According to Mexico: Child labour and the perils of a lost education.” by Al Jazeera America, 2.5 million kids are working in Mexico and 870,000 of those kids are under the age of 13. The global number of children in child labor has declined by one third since 2000, from 246 million to 168 million children. More than half however, 85 million, are in hazardous work as quoted by the International Labour Organization . Asia and the Pacific still have the largest numbers of almost 78 million or 9.3% of child population, but Sub-Saharan Africa continues to be the region with the highest incidence of child labor (59 million, over 21%). There are 13 million (8.8%) of children in child labor in Latin America and the Caribbean and in the Middle East and North Africa there are 9.2 million (8.4%). Agriculture remains as the most important sector where child laborers are found which totals to 98 million, or 59%. Child labor is also prevalent in the United States, especially on tobacco fields in North Carolina, Kentucky, Tennessee, and Virginia as cited by Human Rights Watch. Children working in these fields are susceptible to contracting ‘Green Tobacco Sickness’ which happens when workers absorb the nicotine through their skin when handling tobacco. While the long term effects of this sickness and conditions is unknown, research on smoking suggests that the effects will deal with mood disorders, problems with memory, learning, impulse control, and attention. These in combination with pesticide exposure, can lead to reproductive health problems, cancer, neurological problems, and other issues.Tags: child development child labor children farming tobacco United States of America
Child Labor in Our World by Hannah is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike 4.0 International License.