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https://www.youthvoices.live/category/career-job-readiness/quality-education/

How can students stay more energized throughout the day?

During quarantine and the beginning of the school year, I was noticing that I did not have much energy throughout the day. So I went online, as everyone does now, and researched ways to improve daily energy. I found a few websites with some recommendations on what I could do to improve my daily energy. I was able to narrow it down to two articles and took the advice that seemed the most do-able.

From the first article, the main recommendation I walked away with was to get more sleep. The more and better you sleep, the more energized you are throughout the day. There is a limit to how much sleep is beneficial without being counterproductive. The recommended amount of sleep you should get is around 7 hours. The article also recommended ways on how to fall asleep easier. The easiest one is the article said, “….you can try winding down from your day with relaxing behaviors before bed. This could be taking time to have a bath, reading a book, or getting into bed half an hour earlier than usual.”

From the second article, the most plausible recommendation for my current situation is to get more exercise. Because Swim season is starting up again, it is going to be no problem getting in daily exercise. Not only will I be reaching the daily goal but I will be far surpassing it. The article states that “Exercising 30 minutes a day for at least 3 days each week benefits all bodily systems while facilitating high-quality sleep, which in turn will increase energy levels.” After swimming for just one week I have noticed a significant change in my daily energy levels. 


closeup photo of USA flag

What Does it Mean to Be an American?

Being an American is always staying open-minded and welcoming to others. America is filled with so many different people and different beliefs. So, it’s super important to have those two traits. Another definition would be that being an American means you have many rights other citizens in other countries might not have. According to the 2018 Yearbook of Immigration Statistics, the United States admitted a total of 44.8 million legal immigrants. The main reason why so many immigrants came to America was that it was perceived as the land of the free. 

American Culture consists of many other cultures. They’re all equal and many Americans celebrate different cultures. According to Western Illinois University. A characteristic of American Culture is equality. Everyone gets treated equally. An example of equality would be waiting in a school lunch line. No matter how different you are, everyone gets treated and served equally. 

Some key American values would be Liberty and Self Government. According to Working Scholars. The definition of Liberty is “The freedom of people’s speech”(Troolin para 3), as an American, we have the right to call things out that might not be right and not have any disciplinary actions taken upon us. As stated in Working Scholars. The definition of Self Government is that “Citizens control how their government is run.”(Smith para 6), such as voting for a president. This is a very important value because the government controls the people and the people can inform the government what their key interests are and what actions need to be changed. 

 A very important American Creed would be Egalitarianism. As reported by Merriam Webster. The definition of Egalitarianism is “A social philosophy advocating the removal of inequalities among people.” Which means everyone should have an equal opportunity. This is very important because everyone deserves an equal opportunity. Opportunities wouldn’t be fair if everyone didn’t have an equal opportunity.

All of these online sources that I have mentioned above. Show that being an American can mean many different things. They all have different definitions of what being an American is. Yet, they all tie together to make one big answer to the key question. What does it mean to be an American?  That question has many answers and there isn’t just one right answer but, as I stated in the previous paragraphs, being an American means you have Freedom, Liberty, and Equality. Being an American comes with many benefits and challenges. But there are so many more benefits than challenges.

Works Cited

“America’s Core Values: Liberty, Equality & Self-GovernmentStudy.com, study.com/academy/lesson/americas-core-values-liberty-equality-self-government.html.   

“Egalitarianism.” Merriam-Webster.com Dictionary, Merriam-Webster, https://www.merriam-webster.com/dictionary/egalitarianism. Accessed 22 Sep. 2020.

“Western Illinois University.” Basics of American Culture – Western Illinois University, 2016, www.wiu.edu/global_education/activities/americanculture.php
“Yearbook of Immigration Statistics.” Department of Homeland Security, 6 Jan. 2020, www.dhs.gov/immigration-statistics/yearbook.


Back to School chalk

Kids are good to go back to school, but what about teachers?

Even though schools have been opened for a quarter now, most schools are still facing challenges and question if being in school is worth the risk of spreading COVID-19 over closing or keeping close in-person schools, especially as the flu season is fast approaching.

In the first article that I read, the Center for Disease Control and Prevention, or CDC, recognizes the importance of schools in children’s lives. Not only do schools provide children with a safe learning environment, but schools also give students a place to develop social and emotional skills. Schools also help lower class students and families with “key school-supported resources like food programs, special education services, counseling, and after-school programs to meet basic developmental needs” (The Importance of Reopening America’s Schools this Fall). The CDC suggests that if schools can safely reopen, with COVID guidelines followed with ample space and masks worn along with other safety precautions.

However, school communities are more than the students themselves, and school and political leaders don’t seem as keen to keep the strict guidelines during school. School communities include the students, teachers, administration, services faculty, and the students’ families at home, all of who are at risk if the school broke out with COVID-19 cases.

In an article from the New York Times, Authors Danna Goldstein and Eliza Shapiro shared that teachers have voiced their concerns about going back to in-person schooling last July. Goldstein and Shapiro conceded that students would have mild if any, symptoms in the chance that they got COVID-19, and the benefits of in-person schooling are great, but it is the adults at school who are the most at risk. They predicted that many schools would lose many teachers and substitutes in fear of COVID or they have other underlying health conditions where they can’t afford any chance. In the article, it was stated that “More than a quarter of public schoolteachers are over the age of 50” (‘I Don’t Want to Go Back’: Many Teachers Are Fearful and Angry Over Pressure to Return), a fact that is largely ignored in this discussion. The article from Goldstein and Shapiro doesn’t only support that going back in-person would be the best option if things were back to normal, it also supports the other side of the argument of pushing for in-school instruction that the school community would be too much at risk and underfunded to properly support safety guidelines.


When are you really an Adult?

When do you really know when you become a so called “Adult”. Some states have it to when you turn 18 you are physically turned to an adult but are you really mentally an adult. Also some people say if you cannot consume alcohol at the age of 21 but why are they making it so at the age of 16 you are being eligible to vote. In some states by the age of 14 you are being able to vote and you are considered an adult and do other things that 18 year olds can do. Also in some states if you are under 18 you are considered a minor and if you commit a crime they tend to go easier on the penalties they give you but if you turn 18 and commit a crime things won’t be as easy as the underaged.

In my opinion I say that the age to be able to do all of these things (Voting, drinking, driving, etc) should be done at the age of 21 in all states because you are mentally prepared for it. Also I believe that the law enforcement should not be so light on juveniles because most of them do know what they are doing and they see that getting introube is like a game for them.

So When is the actual age you become an adult?


silhouette of people standing on hill

New Normal Class of 2021

In today’s time, it has been hard and stressful coping with everything. The most impacted are the younger generation that go to public school. For example, seniors like my self haven’t so far has a senior year experience. So I do agree and understand with the hard times and life feeling like it is on pause. But at some point we have to make the best of it and stay safe, Hoping in the near future we can go back school like before. For now, this is our new normal.

There is always better days to com after the bad. Maybe this time we are spending at home can be a good thing, family time, learning new activities or crafts. Also it seems boring and you can’t stand it no more, you are making a difference to society. Staying from others outside of your household reflects on the numbers of this pandemic. Not everything comes to everyone easy, but if someone is struggling, help them, encourage them for anything that they might need. Coming together will help the time pass and have a better tomorrow. Do you think we will have a better and new year in 2021?


COVID-19 and getting back to school

I believe that no one was expecting what we had to go through last March with schools shutting down for the rest of the year. No one was ready or had a plan. Now that schools have had the summer to prepare with COVID safety, what kind of measure are schools taking, and are they effective in keeping us safe and continue the quality of education?

There are many differences between High school and Elementary Schooling. The main one being that elementary kids are wiggly and need more interactive teaching to be able to learn. Opening back schools are important not just for the child’s learning experience, but also the social, physical, and mental health of the child. According to an article from the Center for Disease Control, the CDC recognizes that school is where children learn how to interact with one another, especially in elementary school. If the children do catch COVID-19, they will most likely be asymptomatic or have very mild symptoms. The difficult part of opening school is not as much if the child would benefit from it, it is the risk of what the child will bring home to those who are potentially at risk. Children can also have underlying health conditions, where staying at home is the best option.

High school is different in the sense that most of the learning is independent, and the teacher is there to guide and provide the material. It is easier to keep high school virtual and teach without risking the lives of people in our community but don’t high schoolers need social interaction as well? High school is the time to make those lifelong friends that you always hear your parents talk about and really help young people define who they are. Even the small interactions between class periods develop the social and communication skills needed for college and beyond.


happy birthday to you greeting card

Youth Mental Health and COVID-19

With Covid-19, the overall mental health of students has drastically decreased. The lack of meaningful social connections follows directly with online classes, leading students to care less about their classes online. Anxiety, depression, poor time management, and feelings of isolation all can stem from the poor environments that online classes have. Lack of human interaction can also lead to these mental health issues becoming more prevalent in our societies. 

Online classes have been shown to mainly affect students negatively from a mental health perspective. Students are unable to feel motivation from others or have that same feeling of involvement from a teacher that would have helped them stay focused in class. Students today have problems staying mentally healthy

Students all around the world have suffered from mental health issues, but with the COVID-19 pandemic, and the fear of socializing, mental health issues have skyrocketed. While schools try their best to keep the spread of the virus under control, they forget the consequence that comes from being isolated from others for too long. 


person standing near brown concrete wall

Is college worth it?

The topic of whether to attend college or not has been discussed a lot.  Many have come to the conclusion that attending college is your best choice.  We are able to see this on the statistics of unemployment rates and weekly/yearly income rates.  We are able to see how having a lower education will most likely leave you unemployed than if you have a higher education.  This rate of unemployment decreases at each next upper level of education.  The income rates also help us determine how much you would make.  Those without more than a high school diploma or less have way less income than those with Bachelor degrees or higher.  Not only do the statistics show how attending college could benefit you, but also in life.  Those without higher education tend to take less specialized jobs with more risk.  These risks are often dangerous and could cause great harm to someone.  With a degree you take on a more specialized job, which decreases the risk of injury.  So all in all, it seems attending college is the best option.


People of color & No equality

In today’s time there still is situation between someone of color. In the discussion, “Race Vs. School” shows that why black lives matter and how it relates to relations of race in school. In this case, it is between a boy of color with another of color that built a problem of racial slurs. Joshua in this discussion, was being bullied and called racial slurs because of the color of his skin. After months of this going on, Joshua pushed the other boy. His father was called the principal that was not a person of color and explained that violence is not allowed so Joshua would be suspended. What happened to the other boy or punishment, that was verbally telling these slurs you might ask? He only got a call home and notify the parents of the situation by Mrs. Miller the principal.

At this point, Joshua’s father John is upset because this is an unfair situation. He feels that all the blame is on his son when he knew for months his son was getting bullied. Equality is all the colored people want, they do not want to be seen differently compared to Hispanic, White, Asian, or whatever the race shown by color. The black community is seen as harmful or dangerous people and are not liked. This is taken into school, classrooms of education where about 75% of students are either white or of color. It is a shame because an abundance of integration is still effective in having racial equality. Not everyone is perfect but why are fingers always pointed to people of color? So in this conflict, of the two boys, one is getting in trouble for the other’s wrong verbal action. How is that fair?

I hope in the future everyone can come together and make peace in situations that separations a view or action of race.


Is Your Cellphone Draining Your Intelligence?

In the article, “Are smartphones Making Us Stupid?” there’s a debate between two technology experts Andrew Keen and David Weinberger based on how phones have affected us. Mr. Keen believes that smartphones are making us stupid because most of us don’t use them smartly. We have technology on our hands but don’t use it for learning purposes instead invest our time on social media tweeting about our lives. On the other hand, Mr. Weinberger believes that cellphones don’t make us stupid as they have made a great impact on society.  “Never in history have we had so much access to ideas, information, and creativity.” Having the access to our cell phones allows us to learn more information surfing through the web and communicating with others as we gain new ideas. 

 Personally I think cellphones are a big distraction as sometimes we are connected more to our electronics than the real world around us. This has led to less social human interaction because we can now communicate with others through our phones whether it’s from social media or a text message. I think I can live without my phone because I just use it for entertainment purposes, but it’s important to have in case of an emergency. Although there are other people that rely on their phones at all times, and in some cases, it’s even an addiction. 

Do you think we should limit ourselves from our cell phones?


red and white UNKs restaurant

Pandemic

With the start of a virtual school year, seniors like myself all have the same question: Will we be able to experience a normal senior year?

We have spent more than half of our lives in school working for the moment where we get handed our high school diplomas at our graduation, hearing our parents cheering us on from the stand, with some of us being first-time graduates in our families.

However, we are in a pandemic and there is a strong possibility that we won’t get to experience that. Besides, graduating with the people we had all grown up with we won’t be able to go to Disneyland with our class for grad night. For some of us, we have never even been to Disneyland and that would be our first time going. 

Then there is senior sunrise and senior sunset, a tradition that our school does for the seniors. We won’t get to do that with our classmates because of this virus. Prom is another thing we won’t be able to do and everyone has to attend a prom before they graduate high school. That’s the one night where we could dance the night away with our friends and just have fun before real life hits and we have to start getting ready for college. The list goes on and on with everything that we won’t expensive our senior year due to the pandemic.


An Oral History with my friend Kensuze

My friends are one of the important things in my life, which means Kensuse is one of the important people in my life I treat her as a sister that I never have because we tell each other everything. I still remember the first time we meet in middle school while I was afraid to talk with others and just take my hand, sit with me and talk, she started talking about the first time she has been to this school and people were talking to her in English and she just stands there, shaking her head like she understands a thing, while she had no idea what they were saying. That friend of mine is very special in fact all my friends are special in some ways.

My friend and I are still very close were still telling each other about every detail in our life, like when an author is writing an adventure book.  The only thing that is affecting each other during the COVID is that we can’t actually meet like we use to and because she has moved to another city. 


During the interview with my friend, this response particularly teaches us something about her experience with COVID that we also faced is.

What has been the most difficult thing for you during the COVID19?

“Going out was difficult for me because every time I want to go out I have to use a mask and am not used to it.”

When I was doing this project I thought to myself that it was a good way to know what exactly my friend feels during the COVID19, how she’s holding on and for me to remember good days we shared before the COVID19 and also to know if she needed to talk to me or anyone about something that happen to her lately.

These are histories she and I shared together and with our other friends.


Defying the Odds in Afghanistan

In the article “Defying the Odds in Afghanistan” I learned that people of Afghanistan live in a critical situation due to the war they are experiencing, since education for young people is precarious, and almost all of them do not receive an education. For their development, girls in Afghanistan can only study until the age of eight, and the few schools in that country do not have the necessary resources so that children can learn, the students’ wishes for a laptop, dreams of becoming a doctor.

I think what is happening in Afghanistan is a very horrible crisis because if in the country I live I did not have the opportunity to develop as a person of profit for my future, it would be catastrophic because my dreams would be cut short, and my life would be more difficult, both for me and my family because the job opportunity would be limited.

What would be your point of view if you live in a similar situation?

Photo by ArmyAmber (Pixabay)


Groovin: An Essay on Music’s Affect on Productivity

As I sit in my swivel chair, listening to “The Lion King” soundtrack for the 1000th time since quarantine started, thinking about a topic to write a youth voices post on I begin to think about how the music I love effects my mood and makes me, and I bet countless others, work harder.  Since the beginning of time, we as humans have loved to groove. From Mozart to Skrillex, music has a certain indescribable quality that we all love. It’s an undeniable fact that music makes us more focused, productive, and creative.

Thor Benson from Futurism.com wrote an article about this exact subject.  Benson interviews Teresa Lesuik, a music professor at the University of Miami.  She said that music brings people into a good mood. “When you’re in that mood state, you’re better at problem-solving and thinking creatively.”  This means that when people listen to music that makes them happy, they become more creative and open to new ideas. Lesuik states however that if one person is already a master at a certain area of work then the music won’t affect their ability or skill but will affect their mood. 

A great video by the channel called Sideways outlines the “Mozart effect” which is the idea that listening to Mozart will make you smarter, more productive, and all-around a more superior person.  He explains that listening to some music can be very beneficial for people when they are working or studying but not all types of music.  He argues that music with lyrics can often distract people and make it hard to concentrate on one particular task because the regions in our brains don’t work that way.  He is quoted in saying, “it’s too difficult for our brain to keep track of both things” when talking about studying and listening to lyrics but music with a “consistent backdrop” is good for studying and helps you focus better.  Because of this, music can make someone more productive, creative, and overall more focused but it doesn’t have to be Mozart. It can be the videogame music, the sound of rain, or even the soundtrack to the great musicals of all time.  


Response to “Which is a better alternative: Online School vs. Traditional School?”

In the article, “Which is a better alternative: Online School vs. Traditional School?” I learned about the pros and cons that come with online school and which alternative can be better for certain students. Due to the Coronavirus pandemic schools and other major facilities have been forced to close down and people are encouraged to be sheltered in place. With this, students and teachers have switched over to home-based learning. Although home-based learning may be a better alternative for some students, not everyone is able to learn from home without guidance and help from teachers. Some students find it more difficult because they don’t have easy access to tutoring or physical representations of how to do their assignments.

I believe that home based learning is not for everyone. As of March 17th my school has also switched over to home based learning and this makes it difficult for me to not only learn but also get my work done. I enjoyed going to school because I saw it as a way to take my mind off of things and learn. I was also able to ask questions and ask for help, although home based learning is not a terrible idea, and good for those who can’t attend school. Being a procrastinator, I also have a hard time managing my time and actually getting my assignments done and turned in. I also think that it’s overwhelming for students to receive a significant amount of work all at once.

Which do you like best, home based learning or traditional school?

Image: “online learning” by giulia.forsythe on 2015-10-09 13:15:10


Which is a better alternative: Online School vs. Traditional School?

As the pandemic known as COVID-19 or better known as the coronavirus has become widespread and caused a global pandemonium, students ranging from all ages have had to shift from traditional classes to online classes. They have been receiving homework via online to keep up with their graduation requirements. Governors in each state are requiring that schools close down and suggesting the concept of social distancing by not being in big crowds to reduce the spread of the coronavirus as it affects elderly people. For instance, my school allowed us to come earlier this week on Monday to retrieve our books and anything else we needed from our lockers before the shutdown. It is an anxious and stressful time for both teachers adn students as adjustments to the school calendar are made and new material is prepared via online for the students to stay on track.

The nice thing about doing online schooling is that it’s online, making it very flexible for the student. For instance, the student may complete the homework at any time during the day resulting in faster and early completion. Like me, they can wake up early and get the work done or they can sleep in late and do it later. Students may be very busy due to their family life taking a lot of their time from their schedule and delaying them to get their online homework done efficiently and on time as My College Guide puts it: “Most online courses provide you with more flexibility than a traditional on-campus class. This means you can do your coursework around your work schedule and family life. Rather than needing to attend a 9:00am class every week, you can, for the most part, choose when you study, so long as you submit your work by the deadlines given” (My College Guide, 2020).  

There are also hard but feasible commitments with online classes such as the student learning to have self-discipline and self-motivation for them to navigate through the self-teaching process due to not having face to face interaction with the teacher as the University of the People The Education Revolution puts it: “While professors are still accessible digitally and within forums online, there are no physical office hours where you can meet your professor face to face. Although video conferencing is an option for some, it is a different set-up than the traditional environment” (University of the People The Education Revolution, 2020).

 For instance, if the student needed to get help with a math problem, instead of waiting until the end of the traditional school day to physically go talk to the teacher they would have to send the teacher an email asking for help. Another con on top of this is the teacher taking too long to respond resulting in an anxious student because the teacher has so many other emails to respond to due to the questions and concerns proposed by the student body. Overall, it really depends on the student’s preferential option and learning style.


Should Schools limit Student online speech?

As technology is quickly advancing, students spend more time on phones, computers, and video games rather than being outdoors and enjoying nature. Technology has been applied in school sites as most of our work is done here. Students have the power to express their concerns and anger within a single click. But how far can one’s words go? To what extent can a student carelessly express their feelings? Students’ online speech should be limited in order to create a safe environment, but any negative comments do go against our basic rights and it can also lead to mental issues for the victim.

Officials are responsible for maintaining an environment in which everyone can learn but they must also ensure safety to every student (Background Essay).  On school grounds, students are meant to learn but this site serves as a place in which students and staff feel welcomed and not threatened. According to the U.S. Department of Education Office for Civil Rights, “ Harassment creates a hostile environment when the conduct is… interfere with or limit a student’s ability to participate in or benefit from the services, activities” (DOC G). Once we feel threatened, what we considered as a safe environment is now another place in which one is judged. Take into consideration the random sample of over 4,300 students aging around 10-18 years old. 25% of females have been cyberbullied over their lifetime meanwhile 16.6% of males were cyberbullied (DOC A). Now, there’s no sure answer as to whether these cases were reported and the one responsible was punished but as a concerned parent and/or staff these numbers are relatively high. And as a school site promoting safety and anti-bullying, these numbers should not even be happening because the ultimate goal is to promote safety. Considering the case of J.S. v. Blue Mountain School District, a student created a profile of her principal and used “vulgar and offensive language”( DOC D). As the case was taken into the US Court of Appeals, it was determined that her rights were violated. It, however, put the principal in an uncomfortable situation in which a student put at risk his reputation and therefore affected the ideology of a welcoming and safe environment.

