for Oakland because the Mayor Libby Schaaf doesn’t believe that she should expose her undocumented citizens to  endangerment. In the article, “Sanctuary cities: Top 3 Pros and Cons” it discusses what the mayor has to say. The Mayor of Oakland Libby schaaf stated, “I like to compare this to conscientious objector status. We are not going to use our resources to enforce what we believe are unjust immigration laws”(Schaaf). This quote shows that since Oakland is a sanctuary city then the people in power believe that they shouldn’t help give resources to immigration enforcement laws because they know it is unlawful. This shows the undocumented immigrants that some people in power are on their side. Knowing that people in power are on their side it makes an undocumented immigrant feel more safe because they know they have more of a chance of staying safe.

This also shows that immigration unites people in Oakland because it is uniting them to go against a cause because they are aware of the endangerment of undocumented immigrants and through uniting they feel safer. Additionally, in an interview with an undocumented immigrant, Oakland resident Maria Palma said, “ I do feel safe in Oakland knowing that important people are going to make sure, I as a community member can live safe and not be separated from my family” (Palma). This shows the importance of Oakland being a sanctuary city because if Oakland wasn’t a sanctuary city then undocumented immigrants would be endangered of being separated from their families. This was a highlight from the interview because she stated those words with relief and happiness knowing that she wouldn’t have to be separated from her children which is a fear a lot of mother’s face when their cities aren’t sanctuary like Oakland.

Oakland is one of the few cities that is sanctuary because of this, the city helps prevent the separation of families. This is true because if it is protecting the undocumented immigrants then they won’t be taken away by immigration law enforcements, they would be able to stay with their families. In the article “Diane Guerrero’s Emotional Interview on Parents’ Deportation Hits Close to Home”by Maitri Suhas . Diane Guerrero, a well known celebrity,  exclaims what it feels like not in a sanctuary situation, she states,“They would have liked to fight deportation, but without a lawyer and an immigration system that rarely gives judges the discretion to allow families to stay together, they never had a chance… Not a single person at any level of government took any note of me. No one checked to see if I had a place to live or food to eat, and, at 14, I found myself basically on my own”(Suhas). This shows that it is a good thing Oakland is a sanctuary city because it helps keep families together. Keeping families together is important because in this article of the interview on Diane Guerrero, she told the viewers her story because she wanted to speak out about how harmful family separation is. Her experience matters because if Oakland wasn’t a sanctuary city there would be more children who have to go through what Diane Guerrero went through when her parents weren’t able to fight for their justice.

In a interview, with a Oakland student who used to be undocumented, Jennifer Duran when asked the question, “Do you feel safe living in Oakland?”, Jennifer answered with “yes I do feel safe living in Oakland now because now I do have residency, I used to have fear of getting deported for myself and my family because i thought I would get deported through my appearance”(Duran). The purpose of this question was to understand Jennifer’s experience living as an undocumented immigrant in Oakland. This shows that Oakland being a sanctuary city is a good thing because Jennifer Duran’s fears would’ve come to life if Oakland wasn’t a sanctuary city. Not only Duran but many children in the U.S. also have the fear of getting separated from their families if there were more sanctuary cities like Oakland they would not have to live their lives in fear. Oakland being a sanctuary city helps Duran because even if she didn’t know it was a sanctuary city she would’ve still been safe. This proves that Oakland being a sanctuary is a positive contribution because there are immigrants that have the same fears Jennifer faced when she didn’t have residency. Sometimes their fears come true because they don’t live in a city like Oakland.

Some people might believe that Oakland shouldn’t be a sanctuary city because it makes documented citizens  feel unsafe but that is only because people believe that immigrants are bad since they’re stigmatized as criminals. This is untrue because in the article “Immigrants in surge ‘not dangerous individuals,’ Border Patrol chief says” written by  Kyle balluck. Gil Kerlikowske is talking about what he has seen so far in his job as a border patrol agent. Gil exclaims, “These are family members, these are not gang members, these are not dangerous individuals I think that we all need to work through this problem together as Americans”(Balluck). This quote shows that  immigrants are not criminals because someone who protects the border has seen so much in his work that he is now aware of the injustice immigrants receive. This quote proves that Oakland being a sanctuary city is a good thing since it helps people feel safe, this is true because the undocumented immigrant families who coming over to the U.S. are just looking for a safe place for their families, which is found here in Oakland.

In conclusion, Oakland being a sanctuary city helps provide the feeling of being safe to their community members. A way to stop the stigma around immigrants being criminals is to create more awareness for other people to learn more about their stories. When we hear their stories we will have more empathy because we know that their stories are truly sad since they have to work hard for their families. Maybe it’s time for America to be more like Oakland.

Work cited:

2010, Ivan. “Sanctuary Cities: Top 3 Pros and Cons.” ProConorg Headlines, Could Not Be Found, 8 Dec. 2016,

This source talks about the pros and cons to sanctuary cities. This source is credible because it values both sides of the it can’t be bias. This source was important to have in my blog because it is about the key topic of my claim.


Balluck, Kyle. “Immigrants in Surge ‘Not Dangerous Individuals,’ Border Patrol Chief Says.” TheHill, The Hill, 4 Feb. 2016,

This article is about the views of a border patrol agent who says he does not believe that illegal immigrants were bad people. This source is credible because it is talking about the view of someone who is supposed to detain people from copying the country but has seen so much unfairness he is going to speak out for them.

Duran, Jennifer. “The Safeness of Residency .” 21 Dec. 2018.

=This interview was about Jennifer’s feelings towards living in Oakland. Her feelings matter to my blog because she was a undocumented immigrant so she has has experience about the main topic of my blog. She is a trustworthy source

Palma, Maria. 16 Dec. 2018.  “Living in Oakland as a Immigrant”

This interview was on her experience living in Oakland and how she feels about Oakland now. This source is credible because she has lived in Oakland for 20 years. She cannot be biased because she is just talking about her feelings towards Oakland and this interview was opinion based.

Suhas, Maitri. “’OITNB’ Star Opens Up About Parents’ Deportation.” Bustle, Bustle, 13 Nov. 2018,

This article was about the story behind Diane Guerrero opening up about her experience of when she was 14 and her parents got deported. This article is not biased towards the star because it only states what she said on the interview. Guerrero is a credible source because she always empowers the viewers to not give up because of her experience with deportation.


Family Separation=Fear and dehumanization

Tania Lopez

Humanities 9  



                                              Should we continue Family Separation?


        Do you think that people should be separated from their families, kids be put in cages, and immigrant parents not knowing where their kids are, just for nothing because of misjudgment? January 20, 2017 was when our President Donald Trump declared that immigrant parents should be separated from their children. Since then, this is what happened at the border near Mexico when a 7 year old Guatemalan girl named Jakelin Caal was attempting to cross but her family got detained, Michael Brice- Saddler explains, “The 7-year-old Guatemalan girl who died in U.S.

Border Patrol custody was healthy before she arrived” (Saddler). Knowing that this tragic event happened is a primary reason why our community should stop family separation. Not only do tragic events such as death happen but it results in fear and dehumanization. Apart from that, detention centers are dismal because they make immigrants look like criminals even though they have no negative intentions and are just searching for a better life.

Family separation at the border is something that should be addressed because people shouldn’t be having to fear for their lives and their kids. In a source from New York Times, author Jack Healy explained that President Trump was separating undocumented families from their children when they were crossing the border, a person named Angelica, whom Healy interviewed

explained,“It feels like an eternity to know I won’t be able to see my daughter and I can’t hold her,” she said in a telephone interview, speaking through an interpreter. “I feel like I’m going to die. I feel powerless”(Angelica). When Angelica explains this horrifying situation, it proves just how much stress Trump makes these poor innocent people feel. When she says,”I feel like I’m going to die”, this clarifies how much it affects them because it gets to the point where they feel like they want to die since he’s taking their children away. This shouldn’t happen at all, people shouldn’t have to go through a feeling where they feel “powerless” or “wanting to die”. Everyone deserves to be with their kids, and shouldn’t have to be worried where they are or if everything is alright. This is not how we treat humans. Moreover, in a KQED article, the California report interviewed a woman named Ivet who had lost her child at the border and was sent to a detention center, while she was there she was having a really hard time, she reports,”I suffered so much I couldn’t sleep, I had nightmares, and sometimes I trembled”(California Report). Once again this emphasizes how parents feel when they don’t have their children with them; it is clearly a horrible feeling. Some parents don’t even get the chance to know where their children end up, or if they’re doing okay. This proves that family separation brings fear and dehumanization .  

Furthermore, dehumanization is an issue that also needs to be addressed because this is not how a country who praises the “Home of the Brave, Land of the Free” should be treating people. In an image taken by W. Gardner Selby which shows how Trump is dehumanizing people, it’s clearly shows  the distress that family separation causes.

This image is so heartbreaking, kids or anyone shouldn’t have to go through such traumatizing events when all they were looking for was a better life. This isn’t fair, this just shows pure dehumanization, people aren’t animals, they shouldn’t be kept in cages. Maria Sanchez, a Fruitvale resident, explained her feelings on this image. She clarifies,”I don’t think anyone deserves this, it’s sickening, it just shows that the United States doesn’t care about people, only the rich and wealthy”(Sanchez). When Sanchez  says “I don’t think anyone deserves this”, she is 100% correct. This proves how much Trump doesn’t care about humans, but Only the “rich and wealthy” humans because he thinks that those with privilege are people who don’t do anything dangerous. In an article from the Washington Post by Philip Rucker it explains how Trump says if they keep separating families, that others that come will have fear and will think twice and not come, Rucker explains,”Trump said the soaring number of illegal border crossings is “a terrible situation” and argued that family separations likely would help scare away some undocumented migrants from trying to enter the United States.“If they feel there will be separation, they won’t come,” Trump said”(Rucker).  This quote suggests that immigrants will get scared of coming, but truly, they aren’t scared, they will do anything to come here because they know they will get somewhere here. This text also shows dehumanization because Trump is using kids to prevent immigration, since he knows parents weakness is their children and if he takes them away they don’t cross the border.  

