Recently, I read 1984, by George Orwell. I appreciated this book. I thought that the way it described human nature and power structure was very informative
The protagonist is Winston. His story is set in Oceania, specifically Within the boundaries of “The Party.” The significance of Oceania as the setting is that It is a communist area and everybody’s actions and even thoughts are controlled by the state. The significance of the setting shifting from Oceania to the prison and room 101 is that In the prison the protagonist is stripped of whatever little humanity he had left and turned into a robot that obeys the state. In the outside world, he is a rebel but in the prison, he is just another mindless obedient member of the party
Winston faces certain forces and pressures. He is forced to confess crimes that he commited or didn’t commit (it is of no importance). He meets these forces and pressures by deciding to rebel and fight back with logic. You can see this early in the story on page 22.
The tension rises when Winston is sent to room 101 to confront his greatest fear. This might leave a reader feeling nervous. Winston’s greatest fear is rats and he is put in a room with hordes of them attacking him.
The story climaxes when Winston is shot and realizes that there is no running from the party and truly is twisted in loving Big Brother. “The struggle was finished. He had won the victory over himself. He loved Big Brother.”
The falling action ultimately resolves the conflict. He is put at peace with being stripped of his humanity. It may not be happy to the reader but for Winston it is his only hope of peace. It’s Winston vs the society he was born into. It is a story that is a reminder that freedom is one of our great privileges. War is not peace. Freedom is not Slavery. Ignorance is not strength. Our humanity is not a given and we have to fight for it.