If students are granted unlimited access to express how they feel and are not punished, it will counter the overall purpose of promoting a “zero bullying tolerance.” Bullying has occurred in many forms but “only now-via Internet communications’’’ (DOC F). A new form of students becoming victims to these bullies can now be much easier, behind a screen. If there’s no form of finding out who is responsible the bully will get away with it. A phrase that one will consider harmless can be a threat to others.  Russlyn Ali comments that “ Harassing conduct may take many forms, including verbal acts and name-calling…conduct that may be physically threatening, harmful, or humiliating” (DOC G). Ali expands by mentioning harassment is based on race, color, national origin, sex, or disability, and if any of these occur it violates our civil rights laws (DOC G). Promoting these in any type of comment or post is discrimination and allowing this to occur is basically opening doors for discrimination and racism. Take into consideration the case of K.K. v. Berkeley County Schools, in which the school suspended K.K for “ harassment, bullying, and intimidation” (DOC C). This case, however, resulted in her rights not being violated and the school took effective measures to protect the victim of this devastating experience.

Being a victim of cyberbullying often leads the victim to experience some type of disappointment that can put them at harm. According to the Background Essay, “Young people have hurt themselves because of cyberbullying”(Background Essay). Cyberbullying has led these individuals to doubt their true worth. However, it’s not only for students. According to a survey conducted by British School Teachers, 39% reported their confidence and self-esteem were reduced. 25% reported being ill or stressed and 16% reported the way they taught was affected by this (DOC B). Teachers were also victims of cyberbullying and it does not only affect students but staff as well.

Students should have the right to freely say what they want but to a certain extent. We’re living in a world where the idea of free speech is limited and on school grounds, if it is harming a student or teacher, then this should stop and be punished. Limiting free speech will set this school grounds to safety and enforce the idea of a “zero bullying tolerance zone.”

Photo by geralt (Pixabay)


4-H Boosting School Success

School systems vary in each state, many schools have behavior issues, attendance issues, and low school wide scores. Though a public school in Albuquerque is experimenting with 4-H programs to fix these common issues found in schools.

The problem, as described by Stephanie Treadwell, the school principle of Collet Park Elementary, is that students are not retaining information being taught in schools. She believes that information is retained better through experiences. ” We realized that new information is retained when its connected to knowledge. The majority of our students live in poverty’s and have not had a wide variety of experiences to link classroom to learning to” says Treadwell. So that’s when the collaboration with New Mexico State University COllege of agricultureal, Consumer and environmental Scinces began

Image: 4H woodworking by Bob n Renee on 2006-01-28 15:38:23


Kids should be able to sleep late

Dear Early Birds,

I know everyone thinks school should start early. You know, the early bird gets the worm and all that stuff.

But you know what?

There is a lot to be said about getting enough sleep so you are ready to learn. I think kids should have the option to go to school later.

I feel like schools should have the option for later start days in the week. I know that knowing if I went to a school that had a late start day I’d want to go. I wouldn’t have to get up that early.

I know that I have a really hard time getting up in the morning. I never want to go to school. I think that if some schools had a late start day or an option to do online school kids would want to go. Even with kids that don’t like school.

I know that school is not my favorite thing in the world. I like how my school has said you have to be there before 12 so if I sleep in or I’m still tired I don’t have to go right at 8.

I think that most schools should have the chance to have a late start day or have an online program. I think in my opinion kids should have these options because I think that it could be better for kids who can’t always get to school on top of every day.

They should have these options to succeed in school even if they can’t get there every single day. If kids are falling behind I think this could be a great program for them to get caught up. In conclusion, I feel like schools should really have these programs for kids or something like that.

I know that the program at my school program is really helping. I know I didn’t want to come at first because I had to wake up at 8 but now that I know it is helping me succeed I want to come.

Having the option to work at a center and set my schedule is helping me finish my classes and be successful.

Sincerely,
One of the late birds

Photo by OpenClipart-Vectors (Pixabay)


Is Being Transgender An issue within Athletics?

The main question that is being asked is should Transgender athletes be able to participate in sports even if they say that they are transgender? Many people are not agreeing with this because of the fact that there are people that are stronger in different fields on athleticism that are affecting the sport. Would It be fair for a transgender man to go throw a javelin in the Olympics if that person was considered to be a female?  Many people are confuzzled as this topic has made its way to the stage. Some people don’t even know how to react, that’s how effective this is changing the way that people look at other people. 

Now a District attorney may bring civil action among a person if they choose so to get this changed so that the following person may not be able to participate. There are also very many factors to this there are the people that are taking others away and making it so that they have the choice to play and then there are the attorneys that are making it so that this won’t be a problem in some places of the world.  Many people are baffled by the fact that this is even an issue. There are so many other issues that happen in sports that should never have been to effect this issue. 

This bill that they are thinking of using would also use the ban of sports and teams of the use of public places to get rid of the controversies with this topic. There is one person, in particular, that was named born as a male but is a female riding in the men’s cycling industry and has won the major cycling race just by using techniques that others may not have thought of.  How Would this change games go from basketball to football or any really big sport? this bill is there to stop this from happening even if a male that identifies as a female will still not be able to participate even if they identify as a female, they will be shut down by this bill.


More about the education of climate change

For my topic, I have mainly focused on why climate change needs to be taught in schools and given many reasons of why it should. I found a source though that shows both sides. It tells why and why not teachers teach their students about this controversial topic.

When annotating the article “Most Teachers Don’t Teach Climate Change; 4 in 5 Parents Wish They Did,” I saw that it gave both sides to the argument. It started off by saying how most parents want their schools to teach their kids about this significantly important issue. It also talks about how most teachers also want to teach their students about this topic. Climate change is a topic that is all up in the air because there is not enough conversation between parents and child or the older generation and new one. We aren’t having these discussions that need to be had, and talking about it in schools is a safe place to have this happen. It is a safe environment to educate and open conversations about climate change with the next generation.

However, more than half of a group of 500 teachers who were polled didn’t teach climate change to their students. They had reasoning though. Lots of them don’t want to deal with upset parents when teaching this topic. Some parents do not believe this is a real issue, and teachers don’t want to deal with the backlash of teaching it to their children. They don’t want to deal with getting parents permission to teach, or if they don’t get permission, they don’t want to deal with the angry parents.

Another reason is lots of teachers, especially AP and Honors, follow a strict curriculum of what they need to teach their students. They have so much information to teach that the concern about climate change follows to the bottom of the priority list. They have to teach the things they are required to teach more than climate change. Some say that if there were laws in place to make it required it the curriculum, then they would teach it.

Lastly, some teachers say that they just simply don’t have the materials, don’t know enough about the topic to teach it, or there schools don’t allow it to be taught. We are restricting our teachers from teaching something essential to a child’s education. We must help and fix this problem.


An Update on Education in Youth Detention Centres

While there are no major critics of education in youth detention centres, many argue that proper education is too expensive for kids who have made these serious mistakes. On the contrary, some wish to expand the budget of these centres to allow for programs to rehabilitate kids and put them back into society, including education. Many studies, over the course of six months to two years, have found that youth who are well educated are far less likely to end up back in a detention centre.

Next week I will be interviewing a teacher who works in a detention centre currently about the state of education in these centres from the inside. The majority of researchers have an outside perspective, so I am seeking out neutral, first-hand, insider points of view. I will be publishing my questions as well as the answers I receive next week after the interview.

In the meantime, I have been looking more into this article about education as a whole as well as it’s role in detention centres. https://nowcomment.com/documents/168418 I have been looking more heavily into the fact that education is not mentioned in the Constitution and therefore the Tenth Amendment gives it as a right to the states, so the majority of states have individualized programs. Currently, only 1/3 of the states call for public education and incarcerated education systems to be the same or up to the same standards.

I also interviewed two women who run a juvenile justice program for young female felons in Utah and I will be writing on that interview in my next post as well.

Here is a link to what I am currently reading: https://nowcomment.com/documents/168418

Sullivan, Karen. “Education Systems in Juvenile Detention Centers.” Brigham Young University Education & Law Journal, vol. 2018, no. 2, Fall 2018, pp. 71–100. EBSCOhost, search.ebscohost.com/login.aspx?direct=true&db=aph&AN=133127119&site=ehost-live.


Abstinence-Based Sex Education in Utah Pt.3

Coles, Adrienne D. “Abstinence Education Growing in Popularity.” Education Week, vol. 20, no. 5, Oct. 2000, p. 5. EBSCOhost, search.ebscohost.com/login.aspx?direct=true&db=aph&AN=3654656&site=ehost-live.

This source comments on the popularity of abstience-based sex education in the United States, but it is evident that the author is writing with a pro-comprehensive sex education approach. Ultimately, this source argues that teaching in itself abstinence is a good thing, however, abstinence-based programs are unrealistic in regard to expecting kids to wait until marriage to engage in sexual activity. This was a new perspective that I had not previously considered. The abstinence is not the problem, the problem is the way it is taught. Abstinence is a limited, but effective strategy until young adults start engaging in sexual activity with little knowledge of safe sex practices and contraceptive methods.

This source has definitely changed my perspective on abstinence, but it reaffirmed that abstinence-based sex education programs are not beneficial. Through my research, I have narrowed the problem in Utah to our abstinence-based sex education programs combined with our opt-in method of parental consent.


Why improving education in youth detention centers improves society as a whole

I have read and annotated three articles that look into education systems inside of youth detention centers, also known as youth prisons. Currently, education in youth detention centers is severely lacking, with students at all different levels, crammed into classrooms regardless of special needs, disability, or circumstances. The articles I analyzed looked into current issues with the system, and data on why improving education in these centers improves society as a whole. 

The first article I looked at was called Education Centers in Juvenile Detention Centers. It discussed how the lack of education mentioned in the constitution led to states across the country defining it as different things. Because education is not a formal written right, many states did not know how to handle it in regards to detention centers. Currently, we are lacking sufficient data to fully analyze justice centers as a whole, let alone how education could best work there. Critics want the federal government to step in, but because education is given as a state right, they cannot. States themselves have been trying to move out of detention centers and into rehabilitation centers, but so far no large scale changes have been made. 

My second article was called Youth Crime, Public Policy, and Practice in the Juvenile Justice System: Recent Trends and Needed Reforms and looked at how juvenile justice centers were originally started, why, how they have changed over the years, and what data we have. This particular article was a bit outdated, but it has some of the best data I could find. Trends have shown that with certain movements the justice system has become stricter but in recent years it has become more focused on education and rehabilitation than on punishment. 

My third article was titled Tools to Assist You in Improving Education for Court-Involved Youth. It investigated how different policies and divisions have been put into place over the years to help improve juvenile education in detention centers. Many places have noticed the lack of formal or complete education and have tried to improve conditions using public policy. It was found that increasing education in detention centers actually saves the government money because those who are properly educated are less likely to end up in detention again and therefore the government will not have to pay for their food and housing again. When students are rehabilitated they go back into society to give back to their communities and stimulate the economy rather than just costing the government money.

Article 1 + Annotations: https://nowcomment.com/documents/168418  Sullivan, Karen. “Education Systems in Juvenile Detention Centers.” Brigham Young University Education & Law Journal, vol. 2018, no. 2, Fall 2018, pp. 71–100. EBSCOhost, search.ebscohost.com/login.aspx?direct=true&db=aph&AN=133127119&site=ehost-live.

Article 2 + Annotations: https://nowcomment.com/documents/168775 Jenson, Jeffrey M., and Matthew O. Howard. “Youth Crime, Public Policy, and Practice in the Juvenile Justice System: Recent Trends and Needed Reforms.” Social Work, vol. 43, no. 4, July 1998, pp. 324–334. EBSCOhost, doi:10.1093/sw/43.4.324.

Article 3 + Annotations: https://nowcomment.com/documents/168782 Prown, Sophie. “Tools to Assist You in Improving Education for Court-Involved Youth.” Children’s Rights Litigation, vol. 20, no. 2, Winter 2018, pp. 25–26. EBSCOhost, search.ebscohost.com/login.aspx?direct=true&db=aph&AN=130188036&site=ehost-live.


Education Is The Key To The World

In our English class we decided to read three short stories. The first one is “Everyday Use” by the author “Alice Walker”. The short story is told in first person by “Mama”, an African-American woman living in the Deep South with one of her two daughters. The second story is “The Lesson”  by the writer “ Toni Cade Barbara” The Lesson” is a first person narrative told by a young, black girl named Sylvia who is growing up in Harlem. The last literacy fiction is called “ How to Date a Brown Girl (Black Girl, White Girl, or Halfie)” by Junot Díaz. The story is giving instructions on how to treat girls. The characters are able to classify them in groups which start to build a stereotype. Moreover, the three stories focus on some similar characteristic one that stands up is the character roots or background we see how all of them represent the African American ethnicity they carry pain stories through their life. Each story has a central point, that education is so essential because it is the only way people can defend themselves in today’s society . We see how the character needs to know about the current problems like inequality and the only way to overcome this is by education. It is interesting because we have been having the same problems imbalances between social classes. 

The first writing strategy is imagery where people have the chance to use their five senses to imaginate the story in their mind. In “Everyday Use” the reader can draw an image of Maggie skin after her accident, hear how Dee gives attitude to her mother because she does not want to give the quilt to Dee. “How to Date a Brown Girl” people can hear the uneducate language that the character used to communicate. “The Lesson” the reader can see how expensive the toys are in the store. The second literary element is conflict which are problems that take place in the story. The three stories have man vs. society is the main issue, inequality between social classes. How the character tries to overcome this obstacle is going back to education because it is the only key to how people can change society.  The last writing strategy is characterization, the personality of a character. Here we see how each character is different and unique. We can also observe how their behavior is totally different from the beginning. 

However, we still see some differences between the three of them. For example, the time when it happened is not the same but they have similar issues in society. The tone is pretty unfair though all the stories in one of more ways the reader would get that inequality is the main idea. In conclusion I believe that the authors are turning sandpoint to make them real and invaluable moments so the society can notice that history keeps repeating over and over.


Learning for Life

Education is what formalizes humans, what is hard, is to remain being educated and listen to others.  In the three short stories, “Everyday Use” by Alice Walker, “The Lesson” by Toni Cade Bambara and “How to Date a Brown, Black Girl or Halfie” by Junot Diaz; the characters demonstrate to posses education at certain point in their lives, they feel that the situation accredits them the need to receive education from others. On the contrary, they eventually use ignorance behind the scenes. It means that they give more importance to their desires than to what they must do to prior situations.  In everyday Use, Dee ignores the sacrifices that the mother did for her and just cares about her own convenience. Ignorance is also seen when the mother most of the time highlights Dee. She puts her as the most special daughter in her life. At the same time, the mother is not interested to talk about Maggie and slightly talks about her tough out the story. In The Lesson, the ignorance of the kids towards Ms. Moore is shown in several parts of the story. From an inference point, it is to say that she does not show interest to know any of her students. Another instance, of ignoring people, could be in How To Date Junot Diaz. The author lets the reader know the way in which they think, but they do not ask the reader what is their ability to make the taught technique happen like the reader was told. It is why the authors partially show ignorance in a way or another.  They all learn a piece of information either by the experience of someone else nor about an advice.  The characters promote voice to do at certain point of the story to show that they are educating other people, even if it includes contradiction towards each other. In fact, they posses the desire of teaching others what should be taught but other may or may not consider it as the best suggestion for their lives. I think it is interesting because regardless of the situation that humans live in, they are obligated to receive education in different aspects of their lives. 

To begin with, the comparison between Everyday Use and The lesson, the narrators uses the literary element of theme to highlight the sacrifices that the mother did about Maggie and Dee. Furthermore, she potentially gave all of herself to see them to the age that they are already. She has fought many times to give them both education sacrificed even her life to see them o the point that they are. One of her daughters cares more about heritage and the other cares more about education. In “The Lesson” Ms. Moore sacrifices her time in educating some kids around the same entorn as her. Some of them are listeners, some others were not listening. However at the end of the day, they are open to receive education nor experience from someone else and not ignorance. In fact, the characters do not always value the sacrifices and dedication from other people. It takes effort to make reflect on their mistake at different perspectives.

In the three stories , the authors use characterization to remain their leadership by educating others. Yet, not always their leadership is worthy because of the actions of someone else. However, they differ from each other because in circumstances not all the characters from the story remain to have leadership in their perspective, such as Maggie when she wants to be love by the mother.

Furthermore, in “The Lesson”, and in How To Date, the authors use voice to teach other people. In The Lesson, by Toni De Chambara and How to Date a Brown, Black, White or Halfie” By Junot Diaz simile to each other. In the first story, The Lesson, Maggie is open to listen to the Mom’s advices but her Mom ignores her when it comes to be less beautiful, she uses voice to express in an educational Matter how Maggie is supposed to be in comparison with Dee. In The Lesson, Ms. Moore eventually educates the kids,. On the contrary, she uses ignorance as to listen the opinions of ones more than other who tended to disobeying her or even say bad things about her. She used voice to listen other students, by saying words to theirfavor (How To Date By Junot Diaz) . In How to Date, I would say most of the time, the author bases upon teaching the narrator about how to date. Yet a difference is that the narrator never opted to identify the capabilities of the reader but ignores and bases on his philosophy to underput the apparently lack of experience of the listener.

In relation with How To Date, By Junot Diaz, the author bases his experiences that most likely do not tend to work on everyone’s hands. 1Just because the author considers himself experienced and able to Date any women. I think it is not quite accurate because not all women in real life are attracted towards another women. Not all men feel attracted to another man and not always different sexes are supposed to commit together. It is good to give education away but with keeping in mind that ignorance should not be passed away.

In addition, it can be seen that in actual life parents invest all of what they sometimes tend to have, in order to race their kids with education and all affordable resources and comfort for themselves. 1 Yet children tend to ignore at certain stages of their lives what the parents do for them. Many of them do not thank to their parents after they are adults, just because of things that unfortunately the children were not allowed to do or parents could not do for them.


Education is very important

Dear Education,

I remembered walking into you knowing I’m going to have to make new friends and have to be with them for 8 hours everyday but saturday and sunday my heart was raising walking into class knowing if i want to achieve my dream and get there i have to work hard and have no one stop me from what i’m doing.

If you don’t do it young, then you’ll never do it, in my opinion

My role in educating as a student is not just to do what I want, but to make mistakes. Education has helped me turn weakness into strength.

Education has given me empowerment to make mobile and gives me access to social networks. Helped me stand up for passing violence.

The human race has made important progress in the past 7 million years.
It helps me stand up against wrong and for the right, it helps me progress, gives me a healthier lifestyle and helps me be more productive. Thank you, for making my life way easier I learned more about my society when I ain’t know.


America Inequality in Different Ways

It occurred to me that these three have one strong connection in between and that is how the social class is mentioned in each of one them. As in the story, “Everyday Use”, Dee was the girl in the family who had an education and she has chosen her style which is nowhere near her actual life condition and she couldn’t care less about it despite the fact that they were the bottom dwellers. This is shown when their old house burned down to aches. It’s like a huge stone was taken off of her back because she hated that house so much. Her mother who said she used to dream about how she would go to one of those TV programs she would embrace her daughter and having compliments about what a fine girl she raided. What she meant by that was how Deep would succeed in life and change their life condition. All to say that both Dee and her mother are seeking to change their social class. It is not like anybody can blame them, because in the years 1973 colored people were at the bottom anyway and willing to bring themselves up. In the story, “The Lesson”, Mrs.Moore as a teacher decided to give a lesson about how the wealth is unequally divided in the society to her students. Some of the kids also belonged to the bottom line of the society because they couldn’t even afford having a presentable uniform for a trip to a toy store. As they were wandering in the store some of the toys were affordable for some of them. Some kids claimed that their parents could afford buying these toys for them if they wanted too and some of them claimed that it would take an eternity for them to save their allowance to buy it. Moverove, as they were talking about how a clown toy would cost $35 and it was a hell lot of money for some of them. This amount of money could pay for so many things in their house on a daily basis. Also this amount of money could be used to one single clown toy for the rich kids who probably wouldn’t consider it. This gap has made the kids feel like some people are being left out in the whole society. All to mention that wealth is equally divided and so leads to a huge gap between the bottom dwellers and the rich people. In the story “How to Date a Browngirl, Blackgirl,Whitegirl, Halfie,” dating lessons have been given by a dominican protagonist which depends on the girl’s skin color. The protagonist is giving tips about what to do or what to avoid doing depending on the girl and her background. I think that the girl’s background is a huge detail to consider because it comes along with her life’s conditions and her surroundings. Thinking about her life’s condition, comes what social class she belongs to and since life conditions matters and advice are given depending on race, then it would be easy to bring up racial wealth gap. Therefore, the protagonist has a different adving depending on the girl’s background and life condition and so her social class.