Adding on, immigrants aren’t awful people, others just choose to make up their own perspective on them and they dislike them. In an  interview with a student from Life Academy named Jesus Lopez he points out very well that most immigrants aren’t dangerous, he explains,”Immigrants help out the economy in a way that others don’t, whether that’s farming and making food for everyone, or being doctors and helping out the community” (Lopez). This proves that immigrants aren’t awful because they have actually helped out this community. People are just always judging right away. The quote that Jesus explains is important and unique because he explains somethings that immigrants help out.

In conclusion, family separation brings fear, dehumanization and it makes immigrants look like criminals. Trump shouldn’t have the right to be destroying families like this. It’s unfair and it shows what type of President we have.


Work Cited

Brice-Saddler, Michael. “The 7-Year-Old Girl Who Died in Border Patrol Custody Was Healthy before She Arrived, Father Says.” The Washington Post, WP Company, 15 Dec. 2018,

Healy, Jack. “Migrant Parents Wait and Hope for Their Children: ‘I Feel Like I’m Going to Die’.” The New York Times, The New York Times, 22 June 2018,


Lopez, Jesus. “Interview with Jesus Lopez.” 11 Dec. 2018.

In this interview what was discussed was family separation and a few questions were asked. Jesus Lopez is a student at Life Academy


PolitiFact, and Tweets A filmmaker “Does Tweeted Photo Show Boy Caged by Government?” @Politifact, 15 June 2018,


Sanchez, Maria. “Interviewing a Fruitvale Resident .” 11 Dec. 2018.

In this interview I went to Fruitvale BART station in Oakland and interviewed a resident. Her name was Maria Sanchez who has lived here for many years already. What was discussed was the topic about Family Separation and I asked her questions.

Chicano Pride

I believe people shouldn’t be judged or treated differently because of their skin color. You shouldn’t feel embarrassed because of where you come from. Your culture shouldn’t be hidden. You should embrace it. The Hispanic culture is very fascinating. Hispanics are defined as Mexicans, Puerto Ricans, Cubans, South or Central Americans or any other Spanish speaking cultures. The Hispanic culture has many beliefs, values, and traditions. Dignidad y respeto (dignity and respect) are major values in the Hispanic culture. The reason I chose Hispanic culture as my main topic is because personally, I feel that a lot of us aren’t properly informed on the traditions and beliefs.

You never know, you might even employ some of the things you learn in your day to day life. For example, one of the most useful things you can learn about is my culture’s healing tactics. We use different plants and herbs to make various teas and medicines to cure many illnesses. To me, my culture is very important because it places a very strong value on family and unity. Being Hispanic has both its ups and downs.

Sadly by being Hispanic a lot of folks aren’t too nice to us about it. We get treated badly and are told to go back to where we came from as if I didn’t live in Southeast, San Diego. However many good things also come with being Hispanic, we get a whole bunch of extra holidays like in January we have El Día de Los Reyes Magos where we Honor the Three Wise Men who gave gifts to Jesus Christ, in February we have El Día de la Constitución where we celebrate how the Mexican Constitution was drafted in Santiago de (ke-re-taro) Querétaro by a constitutional convention during the Mexican revolution. In April we have La Semana Santa is a well known Catholic tradition.

In May we have of course Cinco De Mayo. In November we have my all-time favorite El Día de Muertos where we celebrate our loved ones who have passed by setting up a table with a picture of them filled with candles, water, their favorite food dish, their favorite candies, and accompanied with (cem-paa-su-chil) cempasúchil flowers. In December we have our Posadas, where we mimic Mary and Joseph’s journey to Bethlehem as they searched for a place to stay. The way we do that is friends and family inviting one another to their homes which is essentially a sort of Christmas party, or for people to walk through their neighborhood and pedir posada. It is a lot of holidays that we have but they are our tradition and we honor them every year when the time comes.

Photo by

Pueblo chicano

Hasta ahora lo que he leído de  los personajes del pueblo chicanos que el pueblo chicano sufrió muchos años de esclavitud por lo cual  ha sido uno de los libros más destacados de la historia chicana. En 500 años del pueblo del pueblo chicano me recuerda algo que narraban en mi comunidad de la esclavitud que vivieron hace muchos años atrás que se alimentaban con agua hi pan eran obligados a trabajar y pagar impuestos muy altos me recuerdo esto porque es similar ah mi libro que estoy leyendo por que se trata del mismo tema.


Justice for Emely Peguero

When I first heard about this case on the television (in the news), my hearts broke into millions of pieces. I couldn’t believe what was going on, and in my heart, I just was wishing everything was a game and that Emely would go back home safe. This case happen on August 24, 2017 in Dominican Republic, San Francisco de Macorís.

This case is about Emely Peguero a little princess who was 16 years old and 5 months pregnant when she went out and never came back home.

Her boyfriend and the father of the baby that she was about to have was Marlon Martinez a 19 years old boy. He and his mother, Marlin Martinez were the ones who killed her. They killed her because they wanted Emely to abort the baby.

When Marlin Martinez, the mother of Marlon Martinez got the news that Emely was going to have a baby of Marlon, she didn’t want that, so she got crazy and wanted her to have an abortion. She didn’t say anything to Emely’s mother or to Emely. They went and get Emely from her house and tell her that they were going to the hospital to go see what was the sex of the baby. At the hospital, those two criminal took her and killed her and her baby. They wanted to take out her baby, but instead they killed her and the baby. After they kill her, they put her in a bag and than put her in a suitcase and throw her in so many place. They had dumped her in a landfill close by, but when they searched the site, there was no sign of her body.

In a press conference recorded on August 24, 2017, 19-year-old Marlon Martínez said he had last seen his 16-year-old girlfriend, who was five months pregnant, the previous morning.

“We’ve had problems, but problems that are common to all couples,” he said. “We accepted her pregnancy. We said we’d continue forward. … I want to now make a public announcement: Emely, no matter where you are, please, we are waiting for you with open arms.”

His mother, Marlin, sitting next to him in a black suit jacket, added, “She was already a part of us.

“She was my son’s girlfriend,” she said, before repeating, “Is the girlfriend of my son. She was five months pregnant, and when we found out, we gave her our support.”

“Wherever you are, Emely, don’t make us suffer any more.”When the footage of the press conference was shared to YouTube, commenters immediately picked up on how Martínez’s mother had spoken almost exclusively in past tense.

Suspicion started to grow, and it was justified. Because there was a sinister aspect to the story of Marlon Martínez and his missing girlfriend, Emely Peguero, that locals were particularly attuned to.

Peguero’s pregnancy wasn’t your usual teenage pregnancy. She was just 15 when she discovered she was pregnant – still three years below the age of consent in the Dominican Republic – in a country where abortion is illegal.


The Dominican Republic is one of only six countries that bans abortion in all cases.

With suspicion following him closely after the press conference, Martínez went to visit Peguero’s family home. It was here that he handed himself into police, aware that they were likely to arrest and question him over his girlfriend’s disappearance.

Still, he maintained his innocence.

Then, on August 28, police located Peguero’s phone. It was in an apartment owned by Martínez’s mother, and when that apartment was searched, police found blood on a mattress.


Two days later, Marlin Martínez turned herself into police – a move her lawyer said was simply to ‘cooperate’ with the investigation. But later that day, police would hear a stunning confession.


Marlon Martínez admitted to killing his 16-year-old girlfriend.

He told police he had dumped her in a landfill close by, but when they searched the site, there was no sign of her body.

The following day, as the community expressed their anger in protests that stopped traffic, begging to know where Peguero’s body was hidden, the victim’s older brother started to receive a series of messages on WhatsApp. His sister’s body had been found, the messages said. In a town about one hour away. That night, at 8pm, the decomposing remains of Peguero, and her unborn child, were found inside a suitcase by the side of the road.


Peguero had suffered internal bleeding, believed to be the result of an abortion attempt. She had also suffered a blunt-force blow to her head.

According to the prosecution in the ongoing court proceedings over Peguero’s death, Martínez forced his young girlfriend to drink an “unknown liquid to induce an abortion”. When it didn’t seem to work, instead of going to hospital and facing charges for assisting in an abortion – a serious criminal offence in the Dominican Republic – he killed her.


Martínez’s lawyer maintains the 19-year-old should not be found guilty of murder. Instead, he simply participated in a failed abortion attempt.

The trial for both Marlon and Marlin Martínez is due to begin on June 11. Marlon faces up to 30 years in prison, while his mother faces 20 years for her role as an accomplice.


This is a injustices because still new these Two criminal who kill that little princess and her baby haven’t get a setence for what they did. They take her life and her baby life like nothing and they need to pay for what they did. Dominican Republic need Justice for Emely Peguero this murder can’t stay like that, like if nothing happens. WE NEED JUSTICE FOR EMELY PEGUERO. Rest In Peace little Princess.


When I first heard about this case on the Television (in the news), My hearts break in million of pieces, I couldn’t believe what was going on and in my heart I just was wishing everything was a game and that Emely would go back home safe. This case happen on August 24, 2017 in Dominican Republic, San Francisco de Macorís.


This case is about Emely Peguero a little princess who was 16 years old and 5 months pregnant when she went out and never came back home.

Her boyfriend and the father of the baby that she was about to have was Marlon Martinez a 19 years old Boy. He and He mother Marlin Martinez was the one who kill her, they kill her because they wanted Emely to abort the baby.


When Marlin Martinez the mother of Marlon Martinez got the news that Emely was going to have a baby of Marlon she didn’t want that, so she got crazy and want her to have a abortions but she didn’t say anything to Emely mother or to Emely. They went and get Emely from her house and tell her that they was going to the hospital to go see what was the sex of the baby. There those two criminal take her and kill her and her baby. They wanted to take out her baby but instead they kill her and the baby. After they kill her they put her in a bag and than put her in a suitcase and throw her in so many place. He had dumped her in a landfill close by, but when they searched the site, there was no sign of her body.

