Another contributing factor to our ocean’s poor conditions and additional cause to The Great Barrier Reef dying is ocean acidification. Ocean acidification occurs when emissions of CO2 seep into the ocean. This lowers the carbonate ion concentration, which is essential in building marine calcifiers’ shells and skeletal structures. This forms carbonic acid and the release of hydrogen ions. This phenomenon also causes the pH in the water to lower, making the seawater more acidic. The acidity in the ocean causes the shells in many sea creatures to break down, which is extremely harmful. It also affects the skeletal structure in corals. The skeletons of the corals breakdown faster than they can be formed, which makes them very weak and affects their growth. Ocean acidity makes corals more prone to erosion. This progressing issue affects marine food webs and oceanic environments in addition to calcifiers.
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