2In these three stories, the authors the literary elements of irony to emphasize equality within them. For instance in the story “The Lesson” the author uses some section to show wealth is unequally distributed. In the line “Cost $35. I could see myself asking my mother for a $35 birthday clown. “You wanna who that costs what?” she’d say, cocking her head to the side to get a better view of the hole in my head. Thirty-five dollars could buy new bunk beds for Junior and Gretchen’s boy. Thirty-five dollars and the whole household could go visit Grand-daddy Nelson in the country. Thirty-five dollars would pay for the rent and the piano bill too.” This section shows irony because $35 is a crucial amount of money for some people because it could be a use for so many things for their families on a regular basis. Ironically, such money is used to spend on toys. These people never would have thought that this amount of money could be used to take care of a whole family. Here is another example shown in the story “Everyday Use”, “A dress down to the ground, in this hot weather.  A dress so loud it hurts my eyes.  There are yellows and oranges enough to throw back the light of the sun.  I feel my whole face warming from the heat waves it throws out.  Earrings gold, too, and hanging down to her shoulders.  Bracelets dangling and making noises when she moves her arm up to shake the folds of the dress out of her armpits.  The dress is loose and flows, and as she walks closer, I like it.” This evidence is ironic because in the years 1970s, poor people weren’t considered in society. In addition to the fact that she was a girl of color, it’s really surprising that despite all the segregation that was going on, she manages to get herself a rich white husband. It’s something that was not expected even by her family because her mom looked shocked when she came out of the car. In the story “How to date a Browngirl, Blackgirl, Whitegirl or Halfie”

3Moreover, the authors have used the literary element of “setting” to establish the issues and how this specific time in the USA have affected other people’s lives. First in the story, “Everyday Used” the author used this section to address the issues “A dress down to the ground, in this hot weather.  A dress so loud it hurts my eyes.  There are yellows and oranges enough to throw back the light of the sun.  I feel my whole face warming from the heat waves it throws out.  Earrings gold, too, and hanging down to her shoulders.  Bracelets dangling and making noises when she moves her arm up to shake the folds of the dress out of her armpits.  The dress is loose and flows, and as she walks closer, I like it”. In the 1970s, poverty and inequality that were going on have made other people seek a higher lifestyle. This is shown when Dee showed up with all these fancy things on her. In the story “The Lesson”, the author used these sets of lines to emphasize the issue of equality in the 1970s. “ Cost $35. I could see me asking my mother for a $35 birthday clown. “You wanna who that costs what?” she’d say, cocking her head to the side to get a better view of the hole in my head…” This shows the equality in the years 1970s, about how some people can afford to pay for toys and in the meantime the same amount is also used to take care of a whole family. However, these issues of inequality still exist nowadays where the bottom dwellers struggle to afford the minimum for their family. In the last story, “How to Date a Browngirl, Blackgirl, Whitegirls and Halfie”, the author addresses the issue of inequality through dating different girls. In the set of lines “She’ll appreciate your interest. She’ll tell you more. Black people, she will say, treat me real bad. That’s why I don’t like them. You’ll wonder how she feels about Dominicans. Don’t ask. Let her speak on it…” “But the out-of-towners are usually black—black girls who grew up with ballet and Girl Scouts, and have three cars in their driveway.” This shows how enqual things were in the years 1990s through dating. Notice that there are different dating tips depending on the girl. Also the inequality has to do with the girl’s background and so their rank in the society.

4 The last literary, the authors of all three stories used the literary element of imagery to admire how black women look.  In the three stories the authors talked about African american female appearance and the way they give moral advice. However, they are talking about it in an unmatched pattern.  In “How to date a halfie, white …” and “Everyday Use” the two writers talk about the beauty of the black women.  Unlike “Lesson” which in a sense mock the look of the ebony female.  It says in the story, “this lady moved on our block with nappy hair…And she was black as hell, cept for her feet, which were fish-white and spooky.”  However the three stories praises African American women’s moral–self respect and still showing black women’s aesthetic charm.  In “how to date brown girl, black girl, white girl and halfie” for instance, the narrator kept telling the kid (or the reader) that the black female wouldn’t let anybody have any type of sexual intercourse whatsoever.  It says,“A local girl will have hips and a nice ass but won’t be quick about letting you touch her”.  Similar in “Everyday Uses”, “Her feet were always neat-looking as if God himself had shaped them with a certain style…Hair is all over his head a foot long and hanging from his chin like a kinky mule tail.” all writers talk about the physics of the females in the story and are different in that sense but all greet their integrity somehow, whether from Dee for telling her sister to start being independent, to the “local girl”, for not letting anybody disrespect her sexual modesty.  “Lesson” also shows the need for Ms Moore to fight for her rights through a dialogue between a woman and black children.

Pexels (Pixabay)


Sometimes virtual life has no difference between real life

We are still young learners so it is a full right to know what is going on in our community.Therefore, for my part I really enjoy these three stories because it reflects on me. Everyday use, for me is theme because it collects most themes inside for life, since I never know family is important no matter what. Then The lesson was also fabulous for me, when I finish reading it. It teaches us how we should treat each other with respect no matter what our social class is. That’s why, I choose characterization like a literary element to explain the author’s central idea. The thing is that, she wants us to learn about character’s behavior . In How to date, I choose voice because I really feel each story has its own voice, in Everyday use the author is a woman , The lesson author is woman and in How to date it’s a man and that’s why I choose voice here to clearly give the voice of each narrator. Even though I think their theme is almost same like we don’t have the right to judge someone no matter what our status is.

My first Literary element theme that took title Everyday use which I give a definition the theme of the story is what the author tries to convey in other words. So The thing that differentiates and distinguishes this story of Everyday use from the other two is around us learned a very good lesson in its history that everyone can interpret in different ways. And this lesson, for me was the family remains the family whatever the difficulties are. Then what makes these two stories similar to the Lesson and How to date -the author is raising awareness among young people, and send strong messages to not judge anyone, whatever your situation. After the thing that differentiates and distinguishes the story of The Lesson from the other two is that the author showed us the real facts of our lives in society, and the lesson that I learn from that is we cannot change people’s minds . Despite our status of class sociale we can be unique. And all of them have the important similarities between these three stories are of Everyday use, the author teaches us how we must love one another despite our differences. Likewise in The Lesson he talks about love and solidarity because we are all the same since the materials are nothing. And in How to date – we don’t have the right to judge someone each person has his right in all fields. An addition we can say the three stories is to teach us how we should give each person his or her respect since each person has its own value. Also The things that make these two stories similar that are Everyday use and How to date– same are both talk about the respect of people. Since we don’t have the right to give some people superiority than others. Thus The things that differentiates and distinguishes this story of How to date a Browngirl, Blackgirl, Whitegirl, or Halfie from the other two. Author are gives us a lesson on how to respect women and give her right that she deserves . Since his story is so powerful that each person can give different theme in the way her or he understand. However the main strong dea was gives the respect of value of women that she deserves no matter her colors. And The thing that makes these two stories similar that was The Lesson and Everyday use are both of these stories talk about giving all people the same love. Since we don’t know tomorrow and for a great future we should treat everyone equal.

My second literary element is Character and took titleThe Lesson since I give definition A character is any person, animal, or figure represented in a literary work.

The thing that differentiates and distinguishes this story from the other two are the author make a choice that makes her suffer but in the end she arrived at her destination. Since this choice she made was not easy for her to be a teacher in a middle of poverty where people think others has bless than them is not easy to change their mind . But in the end she arrives to her objectif that make to think we are the same despite our differences. Then The thing that makes these two stories similar that are Everyday use and How to date -same is at the end the two authors arrive at their goal by giving us the teaching they want us to know . since they have the same conflict give advice to change people’s mind. After The significant similarities among these three stories are they three author made a choice and have conflict. That at the end arrive in their goal destination despite it was not easy for them the don’t change. They still the same .to make their work successful. And The thing that differentiates and distinguishes this story Everyday use from the other two story are the mother at end feel regretful for her behavior to maggie and make us know her choice was incorrect despite the conflict she made a face. Then The thing that makes these two stories similar that are How to date – and the Lesson is the narrator don’t change their choice at the end .Since their mission is still the same because the want each person feel happy in her status despite our differences . After The thing that differentiates and distinguishes this story of How to date – from the other two is the choice of the author to talk about his personnage was most focus about women and the way we should treat us. Despite the fact that they color we should same . And he did not change the mind until the end because he has drive to teach us that was give a woman her respite in all fields they are not object. And The thing that makes these two stories similar that are The Lesson and Everyday use are all humans are the same no matter our class we should love each other .And this was one of the choices made in their story that we we should learn like central idea of their risk the choose.

An addition my Third Literary element is voice took title How to Date a Browngirl, Blackgirl, Whitegirl, or Halfie, and have definition the individual style in which a certain author writes his or her works. The thing that differentiates and distinguishes this story from the other two is the voice of narrator have to feel that we can feel in different type way.since he know the thing that he is talking in his story because he wants to teach us a lesson that exist until today in our society and how we can change it. And for this change we should give each person his or her respect. Specific her respect . Then The thing that makes these two stories similar are first their author are women and they are talking about our society real issue. Then arrive in a great conclusion how we can change it. After having the significant similarities among these three stories are their tone since each story has a strong tone that you can find on others.Also the description even though is not the same subject their great theme is almost the same because all of theme was for me we don’t have the right to judge someone we should love each other no matter our status. And again The thing that differentiates and distinguishes this story of the lesson from the other two are the narrator is give us the voice we should never give up like tone.And the awareness not to be afraid of our mission or dream that we have for our society. Then The thing that makes these two stories similar that are How to date– and Everyday use was their point commun of respect to each other. Since everyone is the same no matter what it is the same blood read we have in our body. Since others The thing that differentiates and distinguishes this story of Everyday use from the other two because author voice is to write about his characters she choose and give emotion that we should learn something inside. And those lessons you can connect to real life thing because people are afraid to tell the things that don’t go well .So we can say this story is given also voice to others people. And The thing that makes these two stories similar that are How to date- and The Lesson same is the two authors try to give us something important that we are ignored in our community even though we know that thing is not good for us . we keep act we don’t have issue.

Finally the main point making these writing is how to know those three stories how they are so important, not just for me but I Think the whole world . Since all of them have different them but at the same moment the threes stories have one strong theme that is respect for each other no matter what. And the thing that makes those stories wonderful is connected in our real life. Since each every day our society getting those changes that including us because racist is not fish, social class is always about inequality and issue of family is every day. Does why we should know our right to have a great future in long therm coming.

Photo by Engin_Akyurt (Pixabay)


What A Good Writer Should Do?

One of the main reasons why, the three stories “ The Lesson”, “ How to date,” and “ Everyday Use” are an inspiration, is that they are teaching people lessons depending on how they will see it. “ The Lesson” by Toni Cade Bambara was about an old lady that her neighborhood are calling her at any manes. She is very experienced, and she knows a lot about the world between rich and poor people. She takes some kids and shows them the importance of being poor, by taking them to an area where everything is expensive. While she was teaching them some kind of education, the kids did not appreciate it. Until the end, they started to see the importance of education and being educated by Miss Moore’s words.  “ Everyday Use” by Alice Walker, was that the protagonist, MAMA had two daughters that have lived in two different experiences. One of them is Magie, she had a depressed, and confused life. She did not have the chance to go to school due to a fire that happened in her house where is some part of her skin got burned. All she wanted was that her mother pay attention for her as the same way she does with her sister Dee. The other girl was Dee, she apparently had anything that she ever wanted. She is going to school, and she likes money and other fancy things. I can say all she wants is to live in fancy world. Based on the difference between the sisters, the mother couldn’t use equality for them. That’s why at the end she can feel the importance of seeing the other side of Maggie’s life and needs. She had learned her mistakes from the past. “ How to Date” by Junot Diaz, was about a young boy who is trying to see the different kind of race for girl. He went to get advice from an experienced person. The narrator was helping that young boy by telling how he should act when he is with any type of girl. Also guiding him through education on how to respect women.

To begin with, the difference between the three stories, “ The Lesson,” “ Everyday Use,” and “ How to Date” is that for the “ The Lesson”, the narrator is telling us how she sees herself in a White and Black community and Miss Moore is trying to teach the kids how they can interact with colored people based on being rich or poor. They have to learn a lesson from others. For “ Everyday Use”, a desperate mother who does not know how to make equality over her two daughter which make her to learn from her mistakes and try to fix things. “ How to Date”, is that the narrator is teaching how the boy can date different type of colored girls. He is old and knows how to convince a person. He using another language when he is talking.

“ The Lesson,” “ Everyday Use,” and “ How to Date” are three stories that really important in stories I have ever read. They are all about education and how they can action, even though they have to learn first. At the end they all understand the meaning of being someone important. To begin with the literary element of voice ( the person who is telling the story from their point of view), the three stories were told by the point of view from one of the characters. Meaning that all three stories was the second person based on how they tell the story from their perspective. To add, theme ( the subject of a talk, a piece of writing, a person’s thoughts, or an exhibition; a topic), they all have significant similarities for these three stories is that they all about education and how they learn from it, which kinda make them feel like responsible in their future progresses. And they will not repeat what they already have done in their life. Then, let’s talk about characterization ( a description of the distinctive nature or features of someone or something), my favorite, based on what I have read, they are selfish, helpless because they experimenting from others people’s ideas or point of view.. They all are getting information or learning from their mistakes that they already made. What all this means is that don’t never ever take education as a garbage that we have to throw anytime we want because it is the one and only one key that will open all doors that your future is awaiting. So what now are you willing to sacrifice yourself to to open those doors, or will you drop those key just like that. Guys! Take an example to these three stories make mistakes and learn from it. Without mistakes, we cannot know what we are looking for. SO GO FOR IT! Dream big and make a wide future.


Is Music Good or Bad While You Study?

There has been a lot of controversy about whether students should listen to music while they study. Some believe that it is detrimental to learning, and others believe that it helps students learn and memorize better. While looking at the studies that have been done I have found good things and bad things about listening to music while studying. Some of the good things is that music is soothing and relaxing, so it helps with relieving stress and anxiety while studying. Also, background music may improve the focus on a task because it is providing a mood and motivation for long time study sessions, aiding endurance. Also, students have found that it helps with memorization because it creates a positive mood and indirectly increases the memory formation

Listening to music can also help with reducing test anxiety. Anxiety can become a blocker for students and work. There has been studied at Cambridge University that says that listening to hip-hop music if they are under a lot of stress and anxiety will help. This is because hip-hop provides an uplifting effect on listeners and help them to accept their challenge and deal/ manage their workload better, and it also helps with the mental health issues that might occur while studying too. Music is found to help people that are under a high amount of pressure to perform better as well. There was also a study done at Stanford that listening to music also helps to focus, and found that musical composers from the 1800s engages with areas of the brain that are involved with paying attention. So, the music choice is also influential in the brain process as well

I listen to music while I study all of the time, and I believe that it really helps me to focus and helps me to memorize things better as well. I personally believe that music is helpful for me to learn and is not a distraction/ detriment to my learning. Listening to music is also not helpful for everyone as well, and can just become a distraction the whole time while they are trying to learn as well. Sometimes music is not the answer for everyone, but it is very helpful for the people that like to listen to music while they are learning. 


Are Uniforms Needed?

Schools all across the nation speak about how uniforms are a positive to the school environment and increases student safety. While there is a plethora of pros on to why uniforms are helping the school community and keeping a level playing field for the students, lots of issues come with uniforms. The argument that states uniforms are put in place to prevent bullying is very invalid because schools with uniforms still experience with bullying.

School systems are very hypocritical in by saying that uniforms are created to make a level playing field in the school environment, and prevent students from being distracted. Yet they ask us to branch off into our own appearance and portray ourselves, but with a uniform we can’t have any social expression. Schools promote individuality but yet put us in a jail type of environment, wearing the same clothing, training us to listen to the bell to dismiss us, and any type of rebellion to the uniform results in consequences. Uniforms do not improve attendance or deter crime, in all reality , uniforms are not resolution to any of the issues so what we really are school systems solving with a uniform?

JK Uniform by xmhuqijian@yahoo.cn on 2016-08-28 05:44:42


Is Homework Really Beneficial?

Schools are receiving increasing pressure to move to using curriculum that is more based around, self-centered learning and self taught subjects. The United States is beginning to realize the importance of teaching young kids to be creative and free thinkers. With this goal, the question of whether homework is beneficial or not has come into perspective. Now while like with any question, we want a definite answer, however there is not a definitive answer to whether homework is good or bad. The different benefits and consequences of homework vary from age group to age group. 

Second-grade teacher Fiorentino, experimented with eliminating homework to see the kinds of effects it would have on her kids. Part of the issue that comes from giving too much homework to kids too soon, is they will burnout and not learn to properly appreciate learning. It will feel more like a task than an opportunity. Mrs Fiorentino’s findings, show that as the kids did not have homework, their drive in school increased. Not only this but “when these young kids were going home they were doing more explorative learning on subjects that interested them.”  Instilling a passion for learning into young generations of America will bring great benefits to the country has a whole in the coming years. 

There was actual research performed by Duke University psychology professor Harris Cooper, who found correlations between upper grade students doing homework and the benefit their test scores and grades saw. However when he looked at younger students he found, “a weak correlation from homework benefitting young students,” (Cooper.) Cooper believes that homework is meant to foster an enjoyment of learning and problem solving skills, and giving young children overwhelming amounts of homework does not foster this enjoyment. All in all when it comes to whether homework is beneficial or not, it really comes down to the age and situation of the child in question. No two children are the same and thus makes it extremely difficult to find a black and white answer answer to this question. So yes unfortunately you will still be getting homework from your teachers for now. 


Tablets or Textbooks for School?

Textbooks have been a classroom necessity for a long time, but now it seems that tablets, and laptops have become more of a necessity for a successful learning environment in the classroom. Textbook publishing rates are lowering due to the higher rate of students making the decision to switch to tablets. It benefits the student because in the end, they will pay less for electronic textbooks, and it would easier to carry around then printed textbooks.

A study was researched by Professors Lauren M. Singer Trakhman, and Patricia A. Alexander, that students prefer to read digital text rather than print, and believed they learned better. However, students tend to speed read on internet rather than read it carefully, but it is easy to train the brain to read something more methodically to increase comprehension.

People who oppose the idea of tablets taking over textbooks, argue that they are too distracting for students, easy to break, and expensive. They argue that they can cause headaches, and be harmful to the brain. However, there is no evidence to back up that argument.


Uniforms aren’t needed

Schools argue that uniforms are helpful in many different ways, such as the focus of their educations and not their apparel. They argue that uniforms help prevent bullying and that uniforms prevent the display of gang-related colors. Every one of these arguments is false.

Uniforms have nothing to do with how much attention a student gives during class, a student who wants to learn will dedicate their time to learning and paying attention. Never have I seen or heard of anyone who is incapable of learning due to clothes. Uniforms are just another reason for schools to discipline students.

Uniforms cannot hide your personality“, which also goes to say that uniforms do not prevent bullying. Bullying is a massive topic, there are multiple reasons for bullying, yes, apparel is a reason for bullying but there are so many other reasons to bully someone for and its not okay, but in all actuality, uniforms are never going to stop bullying.

Gangs have been around forever and will continue to be around. Nobody will ever be capable of stopping gangs from forming, that goes to prove that uniforms may stop kids from wearing gang-related colors but it won’t stop them from joining gangs.


Textbook Disparity in America

There seems to be a disparity amongst American history classes. Textbooks in America are writing different narratives for the same story. 

A textbook in San Antonio, Texas was caught teaching from a textbook that highlighted the positive aspects of slavery. Parents complained to the school and the teacher was suspended for conducting the lesson. The superintendant of the school wrote that the teacher had no harmful intent on the context of slavery and an authors of the textbook stated “there is no debate about slavery. It is immoral and a crime against humanity.”

Here is the included description fo slavery according to the Pretice Hall Classics: a History of the United States textbook:

“While there were cruel masters who maimed or even killed their slaves (although killing and maiming were against the law in every state), there were also kind and generous owners. The institution was as complex as the people involved. Though most slaves were whipped at some point in their lives, a few never felt the lash. Nor did all slaves worked in the fields. Some were house servants or skilled artisans. Many may not have even been terribly unhappy with their lot, for they knew no other.” 

After reading the text above, students were asked to list the positive and negative components of slavery on a worksheet. 240 students learned that slavery was not completey bad, which is unacceptable. All american need to understand slavery is a massive detriment Afican Americans even many years after the period. 

While Pearson, the publisher, responded to the backlash by arguing that the worksheet was not associated with their company. But the textbook itself did not protray slavery as inhumane and immoral. In another statement, Pearson said the textbook did promote an antiquated viewpoint and it was wrong, offensive and long outdated. The issue was published in 2007.

We need to be careful as to what we are administering in educational institutions. No student, school or region should be mislead. American citizens deserve to know the truth about their country’s history.


Is Homework Beneficial?

Many people do not like homework, and I am one of them. Homework is indeed good or bad. Less homework will not work, and more homework will be a burden on students.

The advantage of homework is that proper homework can improve students’ academic performance and acquire independent learning skills. Homework can also enable parents to supervise their children’s learning. Homework helps students develop key skills to use throughout their lives, such as accountability, discipline, time management, and the ability to solve problems independently. At the same time, students can be better restrained by themselves.