In a press conference recorded on August 24, 2017, 19-year-old Marlon Martínez said he had last seen his 16-year-old girlfriend, who was five months pregnant, the previous morning.

“We’ve had problems, but problems that are common to all couples,” he said. “We accepted her pregnancy. We said we’d continue forward. … I want to now make a public announcement: Emely, no matter where you are, please, we are waiting for you with open arms.”

His mother, Marlin, sitting next to him in a black suit jacket, added, “she was already a part of us”.


“She was my son’s girlfriend,” she said, before repeating, “is the girlfriend of my son. She was five months pregnant, and when we found out, we gave her our support.”

“Wherever you are, Emely, don’t make us suffer any more.”

When the footage of the press conference was shared to YouTube, commenters immediately picked up on how Martínez’s mother had spoken almost exclusively in past tense.


suspicion started to grow, and it was justified. Because there was a sinister aspect to the story of Marlon Martínez and his missing girlfriend, Emely Peguero, that locals were particularly attuned to.

Peguero’s pregnancy wasn’t your usual teenage pregnancy. She was just 15 when she discovered she was pregnant – still three years below the age of consent in the Dominican Republic – in a country where abortion is illegal.


The Dominican Republic is one of only six countries that bans abortion in all cases.

With suspicion following him closely after the press conference, Martínez went to visit Peguero’s family home. It was here that he handed himself into police, aware that they were likely to arrest and question him over his girlfriend’s disappearance.

Still, he maintained his innocence.

Then, on August 28, police located Peguero’s phone. It was in an apartment owned by Martínez’s mother, and when that apartment was searched, police found blood on a mattress.


Two days later, Marlin Martínez turned herself into police – a move her lawyer said was simply to ‘cooperate’ with the investigation. But later that day, police would hear a stunning confession.


Marlon Martínez admitted to killing his 16-year-old girlfriend.

He told police he had dumped her in a landfill close by, but when they searched the site, there was no sign of her body.

The following day, as the community expressed their anger in protests that stopped traffic, begging to know where Peguero’s body was hidden, the victim’s older brother started to receive a series of messages on WhatsApp. His sister’s body had been found, the messages said. In a town about one hour away. That night, at 8pm, the decomposing remains of Peguero, and her unborn child, were found inside a suitcase by the side of the road.


Peguero had suffered internal bleeding, believed to be the result of an abortion attempt. She had also suffered a blunt-force blow to her head.

According to the prosecution in the ongoing court proceedings over Peguero’s death, Martínez forced his young girlfriend to drink an “unknown liquid to induce an abortion”. When it didn’t seem to work, instead of going to hospital and facing charges for assisting in an abortion – a serious criminal offence in the Dominican Republic – he killed her.


Martínez’s lawyer maintains the 19-year-old should not be found guilty of murder. Instead, he simply participated in a failed abortion attempt.

The trial for both Marlon and Marlin Martínez is due to begin on June 11. Marlon faces up to 30 years in prison, while his mother faces 20 years for her role as an accomplice.


This is a injustices because still new these Two criminal who kill that little princess and her baby haven’t get a setence for what they did. They take her life and her baby life like nothing and they need to pay for what they did. Dominican Republic need Justice for Emely Peguero this murder can’t stay like that, like if nothing happens. WE NEED JUSTICE FOR EMELY PEGUERO. Rest In Peace little Princess.


Defending DACA

I chose to do my video on DACA, also known as The Deferred Action for Childhood Arrivals. This topic caught my attention and is one that I’ve been keeping up with for a while since it is one that is talked about a lot in today’s word. I also feel that hearing the struggles of all these kids trying to get an education but being prevented from not only going to school but also working and living with their families really breaks my heart. The constant fear that they have to live in since in the process of applying for DACA they give off a large range of their personal information, is one that no one should not have to worry about. I knew a lot about this topic because DACA and the story of these people have always been something that both my parents and I follow and support.

Now after this project I’ve learned a couple of new things. I’ve learned more about the DACA recipients and what countries they come from and how many people have applied. I’ve also learned more about the requirements of applying to DACA such as age and how long the person has had to live in the United States for in order to be eligible.


“Legal Good, Illegal Bad”

Recently in the news, we have seen a lot about the arguments between parties and members in the same party about the ending or the keeping of DACA. The most recent government shutdown that lasted about 2 days in January was caused by the disagreement of parties on the pressing subject. Trump and the Republican party compromised with the Democratic party that he would legalize all under DACA if Democrats would agree to fund the wall and end the visa lottery and “chain migration”. When presented with two compromises to the bill, 37 Republicans voted for legalization of “Dreamers”, more border security, and reduction of legal immigration. However, only 8 voted for not legalizing Dreamers, more border security, and more legal immigration.

There is an irony in Trump’s compromises and in his ideals of immigration. By legalizing “Dreamers”, who are undocumented, he is lowering the immigration of legal, documented immigrants. Furthermore, Trump never actually uses the term illegal/undocumented immigrants when talking about immigrants. However, he sure has a lot to say about where they come from. His controversial statements about Mexico and Latinos are just one example of the racism behind this irony and confusion of immigration under the administration; the Muslim ban is another. The administration does not support immigration of any kind, legal or illegal, of people (mostly darker-skinned) from developing countries, such as those in predominantly Muslim or Latin-American countries. “Trump replaced the legal-illegal distinction with one that turned out to have more resonance on the activist right: The distinction between white Christian immigrants and non-white, and non-Christian ones.”

In a book called “White Backlash”, the writers cite a poll that shows that 61% of Americans believe “illegal immigrant” is only referring to those of Latin-American descent, however, statistics show, only a quarter of Latino immigrants are undocumented. In a research study conducted by Public Religion Research Institute, “it found that Republicans were only three points more likely than Democrats to want to reduce immigration from “predominantly Christian countries” and only seven points more likely to want to reduce immigration from Europe. By contrast, they were 33 points more likely to support reducing immigration from Mexico and Central America and 41 points more likely to support reducing immigration from ‘predominantly Muslim countries.’” The findings behind this clearly show that the issues behind the arguments of illegal immigration in today’s society can be rooted and based on racism and xenophobia.

A letter to Dr.Rios

Dear Dr. Rios:


My name is Bladimir Gallegos. I am a 16-year-old male student of Latino descent. I and my class are reading and using your autobiography to improve our literacy skills ,and I am truly enjoying it so far.  I have just finished chapter 8 of your autobiography Street Life. I initially thought your book was going to be a challenging read and confusing, but now I see that is not the case. I thought it would be a more difficult read because I typically don’t like reading books but it turned out to be a very truthful and relatable piece of literature. I also thought it was going to be confusing because the way you started it and transitioned it to different times of your life.


So far we have used inferences, sensory details, annotations, and vocal inflection while reading your work.


I feel relatable to different parts of your story that you shared in the chapters titled “The Snake Belt” and “A True Gangster.”


In chapter 7, when you said “I came home that day to my mother standing at the front of the door, half of her face covered by the shadow of the splintering wooden door. “Donde has Estado?”(pg.35), I wonder if you knew that one day this would happen and had already come up with an alibi just in case? Also, you said, “I told my mother the truth; I had been working to help pay the bills”(pg.36), and I thought that it would have been a better situation if you just talked to her or implied that you wanted to work to help pay with bills instead of lying.


Then I read chapter 8 where I read “My cousin, Pingo, had a connection to the gang. Pingo was my mother’s brother’s son. We were the same age and only a month apart.”(pg.41) and I realized that Pingo was probably one of the biggest influences at this point in your life. Lastly, you shared “I grabbed the gun and pointed it towards the guys. Then, I raised the gun towards the air and shot into the night sky. The guys scattered like roaches and I fooled Conejo.”(pg.47) and I want you to know that I think you are so smart for that and such a good on the spot thinker.


Your autobiography is so well made and intense and has turned into one of my favorite pieces of literature I have ever come across.


Thank you for reading, and I hope to hear from you,


Sincerely Bladimir


Blog Post: Dear Dr. Rios

Dear Dr. Rios,


My name is Jesus Sanchez. I’m a student at Fremont High School in Oakland. I’m in the 11th grade and I consider myself Mexican just like you. I have just finished chapter 8 of your autobiography Street Life. When I started reading Street Life, I immediately was hooked to read more because I was relating to it so much, due our similar backgrounds.


In class, we’ve been working on imagery annotations, Auditory, Visual, Kinesthetic, Olfactory, and Gustatory. We made an audio recording, reading a piece of your book. Where we had to mark the text to pause in certain moments, emphasize on specific words, and use certain tones. We also made TTTA annotations, Talk To The Arthur, where we imagined you were telling the story to us and we had to respond.


I feel sympathetic about different parts of your story that you shared in the chapters titled “The Snake Belt” and “A True Gangster”.


In chapter 7, when you said “ He called his brothers, sisters, and parents in Mexico, and when the $500 phone bill arrived, he told my mother that maybe they should stop seeing each other. He left, and we ended up with no phone.” (35). I want you to know that It must have been frustrating, Victor, to find out he wasn’t a good guy. Especially after all of the stuff your family has gone through. Also, you said ”Afraid of being beaten, I told my mother the truth; I had been working to help pay bills.” (36). I thought, Victor, I hope you felt a sense of relief when you told the truth.


Then I read chapter 8 where I read ”A few facial hairs started growing on my chin. I would stare at the mirror and pull on those few hairs to see if they would grow… Also, my body started doing all kinds of weird, uncontrollable things. It was an awkward and embarrassing time for me.” (39). I realized that, Victor, we, all men, have been through what you were going through too. Lastly, you shared ”I shaved my head, and when my hair started growing out, I greased it up with Tres Flores hair pomade and wore a hair net.” (39). I want you to know that I was surprised, Victor, to find out you used that pomade too.


Even though I haven’t finished the book, I feel like it’s going to be one of my favorite books I’ve read. For that, I thank you for sharing your story.


