The Adventures of Huckleberry Finn, by Mark Twain, displays many intricate parts that make the novel an American classic. Obviously, there is plot development, but Twain does an excellent job in creating characters in the plot. As I read the novel, one specific character stood out. I noticed that out of all the characters that are in the plot, Huck developed the most, changing immensely and has the book based on him.
Huck is a fourteen year-old boy from St. Petersburg, Missouri. He is a medium-sized, skinny boy who enjoys rags over proper clothes, even though he was adopted to a rich widow. He says “The Widow Douglas she took me for her son, and allowed she would sivilize me; but it was rough living in the house all the time, considering how dismal regular and decent the widow was in all her ways; and so when I couldn’t stand it no longer I lit out. I got into my old rags and my sugar-hogshead again, and was free and satisfied” (Twain 1). Rags are preferred by Huck because he grew up under his alcoholic Dad, Pap, and pretty much grew up homeless. So, he took rags for clothes and had really shabby necessities if he ever attained any, making him used to them even though he was adopted to Widow Douglas.
Huck is first seen as a fourteen year-old boy who likes having fun and believes in common thoughts and follows immoral laws in the South, like slavery. As the book progresses, Huck matures, having adult mentally by being serious and make moral decisions and breaks the immoral laws in the South. Through being part of Tom’s Bandit Gang, he could have fun and have “adventures.” When he realizes that the gang doesn’t enact the same adventures like the ones in story books, he becomes disappointed, and seems to have matured. This is disproven when he plays jokes on Jim, like placing a snakeskin near Jim when he was sleeping or trying to trick Jim that he was a ghost in Jim’s dream in the fog near Cairo, Illinois. Until the point Jim talked about his family he didn’t really think of Jim as an equal human. Like previously stated, he treated Jim like a playmate with the jokes that he played on Jim. Also, he tells Jim to get things for him, like when they were salvaging things from the house washed down on the Mississippi, near Jackson island. However, when Jim started talking about his family, saying “En wid dat I fetch’ her a slap side de head dat sont her a-sprawlin’… Huck, I bust out a-cryin’ en grab her up in my arms, en say ‘Oh, de po’little thing! De Lord God Amighty fogive po’ole Jim, kaze he never gwyne to fogive hisself as long’s he live!’ Oh, she was plumb deef en dumb, Huck, plumb deef en dumb-en I’d ben a-treat’n her so!” (Twain 140). Before this, Huck was hesitant to keep Jim safe when people would ask for a runaway slave, feeling confused and questioning himself about his judgement because it was morally right, but wrong in front of the law. After this, Huck realizes that Jim has the same feelings as himself, and thinks like a full human with emotions and having a family. The moral climax and maturity came when Huck wrote a letter to Miss Watson about Jim after Jim gets sold to the Phelpses, but tears it up, marking, “I studied a minute, sort of holding my breath, and then says to myself: ‘All right then, I’ll go to hell’—and tore it up. It was awful thoughts and awful words, but they was said. And I let them stay said; and never thought no more about reforming” (Twain 191). This showed that Huck recognized Jim as a full equal and later rescues Jim from the Phelpses.
At first, Huck leaves St. Petersburg so he could abandon civilization as a whole, like the immoral drinking (so his father), religion, and other parts of that “sivilization.” At this time, he followed the rest of the Southern ideologies, and these principles motivated Huck to run away. However, the reason of running away changes later in the plot, with him running away to free Jim from slavery, motivating Huck to run away, with chapter 36’s title saying “Trying to help Jim” (Twain 219).
This plot also shows Huck’s beliefs changed. From an idle, adventurous, carefree boy, who believed in Southern ideologies like racism, he changed as the plot progresses. Huck at the end, turned into a new person through conflicts and atrocious events that happen on land, with only the river giving peace and sensibility. Huck metamorphosized into a new person by thinking that all men were created equal, via the impact of Jim, he became more serious by being less adventurous, and totally abandons society as a whole. At the end, he says “Aunt Sally she’s going to adopt me and sivilize me, and I can’t stand it. I been there before” (Twain 260).
He later on impacts Jim and the people at Phelps’ Farm with his moral equality that broke immoral laws of the south and also impacts Jim by showing that not all white men are bad. Also, he impacted Tom by showing that adventures aren’t everything and that they shouldn’t be followed, being serious as well.
I liked how Huck developed throughout the plot. At first, he was ignorant, idle, careless, and followed immoral laws. But through intense trials, he was able to blossom into a new person. He noticed that societal norms aren’t always right, all men were created equal, and that adventures and child’s play is of the past. In my opinion, Huck was a nice example of a kid near our age and that humans can always develop and become better people.
Twain, Mark. The Adventures of Huckleberry Finn. Needham, Massachusetts, Prentice Hall Library, 1884.