The disadvantage of homework is that too much homework can be harmful to students because it can increase student stress. It also reduces students’ leisure and sleep time and leads to cheating. As a result, students develop many bad habits.

Finally, I want to say that there can be homework, but not too much. Otherwise the result will only be counterproductive.


Free College?

In recent years there has been a debate on whether or not the government should pay for college. Graduating from college and attending college means more job opportunities, new friends, higher paying jobs, higher satisfaction with their job, and better communication skills. The list can go on and on, but if that is the case many ask, “Why is college not free?” and, “How can we increase the amount of college graduates?” That has been a huge debate within our government and economic system. If more people go to college, this means theoretically that the poverty rate in the U.S. will go down, more people will be employed, and we will have a better healthcare system.

The problem right now is that many people will spend their first 10 to 25 years after graduating from college paying off their student loans. “Today, 70 percent of college students graduate with a significant amount of loans.” That is drastically higher than it should be. This makes it very hard for those who have very little money to pay for college, because it puts them in debt greatly. So why have we not made college free? There have been many government financial aids that have come out in recent years to help students and families pay for college like fafsa. Not only that, but many colleges offer a great amount of scholarships, but that still leaves students paying thousands of dollars for college. If the government were to help students pay for college and lower the tuition exponentially, maybe even to the point where it would be free many more citizens would be educated, which would solve many problems. 

“Meanwhile, however, another problem in higher education has attracted little attention, even though it promises to be far more consequential in the long run and much harder to solve.” If college tuition were to be lowered and addressed along with more students going to college, more problems than we know would be solved in the U.S. like was said in the quote. This would lead to fewer adults on welfare or in poverty, increased voting rates due to more educated citizens, fewer divorces, higher levels of happiness, and most importantly lower crime and substance abuse. The outcome would help our society greatly. The problem is the schools would need more government funding, which the government has not provided. If the government were to do so there would be a vast increase in taxes and property loans, therefore it would be hard to make everyone happy. That has been the debate over the last few years. Does the government make college free by increasing taxes or leave it the way it is. That is for the future generations to decide. 


Are Cellphones Effective During School?

Should students be able to use cell phones during class periods?  A lot of teenagers and parents have this concern in the back of their minds. This is a question a lot of students and teachers also have asked themselves. The invention of cell phones started a debate for many schools.  Many schools accept the use of cell phones but experience a lot of frustration over them. There are many reasons for and against the use of cell phones in schools. People who support cell phone use in schools are usually teenagers. People who disagree with cell phone use in schools are usually teachers or parents, who think cell phones are a distraction. A lot of students see cell phones as a useful device but many see them as a distraction during class.

People in many schools regularly sneak around on their cell phones, trying to hide them from teachers or administrators. Cell phones were originally against school rules. Honestly, it makes a lot of sense for students not to be able to use their cell phones during school hours. Cell phones should be banned in schools because they distract students, allow cheating in Schools, and they can be dangerous. Cell phones distract students in school. Whenever people text in class it gets other people’s attention, which makes it hard for students to learn. Also if it goes off in class it can cause the teacher to stop teaching and have everyone’s attention on that cell phone 

I honestly see both viewpoints of the controversy of phones in this particular circumstance. In my opinion, since I’m a teenager, I will have to agree with the students on this and say cellphones should not be banned from schools. There and many students who can be on their cellphone and listen to what is going on in class around them and be okay. And for those who can’t do this so well, they will just have to not use their cell phones and be responsible.

Quote:

“As a student, I understand that cell phones are distracting while a teacher is trying to help the students but at the same time, I believe they become even more distracting to the class as a whole when teachers make a huge deal out of trying to take a phone away or punish a student for having a phone out.”

“One of the many negative effects that constant cellphone use causes is an increase in risk of illness. Believe it or not, your phone is one of the most germ-infested objects that you may come in contact with throughout the course of a day.”

https://www.bartleby.com/essay/Cell-Phone-Use-in-Schools-Should-Not-FKCTA4PZVJ


College is getting too pricey

As high schoolers approaching college many of us are worried about paying the cost of tuition. College tuition is undeniably going up every single year. Students are struggling more and more to pay the cost for a higher education. Roughly 70% of college students finish their education with some form of debt, and students finish with an average debt of about $30,000. It is statistics like these that cause students to shy away from pursuing a higher education. College is simply not accessible to some students. Something needs to be done about this.

If we want to continue to have a high functioning society we need to educate our youth. However, sometimes people no longer have access to college. The obvious solution would be to simply lower the cost of tuition. Some colleges have already done this, so we can see it isn’t a completely impossible idea. A solution that has been pitched by many, including Barack Obama, is to give students a free two years of college. This would allow for a higher education for much cheaper. Students could then pay tuition if they wish to continue their education even further.

Some would say their isn’t much need to lower tuition as financial aid in also increasing. However the problem with this is that not every student receives financial aid, but every student has to pay tuition. Colleges should be able to spare a slight decrease in tuition. They don’t necessarily need to decrease the cost by a drastic 75%, as even a slight decrease would help students.


Should School Start Later?

The simple answer is yes. Of course, every high student wants school to start later, but the science actually supports it. Studies have shown that when students get more sleep, that test score goes up. According to Vittana, “A loss of sleep disrupts the normal functioning of a child’s attention span. They can struggle to focus on their environment, sensory inputs, and the classroom. A lack of sleep creates a delayed reaction time, irritability, depressed mood, forgetfulness, clumsiness, and trouble learning new concepts.” Another positive effect later school starts can have is less dependence on caffeine. Caffeine can lead to chronic panic attacks and severe dehydration. It can also reduce car accidence for teens, driver drowsiness is responsible for about 100,000 car crashes every year!

However, there are some cons to school starting later. It can impact working families, most jobs start at around 8 o’clock. If school started later than that some students might not have a way to get to school. Later start times could also encourage teens to stay up later at night. It could also reduce access to resources like the library. 

While the cons are just as valid as the pros, I think that the pros outweigh the cons because it could better the mental health of the student. That should be the main priority of schools. The cons are still happening with the 8 o’clock start time. I think it would just take some time to get used to it. 


Altering Advanced Placement Classes

Advanced Placement(AP) classes have been instituted for the past 50 years. But over the last few years, the creators of the program have been aiming to reform it and enable students to be exposed to their careers early on.

For a while, AP classes have been for those high achieving students needing more challenging courses. “On the surface, high school Advanced Placement (AP) courses might seem to be a no-brainer for those high performing high school students searching for a challenging academic environment and a fulfilling experience while earning college credits at a fraction of the cost of what they would pay when enrolled in college.” But now, more students are starting to take it due to the desire for college and career readiness. Students who pass AP exams have a chance of obtaining college credits. Those from low income families who believe they can be successful in AP courses also have a shot at reducing their college spending and potentially graduating early based on the amount of college credits they accumulate.

Although AP classes seem to be great as they already are, the creators of the program have been trying to improve it for students. AP classes prepare students for college courses and allow them to earn college credits. But one thing it never really focused on, was the career readiness aspect of it. Students now not only want to be ready for college, but also for their careers. So by adding a vocational aspect to the AP program, allowing students to study and prepare directly for the career they seek, students are able to pick the classes that fascinate them and also prepares them for their future careers.


Lack of Education in Sub-Saharan Africa.

Africa is the least educated continent in the world with 21 percent of 20 to 24-year-olds have less than four years of education. Sub-Saharan Africa is Africa’s least educated region. It has the highest rates of education exclusion in the whole world. “Over one-fifth of children between the ages of about 6 and 11 are out of school, followed by one-third of youth between the ages of about 12 and 14. (Unesco.org)”.This disparity has come from a cause of reasons including colonialism, post-colonial violence, government corruption, et cetera.

This problem can be helped by giving to organizations that seek to foster education in Sub-Saharan Africa such as UNESCO, Africa Classroom Connection. A second way is by holding corrupt government accountable for the lack of education resources they giving their citizens access to. These organizations include Transparency International, Ghana’s Commission on Human Rights, Global Witness and Platform to Protect Whistleblowers in Africa (PPLAAF) (Globalwitness.org). 

These suggestions have been proven to work in the past. Between 2000 and 2008, the number of Sub-Saharan African children in primary education increased by forty-eight percent (Unesco.org). During the same time, period spending on education in Africa increased by more than 6% each year (Theguardian.org). We can make a difference for the millions of still uneducated children in Sub-Saharan Africa but we have to start now.


The History Of Life Academy

Did you know that OUSD only made small schools in neighbourhoods that they found poor? After they made 40 small schools in poor neighbourhoods they found out that making small schools didn’t improve test scores (Murphy). Life Academy became a small school in 2001 because the district thought that making many small schools was going to increase test scores but unfortunately the whole making a lot of small schools plan didn’t work because they found out that the test scores, and dropout rates didn’t improve and that’s why they made Life Academy into its own school in 2008.

Life Academy became a school in 2001 because of something called the small schools movement. The small schools movement was a movement that happened through 1999 – 2007. The district only closed down the middle and high schools that were on poor neighbourhoods. Then they will build small schools to replace the school that they closed down. The district signed off on the small schools movement because they thought that with smaller schools there will be better test scores ,and decrease the amount of dropout rates change. To prove that point in an article written in 2009 called Oaklands small schools movement, 10 years later by Katy Murphy, Murphy wrote, “But many of its problems — low test scores, high dropout rates, staff turnover — remain.”(Murphy). Now, for that reason the district signed was to bring up test scores but it really didn’t help. 

Secondly, in an interview with Venus Mesui a worker in Life Academy since it was invented told me that the school was part of many small schools in 2001 and in 2008 it moved to its current location because the test scores were not looking good.Venus also talked about how when Life Academy was established there were many schools that were made with it. The real reason why those small schools were being made is because of the small schools movement, the small schools movement was a movement that the district signed off on 1999 which said take out schools in poor neighbourhoods and replace them with many small schools in that location because the district thought that this movement was gonna help test score and decrease dropout rates, it ended in 2007 and that’s how Life Academy was made into its own school, because they saw that it didn’t help with anything (Murphy). Mesui also told me that the other schools that were at Fremont at the time closed down which shows that since the test scores didn’t work the district didn’t want the small schools anymore, which also shows that making small schools was a bad idea.

Some Oaklanders might agree with that it really didn’t improve everything the district wanted to improve. This move also destroyed people’s relationships with friends and teachers. Losing a relationship with a friend sucks because you have been talking to them and learned so much about them. But also some Oaklanders agree because if life was in fremont still the whole environment would have been dangerous because fremont has a lot of fights and that would be awful because people would get hurt. If the person reading this isn’t from Oakland Life Academy is a middle/ High school and Fremont is a High School, the larger school, is considered a very dangerous place because they are always fights over there. The reader might also be thinking isn’t all of Oakland dangerous? The answer to Oaklanders is no it is not, it’s a beautiful city and isn’t always dangerous and not to trash Fremont or anything but that is one of the most dangerous places in Oakland, and it’s a high school, hopefully one can see that if Life Academy was in that location, Fremont would have been bigger and there would have been more fights so it was a idea that they moved Life Academy to the Calvin Simmons location.

In conclusion, Life Academy became a small school because the district thought that making small schools was going to help test scores and reduce dropout rates. If Life Academy was still at Fremont the whole Life Academy community would have been a disaster.  So know in 2020 there’s a budget crisis in Oakland, should OUSD keep small schools open?

 Annotated Bibliography

Gutierrez, Erick Erubiel, and Venus Mesui. “Life Academy Switch Interview.” 5 Dec. 2019.`

In the interview Venus talked about how life academy moved and when it was established. Venus Mesui is a worker at life academy that has been working at Life Academy since it was established.

Murphy, Katy. “Oakland’s Small Schools Movement, 10 Years Later.” East Bay Times, East Bay Times, 15 Aug. 2016, https://www.eastbaytimes.com/2009/05/05/oaklands-small-schools-movement-10-years-later

In the article Katy Murphy talked about the small schools movement and what it was. This is a credible source because she’s an oaklander and she knows what shes talking about and it’s from a website that’s all about Oakland and Bay area.


Teachers and Rent in Oakland

What is a giant problem that teachers are struggling with? The average rent in Oakland is $2,916, an 8% increase compared to the previous year (Evidence of this statistic at https://www.rentcafe.com/average-rent-market-trends/us/ca/oakland/). Teachers struggle with paying rent because of the low amount of money that they get paid. It is clear that the research and interviews show that rent levels going up in Oakland is having a negative impact in Oakland teachers because teachers that are and teach in Oakland can’t afford a house in Oakland and they also need to get second jobs because of the low average of money that they get paid.

A plethora of teachers are having struggles with their house payments. According to a CBS News article made by Aimee Picchi, “Teachers in the U.S. are getting a grim lesson in economics as their pay is eclipsed by rising housing costs. The result: New members to the profession can’t afford the rent in all but one major U.S. city, according to a new study from Zillow.”(Picchi). If new teachers can’t afford a house, then they won’t be able to teach. If they aren’t able to teach, then schools wont have new teachers to teach their students and there will only be substitutes.

On top of having trouble with payment, because of payment, teachers are getting second jobs to get paid better. According to a Pew Research Center document by Katherine Schaeffer, 16% of teachers have second jobs that are not school based summer jobs and 18% of teachers have a second job during the school year (Schaeffer). This also endangers the education of the students and the time of the teachers because the teachers will have less time to teach or grade their students since they are at their second job. This can cause the teachers to get fired from their jobs and replace the teacher with a new teacher. But as the article in the paragraph above said, new teachers can’t afford houses in Oakland which will make the schools in Oakland have fewer teachers and fewer opportunities for the students to learn.

Teachers struggle and some believe that there is no solution for what is happening to them, also known as gentrification. But, there could be solutions for this, an interview with Eva Oliver, a teacher from Life Academy, states, “A rent program for teachers in Oakland like the one that there is in San Francisco would really help teachers in Oakland to live in an affordable place” (Oliver). A renting program could be a great opportunity for teachers in Oakland. Then they won’t have to worry about their rent and they won’t need second jobs. The teachers will be able to pay more attention to their teaching job. While this helps teachers, it also helps the students and the school. The reason why this would help teachers is because students will get more education since the teachers are paying more attention to them. This also helps the schools by allowing new teachers to join the renting program and join schools in Oakland that need new teachers which also helps students. More teachers, less rent, more education, more opportunities, more liberty.

In conclusion, teachers are being affected by by rent because of the low average of their salary and the amount of rent that is needed to pay. But, if this keeps being a problem for the teachers, they might decide to leave their jobs for one that pays them better so that they are able to afford the house that they want. Then, how will the students learn what they need to learn to develop their mindset. They won’t be able to learn one of their majors because there are fewer teachers, and since they didn’t learn there major, there will be less people in the future that can help the community. For example, there will be less doctors, less construction workers, fewer people in jobs because they weren’t able to learn what they wanted to be. Why not help teachers and prevent this tragedy. Another argument should be, if Donald Trump argues that he wants to “make America a better place”, why does he not put some of the undeniable myriad of money that he has on the districts so that they could pay teachers better, but that is a whole different story.

Annotated Bibliography

Picchi, Aimee. “New Teachers Can’t Afford the Rent in All but One Major U.S. City.” CBS News, CBS Interactive, 27 Aug. 2019, www.cbsnews.com/news/new-teachers-cant-afford-the-rent-in-all-but-one-major-u-s-city/.

Aimee Picchi works with CBS news. Her news talks about teachers not being able to afford rent in the United States. Majority of the teachers can’t afford rent because of how low they get paid. This source is reliable because it is from CBS news, it is a news article. It was also published in 2019, so it is talking about the present.

Sanchez, Cesar Ivan, and David Gardner. “Teachers and Rent Interview.” 22 Nov. 2019.

Mr. Gardner is an Oakland resident and has taught in Oakland for years. He bought his home so he does not struggle as much with rent But he knows that his loved ones and his friends are being affected by rent which is something he does not like.

Sanchez, Cesar Ivan, and Eva Oliver. “Teachers and Rent Interview.” 22 Nov. 2019.

Eva Oliver is an 8th grade humanities teacher at Life Academy in Oakland. She used to live in Oakland but she left to live somewhere more affordable. This can waste her time because she teaches in Oakland and she lives far away, so she also needs to spend her money on gasoline to get to school and teach. Oliver is trusted because she has been an Oakland resident and she has taught in Oakland for years.

Schaeffer, Katherine. “About One-in-Six U.S. Teachers Work Second Jobs – and Not Just in the Summer.” Pew Research Center, Pew Research Center, 1 July 2019, www.pewresearch.org/fact-tank/2019\/07/01/about-one-in-six-u-s-teachers-work-second-jobs-and-not-just-in-the-summer/

Katherine Schaeffer made an article about teachers having second jobs. She explains that 1 out of six teachers have second jobs. This source is truthful because it was published in 2019. It is also trustworthy because it has pictures and graphs.


Arguing the Future




Place : park 

As teenagers we have disagreements with our parents 

I believe that college is not necessary 

But I feel like college opens a lot of doors to success 

But I feel like there are different platforms to success depending on people’s ability to adapt to certain things and talents, skills, etc 

You dragged it bro  just go to college. I feel like college helps you improve on yourself and your weaknesses.

But I feel like its a waste of time and a lot of pressure on yourself just to end up miserable in the end 

Well, college is not for everyone so I guess I see where you’re coming from 

Exactly is not , but remember how our moms wants us to go to college? That’s even more pressure!

I want to go to college so I guess I disagree with you .

I want to also, but at the same time, I feel like it’s not for me. 

________________________________________________________________________

5: 30   it started to rain and we had to head home  

 


A New Method of Hands-on Learning

Apple Seed had a problem with the current teaching methods in the urban setting of New York city. New York was requiring standardized testing for students. Teachers were focusing more on preparing students for testing than teaching science. On average, elementary schools were only devoting 40 minutes of class time to science instruction each week. Thus Apple Seed began. They reached out to 4,000 public schools in the area to kick start a garden program that provides a fun and interactive way to teach children. Apple Seed has made progress in effectively teaching young students science and math.

Learning takes place in the entire process of gardening time. Students plant vegetables and flowers in both inside and outside gardens. They care for them up until harvest when they sell their produce locally. Students also take advance of their produce to learn how to cook. This way students can strength math skills as well.

Many teachers support the program. They express that allowing children to explore and experiment is crucial for an effective learning environment. The idea is to have students refrain from regurgitating memorized answers and practice their ability to formulate thoughtful answers, interpretations and inquiries. Apple Seed has done its best to pursue this goal.

garden photo

Photo by HomeSpot HQ


Lack of Education Inside the Juvenile Justice System Creates an Endless Cycle

In some schools, counties, or even states, there is a direct school-to-prison pipeline. Students who, more times than not, are already struggling in school are sent into detention facilities, or detained at home, where they receive little or no quality education. Sierra Mannie investigated this idea, but with a more specific lense. She wrote an article for The Hechinger Report titled, ‘Chronically Absent: Is Quality Education Possible in Juvenile Detention in Mississippi?’ She started with one young man’s story, 19-year-old Jelin “Jay” McChristian. McChristian was held back in school multiple times and never finished 9th grade. By the time he was 17, he was in his second year of 9th grade. He was detained by the state and taken out of school. By the time he was released, it was summer and he would be starting 9th grade again, this being his third time.

Mannie wrote, “A 2006 Justice Policy Institute report, “The Dangers of Detention: The Impact of Incarcerating Youth in Detention and Other Secure Facilities,” says 43 percent of incarcerated youth nationally receiving remedial education services in detention did not go back to school once they got out, and another 16 percent went back to school but dropped out after five months.” These are more than just statistics, they show how these detention facilities impact students’ likelihood to graduate, or to continue their education at all.

In a letter from the Departments of Justice and Education, then-Secretary of Education Arne Duncan and then-Attorney General Eric Holder it was said that “For youth who are confined in juvenile-justice facilities, providing high-quality correctional education that is comparable to offerings in traditional public schools is one of the most powerful-and cost-effective levers we have to ensure that youth are successful once released and are able to avoid future contact with the justice system,” Selina Merrell, an education consultant for Mississippi detention facilities says that she has seen success, though, and it comes from one particular program: positive behaviour interventions and supports system, also known as PBIS.

On average it costs $153,300 a year to confine a single juvenile in the state of Mississippi, most of whom are rearrested within the next year. With PBIS, however, the likelihood of rearrest goes down significantly. McChristian never had to opportunity to be part of the PBIS program due to the detention centre he was in not using it. Some have said that this is due to the cost of the programme, however, in the long term, spending the money to educate kids, saves the state from spending money to redetain the students.

McChsritian dropped out after his release and is currently working independently to get his GED. He intends to go to Mississippi State to become a therapist.

juvenile hall photo


School is not cool

In America today, many kids who are in or are going to go into college, are stressed with the options, prices, grades, and placement. It is a very competitive environment and at what cost? We must get the best grades, be the highest in placement, get the best scores, but it’s not about how we do it, it’s just if we get there. The whole system has just become a game of learn, repeat, present, forget. We will study hours on end about subjects that we won’t ever use in our lifetimes. I don’t know about most people but I can 100% assure I will not need to know that the mitochondria is the powerhouse of a cell, or how to find the sin and cosine of a line, or how to use long division. 