Thank you for reading, and I hope to hear from you,


Jesus Sanchez,

Confronting Illegal Immigration to Make It Easier for the U.S. and It’s Immigrants

In order to confront immigration and it’s problems, we must identify why most illegal immigrants come to the U.S. Most Mexican Illegal Immigrants, for example, come here with no intention to settle permanently. Most illegal immigrants come to work for money for their families back home to send to them. They also earn money for themselves so that by the time they think their family has enough money to live happily and well-off enough in the foreign country, they can go back to their families. I have an uncle who is doing the same thing. He left his family in Mexico awhile back to California to find work. This way he sends money back to my cousins, his children (and their children). He is planning to go back in a few years when he has enough money. My father, when he first came to America, also had to leave his son, my brother, in Mexico while he went to make money for his family and himself.

Another reason immigrants come to this country is a high demand for unskilled labor. The only people willing to do most unskilled labor is immigrants, so they come to take on that job to make money for their family and themselves. “Immigration aides the U.S. economy by providing workers to fill gaps in the labor market. Immigrants tend to fill occupations where the gap between the supply of workers and the demand for them is greatest, typically in the highest- and lowest-skilled jobs. That hourglass shape of the immigration labor pool complements the native workforce, where a much larger share of workers falls in the middle range in terms of skills and education. As a result, immigrants do not typically compete for the kinds of jobs held by the vast majority of American workers. Instead, they migrate to those segments of the job market where most Americans are over- or under-qualified.” Illegal immigrants help the labor force and the economic system because of their low wages and their numerous unskilled jobs. America’s unemployment even decreases during immigration booms: “During the long boom of the 1990s, and especially in the second half of the decade, the national unemployment rate fell below four percent and real wages rose both up and down the income scale during a time of high immigration levels. According to a study by the Council of Economic Advisers, household incomes rose strongly from 1993 through 1999 across all income groups, including the poorest one-fifth of American households. The poverty rate fell by three percent during the 1990s, and almost 10% among African-Americans. Those remarkable gains occurred during a decade of large immigration inflows, including low-skilled workers from Mexico.”

Now the solution to this is brought up by the article “Confronting the Problem of Illegal Mexican Immigration to the U.S.”. This solution, in my opinion (though based on facts of the matter), is a great compromise between those for and against illegal immigration; this way it will be a win-win situation between the two sides, the country, and the illegal immigrants. Griswold says there should be a legal and easy way for illegal immigrants to come in. Then “A temporary work visa (TWV) should be created that would allow Mexican nationals to remain in the U.S. to work for a limited period. The visa could authorize work for a definite period–perhaps three years–and would be renewable for an additional limited period; permit unlimited multiple entries for as long as the visa was valid; allow complete mobility between employers and sectors of the American economy; and entitle the holder to ‘national treatment’.” The number of visas should keep up with the demand for labor from the U.S. This mobility allows the economy to change if demands change for labor supply as well, therefore benefiting immigrants and the U.S. There should also be a program for illegal immigrants in the U.S. to get their papers faster and more efficiently than just applying for it and having to wait 20 years for it. They do not gain automatic permanent residence, however, they would still have to go through the program and through all the steps, rules, regulations, and fees that the program would set up.

There are many cost-efficient ways to do what is morally right: helping illegal immigrants already in the U.S. and immigrants coming here to become residents or to get the right to work. The least cost-efficient way to achieve decreased illegal immigration would be to build a wall. Therefore, if illegal immigration is such a big topic and such an urgent matter to take care of, then there needs to be more talk about how to help these people rather than only pushing them away.

The Misconceptions of Illegal Immigration

In my recent research for my topic on whether or not illegal immigration benefits society, I found a few articles on the viewpoint of how illegal immigration is and has been beneficial to the United States and it’s society. One of the articles talked about how “dreamers” those enrolled under DACA are Americans. Many people believe those under DACA should not be protected under this service and are not beneficial to society, even though those under this program did not choose to come here illegally as children, their parents did. The author of the article responded to Trump’s insensitive remark when he just had to say “Americans are dreamers, too.” The writer of the article retorts, “Yes, Americans are dreamers – and dreamers are Americans. If only we had a president who understood as much.” America is known as the “land of dreams” and is seen as a place where people can be successful and follow their dreams. But when it comes to immigrants of color, many believe they are not part of this same ideal, therefore they are not American. However, those who come here, come here for a better life. They come here to dream for a better life for their children, as any person in this country has done, as every person (except Native Americans) in this country is a descendant of immigrants. This country is built on immigrants and immigration. Colonialism was itself illegal immigration that harmed a native-born society. However, the illegal immigration today does not harm the native-born population.

Another article gave the suggestion that the United States should have open immigration policies because of the actual benefits to the U.S. economy that immigration brings. People have this misconception that illegal immigration hurts the economy more than it helps. The article talked about many economic benefits and standpoints. For example, “In 1989, the U.S. Department of Labor reviewed nearly 100 studies on the relationship between immigration and unemployment and concluded that ‘neither U.S. workers nor most minority workers appear adversely affected by immigration.’” Studies show that immigrants actually are America’s biggest group of entrepreneurs. They fuel the economy through consumerism and feeding their wages into the economic cycle. “1) They expand the demand for goods and services through their own consumption; 2) They bring savings with them that contribute to overall investment and productivity; 3) They are more highly entrepreneurial than native-born Americans and create jobs through the businesses they start; 4) They fill gaps in the low and high ends of the labor markets, producing subsidiary jobs for American workers; 5) Low-wage immigrants may enable threatened American businesses to survive competition from low-wage businesses abroad; and 6) They contribute to increased economic efficiencies through economies of scale.” Another article called “Illegal Immigration: Myths, Half-Truths, and a Hole in Trump’s Wall” (using highlights the fact that, as mentioned earlier, the benefits of immigration outweigh the harms. “A billion here, a billion there [to pay for illegal immigrants’ education and health care]–these are all big numbers. But that is only one side of the equation. The workers also bring significant economic benefit to the country. Take Texas, a state with one of the largest populations of immigrants who crossed the border illegally. A 2006 report by the state comptroller estimated they added $17.7 billion to gross state product, including contributing $424 million more to state revenue than they consumed in government services, such as education, health care and law enforcement”

As everyone knows, at the beginning of Trump’s presidential campaign, he said some cruel things about Mexican immigrants. For example, he said Mexicans are bringing rape, murder, and other crimes into the U.S. However, according to this article, ” these “illegals” commit far fewer crimes per capita than lesser educated, native-born Americans. They do take jobs, but they also create more jobs for Americans. They use some social services, but a lot of that is offset by how much they pump into the economy. The aggressive enforcement of U.S. immigration laws has given rise to an organized crime network that smuggles people across the border, often while subjecting them to rape, kidnapping and even murder…  the violent crime rate in America dropped 34 percent, and the property crime rate fell 26 percent. That same report found that Mexican immigrants–including those who entered the U.S. legally and illegally–had an incarceration rate in 2000 of 0.7 percent, one-eighth the rate of native-born Americans of Mexican descent and lower than that of American-born whites and blacks of similar socioeconomic status and education.” If anything, illegal immigrants are mostly victims of violent crimes by citizens in this country.

The biggest problem with illegal immigration is the misconceptions and racism behind it. Yes, the majority of immigrants are Latin American, but this majority is the majority of our laborers that pick fruit in fields for less than minimum wage, that build your houses and buildings, that mow and remodel your lawns, etc. Yet, these immigrants are the only ones to be called out, when there are immigrants from many countries in Europe of white descent that come here illegally or overstay their visas and may not even work as hard as illegal immigrants of color. Illegal immigration is not the problem. Ignorance and lack of education on the topic are the problem.


“Is Illegal Immigration an Economic Burden to America?”

I read a few fascinating articles on how illegal immigration into the U.S. has many benefits, which is what I am arguing as well. However, I read the different arguments to this question: “Is Illegal Immigration an Economic Burden to America?” a pro-con website. It is helpful to build my argument based on the thoughts of the other side. Therefore this website was really helpful.

The Pros to the question (meaning they believe immigration is a burden) addressed many of the economic concerns to the argument. However their arguments were contradictory and were not as supported by facts as was the Con’s side (arguing that illegal immigration is actually beneficial). The Pro side argued “In 2010, the average unlawful immigrant household received around $24,721 in government benefits and services while paying some $10,334 in taxes. This generated an average annual fiscal deficit (benefits received minus taxes paid) of around $14,387 per household. This cost had to be borne by U.S. taxpayers… Under current law, all unlawful immigrant households together have an aggregate annual deficit of around $54.5 billion.” However, does this take into consideration the fact that the top 1% does not even pay as much taxes as the middle, lower middle, and lower classes? the top 1% gets so many tax cuts that they do not get taxed as much, therefore not benefiting society, yet illegal immigrants who live off lower than minimum to minimum wage are expected to pay more taxes than a CEO of a successful company. There is more of a deficit to how the top 1% doesn’t pay taxes. “The estimated wage suppression and fiscal costs are relatively small, and economists generally view the overall economic benefits of this workforce as significantly outweighing the costs.”

“In 2012, researchers at the Cato Institute estimated that a mass deportations policy would reduce economic growth by around $250 billion per year. Those costs would not be evenly distributed: Those at the very bottom of the income distribution, particularly those without a high school diploma, may even earn higher wages in the absence of undocumented immigrants.” Undocumented workers keep wages balanced and make up most of the GDP. Without their work, the U.S. would be more in debt than it is. If their was a mass deportation, there would be an economic depression because there would be no flow in the economic cycle. There would be no consumerism, not as much taxpayer money, and not as much labor.

