According to an NPR article titled “To Slow Global Warming, U.N. Warns Agriculture Must Change,” a report by the U.N. The Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change came to the conclusion that changing agricultural practices would be necessary to combat climate change. This report is based on research that found that a third of greenhouse gas emissions, including nearly half of all methane, an extremely potent greenhouse gas, are the result of agriculture. The report specifically promoted the urgency of reducing the amount of land used for farming and the need for reforestation. To meet current climate change mitigation goals, total emissions will need to be reduced by nearly 50% over the next decade.
This report also provided broad solutions that countries could pursue. The report made it clear that reforestation and limitation of livestock will be necessary to reach this goal. The report also acknowledged that implementing many solutions to agricultural emissions could be difficult due to the scale of agriculture and the fact that people universally rely upon it. Over the next several decades, as the global population is projected to grow, even more than the current 50% of all vegetated land would need to be dedicated to agriculture under current agricultural practices. Regardless of how country’s choose to lower emissions from agriculture, it’s imperative that it be done.