We need to start learning things in school that are necessary to what we actually will have to use in life. I don’t know how to file my taxes yet. How do I apply for a loan? What about a mortgage? Can I buy a car and with what interest rate? How do I refinance? What happens if I blow my tire on the road? What should I look for in an insurance program? These are the questions we need to have an answer and at least a basic understanding. How are we supposed to be let out of high school without knowing how to do any of this? Most of us want to further our education so how do we manage student debt?

Aside from figuring out how to function in society and live, is the perfect grades a real reflection of intellect? Some students are very intelligent, but they can’t take test well, or homework is hard for them to do. But then there are the kids who that isn’t so complicated. They do the work, and spit it back out on a test, forget about it. But they never understood the subject or material. Everyone learns everything a different way, how should we accomadate for those with different ways of learning? The whole education system in America is a joke and a fraud.


Tablets vs. Textbooks

Technology has improved so much in the last decade it’s unbelievable. We have access to anything right at our fingertips, but there are really bad side effects to these technological advances. Tablets give off tons of radiation and this radiation is harmful to the human eye and brain. Other side effects of having tablets instead of textbooks are the fact that there are multiple distractions on a tablet such as notifications, games, text messages, social media, etc. Tablets require internet which might be accessible at school but not every kid has the internet at home to be able to get their homework done. Tablets are breakable and to repair them it costs quite a bit of money, textbooks are also breakable but it doesn’t need to be repaired immediately. The logical thing to do is buy the textbooks because of safety, expenses, and durability.    


Sexist School Dress Codes

Almost all schools have a dress code. Private schools, public schools, and charter schools all usually have a dress code. Some schools may even require uniforms. At most schools there are required lengths for skirts, shorts, and shirt sleeves. Shorts and skirts may be a required length to the person wearing them’s fingertips or to the knee. Shirts may require sleeves and to cover the entire torso. But it seems these requirements are only applied to females.

The major reason for these guidelines is that it may be distracting for students learning environments. There was a story of a young girl who wore a razor top tank top and was sent home for being a distraction. The next day she came to school in a tank top with “#iamnotadistraction” written on the inside of her arm. This hashtag was created in 2014 to raise awareness of the issue that seems to only be happening in the more recent years. It is hopeful to change these dress codes so that students can express themselves appropriately and feel comfortable in their learning environments. https://www.wgbh.org/news/2017/05/22/local-news/school-dress-codes-are-tougher-girls-boys


China’s Big Secret

For a while now, I’ve always noticed that countries with totalitarian Governments like the Soviet Union and North Korea, have kept secrets.  We’ve all heard stories that in North Korea they do things like block out western culture, and starve their citizens. But something that very few people know about, are the well kept secrets of China.  What is their secret? Well, China has almost 30 concentration camps, where they keep millions of muslims in efforts to “re-educate them”.  Many people are calling this the largest mass incarceration of people in the world today, and the territories where these camps are in, span the size of Mexico.  

These internment camps are said to construct the detainees into “Prototypical Chinese Citizens.”  This may sound relatively harmless, but in fact it’s quite the contrary.  Some have said that “It echoes one of the worst human rights violations in history,” with an abundance of constant surveillance and brutal torture, it truly is sickening.  In the camps, the Islamic prisoners are subject to forcibly eat pork, drink alcohol, and the women are forced to marry Chinese men, without any consent. (Somethings that go against the Islamic faith)  Those who do not comply, are subject to whippings, solitary confinement, and are even starved.  

These prisoners are going to be subject to PTSD and psychological damage for years to come, and it’s up to us to stop these disgusting acts, and help these people live better, more fulfilling lives with the freedom of religion, and not be tortured or beaten due to what they believe in. 


Why we need zoos

There has always been controversy surrounding the topic of zoos. There are questions of it being morally okay to keep animals captive or is it saving them? Many animals that do go to zoos are going extinct from humans or climate change. But zoos have many benefits such as informing people why these certain animals are there and all the different kinds of animals that there is. If it wasn’t for zoos many people would not know about or be educated of all the different types of animals. In the article theguardian.com Dr. Dave Hone said “even species that are common can come under severe threat very quickly or without people realising.” Humans have caused many animals having to go to the zoo. Humans have caused climate change and that has affected many animals such as polar bears and all the artic animals. Climate change harmed over half of all mammal species on the endangered species list. This is another reason why we need to have zoos. There is a stigma surrounding the word zoos because people think its just for entertainment and they don’t treat the animals well but really the zoos are saving thousands of animals from extinction. 


How Good people Think

Good people have different opinions because of how they see things.For example if good people judge hookah because people on the other side of the work are dying.Good people like to judge things just from how they look.Some people rader do the same thing over and over again instead of trying something new because their scare to be judge or make a mistake.


College can cost an arm and a leg, but it wasn’t always like this. What happened?

For boomers and many other of the older generations, college tuition is similar to a walk in the park.   But it’s similar for the younger generations, except everything is on fire, because it’s hell. For instance, in the mid 1950s, tuition was affordable, even for the lower middle class.  The University of Chicago cost around $850 per year ($7000 adjusted to inflation), and it was the most expensive school at the time. Now, average tuition is $59,000 per year, with the current most expensive school being Harvey Mudd college, at a whopping $70,000 a year.  So what happened? 

Back in the day, most people didn’t go to college, and those who usually worked it off as they went along.  As the years passed, more and more people started going to college. In 1970, approximately 8.5 million went to college, where in 1990 it rocketed up to a staggering 13.8 million.  To keep up with the sudden increase in people going to college, schools started increasing the price to keep up with demand, but it wasn’t anything to extraordinary until about the late 1980s when these prices seemed to skyrocket, and it was starting to cost more to attend schools than it was for the average cost of living.  But the real culprit, was when the government was facing really big budget deficits.  Politicians panicked to put as much of this money as they could towards education, but they couldn’t keep up with it, so to compensate the colleges raise tuition for the mass flow of students into their schools. Which is the reason why college is now through the roof expensive.


Police Brutality In America

Everybody has an alternate meaning of being American, albeit a large number of us can concur that being American is around three principle thoughts: opportunity, uniformity, and a possibility at accomplishing your fantasies. The Abhor u Give being American is a significantly more convoluted thing. Here you have a network of individuals who are victimized, poor and live in a wrongdoing filled network as a result of an unending cycle of separation. Since the principal characters of the novel are African-American who live in probably the most unfortunate piece of their states, we get the chance to see that the words individuals partner with being American doesn’t have any significant bearing to everybody. 

One major thing individuals state when discussing being American is equity. However the novel bases on a youngster named Khalil who was slaughtered by a white cop basically in light of the fact that the official idea the hairbrush in Khalil’s grasp was a firearm. A statement that sticks out to me is “Yet I think it’ll change one day. How? I don’t have the foggiest idea. When? I certainly don’t have the foggiest idea. Why? Since there will consistently be somebody prepared to battle. Possibly it’s my turn.” (Thomas, 443). This statement alludes to completion police fierceness and how it’s Starr’s (the fundamental character of the novel) go to fix the messed up framework. The book the Despise u Give is about prejudice, police ruthlessness, equity, neediness, and different things that are essential to the world and its kin today. Police Mercilessness is a genuine issue, and it’s by all account not the only sort of separation such a large number of individuals face. As I referenced before, neediness is a cycle, and regularly racial gatherings take up the lion’s share in low-salary networks and get poor training. “Studies have discovered that graduation rates are commonly connected with positive open wellbeing results and lower wrongdoing rates for networks” (Instruction and Wrongdoing). The characters of this novel arrangement with destitution, poor training, and along these lines wrongdoing and higher firearm rates. 

This book is critical to the present world. African Americans and other minorities are slaughtered at a higher rate than their white partners. “As indicated by an examination distributed for the current week in the Procedures of the National Foundations of Sciences, through an incredible span, dark men face a one of every 1,000 danger of being murdered during an experience with police, a rate a lot higher than that of white men” (Santhanam). Along these lines, this book is significant for the present individuals from the country. So as to totally be a fair country, the individuals must have the option to comprehend the issues in this day and age and elevate the change to fix it. The Loathe u Give assists individuals with getting less unmindful about what’s going on today and enables those individuals to settle on their choice on whether to perceive this issue and help advance change. 

By and large, be that as it may, America is based on being a popular government, along these lines, we should at any rate endeavor to find out about what’s going on in this nation. “Law based qualities bolster the conviction that a precise society can exist in which opportunity is safeguarded. Be that as it may, request and opportunity must be adjusted.” (Popularity based Qualities – Freedom, Correspondence, Equity). For the world’s news being at the dash of the present populace, we don’t settle on well-educated decisions on what to request in this nation in the event that we don’t really have the foggiest idea. In the event that we need to utilize popular government to accomplish the standards of opportunity, correspondence, and accomplishing the American Dream, we should ensure everybody gets equivalent access to their fundamental rights and that we focus on what’s going on, and not permit such a huge gathering of individuals to be abused dependent on their race, sex, or sexuality.

Image credit: “end police brutality” by jbouie on 2014-08-14 19:10:04


Is Homework Actually Beneficial?

The debate of whether homework is beneficial or not has been going on for quite some time. For decades, the homework standard has been a “10-minute rule” which recommends a maximum of 10 minutes of homework per night per grade level. This rule was endorsed by both the National PTA and the National Education Association. Although homework improves grades, test results, and the likelihood to attend college, it also has many negative effects including sleep deprivation, headaches, exhaustion, weight loss, and stomach problems.

Homework is beneficial in the way that it develops good study habits and life skills, however, it lacks evidence that it helps younger children. According to Terada, “As students mature and develop the study skills necessary to delve deeply into a topic—and to retain what they learn—they also benefit more from homework” (StudyInternational). Too much homework can cause stress, anxiety, depression, physical ailments, and even cause lower test scores.

Overall, throughout my research, I have concluded that homework can be beneficial as long as it follows the “10-minute rule”. Anything exceeding that can impact a student in many negative ways. When it comes to homework, quality means more than quantity. It should also be aimed to instill good work habits as well as promote self-directed learning.


Why Test?

Throughout our education we take standardized tests from the ACT to SAT, but do they really define a student? Some of the cons of standardized testing is it only considers a single test score when it comes to evaluation. The students growth is not in evaluation and the personal experiences the child goes through leading up to the testing date is not considered. Results don’t consider a child’s background and home life when it comes to learning the material needed for these standardized tests. Additionally, standardized testing does not test every field of education causing the results to not be as accurate when it comes to scoring a child’s intelligence.

According to data from 19 nationally representative studies by Stanford University sociologist Sean Reardon, found that the gap between children of families in the lowest and highest parts of socioeconomic status is more than one standard higher on reading tests at kindergarten entry, which is an amount equal to roughly 3 to 6 years of learning in middle school. This study also showed the relationship between a family’s income position and their child’s academic performance has grown substantially stronger during the last half century. This evidence indicates that with a child’s home life not taken into account when it comes to standardized testing they are bound to fail because of there inconsistency in learning.


What is education and why it is so important?

Why is education so important because it is a part of our life.  As Nelson Mandela said, “Education is the most powerful weapon which you can use to change the world.” Early Childhood and Higher Education Education is very important for success in life. Higher Education is important for the personal, social and economic development of the nation. Education is important to live with happiness and prosperity. Education empowers minds that will be able to conceive good thoughts and ideas. Education enables students to do the analysis while making life decisions. Life gives various survival challenges for humans. But education guide humans to fight with failure and success in life. Education is only one thing that can remove corruption, unemployment, and environmental problems. Education is not about doing a degree it is about how you can live with your own feet. Education helps to become good students, parents, entrepreneurs, doctors, siblings and honest citizens. Being in contact with an educated person and having an intelligent conversation with him expands knowledge and introduces a certain creativity and joy in the mind.

If we want to solve the global learning crisis, the first thing we should do is fill the teacher gaps because on current trends, some countries will not even be able to meet their primary school teacher needs. And attract the best candidates to teaching, it is important for all children to have teachers with at least a good secondary-level qualification. Studies have found—not at all surprisingly—that underqualified teachers are tied to poor outcomes for students. The good news is that this is one of the most straightforward areas where policy makers can have an impact. They must clarify standards for teachers seeking licenses and raise standards in areas where student outcomes are lowest, according to School of Education.We also need to train teachers and prepare teacher educators and mentors to support teachers. To ensure that teachers have the best training to improve learning for all children, it is important for those who train teachers to have knowledge and experience of real classroom teaching challenges and how to tackle them.

Teacher is the most important role in education. We need to get teachers to where they are needed most. And use a competitive career and pay structure to retain the best teachers because governments should ensure that teachers earn at least enough to lift their families above the poverty line and make their pay competitive with comparable professions. The most important is that equip teachers with innovative curricula to improve learning and develop classroom assessments to help teachers identify and support students at risk of not learning. Classroom-based assessments are vital tools to identify and help learners who are struggling. 


College is expensive.

The tuition for college has quadrupled and was much cheaper for older generations. American taxpayers are charging students for the payments of amenities like dorms, student centers, and athletic facilities. They charge three times the amount any other country would for amenities. A lot of the money people pay for college is to pay the staff and faculty, even though they don’t get paid much. The Quad says, “Professor salaries have barely budged since 1970”. There has also been a decreasing interest from state and federal governments to invest public funding into universities. These governments have been influenced by reasoning like the rise in healthcare costs. 

College tuition is important to think about but so is student debt. The cost of college with the addition of costs needed to repay loans becomes way too much. Debt.com says, “Student loan debt has soared from $260 billion in 2004 to $1.4 trillion in 2017; average debt jumped from $18,650 to $38,000 over that same period ”. That is a lot of money for students to pay when they are just coming out of college. The thousands of dollars added to what students need to pay doesn’t add interest as a reason to go to college. College is a lot of money, not just counting tuition but all the other factors that add to the total cost.

It’s practically impossible for everyone to receive free tuition and get a good education at the same time. Free tuition would be amazing but there are reasons behind the costs of college. Even if one does receive free tuition, they still have housing and food expenses. Some families still don’t have enough money to pay off these expenses. The Truth Out says, “The more that college campuses begin discussing college affordability, the better the chance for more sustainable solutions to come to fruition”. By talking to the students about the financial issues they have, colleges can come up with better offers to pay for college.

Image: College Student Debt at OWS 10/9/2011 by hardtopeel on 2011-10-09 16:37:53


Will You Vote Now?

A huge debate within the last couple of years is how can we get everyone to use their privilege to vote. After the 2016 election, many Americans were not happy about the result. It showed that the electoral surveys were not accurate enough for what the people wanted. That means that not enough people voted, but how can we change that? We the people can change that by educating the citizens of the United States about our political issues and how to change them. That way they are able to make the decision of who we want as President. 

There are many ways we can fix the lack of voting in America. A great way to start is by getting everyone registered to vote, because once you are registered you are able to have a say in the government and political system. The mail in ballots are a great convenient to help get people to vote. Next you must give people incentives to vote, which may be giving out stickers that say, “I Voted”, or giving out donuts to all of those that vote. Most importantly we need to educate people and keep them informed on current politics, so that they are able to help America unite when the elections come and help overcome our very serious political issues. One of the most important issues right now is police brutality and the more people that know about it the easier it is to make a change in our country and help prevent problems like these. 

Many Americans want to make a change in the government or our country, because not everyone agrees with everything. One way people can do that is by voting. Many representatives have an incentive for why they are running and have specific ideas on how to help our country develop. If we the people vote for the people that are going to fix the problems that we want to be fixed,  that can also help our country develop. This will lead to more people getting involved with our government. We need everyone’s voice to be heard, so that not all of the votes are going towards one person, because the people who vote agree with him, but that may only be 50% of America and they may all be wealthy. But for the rest of Americans, they may want someone else, but if they do not vote, then we will not be able to solve problems like that. 


Is College Education Worth It?

According to Bureau of Labor Statistics the facts still show that people with a college degree and a high education, on average find better paying jobs than those with less education. Although a degree is becoming less necessary for getting a job, if you are looking to receive a good paying job that can support a family, a college degree is almost needed. The average cost of tuition has been on the rise for almost a decade and is showing no signs of slowing down. With tuition comes additional fees for books, foodf, and housing etc. 

“Seven in every ten graduates of school, have some sort of student debt coming out of school,” (Dickler.) As more people go to college the the value of a bachelor’s degree is decreasing. People obtaining college degrees on average will make twice as much as someone with only a high school degree. Just over fifty percent of adults said that taking student debts were worth the degree they received. Whereas nearly sixty percent of adults say they needed their degree to obtain the job they are currently working on. 

85% of college freshmen from the University of California in Los Angeles, reported that they are attending college to receive a better job. With this now being one of the most commonly stated reasons for attending college, with tuition rising every year, many students and parents are wondering if the cost of college is worth it trying to find a better work. “Coming out of college with hundreds of thousands of dollars in debt leaves many people in a whole that takes nearly their whole lives to dig out of,” (Kerr.) Even with a better job being received from these institutions, people are still struggling to make ends meet.


Should students wear uniforms?

  In regards to schools making students wear a uniform, I disagree with the idea that it makes schools safer. The main issue that I see from everyone dressing the same is in regards to the student and their ability to express themselves as they choose to. Students should have the ability to dress as they choose too. Having the ability to be comfortable and confident would, in my opinion would boost confidence and allow others to get an idea of your personality, because it shows a great deal in how you dress. Also the idea that it decreases bullying is not true, just because all the students dress the same does not mean that bullies will act any different because not everyone looks the same in a uniform and some look better than others that’s just how it is.

    I read another article in favor of the matter and i still disagree after reading. One thing that I definitely did not agree with is the idea that it makes getting ready in the morning easier. This personally wouldn’t be a problem for me especially because I wear a lot of the same type of clothes just with different variations that usually match. I think this is the case for most people and you can always just pick it out the night before as well. I would rather go through the process of finding a tshirt and a pair of pants that I like a lot more than picking of the same uniform everyday, id feel more confident and be able to express myself.

    In regards that it makes everyone look the same and evens out the playing field for everyone, that is not the case. Someone will always have nicer shoes, or wear jewelry that is nicer than someone else. There is no way to fully grasp this, and I am glad to see that some people still give their own flare and style to the uniform because i do as well. Back in regards to the lack of expression, i feel like schools already have too much control of their students so adding rules about what they look like everyday is unnecessary.


Homework?

Homework is done by kids all over the world and everyday some type of homework must be done, but is it really helping the kids or making life even more stressful? In the article, Opponents of homework say that too much may be harmful for students as it can increase stress, reduce leisure and sleep time, and lead to cheating. They also say that it widens social inequality and is not proven to be beneficial for younger children. Proponents of homework say that it improves student achievement and allows for independent learning of classroom and life skills. Having to do homework after school can be hard in a world full of social media and causes kids to not be able to focus as long which prevents the child from learning anything from homework. 

It’ll go in one ear and out the other because kids are going on their phone 24/7 because of how addicting it is. Even with time off the phone kids will still not be able to focus on they will doze off and think of other things or want to go play with friends or do not have enough time to finish homework and then cheat and learn nothing.  For example, there’s something called “retrieval practice,” which means trying to recall information you’ve already learned. The optimal time to engage in retrieval practice is not immediately after you’ve acquired information but after you’ve forgotten it a bit like, after school.  Reasons for this is because teachers aren’t properly trained about why this occurs they don’t know they need to change their homework ideas to fit a child’s schedule and help them actually remember what there doing. 

The Scholastic article Is Homework Bad? references Alfie Kohn’s book The Homework Myth: Why Our Kids Get Too Much of a Bad Thing, in which he says, “There is no evidence to demonstrate that homework benefits students below high school age.” In the article it says, people tend to dislike the amount of time homework takes out of your day and causes less family time to occur after school. With this evidence is homework really the way to go when it comes to teaching kids?


How can college become more affordable?

College affordability has always been an important and highly debated issue. With student loans climbing to an extreme level and more jobs requiring the completion of higher education, it has been thrust even further to the forefront. According to the U.S. Department of Education, “Over the past three decades, tuition at public four-year colleges has more than doubled, even after adjusting for inflation.” This rise does not coincide with rises in income, and less people that previously could afford a college education are left without it. This needs to be changed.

College education is one of the biggest drivers of socioeconomic mobility in America. Students need to ensure they receive a degree in order to move into a solid career in the professional world. The Obama Administration made great strides in achieving this goal. From 2008 to 2016, it increased total aid to students by $50 billion per year. This is great, but students need to focus on getting their degree on time as well. The Atlantic states, “The country spends an enormous amount of money educating students who ultimately drop out before graduation. Only 60 percent of American undergraduates seeking a bachelor’s degree complete their studies within six years, according to the National Center for Education Statistics.” This takes away money from students who have received their degrees or are looking to begin college. Ensuring that federal money for education is spent in the most efficient way is paramount to making it more affordable. 