“Even though illegal aliens make little use of welfare, from which they are generally barred, the costs of illegal immigration in terms of government expenditures for education, criminal justice, and emergency medical care are significant.” Illegal immigrants are not the problem in this case. Lazy people living off welfare when they can actually get off their butts and work are the problem. The fact that people are mad that their taxes go towards illegal immigrants (which it barely does considering how much illegal immigrants “benefit” from it) and not mad that their tax money is going towards lazy, unemployed people on welfare shows that most people are just complaining about illegal immigrants that aren’t white and are hypocrites of the situation. Illegal immigrants also do not get great education or criminal justice because of the costs that taxes aren’t going towards. Taxpayers money goes towards lower class white American-born citizens’ poor public education too. We have a poor education system in this country, it has nothing to do with illegal immigrants. As for imprisonment and the criminal justice system, illegal immigrants are arrested more because of their color, as are any people of color; this is a fact that we have seen since before the Civil Rights Movement. Taxpayer money is going towards getting white rapists from Stanford out of jail in 3 months and keeping in people of color imprisoned for being found with a dime of weed on them. Most of these Pros towards the main question are based on systemic racism, and are simply trying to push out hard-working illegal immigrants of color, when they actually benefit society as a whole.


Immigrants Scared to Come Out

“We estimate that unauthorized immigrants represent a larger part (17 percent) of East Oakland’s estimated 90,000 residents than they do among all residents of Alameda County (about six percent of approximately 1.5 million residents)” (Marcelli and Pastor). To begin, a lot of immigrants live in Oakland. Why don’t we see them? Immigrants don’t come out in Oakland because they have no support, don’t want to go back to their country, and they don’t want to be separated from their family.

Immigrants don’t come out in Oakland because they have limited support. In the article US Immigration proposals: What’s in the Rise Act by BBC News, it talks about cutting the number of green cards given out each year. This number gets cut by half. The article explained, “Under the proposals this number would be cut; green cards would be given to just over 500,000 people a year”(BBC News). This is explaining that the number of resources are being cut. That is a lot of support but that is still not enough for every immigrant. There should be more resources for the immigrants.The key words in this quote are “would be cut” because that shows that the immigrants don’t get enough support. This will happen in the future and will affect immigrants. News source can be credible because they are a worldwide news source and are looking for news all over the world to inform people what is happening. The words in this quote clearly say that instead of giving the immigrants more support, the government is deciding to cut of the number of green cards giving out in the whole US. This quote is important because it talks about how immigrants are getting their resources cut. The fact that immigrants don’t get support is bad. As stated by one of my interviewees, “I don’t think Oakland has support for immigrant people”(man in Oakland). My interviewee used the words “I don’t think” which means that he has not heard of any supports that the immigrants receive. This quote is unique because it comes from a person that lives in Oakland and knows immigrant people and he has seen them suffer in this city. The words in this quote have to say that it is sad that there is institutional racism. Immigrants don’t come out in Oakland because they don’t have enough support. The fact that Oakland is a sanctuary city is really helpful, but that is still not enough. Therefore the government should do more to help and protect the immigrants.

Also, immigrants don’t come out in Oakland because they don’t want to go back to their country. In the article, Deported: End of the line for Undocumented Oakland couple by Mercury News, it states that the family that had to leave this country reported, “I’m not leaving this country defeated, because I graduated from the university and that was not in my plans when I came here, or when I was a kid”(Seipel). This is saying even though the person is being deported, she has not lost because she was able to accomplish more than her goals which one of her goals was going to college. Why do we want to kick immigrant people out if all they are doing is working for this country? The government is helping less. They are deporting people that have college degrees and having a college degree is really important. Similarly, the article East Oakland and Alameda County  by Enrico A. Marcelli and Manuel Pastor it states, “At the same time, unauthorized immigrants are often deeply rooted in their communities – in East Oakland they have resided just shy of a decade (nine years) in the United States”(Marcelli and Pastor). Immigrants are laying roots in Oakland and don’t want to leave. The key words in this quote are “deeply rooted in their communities” which means that they have laid roots and are now part of the “tree” of Oakland. There has to be a way to keep immigrant people here. Therefore, immigrant people don’t come out in Oakland because they don’t want to leave this country,

Immigrant people are also not coming out in Oakland because they don’t want to be separated from their family. In my interviews one of my anonymous interviewees who decided to stay anonymous because of his legal status talked about him coming to the United States. He explained to me that he came with his parents because he didn’t want to be separated from them. He said, “My parents came with me”(Oakland community member). This quote shows that his family and him came here together because they wanted to be together forever. They would not like to be separated from each other. The key words in this quote are “came with me” because this shows that they always want to be together and would not like to be separated. This quote is important and unique because it is a direct quote from a person that states that he would not like to be separated from his family because half of the family is undocumented and half is documented. Additionally, in an article that talks about a family that had to go back to Mexico, it discusses  not wanting to be separated from their family. The article Deported:End of line for an undocumented couple by Mercury News states that the family members said, “But it is hard to leave my kids behind”(Mercury News). This is an example of a family being separated because of the government. This quote is unique and important because it shows how hard it is to leave your family behind because you have to leave. This is why the government should stop separating families because families should always be together. No one deserves to be separated from their family. Immigrants don’t come out in Oakland because they don’t want to be separated from their families.

Even do immigrants do come out, they come out with fear of being sent back to their country. In the article, Oakland doesn’t Want Immigrants to fear the Police by Rachel Dovey, she states, “Citing fear of deportations”(Dovey). This quote truly demonstrates that the immigrants are scared that they will be deported so they don’t really come out. There is also support in Oakland for immigrants, but there is just not enough for everyone. There are many programs for immigrants and Oakland is a sanctuary city.

In conclusion, immigrants don’t come out in Oakland because they have no support, they don’t want to go back to their country, and they don’t want to be separated from their families. Did you know that “ Also, almost 70 percent of the unauthorized who are at least five years old do not speak English well, often limiting their social and economic status”(Marcelli and Pastor).


Annotated Bibliography:

Abundis, Luis. “Immigrant Interview.” 28 Dec. 2017.


I interviewed Luis Abundis on December 28 about immigrants in Oakland. We discussed about Oakland and how Oakland supports immigrant people. Luis Abundis is credible because he has lived 29 years here in Oakland and has a lot of experience.


BBC News. “US immigration proposals: What’s in the Raise Act?” BBC News, BBC, 3 Aug. 2017,


This article explains what Donald Trump wants to do with immigrants. Some of the information included explains exactly what Donald Trump wants to do with immigrant people. This source is credible because they are a news source and are a worldwide news source and have no reason for making up news.


Cardenas, Ruben. “Immigrant Interview.” 28 Dec. 2017.


I interviewed Ruben Cardenas on December 28 about immigrants and how his community has changed. We discussed about how immigrants change communities when they get here. Ruben Cardenas is credible because he has lived in Oakland for a lot of years and has experience changes in his community.


Dovey, Rachel. “Oakland Doesn’t Want Immigrants to Fear the Police.” Next City,

This article explains that Oakland wants to support immigrant people. Some background information that this article includes is what the Oakland council made with ICE to protect immigrant people. This source is credible because they are news and the author has a lot of experience.

Marcelli, Erico A, and Manuel Pastor. “Unauthorized and Uninsured.”

San Diego State University and the University of Southern California. This article explains how many immigrants live in East Oakland. Some background that this article explains is how much of Oakland’s population do immigrants take. This article is credible because the authors are people that are going to college and are studying and doing a lot of research in order to create a really credible source.


Seipel, Tracy. “Deported: End of the line for undocumented Oakland couple.” The Mercury News, The Mercury News, 17 Aug. 2017,


This article explains a sad story of a women that worked as a nurse at Highland Hospital for 15 years. Some background information that this article illustrates is that the women and her family got denied legal documents. This article is credible because this was a true story that was all over the news.


“U.S. Immigrant Population and Share over Time, 1850-Present.”, 5 Jan. 2018,

This article explains how many immigrant people live in the US. This includes a graph which gives the reader a visual idea of how many immigrant people live in this country and how that number has changed over the years. This source is credible because they are recording how many immigrant people are here and are always collecting data to give an idea of how many immigrant people are here and how many people will have to leave if Donald Trump decides to kick all of the immigrants out.



DACA is an acronym that stands for the Deferred Action of Childhood Arrivals. It is a program put into place during the Obama administration that allows children of immigrants, who themselves are not legal citizens, to keep getting the education and employment in America that they deserve as humans with natural rights. The Trump administration wants to rescind DACA, which could upend more than 600,000 people. About 690,000 young adults are currently in the DACA program and there are 34,000 additional first-time applications. To be eligible, applicants had to have arrived in the US before age 16 and have lived there since June 15, 2007. They could not have been older than 30 when the Department of Homeland Security enacted the policy in 2012. DACA recipients have been able to come out of the shadows and obtain valid driver’s licenses, enroll in college and legally secure jobs. They also pay income taxes just like any American citizen. However, the program does not give them a path to become US citizens or even legal permanent residents. Fortunately, under DACA, Dreamers, the term for those in the program, were able to apply to defer deportation and legally reside in the US for two years. After that, they could apply for renewal. The Trump administration put an end to new DACA applications in September and accepted renewal applications for another month which means that if Congress doesn’t act, starting March 6, as many as 983 undocumented people could lose their protected status every day, nearly 30,000 people a month, on average, for two years, as DACA permits start to expire.

“To target these young people is wrong because they have done nothing wrong,” Obama wrote in a post. “It is self-defeating because they want to start new businesses, staff our labs, serve in our military, and otherwise contribute to the country we love. And it is cruel. This is about whether we are a people who kick hopeful young strivers out of America, or whether we treat them the way we’d want our own kids to be treated. It’s about who we are as a people and who we want to be.”

“It’s wrong because it’s bad policy that solves no pressing problem and raises new ones. It’s wrong because it’s irresponsible, passing the buck instead of offering sensible solutions for immigration reform. Most of all, it’s wrong because it’s cruel to send these young people to places many of them have never lived and do not know. For them this is home. The United States is their home,” Bill Clinton said.

“Brought by parents, these children had no choice in coming here. Now they’ll be sent to countries they’ve never known. Cruel. Not America,” Biden tweeted.

