Through using the Pioneer Research Database, I was able to uncover lots of new information regarding animal testing. Animal testing has, in the last few years, become increasingly unpopular. According to the Pew Research Center, the majority of Americans now oppose the use of animal testing. Even more promising, “the number of North American medical schools using living animals to teach students has dropped from 187 to 4” (Past, Present, and Future). Many industries are proving that moving to non animal technologies to help us understand human conditions is extremely effective. Helen Marston, the head of Humane Research Australia, argues that “humans differ from other animals anatomically, genetically, and metabolically, meaning data derived from animals cannot be extrapolated to humans with sufficient accuracy” (New Internationalist). This argument is an extremely logical one. Humans are a species that are incredibly complex, and their systems cannot be entirely replicated in any other living species. Pre-clinical testing should instead be done in a way that eliminated the risk of species differences, and is instead directly applicable to humans. On this front, there has been many new revolutionary strides made in the past 10 years. One agency that has always been at the forefront of this new technology is the National Institutes of Health’s National Center for Advancing Translational Science (NCATS). They have recently developed a “Tox21 high-speed robot screening system that works around the clock to effectively predict-without using animals- how chemicals will affect human health and the environment” (Good Medicine). Advancements and new technologies such as these will soon make testing on animals not only the less effective and safe option, but an obsolete one.
PYCROFT, LAURIE and HELEN MARSTON. “Is Animal Testing Necessary to Advance Medical Research?.” New Internationalist, no. 444, July 2011, p. 34. EBSCOhost, search.ebscohost.com/login.aspx?direct=true&db=tth&AN=62091081&site=ehost-live.
“Stem Cells and Robotics Speed Transition from Animal Testing.” Good Medicine, vol. 26, no. 1, Winter2017, p. 16. EBSCOhost, search.ebscohost.com/login.aspx?direct=true&db=tth&AN=120757705&site=ehost-live.
“Past, Present, Future.” Good Medicine, vol. 24, no. 2, Spring 2015, p. 6. EBSCOhost, search.ebscohost.com/login.aspx?direct=true&db=tth&AN=102995748&site=ehost-live.