Other ways institutions can reduce costs is by rethinking ways teaching is done and recognizing one can learn skills outside of school. Schools can reduce teaching costs by implementing technology. Online videos and assessments are easy for students and can cost less for the college. Adding instructional videos to be viewed outside of class lessens professors’ workloads. Over time, these ideas can reduce costs for the college, in turn reducing costs for students. Also, recognizing skills learned in previous work can expedite the education process, thus making it less expensive. Government policy continuing to help students, as well as institutions taking actions to reduce costs, help make college more affordable. 


Vaping is a No No!

How can we prevent teenagers from vaping? That is a great question that many parents are trying to figure out. There are ways we can help prevent teens from vaping through advertisements, education, information , flyers, and getting rid of the flavored vapes. One thing that might help prevent people from vaping is if they do not have flavors, because they will be less appealing to kids. An article about San Antonio banning vapes brought up many pros and cons about banning flavored vapes. One of the cons was that many people will lose their jobs, but the question is do the pros outweigh the cons. The pros are that it will help teens stop vaping, which will stop the long term negative effects of vaping and e-cigarettes. So in this case the pros do outweigh the cons, hence that is a great step to stop teenagers from vaping.  

More information about vaping is that e-cigarettes are just as addicting as normal cigarettes. Many vape companies advertise them as a good way to stop or less harmful. “They are also harmful to your health, even though they are better than normal cigarettes. Chronic nicotine exposure may lead to insulin resistance and type 2 diabetes, although this risk may be offset by the well-known appetite suppressant effects of nicotine.” This shows that they are not as effective as they are said to be. A study came out that showed many people who tried to quit, continued to smoke both electric and normal cigarette, but also get these negative effects as well. A big problem we have today is that the next generation has become addicted to e-cigarettes, which has led to many nicotine addictions. 

In my personal opinion, the best way to prevent teenagers from vaping is through education. I believe that if people know how bad it is for you, then they will stop or be much more likely to stop. For instance, I bet many people did not know that metal particles are found in vapes, Which will end up in your lungs. Those are aluminum, tin, and nickel. Not only that, but vaping can give you popcorn lung, which is also known as bronchiolitis obliterans. As said on medical news today it is an, “Outbreak of a severe lung disease associated with e-cigarettes and other vaping products.” This is a condition that damages your lungs and causes shortness of breath, because it damages the bronchioles which are the lungs smallest airways. Overtime this causes scarring and narrowing in the airways lung tissues. That is just one of the many ways vaping can ruin your lungs and your future, which is why the next generation needs to stop vaping. 

By: Emily Malouf


Is the price tag of college worth the education?

We live in a society where we are expected to go to college straight out of high school. Many people don’t end up paying off their student loans until late into their adulthood. Bigger bucks are spent when students go into college having no exposure to what career they want to pursue. Although many don’t know what they want to do for their entire lives, students often jump into a major to avoid the disapproval of going to a ‘less prestigious’ state or community school or being undecided. This eventually leads to students switching majors and having to spend more time in and money on college causing extended student loans. Is the education of a college or university worth the price tag?

Consumer Reports has partnered with the Center for Investigative Reporting to show the truth about college education and its cost. There are 45 million borrowers who collectively owe more than $1.5 trillion in student loan debt. Friedman from Forbes highlights that “this is the second-highest amount of dept in the country behind the mortgage.” 45% of people paying off their student loans say their education wasn’t worth the cost and of this percentage, “38% didn’t even graduate,” and 61% of college students didn’t even graduate in four years. This is usually due to changing your major or taking classes that don’t apply to the major the student eventually chooses. But should an 18-22-year-old really know what they are going to do for the next 45+ years?

Having a college education is good for society, having educated voters, workers, developers all helps to advances our country. However, the price tag is most commonly not worth the education. This is why it is important that the issue is highlighted and we make a change. Some suggestions have been offered but no solution has been developed. For example, the idea of an affordable college or even free college is a topic of interest for the country. Free college is really important for the lower class because without it they will never have the same opportunity for a good education let alone one they won’t be paying for their entire lives if we don’t change the way the system is laid out.


Does homework do more bad than good?

Homework can do both good and bad, but it seems to be doing more bad than good. The amount of homework students are assigned can sometimes be harmful. High-achieving high school students say that the amount of homework they receive leads to sleep deprivation, headaches, exhaustion, weight loss, stomach problems, and other health issues. Excessive homework can also lead to cheating.

Studies have also shown that low-income students have a disadvantage when it comes to homework. This is because they have less access to resources needed to complete their work. 41 percent of kids in the US live in low-income families. These students might not have access to items such as pens, paper, internet access, a computer, or even a parent or tutor that could help. They also might have to work a lot to help support their family which leaves them with less time to work on homework. 

Homework can also lead to alienation from society. Stanford University conducted a study that suggested that any more than two hours of homework every night is counterproductive. Some students who participated in the study reported doing slightly more than on average three hours of homework per night. It was found that spending too much time on homework means that, “students were not meeting their developmental needs or cultivating other critical life skills.” Many students felt obligated to put homework over many more important things occurring in their lives. 


Bio

I am Lainie Himebaugh, I am a dedicated swimmer, water polo player, and leader in the chieftain marching band. I have been a swimmer since first grade and a water polo player since sixth grade. I work very hard at my sports so I can have more accomplishments than what I have previously earned.

I enjoy going to school and seeing friends everyday. But I especially love going to practice after school to work hard and improve. Sports have been a huge part of my high school career and they are also a way that I found most of my current friends.

I strongly agree that tagging is an art form in the community. I believe we should have designated tagging spots. There are many cities that have that and I think it is a beautiful way for artists to present their art and style. I don’t think that graffiti is ugly and as long as it isn’t offensive I think it should be allowed.


Explaining College Prices

When choosing a college that is right for students many people look at academics, location, programs, and size. However, for most seniors looking at colleges, the main concern is how much will it cost and how much debt they will be in. Student loan hero reports that the cost of higher education has grown 67% since 1970 and the average debt students are in after their 4 year degree is 30,000$. Student loan debt is estimated to be about 1.5 trillion dollars and expected to grow even higher. There are many reasons that can help answer the question on why college has become so expensive, but it can all be boiled down to more people are going to college and universities can not keep up. 

The Department of Education estimated that about 20 million college students in 2017 which is about 5 million more than in 2000. The reason for the massive increase in college students is the want for higher paying jobs. The reward of a degree helps students cope with the idea of having student debts. There is also an increase in pressure of going into higher education than pursuing straight into a career or going into the military. Students see the massive debt and the pressure of others to go into higher education which has caused the increase of college students and the cost of college itself. 

With more young adults seeking higher education colleges and universities have to hire more staff to accommodate more students. The staff is not just hiring more professors (that expect a high paying job), but a cluster of other employees like janitors, maintenance, cleaners, and cooks to help manage the new wave of college students. The universities can not handle paying for all these workers from the same funds as before, so colleges have to raise the price of tuition which in turn the students have to borrow more money and be deeper in debt.  

Another reason why college is more expensive is that State governments are giving very little money to their public universities. The College Board estimated the money given to universities per full time students is about 11 percent which has gone down in the last 10 years. The funding that is given to higher education can not keep up with the demand as more students seek higher education. About 80% of college students are attending public universities and since government can not keep up with funding, tuition is raised and the cycle continues. 

Reason after reason pile up to the rise of college tuition, but the main problem is that more people are seeking higher education. Universities can not keep with the same price as before because more people are going to college, so the universities need more money to give students a higher education. More staff and room is needed to handle the wave of students, so more money is needed. The more money needed raises the tuition and raises the debt for millions of Americans. States need to give more money to higher education to help with over a trillion dollars of debt Americans as more people want to seek higher education.

sources: https://www.businessinsider.com/why-is-college-so-expensive-2018-4

https://trends.collegeboard.org/sites/default/files/2017-trends-in-college-pricing_0.pdf


Why Do Colleges Still Look At Standardized Testing Scores?

It’s that time of the year. Senior high school students are finalizing their journey at their current institution and are preparing to move on to the next stage of their life, college. High school seniors, me being one of them, have spent countless hours and lots of money on things like application fees, transcripts, and especially standardized test scores. If you ask most seniors, the most stressful part of applying for college is the standardized testing. Many students think that the ACT and SAT are the only thing that defines them as an individual; the score that will set them over the top and make them worthy of acceptance. But in recent years, students, and more shockingly parents of students, have been caught cheating on exams to boost their scores to get them into more competitive schools. So with anxiety and cheating levels on the rise for highschool students, why do colleges still look at standardized test scores? 

The true purpose of the ACT and SAT, as said by the College Board, is to level the playing field for students that come from diverse backgrounds. Grades have been on the rise in the last couple of years, so the goal of standardized testing is to truly measure a student’s mastery of the course material that they retained from highschool. On the flip side, lots of students, parents, and even college admission boards believe that standardized testing shows bias and are over used when weighing your admission to a university. Students can take the test as many times as they would like. Seems perfectly fine right? Wrong. Each test costs anywhere between 45-60 dollars alone without a registration fee. Students that don’t have the financial ability to take the test 5 and 6 times are left with little to no wiggle room for improvement. Many wealthy families on top of paying for the test will hire a tutor, people guaranteed to make their scores go higher if you pay a lot of extra cash. Unless you are a super genius or wealthy, the standardized testing system is stacked against you. 

In the last couple of years, standardized testing scandals have emerged from under our noses. Rich families have been found cheating their children into incredible scores thanks to Operation Varsity Blues. According to the NY Times, Operation Varsity Blues was an undercover investigation that led to the charging of 50 cheating cases on standardized tests. Cheating may not seem that easy, but if you have the money and the power, it’s a lot easier to get that perfect score. Many students will hire other classmates to take the exam for them, a more risky form of cheating. To fix the issue of getting caught, parents will help students create fake IDs to give to their false child on test day. Parents will also bribe the proctors on test days to give their kid more time. I think the worst way of cheating by parents and students, is to claim a false disability to allow for more time in a more private setting. This ruins taking the test for people with actual disorders like anxiety or a learning disability because it leads to discrimination against students with disabilites. 

Many schools have tried to combat this inequality by making their institutions “Test Optional” to make the students themselves shine rather than a test score. But schools and standardized test companies are still a long ways away from preventing these cheating scandals and bridging the gap of inequality.


The Discriminatory Student Debt Crisis

I am extremely interested in the student debt crisis that currently plagues college graduates. As I apply to colleges, I cannot help but notice their astronomically high price tags. Throughout my lifetime, tuition prices have been increasing and financial aid has not, which has resulted in the current economic crisis young adults are facing. The price of tuition has made a college education unattainable for some and has forced many into extreme debt. As with most cases of social and economic injustice, minorities and women are hit the hardest by student loan debt. According to The Balance and research done by the American Association of University Women, “women own nearly two-thirds of the student loan debt in the U.S.,” and “as of 2018, women working full-time earn approximately 80% of what men are paid.” The gender pay gap results in women paying off their loans for a significantly longer period of time, therefore, it is much more difficult for them to get ahead financially after college. Additionally, The Balance reports that, “hispanic and black students are more likely to graduate with higher levels of debt than white students.” 


At Home in a Strange Space

We moved sometime during the spring, so renewal must have been at the forefront of my mom’s mind: new city, new apartment, new school, new religion. So I wouldn’t call it mom of the year stuff but maybe just a box to check off under “effective parent” when she enrolled my brothers and me into catholic school. My family belonged to the once-a-year masses at Christmas Eve mass, so I didn’t speak a lick of church. As such, I’m not really sure if I’ve even ever done communion right and God was a word I heard muttered on ESPN in post game press conferences by athletes in appreciation of a higher power. 

Anyway, I arrived wearing wrinkled khakis and a half-tucked hand-me-down button down daydreaming in the presence of a white woman in a white robe as white noise. After introducing me as Ryan, Sister Zoe asked me to teach the class how to pronounce my last name to the class: 

“Scrudato: Screw, as in screwdriver;” I said, “dot, as in a period; oh, as in ‘oh-my-god.’”

The last word prompted scowls, heads to turn toward me, and a gasp from Sister Zoe. The new kid had everyone’s attention. “We don’t use the Lord’s name in vain,” she said swiftly and softly before moving onto the subject of some war. I was confused, but how do you respond to someone not your mom who scolds you for doing something you weren’t raised to believe was wrong.

Although I felt like an outsider, Sister Zoe did make me feel capable. Later, when she learned where I was from, Sister Zoe made me point to my hometown on the pulldown map above the chalkboard and teach the class new words. Slowly, I enunciated the foreign words that the class was to repeat: down the shore, Taylor Ham, jug handle, Snooki, and Public School. 

Soon, Sister Zoe asked us to turn to a chapter in a book with small print that looked nothing like Captain Underpants whose title was the same as my middle name: John. It had big words like flogged and synagogue, disciple and crucify. After reading it to us, she pointed to an acronym on the board, GWGT–which looked oddly similar to GTL–and asked that we spend the next ten minutes for “Get with God Time.” I just learned alliteration so the phrase sounded cool, I guess, but I didn’t know what the words meant together. 

In my first GWGT, it seemed like everyone knew what to do except me–hands clasped, fingers laced, eyes closed, chins down, saintly, glowing. It resembled a well-mannered snooze–how I imagine royalty sleeps. Am I doing it right? I thought as I mimed a broken act of prayer, half peeking, half pretending, my sin seeping, sedated, deflated, silent, isolated. I slouched. While I suffered in a silent storm of apprehension and apathy, Yolanda, the girl sitting next to me told me to bow my head and think. “Take a nap, even,” she whispered, “Just think about anything. It’ll come to you.” So with impeccable posture I thought about my friends back in the suburbs, fellowship, the beach, my moral compass; I thought about the lawn I’d no longer have to mow, why I was the only one with wrinkly khakis, my lack of a girlfriend, nothing at all. 

Thanks to Yolanda, my unease was alleviated while immersed in a foreign place. Because of her, I learned how to feel at home in a strange space transitioning from Jersey to East Harlem, from public school to catholic school–and over the next few years she’d teach me curse words in Spanish, how to construct that invisible cross with your pointer finger and thumb, the difference between uptown and downtown trains, and eventually, how to pump my own gas. And although she taught me all those things, I could never get her to understand why the highway outside of the Newark Airport smelled the way it did.


Free CTA Pass for Chicago Students

Many Chicago Students walk it to school every day. For various reasons, some of the students come in late because they don’t have transportation available to them. Some schools offer a Ventra card that is made for students, the fare is reduced to about 75 cents. It may not sound like a lot but over time and even over the years it can become uneasy to get money for transportation, especially since younger kids who would use them don’t work yet. We would like to campaign for a U-pass and allow students to travel for free. Of course, there would be some limits such as not available during the weekends and perhaps over the summer. We believe that in order for this to work we shall not let this be abused in any way.


School Funding For Low Income Schools

Money has been misplaced in communities that are high income. Schools in the mid/low-income community are suffering due to a shortage of money that could be invested in repairments or after school programs. This impacts the students and parents life, not providing the money increases the chances of the youth to be out more in the streets. Distributing the money fairly will open the doors to new after-school programs, libraries, counselors, and student resources.


An additional social worker in CPS Schools

Yo, Chiraq Oscar here and I am posting this blog to talk about an issue that concerns me. I feel like my solution could potentially have an effect not just student lives but lives in general.

I notice that in my school I have counselors and stuff, but I don’t have any knowledge on how to get to them to have them help me if I need to vent to them or something. Some other of my peers might feel that way as well or they may be just feel discouraged to talk about their issues to an adult.

Things that go on in CPS students lives is mostly personal and maybe that is why they don’t want to go to look for a counselor and vent to them. I disagree with that and feel that each school should have a social worker that pulls kids at risk for depression or are known to be troubled with life issues to be pulled out of class. It will be a person they can talk to and just clear their mind. If kids don’t have to approach them and have someone approach them, then maybe they’d be more for speaking of their issues.

This could, in turn, promote more of a positive work ethic in schools and reduce violence and maybe even stop some suicides or poor academic achievement in CPS. This friend that students can potentially have could have a bigger impact on the city than we are thinking. It’s just a thought.


Reflection of My Digital Activism Project

Hi, my name is Rachel. From the span of February to my group and I had to find a topic to advocate for our digital activism project. We choose to advocate for affordable insulin as our topic for the digital activism project. Our goal of spreading awareness about the rising insulin prices and the effects it has on diabetic patients. I hoped to get more supporters for this cause because it is unfair that diabetic patients have to suffer because of unaffordable insulin prices. I feel like my group and I were somewhat successful in fulfilling our goals. We were successful in some aspects of the project but my group and I could have made improvements.  

In my opinion, my group and I were somewhat successful in fulfilling our goals and spreading awareness about the rising insulin prices. For example my group and I made a petition advocating to make insulin prices more affordable. We made this petition in February and we have over 900 supporters, which is pretty impressive. We also received over 30 comments on our petition.   I feel like we fulfilled our goal of gathering more supporters for our cause through making this petition. Another example is our instagram account, “insulin4all”. Throughout these months we got 223 followers. My group and I posted our thoughts about insulin and the effects unaffordable insulin has on diabetic patients and their loved ones. We hope through our posts that more people became aware about the injustices diabetic patients have to go through.

Although my group and I excelled in gaining for supporters for our petition and spreading awareness about the unaffordable prices of insulin through our instagram account, my group and I could have improved in our viewership of our blog. My group and I created a wordpress account with the hopes of spreading our views on insulin prices to a larger audience (https://insulinforall.wordpress.com/). However, we were pretty unsuccessful. From February to May, we only had a total of 28 views on all our blogs combined. In addition, we didn’t gain any followers since February when we made the account. My group and I each made our own multimedia presentation. My topic was the dangers of unaffordable insulin and I made an animated powerpoint (https://youtu.be/JKuBQ4fbKnI). I feel like this video didn’t really reach a big audience since I only recienced 29 views. This shows that I wasn’t really successful in spreading awareness through wordpress and my multimedia presentation.

Overall, my group and I were pretty successful in completing all our objectives of our project but we could have made improvements that would further better the outcome of this project. We were able to spread awareness to a large audience through our instagram account and gather supporters through our petition. However, we weren’t able to gain a large audience or supporter through our blog. In order to gain a larger audience on our blog and my our multimedia presentations, my group and I could have promoted it more on social media where we had a bigger following. By doing this we could have gained way much more of a following, fulfilling our goals. If you are interested in this topic or want to show support, follow our blog https://insulinforall.wordpress.com/!


Fight For Victims: The Results

Our project was about the dangers of sexual harassment and our overall goal was to inform people about sexual harassment and why it is a problem. In order for this to happen, we posted on our blog on wordpress, made a petition, and made various posts in social media. Our project was not extremely successful.

One of the reasons we didn’t do too well on our project was because we didn’t always post weekly on our blog and we didn’t make too many good quality posts. As a result, we didn’t get too many views and visitors. The highest number of views we had 10 views and although we did have many visitors, they never stayed due to the inconsistent blog posts. If we could change anything, we would post better blog posts. We also didn’t have too many views and visitors on our blog because we didn’t promote it on social media, where most people “live.” Although, we did occasionally did write about blog, we never described the type of work we actually did in our project. As a result, people did not know what our blog was about and they never got to visit it.

The second reason our blog post wasn’t very successful was because we didn’t get too many people to sign our petition. Once again, when we advertised our petition on our blog, we never explained all the things that would happen if we reached more than 50 signatures, which never really interested people to sign. Similar to the reason we didn’t get too many visitors and views, we always promoted our petition on social media, such as instagram and snapchat. However, once again, we never explained anything other than the fact that our petition was about sexual harassment. And obviously we never described what the outcomes of signing our petition would be. Another reason it wasn’t very successful was because many people does not use wordpress since it’s not very popular.

In conclusion, we didn’t get too many visitors and views. This is because we didn’t make good quality posts, we didn’t promote our blog and petition correctly on social media, and because not many people use wordpress so we didn’t get many visitors. There are many improvements we could have made if we decided to do this project again.  For example, if we actually explained our topic more than once, more people would be more interested. Another improvement we could have made is making better social media posts by explaining the post instead of just telling them to “follow our blog” or “sign our petition.” However, I had a very positive experience when doing this project and I am happy that I got to learn so much from it. Hopefully, someone else does a better job with a sexual harassment project.


Deforestation in NY Reflection

My name is Karen, the authour of the blog “Deforestation In NY”. This blog is a high-school project where I would express my opinion about an issue. I noticed that there was a lot of construction building around in my community, and in that process trees were being cut down as well. The goal of this project was to raise awareness of the cutting down of trees in local neighborhoods and to get people to start re-planting those trees. After this journey, it seemed that the voices of our tall perennial plant friends were not heard.

I couldn’t get a lot (or any) followers for my blog. In the end, I failed my mission to get others to notice about my blog. My most popular post was actually the “Benefits of the Tree” with a total of 13 views. This post was about how trees benefit the environment, animals, and the humans. About half of the views this post received was in the month of March, where this was posted in mid-April. I did not promote this post, even though it is considered as my most popular. I have written a total of 18 posts having to do a little more research than the usual about deforestation starting my project in February.