Getting rid of DACA hurts the economy as well. A report from the Center for American Progress found that 87 percent of DACA beneficiaries are using their work permits and 83 percent of those working also attend school. Besides lost tax revenues, American businesses would face billions in turnover costs, because employers would lose qualified workers whom they have trained and in whom they have invested. “Why would you take people out of the work force, who are part of the system and paying taxes?” Moody’s Analytics chief economist Mark Zandi told the New York Times that five years after DACA is repealed, the U.S. gross domestic product would be $105 billion lower than if DACA were to remain in force. “Our economy would lose $460.3 billion from the national GDP and $24.6 billion in Social Security and Medicare tax contributions” if DACA is ended.

Rescinding DACA is not a legal requirement, and is wrong on many levels. It is wrong for our country to push out Dreamers for a choice that was not theirs. They did not choose to be born in a country that was oppressing to their families, and they did not choose to immigrate to a new country when they were just young children. They deserve the same human rights as any legal citizen, and they do not deserve to be deported to a land they do not know, a land they can not call home even if they were born there.

 Bilingual Teenager

Last month in New Jersey a student was speaking Spanish and told by a teacher, “Speak American.”   Maybe the teacher made a bad choice of words out of frustration, or maybe sheś just racist.  The way I see it, we are in a free country. There is no official language and we can speak whatever language we want.  


I have experience with this as a  bilingual teenager.  One day I went to a summer class and I was talking to some friends during the class.  They knew how to speak Spanish, so we spoke that way.  The teacher actually said something similar to this other teacher: ¨This is America.  Speak English.” Imagine being a bilingual person and someone telling you can only speak one of those languages.  It would make you feel uncomfortable speaking your mother tongue.  The message is that Spanish is not as good.


Well that’s what they think, but they’re wrong.  Spanish is one of the best languages that could ever exist. All languages are unique, but there are so many Spanish dialects to enjoy, and they just roll off your tongue.  Also, it is the official language in 20 countries, so thats why Spanish is one of the most important languages in the world.  I would like to tell those people that judge my language, that is really hard to speak two completely different languages and have to go to school in the new one.  When you tell us not to use our language, you are telling us to forget about our home language.

The Achievement Gap

The achievement gap is the measurable disparity of the socioeconomic statuses and educational performance of different groups of people in the United States. The achievement gap usually falls along socioeconomic and racial/ethnic lines.The achievement gap is a complex issue with many causes. It is propelled by factors that exist within the K-12 school system, the home, and post high school. The gaps in these groups show that only a select group of Americans are performing at high levels and that there is a clear pattern to who performs highly and who doesn’t. In this essay, the causes of this gap will be explained and discussed. As well as possible and practical solutions.
Causes from inside the home.

Of the multiple causes of the achievement gap that stem from the home, the first one I’d like to focus on is health and health care challenges. The state of one’s health permeates every aspect of individual lives and every aspect of society, so it comes as no surprise, that subpar health and healthcare greatly contributes to the widening achievement gap in this country. Two different health problems that greatly contribute to the widening health gap are low birth weights of children and childhood obesity. Also discussed here is how the general lack of consistent and quality health care makes the most vulnerable students even more vulnerable. In addition to health concerns familial and cultural factors will also be discussed in this first section of the paper.

Low birth weight
Infants born with low birth weights (under 5 pounds 8 ounces) are at a high risk of impaired cognitive development (Barton, 2004, p. 8). They can also suffer from attention problems, which can impact their performance at school(Aarnoudse-Moens, C. S., Weisglas-Kuperus, N., Van, J. B., & Oosterlaan, J., 2009 ). When children already have deficits in their cognitive development, no matter how hard they try in school, and no matter what their parents or teachers do to support them in school, they will never be able to perform at the level that they would have performed at had they not had these deficits. Infants with low birth weights are more likely to be born to, moms with chronic illnesses like high blood pressure and diabetes (March of Dimes, 2014, p11). Black women more likely than any other woman to experience these health challenges, meaning that black infants are more likely than others to be born with a low birth weight, causing these intellectual deficits. (Mayo Clinic, 2017)

Health-related absenteeism
Another example of how poor healthcare and health related issues can lead to/have led to the achievement gap is in the form of health related absenteeism. Absenteeism is one of the worst things for a student who wants to succeed in their education. Research shows that missing only 10 percent of school days(commonly referred to as chronically absent) whether the absences are excused or unexcused negatively affects school performance. (10 facts, 2013). In The Importance of Being in School: A Report on Absenteeism in the Nation’s Public Schools, Robert Balfanz, and Vaughan Byrnes detail the havoc that missing school can wreak. In their report, this was said “ Achievement, especially in math, is very sensitive to attendance, and absence of even two weeks during one school year matters. Attendance also strongly affects standardized test scores and graduation and dropout rates. Educators and policymakers cannot truly understand achievement gaps or efforts to close them without considering chronic absenteeism.” (new every 1 graduates 2013 ). Students whose parents are less affluent often miss more school for many reasons but particularly health reasons. Children who live in poverty often suffer from asthma more than their richer counterparts. This is usually because they don’t have access to the nutritional food that children of richer adults do, as well as the fact that they are most likely exposed to air that is of a lower quality; both of which can either cause or exacerbate the condition. When those same children do have asthma, it can be more difficult for them to receive the proper care, whether that is because they don’t have health insurance or their parents simply can’t take off of work in order to take them. When asthma is not treated it manifests itself in the form of coughing, shortness of breath and tightness of chest (Asthma Attack, 2014) AKA common symptoms that would cause either children to want to stay home from school, or parents to want to keep their kids home from school.

A difference in parenting styles
The achievement gap also has causes that are more familial and cultural (even if they do still ultimately stem from economic troubles). Differences in parenting styles can affect the achievement gap. Often African American and Hispanic families, as well as poor families, employ the “natural growth” parenting style. It emphasizes free-play, discipline, and hierarchy. They interact less with their children than more affluent parents. Richer parents are more likely to read to their kids, sing to their kids and play with their kids than parents who make less money. Although these things may seem trivial, that time spent with children is critical to their academic success. One study of language acquisition showed that, by age 3, the children of professionals had vocabularies of about 1,100 words; those of parents on welfare had mastered only 525 words. The difference was reflected in IQ scores: an average of 117 for the first group, and 79 for the second(Ireland, C., 2007). When one group of children have a lower IQ score than another whole group it should reflect in their achievement. Although there can be outliers; children with lower IQs outperforming children with higher IQs and vice versa, on average there has to be an achievement gap.

Often, when discussions about the achievement gap, its causes, and its solutions take place, many try to place the blame solely on the (public) school system. As we’ve seen from the evidence earlier, there are multiple factors that take place outside of the school system that contribute to the achievement gap. To some, the earlier mentioned differences in IQ could look inherent to different races, and not purely environment based. The health of the parents and of the children, education and work status of the parents all contribute to the achievement gap.
Intraschool causes of the achievement gap

There are also many causes of the achievement gap that takes place in the K-12 school system. These include academic track programs in school and bias in the teachers.

Factors that have to do with college
The achievement gap is a wide-reaching problem with a wide variety of causes. This section will focus on causes that take place post the k-12 school system. Different causes include racial bias in the doling out of scholarships and financial aid. Another one of the causes is anti-black and anti-latino hiring practices.

Scholarship Bias
One way that the achievement gap is perpetrated outside of the K-12 school system and the home life is through bias in the allocation of scholarships and grants for college. White students ( who make up 61.8 percent of all students) receive 75.6 percent of merit grants (academic and other types) While minority students receive only 24.3 percent. According to Kantrowitz, these grants are often awarded to students by semi-selective colleges as a “form of financial aid leveraging,”( to dazzle middle- and upper-class applicants who can pay sizable portions of their tuition “A full-pay student — even with a significant discount in the form of a merit-based grant — still yields more net revenue to the college than low or moderate-income students,” he writes. This bias in scholarship allocation can greatly impact the achievement gap simply because on average people who don’t go to college usually achieve less than that college-educated counterparts. People with bachelor’s degrees, earn vastly more than counterparts with some college ($1.55 million/lifetime earnings) or a high school diploma ($1.30 million/ lifetime) simply earning a four-year degree is often integral to financial success later in life. When minority students are kept from college due to missing out on scholarships, it gravely impacts how much money they’ll make in their lifetime which will manifest itself in the achievement gap.( The Georgetown Center for Education and Workforce director said “It’s still true that, on average, it’s better to get the higher degree”

Racist Hiring Practices
Yet another cause of the achievement gap is racist hiring policies. Black and latinx candidates often receive fewer job callbacks than their white counterparts regardless of their preparedness for the job. Having fewer job offers usually translates into less leverage when arguing for a wage which translates to lower wages for them if they do get the job. As seen in table one, whether or not the different racial groups went to college, a large gap still exists in income between the different racial groups. In table 2 you can see the same type of gap between different races in net worth in both college graduates and noncollege graduates.

The achievement gap is not by any means a solutionless problem. Although the solutions vary in terms of practicality and helpfulness, any combination of these problems is sure to help. Teach parents how to better help- sing to them, read with them, try your best to feed them healthy food. If parents are taught to do these things, they can help give their children a head start even before they start school. Another partial solution would be to do away with track programs in school- this will help with self-esteem, and hopefully, keep teachers expectations equally high of every student. In order to help fend off health-related cause of the achievement gap having a national health care -children will have lower absentee rates-increasing in better grades and test scores and a greater chance at going to college and succeeding in college. And one final way to help end the achievement gap—make a way for everybody to go to college.

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Mouthwatering Empanadas

I remember every Christmas when my mom and I made empanadas. She cooked the stuffing and left in in the top part of the refrigerator out of our reach. I could stay the whole morning starting in the kitchen. For an hour I could annoy my mom by asking the same question million times Where are my empanadas? …

The empanadas weren’t done. I began to lose my patience so I went downstairs to my Aunt’s house. The Christmas tree was on, it was amazing. I was sitting next to the Christmas tree until they called me “Manuel, Quieres una empanada?

Empanada? Of course, I wanted an Empanada

I just walked through the living room where all the fruit platter paintings are. The greasy smell of the oil and the warm air colliding with my face. My cousin, Nathali, gave me the most gold empanada of the group wrapped in a napkin. It made my mouth water, with craving, I took a big bite as if someone is almost stealing my precious empanada.