Not only had I created a blog, but also a petition where it would be for the demand for planting more trees in parks, forests, and just the normal community. The petition received only 3 followers with no messages or comments to the signing. I promoted my petition more that I had promoted my blog. Though it was only 3 times where I promoted the petition on my blog and only 2 times on my social media.

For my failed mission, I came to a conclusion that one needs to not only be passionate about the side of the issues, but also a prominent activist. Because I was not promoting the “Deforestation in NY”, I was not able to get as many followers or signers for my petition where others in my class had done better than me. If I had to do it over again, I would set up an account in a popular social media platform. I would constantly be sharing stuff that other environmentalists had posted. I would try to engage in conversations, either agreeing more or criticizing ideas to get others to listen and message me. I would also try to change the topic a little. Maybe make it seem like the issue I’m promoting would seem as something devastating, encouraging the reader to read more about it. And possibly, the readers would side with me and take action.


A Community Garden Project Reflection

For my digital activism project, from February to May, I chose a goal that I would need to promote and raise petitions for. My goal was to create a community garden in South Ozone Park however, it failed. It was to improve the overall health of our community and become more connected. As of now, there has been some gardens within schools but some of these don’t last and are exclusive.

One way my mission failed was the number of views. My total number of views was only 100. However, I believe that success is determined when you have reached triple digits views. Compared to my friend, who also worked alone, she gained four times as many views.

Another way, it failed was the number of petitions. I did not receive many petitions and only receive 3. Compared to the other causes at change.org (a petition website) it was nowhere near as important. Others had causes that would mean the death of people, animals, or the environment.

To begin with, my cause was not life-changing. It was an issue that could be left ignored. Next time, I will choose an project that affects the lives of people, animals, and or the environment. In addition, this was a project done by one person with a tiny social media presence. Many people had groups and this meant that their cause would reach many different people. With my small social media presence, it was hard to promote my blog and petition. If I had to do this project again, I would try to have a social media account with many followers beforehand and or take my friends’ offer on promoting my website/petition on their blog.


Dangers of Unaffroable Insulin

Below is my multimedia presentation about insulin!

https://youtu.be/JKuBQ4fbKnI

Below is a link to one of my blogs! Check it out!

I choose advocating for affordable insulin as my digital activism topic because I wanted to spread awareness for diabetic patients. I feel like diabetic patients deserve the right to be able to purchase a life saving drug. It is unethical that the FDA and insulin companies charge so much for insulin. At times diabetic patients are forced to choose between purchasing their insulin or buying other living necessities. Some are forced to ration their insulin. Diabetic patients can die from insulin deficiency from rationing their insulin. It is unacceptable that patients have to go through this. Insulin is a life saving drug and has to be acceptable for everyone. These are the reasons why I choose to advocate for affordable insulin.

My multimedia presentation is linked above and it shows the dangers of unaffordable insulin. It explains what insulin is and why diabetic patients need insulin to survive. It shows how insulin process has drastically increased over the few years. My video shows the deaths caused by unaffordable insulin. I made this video in order to continue spreading awareness and to make sure people understand the consequences unaffordable insulin has on people. I want to make sure that people know that unaffordable insulin is not a joke and has to be changed before we run out of time.


Puppy Mills Project Pt. 2

It is known at this point that my team and I have been working on our end of year project that helps spread any type of awareness to the public about our chose topics. Our topics are based off of what we have been researching and blogging about thus far.

My topic was on puppy mills and the types of danger they present. I chose this topic because I know people personally who have adopted from a local shelter and bought from a puppy mill. It just kind of horrifies me to see animals that are oppressed in such conditions that often leads to death. The conditions are horrible and would not satisfy the needs of mere humans so why should dogs and other animals have to suffer as well. This topic just spoke to me and it made me realize I want to get the word out there so people will be a little more educated on this subject and be able to identify similar problems in the future.

In my presentation I explain what puppy mills are as a general definition and what laws there are to prevent these. There are laws that protect animals but not a lot that talk about puppy mills. Most puppy mills are regulated by local authorities but nothing that can help save the animals entirely. I also provide an example that defaces puppy mills to a great extent. This place was found recently and had the most gruesome living conditions and the animals that were found wasn’t even in shape to be sold. These profit makers only care about their income and not about the lives of some animals.

If this interests you, please check out our blog!!

https://bestfwens.home.blog/

https://youtu.be/vBkgzZGFiOc?list=PLwDN1hta9SfCnyRdPLzPRqXsjB1ozXB2D
https://youtu.be/vBkgzZGFiOc?list=PLwDN1hta9SfCnyRdPLzPRqXsjB1ozXB2D


Sexual Harassment in Schools

In tech, we are doing a digital presentation project and the issue that me and my group chose was sexual harassment. Sexual harassment is a big problem that needs to be fixed because we believe everyone should be safe and feel comfortable with their surroundings. Recently, sexual harassment in society is increasing. One of the most common places where sexual harassment occurs is schools. Forms of sexual harassment in schools include peer sexual harassment and sexual harassment committed by teachers. I chose to do sexual harassment in schools because I am also a student, and to know that people my age get sexually harassed in school, makes me want to solve this conflict more. Additionally, school is supposed to be safe, which gives people more reason to stop this form of harassment as soon as possible.

Additionally, the fact that mostly teenagers are getting sexually harassed, can also lead them to not trusting anyone and getting scared at a very young age. Getting sexually harassed as a teenager will most likely cause problems later in life. The effects of sexual harassment are severe. As a result, please check out our video and blog if you want to help stop sexual harassment.

Blog: www.fight4victims.home.blog


Digital Activism Topic

https://youtu.be/_K-CW_G6PGc

I want to fight for better LGBTQ healthcare. Prejudice and discrimination is  everywhere but when it endangers someone’s  life, it is unacceptable. I have friends in the LGBTQ community and they should never be exempt or delayed from medical help just because of their orientation. There are multiple instances where LGBTQ people are stopped or purposely delayed from medical attention and it is life threatening. Everyone should  be the able to get help when they need it and your race, appearance, social status, orientation, gender, etc. should never matter. The LGBTQ community deserve all the rights that non-LGBT people have.

This video slideshow presentation not only exposes the horrible truth about the LGBT inequality but also the bullying. This presentation is not only important to me because I was able to learn, it should also be important to others because they can easily see the bullying firsthand and see the effects on the bullied. This will raise more awareness and allow people to think beforehand their actions and words.


Benefits of Medical Marijuana

Hello everyone! I created a video describing the benefits of Medical Marijuana. For all those who prefer to read, I will be including a summary down below.

https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=ZQOZnEcueRk

Summary/Description:

Medical Marijuana has proven to be more effective than its alternatives in the medical field, and is especially helpful for chronic pain. Around 7 million Americans use Marijuana for medical purposes and it has proven to be effective, in many patients including that of chronic pain, while being a lot amount safer than opioids.

Marijuana contains a hemp plant known as CBD, that offers many medical benefits. According to one study: “Patients do, however, report many benefits of CBD, from relieving insomnia, anxiety, spasticity, and pain to treating potentially life-threatening conditions such as epilepsy. “ According to another cannabis study: “Ninety-seven per cent of respondents used cannabis primarily for chronic pain. Average pain improvement on a 0–10 pain scale was 5.0 (from 7.8 to 2.8), which translates to a 64% relative decrease in average pain”

Lastly, a lot of doctors use placebo, but it is proven that Medical Marijuana is more effective.“patients who received cannabis-based products experienced less nausea and vomiting than subjects who received placebo”.

In conclusion, Medical Marijuana should be legalized in many states, because of its positive benefits, as well as being more effective than its alternatives.

Lastly, be sure to check out our blog! We include many memes and descriptions of topics, for all of you who are new to this topic. Here’s one of our more popular memes: https://weeducation420.wordpress.com/2019/05/10/toy-story-weed/


The Nasoalveolar Molding (NAM)and How It Has Helped.

The NAM is not the only way or the best way to treat children with cleft lips and palates, before the right child and the right situation the NAM is the best device that gently helps with the least amount of pain. I still very strongly believe in the NAM but their are other methods that have work and can be necessary in certain situations. I still believe the NAM is a lot more ethical and less painful than the other methods. The NAM has so much potential and I completely understand parents work towards their kids but helping is a lot better than just leaving it be.

Their are some insticaeses where the NAM is not needed like in one of Ghanto from the babycenter, her cleft team didn’t think her child needed anything because the savagery of the cleft wasn’t as drastic as children with more drastic clefts need. This is perfectly fine, not every child’s cleft is going to work with the nam. The NAM is made to help close the gap that a cleft by guiding the growth of the child’s mouth. If the child’s lips can touch then they don’t need to be guided together.

I have learned that different clefts need different teachments and my nephew had a larger cleft lip and that why he had the NAM seattle children’s hospital states, “The Nam is used for children with larger or wider clefts, and has greatly changed cleft repair.”  Now it is much more clear why it helped him so much, because he was one of the kids that actually needed it. He was one that cause have used it. I wanted the NAM to help every child like it helped my nephew but I know that’s not possible now.

I know not that most kids aren’t as luck as my nephew to have a device that matches his cleft “With a smaller cleft, there is less tension when the surgeon closes the cleft. Molding the lip and nose in advance can mean less reshaping is needed during surgery” (Seattle Children’s Hospital). The kids with smaller cleft lips and palates done have these devices. The doctors will most likely say to tape so that the cleft doesn’t grow out, But their lips will still touch without it. This is why i think there should be specific treatments for different sized other than just retainers for the bigger ones.

I have learned with the NAM that every cleft and every child is different. We can cookie cut a child and say this will work on everyone when it doesn’t. Yes it helped my nephew but his cleft was right for a NAM he had such a big gap before the NAM compared to after the nam. This is my nephew Jaxson. The first picture at the bottom right is his cleft gap it was 30 millimeters, it was taken the day he was born. The last picture in the top left is a few hours before surgery. If you compare them, his lip is touching after the NAM and the taping that my sister did every day.

You can also see the tape that held the NAM in place. “It can ba extremly stressful doing the taping everyday. I experienced a lot of anxiety when we would hold our son down to tape his face” (Baby Center). Yes that isn’t fun when your child cries, but it’s worth it  in the end cause you helping them. They don’t understand what the retainer does for them but if you power threw it ti helps them and my nephew is proof.

If he were to not have had the NAM his lip would still be that 30 millimeter and his lip would have had to be fuzed together by surgery and it would have had to be stretched across that distance. Now to be if the lip is already touching the healing process after the surgery would have hurt way less because it would have been stretched like that. The article Causes of cleft & palate” write by the staff at the University of Virginia stated, ”The chances of having a baby with a cleft palate (without a cleft lip) is thought to be 1 in every 3000 live births” (Causes of cleft & palate). I want people to know how common this is and how many babies have to go threw this as a young age.

It how much help so many, but its not made for everyone. Yes people can understand why you would get the latham or not have the NAM for a cleft palate but this paper has helped to teach that not every kid is the same. Not every person is the same.  

Citations

  • Babycenter. Expert info for pregnancy & parenting. Retrieved from https://www.babycenter.com/
  • Cleftopedia. “Latham.” Cleftopedia, www.cleftopedia.com/pre-surgical-techniques/latham/.
  • Seattle Children’s Hospital. Retrieved from https://www.seattlechildrens.org/
  • Causes of Cleft Lip & Palate. 2019. Retrieved 2019, from https://med.virginia.edu/pediatrics/about/clinical-and…lip…/causes-of-cleft-lip-palate/


Social and Economic Inequality

In our society today and especially all over the world; there has been a deeply concerning problem with the economic growth. More importantly how money is made and how it has not been fairly shared throughout the community. Thus making the economic crisis in the United States only stretching the gap between rich and poor. This problem is called the social and economic inequality.

Economic inequalities are most noticeable with people’s different positions within the economic society such as their income, pay, and wealth. However, there are also other characteristics, such as whether or not they have a disability, their ethnic background, or whether they are a man or a woman. The focus of the  work is shine a light on the gap between the well-off and the less well-off in the overall economic distribution. And to try and find a solution to this problem before it gets worse.

The overall economic growth and development depends upon all citizens having the opportunity to maximize their potential. Social inequality refers to relational processes in society that have the effect of limiting or harming a group’s social status, social class, and social circle. Within these categories there should never be inequality based on the position of work or life. But unfortunately inequality is always a common term within our economy. Inequality refers to the difference between levels of living standards, income and many more characteristics. According to Steve Hargreaves article from CNN called “How income inequality hurts america”,  poverty and inequality often rise and fall together. He claimed that it is a well-established fact that the rich are getting richer, while the poor and middle class are falling behind. From Hargreaves research it shows that the median wage earner in America took home 9% less last year than in 1999, but the rising income gap is manifesting itself in American society in other ways too. The income inequality in America is bad and unfair and it hurts the education of young children, their lifespan, and over all the economic growth. Social scientists have long said, “ income inequality is bad for society and will cause permanent damage if not fixed.”

On the other hand, the article of William Watson: “The inequality trap” has a different point of view. This article focus more on the poverty part rather than the capitalism being in the wrong. His main point is questioning and reviewing the arguments about inequality and the arguments that inequality is really not increasing significantly or, if it is, it is a fair and natural outcome in market economies. Which later on, the rewards are distributed according to differing contributions to economic output and in which individuals have varying talents and attitudes toward work. Watson’s saying that inequality is a trap because the concern with it leads us to focus on the top end of the income distribution when our preoccupation should instead be the bottom, where the bulk of human misery almost certainly resides. “Not everyone miserable is poor and not everyone poor is miserable”. His supporting argument is that some currently poor people are med students, law clerks, and other varieties of the future rich working through their apprenticeship. But other poor people are stuck in poverty. Their absolute deprivation may not prevent them from leading good lives, but it will drastically limits their opportunities and in particular their chance to enjoy the fascinating and gadgets, and experiences. Thus without theses luxurious accommodates this will force them to do better. It enables people to pull themselves up from poverty. And by reducing the necessary sacrifice, it makes the non-poor more willing to help. If we respond to growing inequality by increasingly fighting capitalism rather than poverty, our true enemy, we may end up with more of both inequality and poverty and risk at least partly undoing the good from the past.

Sources:

  1. Define: https://www.popcenter.umd.edu/research/sei
  2. How the two link: https://www.sciencedaily.com/terms/social_inequality.htm
  3. Affects: https://money.cnn.com/2013/09/25/news/economy/income-inequality/index.html
  4. Opposing: https://nationalpost.com/opinion/william-watson-the-inequality-trap
  5. Overall:  https://www.mdpi.com/2076-0760/6/4/147/pdf


Reflection of Child Obesity

To begin we were giving a project in humanities class about an issue in our community and the one I choose was Child Obesity. The things we did for our topic was make sure we inform people about the issue so one of the first thing was write an email to our principal if we could put flyers in school for student, teachers and family members so they were able to see them. The second thing was for them to follow us in our instagram account @obesity.child so we could shared informations the fact that more people are more in social media. From their one of my teammate was in charge of making a survey so people could do it, we decided to posted in our instagram and 14 people took some time and actually answer it. From there we were able to get data from our presentation and we seen the amount of people that don’t eat healthy and could be a risk of them getting sick when the are older.

 What does it mean to be an upstander now? It will be to speak up for and issue/ problem in our society and making a change. Like informing your community your own self about it. To try to bring people in and standing up together to try ro make a difference.

What did I learn about myself and as a student by doing this project will be that if you actually want to make a difference in our community to help out with things like issues that people don’t see them as a big problem. But could have consequences to everyone  in the future or including right now but people are scared to speak up and make a different.

Something that I learn as an upstander will be doing actions to make a change in our community and too stand up for others or yourself.  A next step I will like to take will be helping the community and helping people out on planning your lifestyle for yourself and family. Making meeting for parents to help their child’s on their eating habit so they won’t have consequences when the are older.

A advance I will give someone will be although you think the issue is little and is not important for you or others it will be really important to inform people that don’t know. And will probably be beneficial about others to make a difference for them.


The Standardized Testing Debate Heats Up

Standardized testing has become a hot topic in recent years. Growing concerns over the amount of tests that students are forced to take has created a battle with vocal opposing sides. Setting aside the worry of the amount of physical tests, the debate has also expanded to whether or not standardized testing is even an accurate representation of a student’s abilities. A recent blog, ran by Concordia University in Portland, examines the arguments on both sides of the debate.

The Pros: Although standardized testing usually receives a bad rep, it has its champions. Parents and educators who argue in defense of standardized testing believe that these tests are the best way to measure college readiness, are a consistent system of assessment and allow for effective means of teacher evaluation. The supporters of standardized testing believe that since these tests are administered to everyone, they are the best means of assessing the progress of the majority of the population. Many states have also tied teacher pay and promotion to academic success. The better a class performs, the more a teacher is able to earn and the faster they can be promoted. Testing scores also allow counselors and teachers the information they need to help students who may be lagging behind. Although the number of tests administered may be staggering, supporters believe that it is all for the benefit of their students and the education system at large.

The Cons: While believers argue passionately for the testing, opposes to the current system feel as though the tests are not equal to all students. Critics of these tests feel as though only certain types of students, those labeled “good test takers”, are the only true benefactors of standardized testing. These tests do not cater themselves to different learning styles or to students who do not perform well under high-pressure situations. Aside from the unequal testing to students, standardized testing has caused a culture of teaching to the test. As mentioned above, some states have placed the pay and advancement of teachers on the level of success their students achieve on the tests. Due to the potentially detrimental consequences, teachers have begun structuring lessons to only focus on topics and segments that are most likely to appear on exams. Rather than teaching so that students may learn and be successful later on, students are force-fed information that is test specific. Opposers of standardized tests say that this only serves to harm students and teachers alike.

While this debate is raging, there does not seem to be a clear solution that would satisfy both sides. While there are mounting calls to end these tests, there have not been well-received alternatives. For now, it appears as though students will be stuck with the tests until a compromise can be reached.

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An end to Standardized Testing?

Standardized testing has become a very hot topic in recent years. For over 25 years, government mandated tests have been forced on students. Although these tests have become common practice, their validity and usefulness have come under question. In recent years, a national movement across the country has begun to take traction. A recent article from Forbes magazine outlines the approaches of school districts and states around the country to counter these tests.

” To curtail or end standardized testing, states could verify that good system have more than adequate student performance data. That would involve a three-step process:

1. Districts and networks would petition for an assessment exemption by submitting a cohort of learner profiles. (To promote security, these profiles could be anonymized.) 2. A comparability analysis would determine if the system can reliably and accurately report student progress (both achievement levels and growth rates). If yes, the system would be granted a three-year testing exemption. 3. After an initial exemption period, states could sample student profiles to periodically check the accuracy of local systems. This approach would work adequately for reading, writing, and math (to be fully enacted, it would require an update of the federal policy but that seems doable). Given the interest in broader aims, networks of schools that share outcome frameworks hold real promise. ”

These are the outlines of several states in their efforts to combat standardized testing. I find this very interesting. The fact that many states have deemed these tests as bad or counterproductive shows a big paradigm switch. I think it is very heartening to see that states and districts are taking into account the needs and different learning styles of students. Although science has shown for decades that these tests are not an accurate representation of students ability.


Problems with College Admissions

In Legacy Admissions Offer An Advantage – and not Just at Schools like Harvard by Max Larkin, the author gives insight into the what, why, and transitioning away from of legacy in college admissions. As more and more of the admissions process is coming into light, the consideration of legacy is coming into question. Legacy is a quality of a student who has family who are alumnae of the school they are applying to. How close or extended that family is differs from school to school. Around 42% of private institutions and 6% of percent of public institutions consider if a student is a legacy. The stated of intent of admitting legacy students seems justifiable on the surface – a combination of paying back the generation who helped lay the groundwork of a college and creating a campus with students who are already familiar with the school. However, many protest this saying that it is an advantage that is not earned and rather one you are born with, and share a racial preference that our history is full of. This is because in the past colleges were dominated by white males from affluent families, so fast forward to the modern day, and it is those types of people that are getting the legacy preference.

Another practice that is starting to be looked at is the use of demonstrated interest in college admissions. The article What “Demonstrated Interest” Means in College Admissions by Kelly Ross. This article gives alternatives to the more common means of actually visiting a college. For many family taking time away from work and school and the financial burden of visiting a college is not feasible. Nevertheless, colleges consider this as a factor in admissions. However, there are many other ways to show demonstrated interest, including visiting with a local alumnae for an interview, doing a virtual tour, keeping in contact with a school’s admissions office, and many others that don’t require you to take time away to travel.

Finally, in more recent years the trend of Early Decision and Early Application are becoming more and more popular with competitive schools. Early Decision is the practice of legally saying you will attend a school if they accept you, and early application is a means to apply earlier than the regular admissions pool of a school. In The Financial Aid Effect of Early Decisions and Early Application by Peterson’s explores how these admissions processes affect the financial opportunities provided to a student. To begin, Early Decision is not feasible for most lower income families because they are unable to see the financial aid they will be provided before they are forced to attend that school, or not attend at all. Both practices don’t allow you to see the financial aid you will be offered until the regular pool applies, which is a risk that many families are unable to take. This waves of applications are considered superate for the regular discussions, and oftentimes have much larger application percentages, but often times favor the wealthy who are financially stable enough to deal with the fluctuation of the cost of the college.