The crunchiness and crispiness threw me to another world, where there is just me and the empanada. I ignore everything that was happening around me until I heard something Man… Manuel… MANUEL!… It was my mom! She didn’t know I was downstairs. I thanked my cousin and gave her the empanada. I ran upstairs with just one thing in my mind “I didn’t get to the stuffing.”

-“Mami my empanada!” came out from my mouth.

-“Yes, my son,” my mother said.

I take my empanada from the group of the hot ones and then again, the crunchiness and crispiness throw me to another world, where there is just me and the empanada. Everything is going white then is nuanced with orange and red my mind is blowing up. This empanada was my Nirvana, my Gan Eden, The Fields Of Aaru, my Vaikuntha, my Elysium, I feel this empanada was the heaven of those religions, my motive to keep going in life, my motive to die right now, I want to this flavor be my last…

After that, I said I’m done, and I told my mom, it was good, can I have another one? She said yes and then you know the rest of the story… the crunchiness and crisp….

Is Immigration into the U.S. an Actual Problem?

There is a rise in immigration into the United States, and there has been in years’ past. With Trump’s insistent “Build the Wall” slogan, I question whether immigration of any kind is not welcome, or only if it is people of color immigrating into the U.S.

Marco Saavedra, born in Oaxaca, Mexico, and an illegal immigrant in the U.S. says he “is the problem” (sarcastically). His argument is one against hypocrisy in the U.S. stating “Rich migrants and foreigners from other first-world countries are apparently not the problem. Nor are neo-liberal trade agreements that wreck indigenous economies or the mass media seduction to sacrifice everything for a better a life in the United States.”

Many complain that there simply aren’t enough jobs to go around. I refuse to let that be an answer when my grandmother came here from the Basque Country in her mid-20s and decided to create her own job by cleaning people’s houses and saved up enough money to send my mother and uncle to private school, without aid, as a single mother. My grandmother still works today at the age of 86. I refuse to let that be an excuse when my father took any job he could get after risking his life crossing the border from Mexico into California. He did the work that no one else would, except for immigrants: picking fruit in the fields of Livingston, California. My tias and tios, grandma, great aunts and great uncles worked as janitors, cleaned houses, picked crops in fields, waitressed, cooked, or bussed at restaurants, and labored hard in order to provide for their families and give to the U.S. economy. Yet, the U.S. economy does not give back. It does not let up on taxes, whether these immigrants are legal or illegal. It gives welfare to those who don’t need it and don’t work; there are American-born people standing on the corners of streets begging for handouts while there are immigrants begging for a job at the corner of Home Depot.

Immigration by people of color is not the problem. The problem is the way our society, our culture, our economy, and our government handles it. Illegal immigrants, and immigrants in general, work hard to be here, yet the government does not want to recognize them as humans looking to help their kids succeed more than they would have in their home land. However, we recognize those who don’t work, who sit on their butts all day, who are on welfare when they don’t need it as proud, patriotic U.S. citizens. Government officials and authority need to put themselves into the shoes of those who immigrated here and realize that they are not much different, for their ancestors immigrated here as well, and for the reason that we are all human beings with equal rights.

Fatal Attack on immigrant, Patchogue, New York, 2008

Our Case study is about an immigrant that gets attacked late midnight by a group of teenagers that fatally wounded him and killed him this happened in Patchogue New York in 2008.

Opinions about Two Badges The Live of Mona Ruiz.

So far I have read 6 chapters of the novel Two Badges. I really like this book  because it’s an interesting story about how Mona Ruiz ended up joining the F-Troop gang and then a Cop. In my point of view, I think it’s really hard for someone to change even though anyone can change for the better. I think anyone can change to be a better person in life but from what I see in  my society, it’s rare that a gang member ends up being a cop or in another “career”. So many things happened in the first few chapters and I love how the story is going about a true fighter. I want to keep reading the book so I can understand more about what helped Mona Ruiz change and me, myself and I could help family members that are involved in similar situations. Me and my friends are reading this book and we all like the book. I asked one of my friends on what they think about the book and down below is their answer.

Christian: ” I was reading the hunger games but I got bored of it since I read it many times. I started reading this book and so far I really like how the story is going”.

Lives of Mona Ruiz: Music Dream

I am reading Two Badges: The Lives of Mona Ruiz, and I wonder if the main character would like the music I listen to. Ni pisando el dolor Es muy dificil by Virlan Garcia. I think she will like this type of music bc she is a latino.


Two Badges by Mona Ruiz Summary

In the book, Two Badges, so far in chapters 1-4 the author Mona Ruiz was a little girl who lived in a little town named Santa Ana, and in the town she lived by gangs. This one particular gang in the “barrio”. Her dad wanted her to stay away from. Well, hi.

A Day Without Immigrants

There is a lot of controversy with “A Day Without Immigrants” that happened on Thursday. My thoughts on this is that it really shouldn’t have happened. I understand that most immigrants are being greatly impacted by Trumps actions but I don’t agree that missing work and school was the way to raise awareness. Most kids in my school didn’t even really know the reasons for why they were going to miss on thursday they just wanted an excuse for missing school. The whole point of this day was too show Trump that immigrants are necessary to the success of America when in reality that isn’t really true. America can function without immigrants, a white man can come and work in the field and make more than an immigrant which would raise the price on the fruits and vegetables. I agree that Trump shouldn’t be kicking out immigrants but I don’t agree with the tactic immigrants took. Not working and not going to school or spending money on things is not the way to get the point across.

NE OH Takes on the Women’s March on Washington (updated with videos I shot that day)

Hi, Youth Voices! My name is Abby Henry, and I am a Senior at Jackson High School in Massillon, Ohio (1 hour South of Cleveland). I went to the Women’s March on Washington and I would like to share about my experience.

I worked on the Hillary Clinton Campaign for the Ohio Democratic Party for about 11 months. Everything you could imagine a campaign doing, I did it! I phone banked (calling supporters to get them to vote/volunteer and calling undecided voters to share why I was supporting Hillary), I canvassed (going door to door to supporter and undecided voters’ homes to make sure they voted), I registered thousands of voters, I organized a fellow team of students in my area, I housed a Regional Organizer of the Campaign (who became like my brother), and I worked on social media outreach. I tirelessly dedicated hours upon hours to the campaign, so naturally, it was devastating when we didn’t win the electoral college. Being a woman (sex-wise), a girl (gender-wise), an animal rights advocate, an environmentalist, and an ally for those of different sexualities, nationalities, races, and religious backgrounds I knew I had to continue being heard. About a week after the election, I participated in a local #NotMyPresident March and felt empowered. Thus, when I heard about the women’s March I jumped on the opportunity.

On January 20, 2017, my Mom, Andi (my middle sister), Isaac, Ted, Tumas (my best friends), and I crammed ourselves into our car and road tripped 7 hours to Washington DC. After a quite uncomfortable car ride, being squished in the back seat with all of the luggage, we arrived in DC around 11 pm. We stayed with a student at the Catholic University of America, Meghan, who had taken a semester off of her studies to be an organizer for the Ohio Campaign. She lived with my Grandmother, and we worked endless hours together so we got pretty close. For the march the next day we all took the metro to Union Station, which was packed with clever signs and pink hats. My group attempted to meet up with the organizer of the campaign who lived with me but had no such luck. Still feeling inspired in the face of our defeat, we listened to speakers before the march. If you watch the videos below, you can tell that in the earlier videos we were farther away but we were able to keep creeping up closer to the stage. There were big names like Gloria Steinem, American Ferrera, Scarlett Johanson, Katy Perry, Michael Moore, etc. There were also many organizers speaking. My favorite was Ashley Judd’s powerful poem:

My favorite was Ashley Judd’s powerful poem:

and Sophie Cruz.

The speakers went a little longer than intended, so people were getting a little tired of standing and not marching. We personally stood for the speakers from 9 am ET to 2 pm ET, and we didn’t even hear all of them. At around 2 pm, we pushed out of the standing crowd to get to the marching crowd. The streets of DC were completely closed and filled with marchers, it was a truly amazing sight to see. My favorite chants were “this is what democracy looks like,” “this is what a feminist looks like,” and “welcome to your first day, we will not go away.” I was amazed at how peaceful the whole march was and a number of people that showed up, from everywhere. In addition to the DC March, there was at least 1 march in every US state and around 100 marches outside of the US. The world was united under one cause, I have never been more proud to be a part of something.

For those who don’t know, the pink hats you see are pussy hats. They are pink hats with cat ears on the top. The aim was to unite everyone, even if they couldn’t make it to the march and to send a message that rape culture will not be accepted.

I was personally marching because I did not agree with the rhetoric normalized by Donald Trump in the 2016 Election. My main motives were reproductive rights and equality for all people.

One thing about the march that I didn’t particularly enjoy was the lack of organization. A lot of the speakers felt repetitive and ineffective. During a lot of speeches, the people on the ground felt talked at and not with. A lot of the speakers were reiterating the same issues in society, but that’s precisely why we all showed up. Sometimes we felt belittled by the speakers. I feel as though when the march became massive, it almost became too commercialized. That’s not necessarily something the march organizers could have helped, but it was a bit frustrating.

Despite the negative of the march, it was a great cause and it mobilized so many people. My favorite thing about the march was how inclusionary it was, the march wasn’t just for women. Men were also showing up for their support of women’s rights. Additionally, the march wasn’t just for liberals or solely anti-trump people either. I was reading stories about people that voted for Trump showing up for the march. They liked Trump’s policies but wanted to let him know that his rhetoric wasn’t appreciated. The inclusion and acceptance were amazing.

March on!