Sources

Larkin, Max, and Mayowa Aina. “Legacy Admissions Offer An Advantage – And Not Just At Schools Like Harvard.” NPR, NPR, 4 Nov. 2018, www.npr.org/2018/11/04/663629750/legacy-admissions-offer-an-advantage-and-not-just-at-schools-like-harvard.

“What ‘Demonstrated Interest’ Means in College Admissions.” U.S. News & World Report, U.S. News & World Report, www.usnews.com/education/best-colleges/articles/2018-05-21/what-demonstrated-interest-means-in-college-admissions.

Ben. “The Financial Aid Effect on Early Decision and Early Application.” Peterson’s, Peterson’s, 28 Mar. 2019, www.petersons.com/blog/the-financial-aid-effect-on-early-decision-and-early-application/.

Annotations

https://nowcomment.com/documents/138000


American Education Reform

    It’s no secret that the many education reforms across the nation have led to a not so successful education system. Reforms such as No Child Left Behind, Race to the Top, and Common Core all measure success through student and school performances on standardized tests. These initiatives have not done much to improve education for youth and worsened the existing inequities in school. Public school or rather public education, because of these reforms, focus solely on test scores leading to narrow learning and discipline. These polices completely overlook school culture and value-based learning, both essential in a student’s education. So the question now is, how can education reforms be successful in that they provide the utmost education for the nation’s students?

    Implementing Human Rights Education (HRE) to our public schooling reforms, might just solve one of our leading issues in the United States: education. Human Rights Education might help our education system “resocialize students academically and equip them with the tools to succeed in school and in life.” HRE engages students in their own learning, but the attention to process is as important for the learning and inculcation of human rights values. Prep is a school in New York City that implemented HRE into its curriculum. The school excelled in graduation and acceptance rate. The research collected by surveys, observation, and interviews led to the conclusion that most students believed the school created a humane environment in which a culture of respect and tolerance.

    Human rights framework educates by teaching essential academic knowledge and skills, creating a positive school environment, supporting the emotional and behavioral development of students, as well as encouraging students to participate in developing the school policies that impact their education. Human rights education calls attention to the school culture, policies, and practices related to human rights values. “All members of a given community understand, value and protect human rights, where the values of equality, dignity, respect, non-discrimination and participation anchor policies and processes within the community.” Human rights education helps the students that are most marginalized by the inequities and injustices of American schooling.

    Though this framework of human rights education seems ideal, policy makers are still focusing on testing and discipline. To integrate human rights education into our education system, we must first start by implementing them into our policies. If policy makers are aware of the framework of human rights education, we might just improve our education system. But in implement HRE, it has to fit best to the demographics as well as the already established culture of the school. Drastic changes to the curriculum, might lead to an even greater disaster like the No Child Left Behind reform. It begins with changes in the administration and then slowly changing the culture of the school. The shift of importance in test scores to the actual education as well as respect for the student can lead to significant changes in a student’s attitude towards school. Prep is made up of “at risk” youth yet, they excel in graduation rates as well as acceptance rates in college. Though HRE seems like a stretch, it just might improve America’s education system.

Source: https://nowcomment.com/documents/136806


Testing in Public Schools: A Student’s Nightmare

Testing in public schools has reached an all-time high. A study from the Washington Post found that the average American student takes around 112 standardized tests from when they enter kindergarten to the time they graduate high school. The pressure to create high performing students has caused many teachers to only teach to the test, rather than teach for life lessons. Students have also fallen into a pattern of memorization, regurgitation, and forget. Students are more worries with passing whatever test they might have coming up, rather than actually learning and applying the material. Education has become more about what you can remember and write down in 50 minutes, rather than how you use what you learn in practical life. These tests also have become a huge factor in the college process. Universities immediately look towards student’s test scores and GPA. However, the tide is changing on standardized testing. Many experts have begun to discredit these tests, saying that it does not show the ability of every student equally. Certain states have begun to reject standardized testing. Parents have also begun to opt their kids out of testing. Rather than forcing their student to partake, parents pardon their children and have them do other activities during test time. Although standardized testing has been the norm for years, new findings and new ways of thinking are starting to chip away at the pedestal these tests reside on.


The American Creed and Education

To me, the American Creed means the freedom to be who you
are and become anything you want to be. It is the common goal of everyone in
this country; having the ability to do what you want. No one wants to be told
and forced what to do. This belief is why I felt like I associated with Mark from
Grass Field, California and how he explained this Creed as self-governing
(American Creed, 2018). Having the freedom to control your own destiny and
deciding what is best for you is what America, and even the American Dream, is
all about. Without the freedom to do this, America is no better than any other
authoritarian country.

               An
important factor that acts as a backbone of this creed, is the freedom of
choice. Here in America, we possess this freedom to the extreme; to the point
it typically gets taken for granted. We have choices we make every day, and
every single choice came with the freedom to do so. Some places the people get
told what to wear, who to talk to, what to do with their life etc. But in
America, you make the decision for yourself. For life in America, you control
your destiny and you can make the most of it. I was able to take my own
interests and choose Education as a career to work towards because of this
freedom of choice. I chose to follow a path that I know I am interested in, and
I was able to do this thanks to the self-governing aspect of the American
Creed.

               Another
important factor to uphold this creed is the equality spread out evenly. No one
citizen deserves more access to resources than the next in order for the
“American Dream” to be truly obtainable and fair. The idea that fame and
fortune await those willing to work for it promotes an equal chance. However,
as explained in “American Creed”, this is definitely not the case. In the case
of Arkansas, people didn’t have anything close to the same access that I was
provided. If I was born in the featured town rather than my own, I more than
likely would not be in college pursuing an education degree. This is a big
problem in our country, especially in the education system. The way we fund our
schools has led to an extreme gap of resources and knowledge between urban and
suburban schools and should be addressed. We need a more equal educational
system to help improve our nation and its educational system. However, a making
better education system doesn’t just stop at the freedom of choice, a fix for
funding or making education more equal for everyone. A great teacher can change
the path of a student, and I hope to be in that position to turn a student in
the right direction. Great teaching makes a difference, and great teaching is
what can help better our future and better our American creed.

               There is
so much more to the profession of teaching than relaying information and giving
tests. Effective teaching is made up of several components molded into one that
takes root in the student and allows them to flourish. To me, some of the most
important factors to a good education are the curriculum and how it is
presented, an open flow of ideas and discussion, and the concern for the rights
of individuals and the “common good.” You can find two of these factors
explained in the Beane and Apple reading “The Case for Democratic Schools” in
the list about the values and content of Democracy. The concern for the rights
of individuals and the “common good” are made up of two components, those being
the importance of individual rights as well as the collective good (Beane and
Apple 2007). These are extremely important in education as every student has
different needs, however no one student is more deserving of education than the
rest, and everyone should act in the best interest of everyone.

               The
second factor, having an open flow of ideas and discussion, is also a
combination of two values from the Beane and Apple reading. The open flow of
ideas combined with the use of critical reflection and analysis is what forms
this component (Beane and Apple 2007). There was a quote by Ralph Nader that
says, “The best teacher is your last mistake” and if a classroom doesn’t
indorse an open flow of ideas, students will be shut off from trying and
allowing themselves to make mistakes and learn; and if your classroom
environment doesn’t promote free thinking, chances are constructive criticism
won’t have much structure either. This eliminates two ways to help deepen a
student’s education.

               The
third factor, which focus on curriculum and the way information is presented,
is directly related to my philosophy of education that is laid out in Oaks and
Lipton’s reading called “Teaching Change to the World”. My philosophy on
education has a key focus on having a curriculum that fits the student’s life
and helps to eliminate the question of “when am I ever going to need to know
this” while still conveying the meaning that is needed. This association
between real life and education falls under the child-and-community-centered
schooling and constructivist philosophy (Oaks and Lipton 2007). Even in
different parts of the world, you can see this connection of real life and
education working. In the reading “Afrocentric Curriculum” by Asante, he
explains the benefit of being able to relate what is being taught directly to
the student and their life. Primarily, his reading explained connecting through
heritage of the student and their family. He talked about being able to look at
a student and recognize where their ancestors may have come from and it sparked
their interests as they now felt connected to the topic.

               He
compared his time in African and time spent teaching African-American students
and time spent teaching Caucasian students and how he related to each
differently by using familiar names of people from their specific cultural
history. He also mentioned how different our education here in America since
that connection doesn’t exist, especially for African-American students
learning white culture history, which he mentions often means them experiencing
the death of their culture (Asante 1991).

Works Cited

Asante, Molefi Kete. (1991). Afrocentric Curriculum. Book.
Retrieved from                https://blackboard.utdl.edu/bbcswebdav/pid-6856298-dt-content-rid-               57226106_1/courses/TSOC3000001201910/Asante%2C%201991%2C%20Afrocentric%20curricul              um%281%29.pdf

Kate S. (Producer) and Sam B. (Director). (2018). American
Creed. [Motion Picture]. United States of              America:
WTTW and Citizen Films.


Evolution of the American Education System- EE week 4

“Expansion of American education” is an article that goes into detail about the evolution of the American education system, and talks about various problems and solutions to increase the quality of education. Ever since education started to be taken more and more seriously, the issue surrounding the distribution of money to each school district has increasingly created controversy. State departments have supposedly always been using equal money spending on all school districts, but the poorest areas are still struggling to help disadvantaged students who are mainly minorities. This has been a problem in education since its beginning, and is still the case in many states.

However, attempts have been made to help the disadvantaged youth in some of these areas. For example, people have made more of an effort to understand this group through multicultural courses, bilingual instructions, and women’s studies so that they receive a more thorough education. There has also been increasing help for kids who are handicapped and who have disabilities. The Education for all handicapped children act of 1975 provided more facilities, program development, teacher preparation, and employment training for the handicapped. This act has continued to be updated throughout the years to ensure that it is keeping up with the needs of these students. Something else that has had great attention in the past years in American education is the focus on reaching children at a young age. Because of this, there has been a growth of preschool provisions, early-childhood teachers, day care workers, and nannies.

Despite this current focus in American education, the focus used to be slightly different when education was barely on the rise. Classes that were more emphasized were subjects in response to social issues such as consumer education, ethnic or multicultural education, environmental education, sex and family life education, and substance abuse education. I think that we should go back to emphasizing these classes in grades K-12, because they would help teach kids to have an open mind to different perspective and they would teach kids how to have appropriate discussions over these topics. Something else that schools used to do to better their systems was set curricula, competency standards, mandated tests, and augmented diplomas with superior achievements. However, with new technology innovation the focus was changed once again. Teachers began using these tools to organize and prepare material, teach computer classes, and create interactive online lessons that adjusted to the students level of ability. In addition to this, we also focused more on raising the level of general provisions in all schools rather than focusing on vocational training or schooling for gifted children like they did in other countries.
https://nowcomment.com/documents/136624


College Admissions

Education is widely recognized as one of the most important factors in an individual’s success and ability to mold and change the world around them. With something that is held so sacred in the eyes of the general population, the gate to get into higher education tarnishes that image. With the recent college admissions scandals leading to the process falling under the scrutiny of the public, it has become clear just how broken the system has become.

This idea is covered in a New York Times article College Admissions: Vulnerable, Exploitable, and to Many Americans, Broken, which expands on all the ways people have been using the system to get what they don’t deserve. The article begins by stating the often perceived facade of college admissions, which is one of picking the most deserving student after a highly selective and objective process. But, with the recent scandals, this facade has fallen and we are able to see the atrocity that is college admissions. Faking standardized testing scores, paying college employees to look the other way, lying about activities, and a slew of other untruthful actions have shown just how desperate people are to be offered admissions at these highly selective colleges. These type of activities have been going on long before the recent scandal as well. There are accounts of schools faking transcripts and playing to the worst stereotypes of moorites. Regardless of the how it happens, it is clear that something needs to change.

One such school is trying to make a change. While Hapsire College is by no means selective, it took the step to completely get rid of standardized testing consideration in the undergraduate admissions. In an article they published titled Results of Removing Standardized Testing From College Admissions, Hampshire College discusses the reason, benefits, and outcomes of their decision. Getting rid of standardized testing is a bold step forward for colleges.  From a marketing perspective, it removes them from ranking lists which is a massive deterrent for many prospective students. Getting rid of standardized testing is getting rid of a tradition that has been a defining quality for over one hundred years. Nevertheless, the decided it was the right choice. A lot of their reasoning comes from the idea that the challenges of the world involve creative and innovative ideas that cannot be tested in a four hour test. They want students who have the ability to solve these problems, and not ones who spent time preparing for a test that has no weight in their success as a student or professional, and the results have been astounding. They have found that while the receive less applicants, the quality o the applications have skyrockets, and their yield rate has increased by around 10%. By removing standardized testing, they have found they have more time to evaluate the student as an individual, and not just as a set of numbers. Her campus has increased their diversity and has allowed for a more streamlined and efficient college admissions process. This step of removing something that was seemingly intrinsic to the admission process, which so many colleges refuse to consider, has lead to a more fair and successful undergraduate freshman class at Hampshire College.

However, Hampshire College lies in the very small small minority of colleges. For most selective colleges, the recent scandal has only lead to apologize, laying off a couple people, and moving forward with what they’ve always done. As we enter early April, another one of the backwards practices of spective college admissions rolls around – the waitlist. As these selective colleges great the small number of admitted students into their freshman class, they send a comparable amount of kids, if not more, a spot on their waitlist. These waitlists offer students the continued hope that they might be offered admissions, but for a wide majority of the students who accept the offer, they will never be admitted.

Sources

Hartocollis, Anemona. “College Admissions: Vulnerable, Exploitable, and to Many Americans, Broken.” The New York Times, The New York Times, 15 Mar. 2019, www.nytimes.com/2019/03/15/us/college-admissions-problems.html.

Craig, Ryan. “The Real Cruelty Of College Admissions.” Forbes, Forbes Magazine, 3 May 2018, www.forbes.com/sites/ryancraig/2018/05/03/the-real-cruelty-of-college-admissions/#3a69e22b5fe6.

Lash, Jonathan, and Hampshire College. “Results of Removing Standardized Test Scores from College Admissions.” Www.hampshire.edu, 21 Sept. 2015, www.hampshire.edu/news/2015/09/21/results-of-removing-standardized-test-scores-from-college-admissions.

Annotations

https://nowcomment.com/documents/136524


EE Week 3: American Education System

The article I read talks about a variety of problems and solutions for the current American education system. It emphasizes community colleges especially, and talks about the role they play in closing the gap between K-12 education and 4-year education from a university. The article explains that higher educational institutions have to teach their students well enough so that they can be more prepared than the modern adult population in America because roles in society are becoming more competitive. One study that the article talks about shows that older adults are more educated than younger generations which shows that education is worsening rather than bettering.

A couple solutions to this issue are to understand the importance of community college, analyze the issues to develop better pedagogy, and to balance the funding for education in a proportional way. We have to invest more money in the faculty’s ability to innovate in the classroom. An example that shows how successful this may be is the LaGuardia Community College in New York. They graduated almost twice the national average of students even though the students had academic deficits. They did this by making time and money investments in providing professional developments such as technology innovations. However, it can also be difficult to obtain the grant funding to make such advancements, but if we focus on giving more money to students who need the highest level of support then we can balance out the budget in a better way. We also have to work on better spending of money we already have for education and fight for more money at the same time.

Another problem mentioned in the article is the way in which we evaluate college success. It is important to find a new way to measure students outcomes because it will have a positive impact. Community colleges especially need a better way to measure students success because they welcome everyone and are working with students with a mix of intellectual and social skills. A way to fix this is to measure success by evaluating how well the student does in the community and evaluating how prepared they are to be adults.

https://nowcomment.com/documents/135999


American Education System (Week 2, Part 1)

A matter of fairness: The Struggle of Betsy DeVos” is an article written by Jay Nordlinger which talks about the story of Devos and the ways in which she wants to change the American Public School System. She believes that education should be a matter of fairness among different social classes. She is a strong believer that we must “rethink school” and take action now to change the education system so that it correlates to recent innovations. She also thinks it’s important for schools to figure what works best for them without being regulated by federal laws. I think that it is crucially important to implement a well rounded education in the lower grades so that student are well prepared for college, and expenses aren’t going to waste. In an article by Katherine Mangu-Ward, she talks about the difficulty of paying for a higher education, college. Although this is a government priority, the cost to attend higher education is still very high, leading to increased student debt levels and default rates. The increase in government spending towards college tuition is making colleges raise their prices as well. Despite all this money being spent on college, students are still failing classes and dropping out because of the ignorance shown in the lower grades towards the school system. It is important to provide students with cheaper educational alternatives so that we can fix this problem.

Another article by Kirkus Reviews goes into depth on the teachers that are a part of the current American education system. It talks about a public speaker named Mali, Taylor, and his perspective on how teachers should influence their students. He launched a “New Teacher Project” to help 1,000 people become teachers. This project encourages the teachers to see their student’s full potential. Mali thinks that all teachers should help students realize this and help them exceed beyond them. It’s important to start this process at a young age because it will continuously encourage the students to do so. He also emphasizes the importance of students questioning authority.

https://nowcomment.com/documents/135344


A Broken System – College Admissions

What Colleges Want in an Applicant (Everything) by Eric Hoover delves into the the volatile and often unfair world of college admissions. The article start by saying that a wide majority of colleges (87%) accept over 50% of their applicants, and the where the system is really broke is the the 13% of the colleges who are highly selective and seen as the highest tier of academic institutions. This article specifically talks about the things college admissions are looking for in these high tier institutions, and how often times that is an unfair and broken system. One such thing is the focus on merit, which has seemingly been reduced to a students test scores on the ACT/SAT, and grades. More than anything else in the college admission process, “merit” is weighed the most heavily. The problem with this is that these tests are seen as unfair measures of a person’s intelligence. White and Asian descent individuals perform better on average than their African American and Minority counterparts. While for the people who fall on the higher rungs have the resources and privilege to concentrate on school and preparing for these tests, people of lower socioeconomic status are not given the same opportunity. These opportunities that fall outside of our control are often times a determining factor in the measured “success” of an individual in the game of college admissions. On the other side of the coin, around 50% of the population sees the consideration of race in college admissions as unfair. With a slew of other practices that are purely based on the luck of the draw with family ties and economic status such as legacy, demonstrated interest, and financial gain – or ability to pay for attendance of a college – many kids who perform at a high level fall through the cracks as other with privilege are allotted admittance. How do we change this? This article proposes that to fix the entire system the top must be fixed first. These high tier colleges need to take the prerogative to make the admissions process more fair and comprehensive if we hope to create equality in higher education. Many of these colleges are taking such steps, such as MIT’s maker portfolio or other colleges pushing for a measurement of a person’s EQ. The goal is to change the college admissions process from a lottery of privilege and external factors that lie outside of the applicants control to a comprehensive analysis of holistic qualities that determine the most successful and deserving students.

To see just how broken the system really is you need look no further than the recent scandal of the wealthy and affluent. In College Admissions Scandal: Department of Education opens Probe of Yale, USC, and Other Schools by Doha Madani, the Government’s efforts to see just how big the college admissions scandal reaches is described. So far over 50 people have been criminally changed for the admissions scandal where children of affluent parents were admitted to high tier colleges through cheating, fraud, and donations to make people look the other way. The government is investigating the schools involved and making sure that all those who allowed such an atrocity to happen are held accountable. Yet, personally, I am not surprised. With a system that is so subjective in choosing who is admitted, things such as donating or cheating don’t seem to be so far outside of what is feasible in determining which students are admitted. I am in no way criticizing the institutions at large, but instead suggesting that changes need to be made so scandals like this one won’t happen again.

In Elite-College Admissions are Broken by Alicia Wong describes a college system that promotes an anxiety filled highschool void of the activities a teenager should be experiences. For some high schoolers, tireless nights full of ACT/SAT studying and doing activities to solely boost their college resume is a reality. These people often feel pressure to over exaggerate or even lie about themselves. An admissions process that rewards unethical behavior is surely a broken one.

Sources

Wong, Alia. “Elite-College Admissions Are Broken.” The Atlantic, Atlantic Media Company, 14 Oct. 2018, www.theatlantic.com/education/archive/2018/10/elite-college-admissions-broken/572962/.

Madani, Doha. “College Admissions Scandal: Department of Education Opens Probe of Yale, USC, Other Schools.” NBCNews.com, NBCUniversal News Group, www.nbcnews.com/news/us-news/college-admissions-scandal-department-education-opens-probe-yale-usc-other-n987666.

Hoover, Eric. “What Colleges Want in an Applicant (Everything).” The New York Times, The New York Times, 1 Nov. 2017, www.nytimes.com/2017/11/01/education/edlife/what-college-admissions-wants.html?module=inline.

Annotations

https://nowcomment.com/documents/135668


High School

It was hard leaving
from middle school to
high school, what was
not easy was the big
transition between
I was scared to try
way more people now
Iwant to go back
my grades were better
but I made friends
now I wish I stay