A Day Without Immigrants

“A Day Without Immigrants” is a day where immigrants stay home and don’t go to school, work, stores, etc to show that we are needed in society. Even though many people I know are immigrants I do not support this movement. For example what if you barely got your check and you need food and stuff for your family and all the stores are closed because of this event, immigrants are basically hurting themselves. If people would want to have their voice heard you would push forward and show that you are immune to the hate that you get when you go to work and school and still go anyways. This movement is supposed to show Donald Trump that we are important and that we are needed for the economy. By not being present at work and school it’s supposed to show Trump this but this really isn’t affecting him at all.  Trump has a large amount of money and I don’t think that it would really do anything and this is why I do not support this day. Overall, I think that we the people are important but, that we should show and express it in another way.

Image By Kyle Moore (Own work) [Public domain], via Wikimedia Commons

Two Badges: first reading

I think that the first new chapters of my book are interesting.  One quote that I really like was: “The mask smoothed away signs of weakness and gave us power (page 9, Ruiz)”.  I think that this quote means that putting makeup made people know they were in gangs and that they shouldn’t mess with them because they are not afraid and they will fight back.  Something that I learned about the main character is that she survive the street and she became a cop to be better and help her streets become better. Something I relate with the character is that I’m trying to not do what others do like do drugs, smoke weed, and get drunk, so I have a better chance of having a better future and not getting in trouble.


Attention youth activists!

The Women’s March is looking for youth activists under the age of 18 to apply for the #WomensMarch Youth Ambassador program
DEADLINE for submission: December 31, 2016
(The Women’s March on January 21 is a movement to “stand together in solidarity with our partners and children for the protection of our rights, our safety, our health, and our families – recognizing that our vibrant and diverse communities are the strength of our country.
The rhetoric of the past election cycle has insulted, demonized, and threatened many of us – immigrants of all statuses, Muslims and those of diverse religious faiths, people who identify as LGBTQIA, Native people, Black and Brown people, people with disabilities, survivors of sexual assault – and our communities are hurting and scared. We are confronted with the question of how to move forward in the face of national and international concern and fear.
In the spirit of democracy and honoring the champions of human rights, dignity, and justice who have come before us, we join in diversity to show our presence in numbers too great to ignore. The Women’s March on Washington will send a bold message to our new administration on their first day in office, and to the world that women’s rights are human rights. We stand together, recognizing that defending the most marginalized among us is defending all of us.”)

Border Security… ISIS 8 Miles Away

In America, protecting the borders is essential to our homeland security. Freedom has been taken advantage of over the past years and with Trump being president, all of that will change. Controlling what comes in and out of the U.S. is not just an immigration issue, it is a security issue and an economic issue. For example, the Judicial Watch has reported that ISIS has a training camp just 8 miles away from the U.S. border in Chihuahua, Mexico. 

Also, there are similar reports of terrorists just outside of our border as well. If you support Hillary Clinton and don’t agree with anything Trump states, I would just like to state that Hillary did ‘once’ want the wall too. “Well look, I voted numerous times when I was a senator to spend money to build a barrier to try to prevent illegal immigrants from coming in,” Hillary stated.

It is very obvious that the need to secure our borders is important. But the previous leaders of our country failed to do so and left a wide range of access for people to come in illegally. There are fences around baseball stadiums for a reason and this is because people must pay to get in. Are those walls and fences symbols of an unwelcoming nation or simple acts of prudence? 

This relates to entering the country because people must come in legally in order to earn the ‘freedom card.’ There are many immigrants with visa cards in the U.S. and are waiting for the right to be free. But there is also immigrants in America that are illegal and undocumented- which is not helping our economy by any means. I believe that people must earn their way into America because freedom is such a blessing that should not be taken advantage of.


Being There

I am from New York, Manhattan, not from the city where

you see all the city lights.

I am from Hispanic people and the loud music you hear.

I am from loving animals more than people.

I am from spending time with friends and those are only two people.

I am from having fun like there’s no tomorrow and not giving a care

what anyone tells me.

I am from being there for others when I see through their eyes

they are going through a hard time.

I am from having a face that gives out a bad impression

but get to know me first, and you’ll see what I’m really about.

Photo by Simon Daniel Photography

I Want a Latina President

I want a female president

A Latina

A female who gets her period every month

A mother of children

A wife

I want her to have an attitude at times to get something done

I want her to help us females

I want the men to adore her

I want her to do what is best for our country

To be humble

To be grateful

I want her to succeed

I want her to prove others wrong

I want her for president

Photo by Zanini H.

Trump wins the election

When I saw that Trump won the election I was baffled, disappointed and honestly disgusted, more than I thought I’d be. All this time, it seemed as if Hillary would have won the election in the long run. Even the exit polls projected that Hillary would have won.

With all proposals aside, I find it slightly revolting that so many Americans voted for someone who is extremely disrespectful towards women, Latinos, African Americans, the LGBTQ community, immigrants, Muslims, and so many other people. The fact that Trump has the audacity to say these things knowing that more than half of these voters will turn to Hillary’s side, shows that he truly has no moderation with what he says. All he is doing is dividing Americans and he hasn’t even served a full day as President.

Most of America wouldn’t be as concerned if the congress was mostly Democratic, however, the congress is mostly Republican, meaning that they will take Trump on whatever proposals he has (of course not all, but it would be easier for him to get what he wants).

Although Hillary wasn’t the ideal candidate at least she had respect and dignity for the people that she was running for and trying to “control.” It’s crazy that people would vote for this racist, insulting, inappropriate candidate to run our country. The fact that out of all the citizens of the United States we chose these people as our presidential candidates is depressing.

Photo by JohnHain

Hard work beats talent!

I have started a new book by the name of Keeper by Mal Peet. From what I have read, I know that a little boy, coming from a very poor family/home, and with no skills whatsoever at the sport of soccer, grows up to win a very important trophy. Of course, the trophy is won from a very important soccer tournament a.k.a The World Cup.

The story begins with “El Gato”, sitting with the famous journalist, Paul Faustino, beginning the story of how a humble young boy grew up to be one of the world’s best goalkeepers. He states how he had first started playing with his “friends” in the neighborhood, and how he would always be the last pick due to his lack of skill.  

Some people will grow up in a hard, rough situation, but when you give your dedication and time, you will succeed. Although there may be tough obstacles or disadvantages, hard work always wins. I am really interested to see what is further to come in this book!

Photo by filipecastilhos

Immigration Freedom

Dear Future President of the United States,

An important issue that I care about is immigration. It is a major issue in our country and I know a lot of people are worried about it.

I believe that we all are supposed to be treated equally as Americans and have the same rights as Americans.I think it’s unjust that Latin Americans should be kicked out of the United States. If this cause happens, it will affect families by separating them. Latinos come to the United States to have a better life, such as education.

If you don´t kick out Latinos I promise you that this country will be a great country. A country of freedom.

Please consider not kicking out Latinos.  


Opportunities for All

Dear Future President,

I just want to let you know that I am excited to know your interests and what you are going to do to make our country a better place. 

I just want you not to discriminate against people and to be someone who will not draw us into war with other countries. Help immigrants to get some type of paper to have permission to be in the United States. Help people that really want to go to college and get a degree. Help Latinos move forward and have better resources and give them an opportunity to have better jobs by giving Latinos permit work card.

Lilian Mancia

Photo by Fibonacci Blue

Each Day There Is Unfairness In Our Country

Dear Future President of the United States,

I would like to congratulate you on being the President of the United States Of America. An important issue that I care about is equality is a major issue in our country. 

The first issue is that people aren’t getting the same equality as everyone else. Black people aren’t getting the same rights as white people because white policemen are taking the advantage that they have more power than black people because men that are police know that the court will believe everything they say and that black people don’t have proved  to what they are saying.

Another issue is that Hispanic people don’t have the same rights as white people because white people don’t get judged by what some Hispanic people do if it is the same crime that Hispanic and white people. 

For example, some people say that all Mexicans are rapists and they like to steal from people. But the crimes that white people do isn’t important because this is their country even though if they do the same crime as they did. 

Just because we Latinos come to this country as immigrants to look for a better opportunity for our families. And others say that we Latinos can’t have the same rights. That is unfairness and inequality. 

Theses  are my the big issues that I think that are happening to our family. Each day there is more and more unfairness in our country.          

Photo by Zanini H.

Dying to cross

For the past few weeks, I have been reading the book, Dying to Cross. This book is sadly based on a true event, that has been marked down for one of the worst massacres.

This story involves the telling of immigrant survivors. These survivors tell the story of staying a truck with no air conditioner.

Overall, the big point determined is how all these immigrants had to risk their lives to get to a better place, most not for themselves, but for their families.

Help me find information on Latin American Immigrants and the American Dream

Dear Youth Voices Community,

My name is Edgar Pacheco, and I’m a senior at Fremont High School.

The social inequity problem I am looking into is how the immigrant status stops people from letting them achieve the “American Dream.”.The demographic group I am most focused on for this inequity is Latin American people that are old enough to realize that their citizenship status holds them back from their full potential because I belong to a very intelligent family that can’t succeed without the citizenship papers that American citizens have. The reason I feel this is an inequity is because a mass amount of people are sophisticated enough to deserve higher paying jobs and education levels but the country we live in only sees them as illegal aliens by the color and race they are.

Right now, I believe a solution to this problem would be to give the people that have been here long enough and been cooperating with the government a legal citizenship opportunity, by requiring a certain amount of steps and background checks

Some might argue that by doing that more people will illegally come to the US and raise the percentage of violence and drug trafficking , making my research focus debatable.

Fremont High School seniors are now curating sources to explain our inequity and its impact on society and to develop arguments for why and how this inequity needs to be addressed. If you have ideas for sources I should explore, please send me those ideas or links in the comment section. I would greatly appreciate your feedback and help.

Fremont High School

Who am I ?


I am the youngest out of four kids

also known as the black sheep

I come from a lovely and supportive family

who encourage me to do good in school


I am a person who lives in a strange place

where everything you hear is danger

walking in the streets  surrounded by negativity

not knowing if it’s the last day of your life


I live in a place where racism is normal

where dreams and goals can be hard to reach

and so many obstacles to overcome

but most of the time we give up


Nothing is easy in this world

but anything can be accomplished if you work hard

I know how I want my future to look like

so I never stop believing  in myself